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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

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Surgical technology examination appleton & lange 13-32 cst exam prep

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1.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  173. a procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  196. the substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  365. An electrocardiogram is
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  224. the most common diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  373. A patient was burned on the lip with a hot mouth gag. Which of the following actions would have prevented this incident?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  239. levophed
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  372. Which action is the responsibility of the scrub person during an intraoperative CPR effort?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  390. While using this mixture, a scavenging system is used to collect and exhaust or absorb its vapors. It is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  233. an agent that keeps the cornea moist during surgery and is used for irrigation as well is
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  228. solu-medrol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  361. A type and crossmatch is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  318. The room temperature in an operating room (OR) should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  256. pontocaine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  347. Systolic blood pressure represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
195.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
196.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
197.  216. avitene is
A.
B.