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Style Gourmet Total Foodie Fruits And Vegetables Certification Exam

50 Questions
Style Gourmet Total Foodie Fruits And Vegetables Certification Exam

Food/wine writer and James Beard Award nominee Elliot Essman, CSW, CSS, has designed the Style Gourmet Certified Total Foodie tests to cover a wide range of food expertise areas. These fifty questions test your knowledge in the area of Fruits and Vegetables.

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Hass avocado:
    • A. 

      Is the second most popular type of avocado after the Mexican Fuerte variety.

    • B. 

      Grows in every season except winter.

    • C. 

      Accounts for more avocados than all other cultivars combined.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 2. 
    Concerning bananas and plantains:
    • A. 

      Plantains are sweeter than bananas.

    • B. 

      A plantain is just a name for a half-size banana.

    • C. 

      You need to cook plantains to break down their starchiness.

    • D. 

      Plantains lose their sweetness as they ripen.

  • 3. 
    Which of the following statements about key lime is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Key lime is less sweet than regular lime.

    • B. 

      Key lime is smaller than most other types of lime.

    • C. 

      Key lime is more acidic than most other types of lime.

    • D. 

      Key lime has a thinner rind than other types of lime.

  • 4. 
    New potatoes:
    • A. 

      Have less moisture than standard potatoes.

    • B. 

      Are freshly dug, immature potatoes that have not been stored.

    • C. 

      Have a greater starch content than standard potatoes.

    • D. 

      Are harvested in the autumn and winter.

  • 5. 
    Garbanzo beans and Chickpeas are two terms for the same food.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Comparing raisins to sultanas:
    • A. 

      They are two names for an identical fruit.

    • B. 

      The sultana is sweeter.

    • C. 

      The raisin is sweeter.

    • D. 

      The raisin is smaller.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      Nuts grow on trees.

    • B. 

      Peanuts grow in the ground.

    • C. 

      A peanut is not a true nut. It is a legume.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 8. 
    Sweet potatoes and yams:
    • A. 

      Are two unrelated botanical species.

    • B. 

      Are different names for the same vegetable.

    • C. 

      Are similar in sugar content but yams are generally smaller.

    • D. 

      Are similar in size, but sweet potatoes are sweeter, hence the name.

  • 9. 
    Despite its large size, the coconut is actually a true nut rather than a berry or drupe?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Comparing red grapes and black grapes:
    • A. 

      Black grapes are less sweet.

    • B. 

      Black grapes contain more antioxidants than red grapes.

    • C. 

      Red grapes contain a greater level of polyphenols.

    • D. 

      They differ only in their color.

  • 11. 
    How do green and black olives differ?
    • A. 

      Green olives are picked earlier and are technically unripe.

    • B. 

      Black olives are often soaked in lye before they are brined.

    • C. 

      Black olives tend to be more tender than green olives.

    • D. 

      Green olives contain less oil than black olives.

  • 12. 
    Comparing white and orange sweet potatoes:
    • A. 

      The two are entirely unrelated botanical species.

    • B. 

      They are identical except for their color.

    • C. 

      The white sweet potato is sweeter than the orange.

    • D. 

      The orange sweet potato is sweeter than the white.

  • 13. 
    Which of these statements is true?
    • A. 

      Legumes have a higher fat content than nuts.

    • B. 

      Nuts have much greater protein content than legumes.

    • C. 

      Legumes come with one or two seeds, nuts have many seeds.

    • D. 

      Both consist of dried fruit within a pod.

  • 14. 
    The ugli fruit, the pomelo, and the yuzu are all forms of:
    • A. 

      Tree fruit.

    • B. 

      Citrus fruit.

    • C. 

      Stone fruit.

    • D. 

      Technically, these are all berries.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following statements about cauliflower is true?
    • A. 

      Like broccoli and Brussels sprouts, cauliflower is a member of the cabbage family.

    • B. 

      Green cauliflower is actually a cross between cauliflower and broccoli.

    • C. 

      Orange cauliflower is a product of iron rich soils and a lengthy ripening process.

    • D. 

      Purple cauliflower is actually a mutant form of broccoli that is shaped like a cauliflower.

  • 16. 
    Which vegetable below is NOT classified as Umbelliferous?
    • A. 

      Carrot

    • B. 

      Celery

    • C. 

      Eggplant

    • D. 

      Fennel

  • 17. 
    Jicama is:
    • A. 

      A form of edible cactus.

    • B. 

      The starchy root of a Mexican vine.

    • C. 

      In the nightshade family, like potatoes and tomatoes.

    • D. 

      A member of the gourd family.

  • 18. 
    Arugula is sometimes also called:
    • A. 

      Chinese spinach.

    • B. 

      Italian chickory.

    • C. 

      French cresse-de-l’eau.

    • D. 

      Rocket.

  • 19. 
    Which statement about the amaranth plant is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Amaranth is a member of the grass family, like wheat.

    • B. 

      Amaranth produces a grain-like food from its seed.

    • C. 

      Amaranth produces a leaf vegetable.

    • D. 

      Amaranth produces both edible roots and edible stalks.

