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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

234 Questions  I  By YourMainParadox
surgical technology examination appleton & lange 13-32 CST exam prep
Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

  
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1.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  318. The room temperature in an operating room (OR) should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  228. solu-medrol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  365. An electrocardiogram is
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  373. A patient was burned on the lip with a hot mouth gag. Which of the following actions would have prevented this incident?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  233. an agent that keeps the cornea moist during surgery and is used for irrigation as well is
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  347. Systolic blood pressure represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  308. Which of the following is the only acceptable plastic that can be used for a steam sterilization wrapper?
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  224. the most common diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  329. When moving a patient with a fracture in the OR, all of the following are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  362. A patient scheduled for surgery has a hematocrit reading of 40% of whole blood volume. This is
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  330. Which statement is false regarding the position on the OR table?
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  189. the burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  391. The best measure for staff protection against HIV is
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  390. While using this mixture, a scavenging system is used to collect and exhaust or absorb its vapors. It is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
195.  239. levophed
A.
B.
C.
D.
196.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
197.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
198.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
199.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
200.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.