Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

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1.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  173. a procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  256. pontocaine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  373. A patient was burned on the lip with a hot mouth gag. Which of the following actions would have prevented this incident?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  280. The process called cavitation occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  380. Except for endotrachael tube installation, basic life support cannot be interrupted for more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  365. An electrocardiogram is
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  372. Which action is the responsibility of the scrub person during an intraoperative CPR effort?
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  189. the burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  390. While using this mixture, a scavenging system is used to collect and exhaust or absorb its vapors. It is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  196. the substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  233. an agent that keeps the cornea moist during surgery and is used for irrigation as well is
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  361. A type and crossmatch is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  228. solu-medrol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.