Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

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1.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  362. A patient scheduled for surgery has a hematocrit reading of 40% of whole blood volume. This is
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  308. Which of the following is the only acceptable plastic that can be used for a steam sterilization wrapper?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  173. a procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  391. The best measure for staff protection against HIV is
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  318. The room temperature in an operating room (OR) should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  329. When moving a patient with a fracture in the OR, all of the following are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  239. levophed
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  390. While using this mixture, a scavenging system is used to collect and exhaust or absorb its vapors. It is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  224. the most common diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  330. Which statement is false regarding the position on the OR table?
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  372. Which action is the responsibility of the scrub person during an intraoperative CPR effort?
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  361. A type and crossmatch is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  380. Except for endotrachael tube installation, basic life support cannot be interrupted for more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.