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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

234 Questions  I  By YourMainParadox
surgical technology examination appleton & lange 13-32 CST exam prep
Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

  
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1.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  189. the burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  228. solu-medrol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  361. A type and crossmatch is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  380. Except for endotrachael tube installation, basic life support cannot be interrupted for more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  224. the most common diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  390. While using this mixture, a scavenging system is used to collect and exhaust or absorb its vapors. It is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  263. blood or fluid can be quickly delivered to a patient via
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  362. A patient scheduled for surgery has a hematocrit reading of 40% of whole blood volume. This is
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  196. the substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  239. levophed
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  391. The best measure for staff protection against HIV is
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  329. When moving a patient with a fracture in the OR, all of the following are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  233. an agent that keeps the cornea moist during surgery and is used for irrigation as well is
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  365. An electrocardiogram is
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  347. Systolic blood pressure represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  173. a procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  372. Which action is the responsibility of the scrub person during an intraoperative CPR effort?
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  373. A patient was burned on the lip with a hot mouth gag. Which of the following actions would have prevented this incident?
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  318. The room temperature in an operating room (OR) should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  308. Which of the following is the only acceptable plastic that can be used for a steam sterilization wrapper?
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  330. Which statement is false regarding the position on the OR table?
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
195.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
196.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
197.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
198.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
199.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
200.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
201.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
202.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
203.  256. pontocaine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
204.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
205.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
206.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
207.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
208.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
209.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
210.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
211.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
212.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
213.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
214.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
215.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
216.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
217.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
218.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
219.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
220.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
221.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
222.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
223.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
224.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
225.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
226.  280. The process called cavitation occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
227.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
228.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
229.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
230.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
231.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
232.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
233.  386. Ionizing radiation protection is afforded by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
234.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
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