Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

  
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1.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  263. blood or fluid can be quickly delivered to a patient via
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  391. The best measure for staff protection against HIV is
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  330. Which statement is false regarding the position on the OR table?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  372. Which action is the responsibility of the scrub person during an intraoperative CPR effort?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  196. the substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  386. Ionizing radiation protection is afforded by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  239. levophed
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  280. The process called cavitation occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  347. Systolic blood pressure represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.