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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

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1.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  318. The room temperature in an operating room (OR) should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  380. Except for endotrachael tube installation, basic life support cannot be interrupted for more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  224. the most common diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  329. When moving a patient with a fracture in the OR, all of the following are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  173. a procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  256. pontocaine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  361. A type and crossmatch is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  391. The best measure for staff protection against HIV is
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  373. A patient was burned on the lip with a hot mouth gag. Which of the following actions would have prevented this incident?
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  280. The process called cavitation occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  308. Which of the following is the only acceptable plastic that can be used for a steam sterilization wrapper?
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  372. Which action is the responsibility of the scrub person during an intraoperative CPR effort?
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  386. Ionizing radiation protection is afforded by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  228. solu-medrol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  362. A patient scheduled for surgery has a hematocrit reading of 40% of whole blood volume. This is
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
195.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
196.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
197.  263. blood or fluid can be quickly delivered to a patient via
A.
B.