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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

234 Questions  I  By YourMainParadox
surgical technology examination appleton & lange 13-32 CST exam prep
Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

  
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1.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  224. the most common diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  390. While using this mixture, a scavenging system is used to collect and exhaust or absorb its vapors. It is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  365. An electrocardiogram is
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  189. the burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  173. a procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  280. The process called cavitation occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  329. When moving a patient with a fracture in the OR, all of the following are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  347. Systolic blood pressure represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  330. Which statement is false regarding the position on the OR table?
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  239. levophed
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  318. The room temperature in an operating room (OR) should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  391. The best measure for staff protection against HIV is
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  386. Ionizing radiation protection is afforded by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  263. blood or fluid can be quickly delivered to a patient via
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  228. solu-medrol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  196. the substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  233. an agent that keeps the cornea moist during surgery and is used for irrigation as well is
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  361. A type and crossmatch is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  256. pontocaine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  380. Except for endotrachael tube installation, basic life support cannot be interrupted for more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
195.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
196.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
197.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
198.  308. Which of the following is the only acceptable plastic that can be used for a steam sterilization wrapper?
A.
B.
C.
D.
199.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
200.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
201.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
202.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
203.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
204.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
205.  372. Which action is the responsibility of the scrub person during an intraoperative CPR effort?
A.
B.
C.
D.
206.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
207.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
208.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
209.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
210.  362. A patient scheduled for surgery has a hematocrit reading of 40% of whole blood volume. This is
A.
B.
C.
D.
211.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
212.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
213.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
214.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
215.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
216.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
217.  373. A patient was burned on the lip with a hot mouth gag. Which of the following actions would have prevented this incident?
A.
B.
C.
D.
218.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
219.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
220.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
221.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
222.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
223.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
224.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
225.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
226.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
227.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
228.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
229.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
230.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
231.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
232.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
233.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
234.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
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