Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

234 Questions  I  By YourMainParadox
Please take the quiz to rate it.

CST Quizzes & Trivia
Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

   or Create Online Exam
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Questions and Answers

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  189. the burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  386. Ionizing radiation protection is afforded by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  365. An electrocardiogram is
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  390. While using this mixture, a scavenging system is used to collect and exhaust or absorb its vapors. It is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  173. a procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  361. A type and crossmatch is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  308. Which of the following is the only acceptable plastic that can be used for a steam sterilization wrapper?
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  233. an agent that keeps the cornea moist during surgery and is used for irrigation as well is
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  373. A patient was burned on the lip with a hot mouth gag. Which of the following actions would have prevented this incident?
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  362. A patient scheduled for surgery has a hematocrit reading of 40% of whole blood volume. This is
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  391. The best measure for staff protection against HIV is
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  347. Systolic blood pressure represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  239. levophed
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  380. Except for endotrachael tube installation, basic life support cannot be interrupted for more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  372. Which action is the responsibility of the scrub person during an intraoperative CPR effort?
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.