Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST Exam Prep

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Surgical Technology Examination Appleton & Lange 13-32 CST exam prep

  
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1.  280. The process called cavitation occurs in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  323. Sterile gloves
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  288. The lumen of a tubing undergoing ethylene oxide (EO) sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  207. an mg is a measurement of
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  297. When placing tubing in an activated glutaraldehyde solution, one should
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  226. a systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  258. the most widely used local anesthetic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  378. The legal doctrine that mandates every professional nurse and technician to carry out their duties according to national standards of care practiced throughout the country is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  306. The Endoflush system
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  208. the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  203. wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  348. Tachycardia is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  339. When using an armboard, the most important measure is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  387. A potential safety hazard associated with laser surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  281. All of the following statements regarding instrument sets are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  219. an anticoagulant given subcutaneously, intravenously, or as a flush is
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  359. A patient is on anticoagulant drugs. Which of the following tests may be done to check the clotting time of his or her blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  360. The preoperative urinalysis test done on a patient indicates that the specific gravity is 1.050. This
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  240. a drug used to treat metabolic acidosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  168. The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  183. the organism most frequently found in burns is
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  354. In which burn classification ate the skin and subcutaneous tissue destroyed?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  267. which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  325. Scatter radiation effects are directly related to
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  185. which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  321. The most effective protection from radiation of x-rays is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  381. A criteria that identifies, measures, monitors, and evaluates patient care is
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  315. When opening a wrapper, the circulator should open the top flap
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  191. Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  218. Each of the following agents must be applied using dry gloves or instruments except
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  170. inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  364. Preoperative chest x-rays
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  361. A type and crossmatch is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  356. Why is the obese patient at greater surgical risk that one of normal weight?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  254. the indication for an epidural would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  209. an inch equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  251. The most frequently used barbiturate for intravenous anesthesia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  312. An item dropped on the floor is considered safe only if
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  181. a severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  236. heparin effects are reversed by
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  330. Which statement is false regarding the position on the OR table?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  380. Except for endotrachael tube installation, basic life support cannot be interrupted for more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  352. If the surgeon wants to assess the patient's ability to void voluntarily via the urethra, yet sees the need for urinary drainage, he could use a
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  351. Which term indicates low or decreased blood volume?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  376. Which is not considered a safe procedure when caring for dentures inadvertently sent to the OR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  241. the last sensation to leave the patient during general anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  217. an absorbable gelatin hemostatic agent that is often soaked in thrombin or epinephrine solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  227. steroids are used for 
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  307. Which of the following is not an acceptable wrapper for gas sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  383. In which way could a patient's response to impending surgery exhibit itself?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  171. The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  194. if tissue is approximated too tightly is can cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  380. Liability is a legal rule that
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  357. The patient has received preoperative medication. The action to be taken when this patient complains of dry mouth (thirst) and requests water would be to
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  347. Systolic blood pressure represents
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  333. Crossing the patient's arms across his or her chest may cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  316. When the scrub nurse opens an inner sterile wrapper
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  164. Bacteriostatic means
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  253. a method of anesthesia in which medication is injected into the subarachnoid space, affecting a portion of the spinal cord is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  174. herpes simplex is commonly called
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  341. If the patient is in a supine position, the circulator must always
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  238. normal saline is used for laparotomy pack moistening and for intraperitoneal irrigation because it is
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  285. Why would gas sterilization be chosen over steam sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  384. Excessive exposure to radiation can affect the
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  234. an artificial plasma-volume expander is
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  366. After being scheduled in the OR for a routine tonsillectomy, the nurse checking the chart of a patient notes that the hemoglobin is 9.0 g. This reading is
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  393. How is inhalation of the laser plume best prevented?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  282. All of the following statements regarding steam sterilization are true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  273. the pounds of pressure necessary in a steam sterilizer set at 250F is
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  278. To be sterilized effectively, a linen pack must not weigh more than
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  187. the bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  283. Wrapped basin sets may be sterilized by steam under pressure at 250F for a minimum of
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  369. Operative records documenting all aspects of perioperative care are required by
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  386. Ionizing radiation protection is afforded by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  353. When catheterizing a patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  160. The english surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  190. OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  298. What is the role of moisture in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  225. an osmotic diuretic agent used to decrease cerebral edema and intraocular edema is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  177. a laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  259. another name for adrenalin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  305. The chemical sterilant used in the STERIS method of sterilizing is
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  388. An OR hazard that has been linked to increased risk of spontaneous abortion in female OR employees is exposure to
