Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

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1.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  280. The process called cavitation occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  173. a procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  189. the burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  256. pontocaine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  372. Which action is the responsibility of the scrub person during an intraoperative CPR effort?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  347. Systolic blood pressure represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  329. When moving a patient with a fracture in the OR, all of the following are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  318. The room temperature in an operating room (OR) should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  308. Which of the following is the only acceptable plastic that can be used for a steam sterilization wrapper?
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  330. Which statement is false regarding the position on the OR table?
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  228. solu-medrol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  362. A patient scheduled for surgery has a hematocrit reading of 40% of whole blood volume. This is
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  263. blood or fluid can be quickly delivered to a patient via
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  386. Ionizing radiation protection is afforded by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  365. An electrocardiogram is
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  373. A patient was burned on the lip with a hot mouth gag. Which of the following actions would have prevented this incident?
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.