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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

234 Questions  I  By YourMainParadox
surgical technology examination appleton & lange 13-32 CST exam prep
Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

  
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1.  365. An electrocardiogram is
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  215. Naloxone (narcan) is an example of a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  292. Which of the following is essential when using activated glutaraldehyde for sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  252. halothane is also called
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  343. Ulnar nerve damage could result from
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  161. Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  243. neuroleptoanalgesia combines
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  372. Which action is the responsibility of the scrub person during an intraoperative CPR effort?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  233. an agent that keeps the cornea moist during surgery and is used for irrigation as well is
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  279. Gravity displacement utilizes ___________ to destroy microorganisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  358. When drawing a blood sample for arterial blood gases (ABGs), what is considered a safe time lapse between blood drawing and analysis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  274. positive assurance that sterilization conditions have been achieved can only be obtained through
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  289. Why is ethylene oxide diluted with an inert gas such as chlorofluorocarbon?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  386. Ionizing radiation protection is afforded by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  263. blood or fluid can be quickly delivered to a patient via
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  176. clostridium tetani causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  239. levophed
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  291. A 30 minute, single use, sterilization system useful for endoscopes is
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  235. an anticoagulant used in vascular surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  336. To prevent strain to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments when the patient is in the lithotomy position
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  296. To kill spores, an item must be immersed in a 2% aqueous solution of glutaraldehyde for
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  375. If a patient falls because he or she was left unattended, the OR team member could be cited in a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  201. the type of wound healing that requires debridement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  304. When using a high-level disinfectant, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  256. pontocaine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  250. Which inhalation agent is used for short procedures requiring no muscle relaxation
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  391. The best measure for staff protection against HIV is
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  264. blood oxygenation can be monitored during surgery by means of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  268. the minimum distance a nonsterile person should remain from a sterile field is
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  173. a procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  257. which technique can be employed to prevent pain during an operative procedure or to relieve chronic pain
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  280. The process called cavitation occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  382. Each of the following applies to an incident report EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  220. a drug that decreases the tendency of blood platelets to clot is
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  178. a fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  277. when steam is used to sterilize a rubber tubing or catheter
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  330. Which statement is false regarding the position on the OR table?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  255. compazine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  302. Ethylene oxide destroys cells by
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  196. the substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  261. the purpose of an LMA is
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  331. To avoid compromising the venous circulation, the restraint or safety strap should be placed
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  229. tubal patency may be tested by the installation of _________ into the uterine cavity.
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  380. Except for endotrachael tube installation, basic life support cannot be interrupted for more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  228. solu-medrol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  271. at the end of the case, drapes should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  319. If an OR staff member wears eyeglasses
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  180. The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  337. The lithotomy position requires each of the following EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  295. In a high-speed flash sterilizer, unwrapped instruments are exposed for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  287. What chemical system uses peracetic acid as the sterilant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  308. Which of the following is the only acceptable plastic that can be used for a steam sterilization wrapper?
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  224. the most common diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  361. A type and crossmatch is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  329. When moving a patient with a fracture in the OR, all of the following are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  374. A patient signs a permission form for surgery, but because of a language barrier he or she does not fully understand what she or he has signed. This could constitute a liability case for
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  363. Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  390. While using this mixture, a scavenging system is used to collect and exhaust or absorb its vapors. It is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
193.  175. all of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process except
A.
B.
C.
D.
194.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
195.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
196.  193. the space caused by separation of wound edges is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
197.  373. A patient was burned on the lip with a hot mouth gag. Which of the following actions would have prevented this incident?
A.
B.
C.
D.
198.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
199.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
200.  188. a bacteria found in the intestinal tract is
A.
B.
C.
D.
201.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
202.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
203.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
204.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
205.  318. The room temperature in an operating room (OR) should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
206.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
207.  347. Systolic blood pressure represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
208.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
209.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
210.  189. the burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
A.
B.
C.
D.
211.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
212.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
213.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
214.  371. External cardiac compression
A.
B.
C.
D.
215.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
216.  309. All of the following statements regarding muslin wrappers are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
217.  290. The commercial name for glutaraldehyde is
A.
B.
C.
D.
218.  317. When flipping a sterile item onto the field, the circulator may
A.
B.
C.
D.
219.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
220.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
221.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
222.  266. arterial blood gases (ABGs) are commonly obtained by accessing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
223.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
224.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
225.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
226.  182. What organism is responsible for a boil
A.
B.
C.
D.
227.  385. Radiation exposure of the staff is monitored with
A.
B.
C.
D.
228.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
229.  362. A patient scheduled for surgery has a hematocrit reading of 40% of whole blood volume. This is
A.
B.
C.
D.
230.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
231.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
232.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
233.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
234.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
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