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  237. the universal donor blood that may be given in extreme emergencies until the patient can by typed and crossmatched is
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  342. Extreme positions of the head and arm can cause injury to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  320. Each statement regarding OR attire is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  166. Microbial death occurs when an organism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  206. a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mechanism is
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  346. Diastolic blood pressure refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  310. Packages wrapped in muslin must have
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  214. the total volume in a 30-cc syringe is
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  232. miochol is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  313. When using a pour solution
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  239. levophed
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  165. staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  392. Which body organ is most susceptible to laser injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  162. Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  344. In the prone position, the thorax must be elevated from the OR table to prevent
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  198. keloids are
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  275. a wrapped tray of instruments is sterilized in a gravity displacement sterilizer at 250F for
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  314. What is the standard safety margin on package wrappers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  223. which item is used on cut edges of bone to seal off oozing of blood
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  311. The maximum storage life for a muslin wrapped item in a closed cabinet is
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  244. a sedative- tranquilizer used to reduce anxiety and apprehension of the pre-op patient and as an adjunct to general anesthesia to reduce the amount and concentration of other more potent agents is
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  265. a drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  362. A patient scheduled for surgery has a hematocrit reading of 40% of whole blood volume. This is
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  246. anesthesia given in a combination of several agents to obtain optimum results is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  368. Which procedure is NOT absolutely necessary in patient identification?
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  322. It is considered good technique to
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  262. a drug used to reverse hypotension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  169. A toxoid is
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  211. one gram equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  221. an antibiotic used intraoperatively is
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  355. Uncontrolled increased positive pressure in one side of the thorax causes collapse of the opposite side, which is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  270. tables are considered sterile
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  199. a wound that is infected or one in which there is an excessive loss of tissue heals by
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  196. the substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  377. A lack of care or skill that any nurse or technician in the same situation would be expected to use is the legal definition of
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  286. The chemical agent used in gas sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  299. "Slow exhaust" in a gravity displacement steam sterilizer is used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  186. gas gangrene is caused by
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  338. All of the following are requirements of the Kraske position EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  332. A patient with a fractured femur is being moved to the OR table. Who is responsible for supporting and protecting the fracture site?
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  179. which bacteria is commonly found in soil
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  294. In which procedure would the use of a high-level disinfectant be acceptable instrument preparation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  224. the most common diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  349. The most common artery used to feel the pulse is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  163. The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  345. The anesthesiologist closes the eyelids of a general anesthetic patient for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  272. if a solution soaks through a sterile drape
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  301. What is the function of an aerator in EO sterilization?
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  389. Which virus can be transmitted by a needle puncture or splash in the eye?
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  204. which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  269. identify which of the following is not safe practice
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  350. The body temperature taken orally is 98.6F. What is it in Celsius?
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  202. to promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites except
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  245. an antimuscarinic
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  260. a vasoconstrictor that, when added to a local anesthetic agent, extends its life is
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  222. a topical antibiotic is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  210. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  293. What is the shelf life of Cidex
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  335. During lateral positioning, a
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  326. When using a patient roller, how many people are necessary to move the patient safely and efficiently?
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  197. a cicatrix is
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  205. a band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  328. To move the patient from the transport stretcher to the OR table
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  216. avitene is
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  212. a drug used to increase blood pressure is
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  249. a bier block provides
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  247. a bolus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  324 Electrical cords should be
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  300. Oil is best sterilized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  167. What immune protection is available to the fetus
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  195. tensile strength of a wound refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  276. the minimun exposure time for unwrapped instruments in a flash sterilizer that is set at 270F (132C) is
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  192. removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  213. the action of an anticholinergic drug is to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  284. Which of the following statements regarding the sterilization of basin sets is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  230. a mydriatic drug, neo-synephrine, is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  184. a bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  334. A precaution always taken when the patient is in the supine position is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  231. Immobility of the eye, along with lowered intra-ocular pressure is facilitated by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  379. The doctrine of Respondeat Superior refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  367. A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  327. When moving the patient from the OR table, who is responsible for guarding the head and neck from injury
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  200. a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  242. an ultrashort acting drug useful during intubation to produce paralysis and also to produce muscle relaxation when used in a dilute solution is
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  340. Anesthetized patients should be moved slowly to
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  248. a drug used to soothe and relieve anxiety is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  303. Activated glutaraldehyde is used to disinfect endoscopes for
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  172. rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  390. While using this mixture, a scavenging system is used to collect and exhaust or absorb its vapors. It is called
A.
B.