Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

  
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1.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  347. Systolic blood pressure represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  390. While using this mixture, a scavenging system is used to collect and exhaust or absorb its vapors. It is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  362. A patient scheduled for surgery has a hematocrit reading of 40% of whole blood volume. This is
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  365. An electrocardiogram is
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  189. the burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  256. pontocaine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  391. The best measure for staff protection against HIV is
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  386. Ionizing radiation protection is afforded by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  263. blood or fluid can be quickly delivered to a patient via
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  380. Except for endotrachael tube installation, basic life support cannot be interrupted for more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  373. A patient was burned on the lip with a hot mouth gag. Which of the following actions would have prevented this incident?
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  173. a procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  330. Which statement is false regarding the position on the OR table?
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  196. the substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  228. solu-medrol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  233. an agent that keeps the cornea moist during surgery and is used for irrigation as well is
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.