Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

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1.  189. the burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  318. The room temperature in an operating room (OR) should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  361. A type and crossmatch is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  256. pontocaine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  263. blood or fluid can be quickly delivered to a patient via
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  196. the substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  391. The best measure for staff protection against HIV is
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  362. A patient scheduled for surgery has a hematocrit reading of 40% of whole blood volume. This is
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  239. levophed
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  386. Ionizing radiation protection is afforded by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  228. solu-medrol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  224. the most common diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  280. The process called cavitation occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  329. When moving a patient with a fracture in the OR, all of the following are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  380. Except for endotrachael tube installation, basic life support cannot be interrupted for more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  373. A patient was burned on the lip with a hot mouth gag. Which of the following actions would have prevented this incident?
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  308. Which of the following is the only acceptable plastic that can be used for a steam sterilization wrapper?
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  233. an agent that keeps the cornea moist during surgery and is used for irrigation as well is
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
195.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.