Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

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1.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  329. When moving a patient with a fracture in the OR, all of the following are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  263. blood or fluid can be quickly delivered to a patient via
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  256. pontocaine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  361. A type and crossmatch is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  380. Except for endotrachael tube installation, basic life support cannot be interrupted for more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  224. the most common diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  308. Which of the following is the only acceptable plastic that can be used for a steam sterilization wrapper?
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  365. An electrocardiogram is
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  318. The room temperature in an operating room (OR) should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  391. The best measure for staff protection against HIV is
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  386. Ionizing radiation protection is afforded by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  233. an agent that keeps the cornea moist during surgery and is used for irrigation as well is
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  196. the substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is
A.
B.
C.
D.
195.  189. the burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.