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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

234 Questions  I  By YourMainParadox
surgical technology examination appleton & lange 13-32 CST exam prep
Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

  
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1.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  189. the burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  330. Which statement is false regarding the position on the OR table?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  224. the most common diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  263. blood or fluid can be quickly delivered to a patient via
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  308. Which of the following is the only acceptable plastic that can be used for a steam sterilization wrapper?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  390. While using this mixture, a scavenging system is used to collect and exhaust or absorb its vapors. It is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  391. The best measure for staff protection against HIV is
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  256. pontocaine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  386. Ionizing radiation protection is afforded by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  228. solu-medrol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  361. A type and crossmatch is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  233. an agent that keeps the cornea moist during surgery and is used for irrigation as well is
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  373. A patient was burned on the lip with a hot mouth gag. Which of the following actions would have prevented this incident?
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  365. An electrocardiogram is
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  318. The room temperature in an operating room (OR) should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  372. Which action is the responsibility of the scrub person during an intraoperative CPR effort?
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  173. a procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  239. levophed
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  280. The process called cavitation occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
195.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
196.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
197.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
198.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
199.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
200.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
201.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
202.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
203.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
204.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
205.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
206.  380. Except for endotrachael tube installation, basic life support cannot be interrupted for more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
207.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
208.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
209.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
210.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
211.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
212.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
213.  329. When moving a patient with a fracture in the OR, all of the following are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
214.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
215.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
216.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
217.  347. Systolic blood pressure represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
218.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
219.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
220.  196. the substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is
A.
B.
C.
D.
221.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
222.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
223.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
224.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
225.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
226.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
227.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
228.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
229.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
230.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
231.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
232.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
233.  362. A patient scheduled for surgery has a hematocrit reading of 40% of whole blood volume. This is
A.
B.
C.
D.
234.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
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