Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

  
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1.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  173. a procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  189. the burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  196. the substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  224. the most common diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  228. solu-medrol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  233. an agent that keeps the cornea moist during surgery and is used for irrigation as well is
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  239. levophed
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  256. pontocaine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  263. blood or fluid can be quickly delivered to a patient via
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  280. The process called cavitation occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  308. Which of the following is the only acceptable plastic that can be used for a steam sterilization wrapper?
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  318. The room temperature in an operating room (OR) should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  329. When moving a patient with a fracture in the OR, all of the following are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  330. Which statement is false regarding the position on the OR table?
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  347. Systolic blood pressure represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
195.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
196.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.