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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

234 Questions  I  By YourMainParadox
surgical technology examination appleton & lange 13-32 CST exam prep
Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

  
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1.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  391. The best measure for staff protection against HIV is
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  386. Ionizing radiation protection is afforded by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  329. When moving a patient with a fracture in the OR, all of the following are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  173. a procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  330. Which statement is false regarding the position on the OR table?
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  280. The process called cavitation occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  189. the burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  256. pontocaine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  361. A type and crossmatch is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  224. the most common diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  233. an agent that keeps the cornea moist during surgery and is used for irrigation as well is
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  308. Which of the following is the only acceptable plastic that can be used for a steam sterilization wrapper?
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  263. blood or fluid can be quickly delivered to a patient via
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  390. While using this mixture, a scavenging system is used to collect and exhaust or absorb its vapors. It is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  228. solu-medrol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  362. A patient scheduled for surgery has a hematocrit reading of 40% of whole blood volume. This is
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  318. The room temperature in an operating room (OR) should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  347. Systolic blood pressure represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
195.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
196.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
197.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
198.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
199.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
200.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
201.  365. An electrocardiogram is
A.
B.
C.
D.
202.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
203.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
204.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
205.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
206.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
207.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
208.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
209.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
210.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
211.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
212.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
213.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
214.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
215.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
216.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
217.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
218.  196. the substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is
A.
B.
C.
D.
219.  239. levophed
A.
B.
C.
D.
220.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
221.  373. A patient was burned on the lip with a hot mouth gag. Which of the following actions would have prevented this incident?
A.
B.
C.
D.
222.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
223.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
224.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
225.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
226.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
227.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
228.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
229.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
230.  372. Which action is the responsibility of the scrub person during an intraoperative CPR effort?
A.
B.
C.
D.
231.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
232.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
233.  380. Except for endotrachael tube installation, basic life support cannot be interrupted for more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
234.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.