  • 20. 
    The tomatillo:
    • A. 

      Has an inedible, paper-like husk.

    • B. 

      Is a Mexican variety of large tomato, called a jitomate.

    • C. 

      Unlike the tomato, it is not a member of the nightshade family.

    • D. 

      Is commonly sun-dried and served as a delicacy.

  • 21. 
    In botanical terms, which of the following fruits is NOT a true berry?
    • A. 

      Grape

    • B. 

      Blackberry

    • C. 

      Blueberry

    • D. 

      Cranberry

  • 22. 
    Which of the following qualifies as a stone fruit?
    • A. 

      Mango

    • B. 

      Apple

    • C. 

      Pineapple

    • D. 

      Pear

  • 23. 
    Which of the following types of apple is the sweetest?
    • A. 

      Granny Smith

    • B. 

      McIntosh

    • C. 

      Fuji

    • D. 

      Braeburn

  • 24. 
    Which orange variety properly matches its best use?
    • A. 

      Valencia Orange – eating

    • B. 

      Navel Orange – eating

    • C. 

      Hamlin Orange – eating

    • D. 

      Jaffa Orange – juice

  • 25. 
    Which of the following statements about the rutabaga is NOT true?
    • A. 

      The rutabaga originated as a cross between a cabbage and a turnip.

    • B. 

      In England rutabagas are called “Swedes.”

    • C. 

      Rutabagas contain particularly low levels of vitamin C.

    • D. 

      Like the turnip, rutabaga leaves can be eaten as a leaf vegetable.

  • 26. 
    Allium plant species include:
    • A. 

      Morel mushrooms

    • B. 

      Chives

    • C. 

      Asparagus

    • D. 

      Yucca

  • 27. 
    Concerning truffles:
    • A. 

      Black truffles are more pungent in taste than white truffles.

    • B. 

      Artificial trufficulture is not possible since truffles only grow in the wild.

    • C. 

      Truffles are neither mushrooms nor a kind of fungus.

    • D. 

      Most truffle oils contain a chemical imitation of the truffle flavor rather than real truffles.

  • 28. 
    If you keep an avocado with a banana and an apple:
    • A. 

      It will ripen less quickly because the other fruits attract airborne ripening agents.

    • B. 

      It will ripen more quickly because of the ethylene gas the other fruits emit.

    • C. 

      It will take its sweet time ripening, regardless of the other fruits.

    • D. 

      The hard outer skin will soften more quickly, but the fruit inside will not ripen any quicker.

  • 29. 
    White asparagus is produced:
    • A. 

      From conventional asparagus. Farmers cover the plant’s shoots to prevent photosynthesis.

    • B. 

      From a special cultivar of asparagus, a cross between green asparagus and kohlrabi.

    • C. 

      From a mutant strain of asparagus, incapable of photosynthetic development.

    • D. 

      From conventional asparagus, harvested early while the shoots have not yet developed color.

  • 30. 
    Heirloom tomatoes:
    • A. 

      Lack the mutation, present in hybrid tomatoes, that gives tomatoes their uniform red color.

    • B. 

      Tend to be less sweet than hybrid tomatoes.

    • C. 

      Are more disease resistant than commercial tomatoes.

    • D. 

      Have a longer shelf life than commercial tomatoes.

  • 31. 
    Which of the following greens is the LEAST bitter?
    • A. 

      Radicchio

    • B. 

      Arugula

    • C. 

      Endive

    • D. 

      Watercress

  • 32. 
    The Cavendish is a kind of:
    • A. 

      Banana.

    • B. 

      Tart apple, suitable for baking.

    • C. 

      Pineapple, especially prized in Jamaica.

    • D. 

      Miniature greenhouse pear.

  • 33. 
    A nectarine:
    • A. 

      Is a cross between a peach and a plum.

    • B. 

      Is a variety of smooth-skinned peach.

    • C. 

      Is a cross between a peach and an apricot.

    • D. 

      Resembles a peach but is botanically unrelated.

  • 34. 
    Which of these apples is too soft to be a good cooking apple?
    • A. 

      Golden Delicious

    • B. 

      Granny Smith

    • C. 

      Red Delicious

    • D. 

      Empire

  • 35. 
    Mache:
    • A. 

      Is a salad green.

    • B. 

      Is a synonym for Asian bamboo shoots.

    • C. 

      Is a miniature variety of pale green asparagus.

    • D. 

      Is an edible root, similar to a carrot in appearance, but starchier.

  • 36. 
    Almost all bell peppers start out green and ripen to another color, often red, yellow or orange.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    Which of the following potato statements is true?
    • A. 

      The term “Idaho Potato” may be used only for potatoes actually grown in Idaho.

    • B. 

      “Idaho potato” is generic term, and can apply to any russet potato, wherever grown.

    • C. 

      The high moisture content of russet potatoes makes them ideal for baking and mashing.

    • D. 

      Yukon Gold is a variety of russet potato with a thicker skin and a higher level of starch.

  • 38. 
    Spinach:
    • A. 

      Like its green cousin broccoli, is a member of the cabbage family.

    • B. 

      Is high in iron but low in calcium.

    • C. 

      Has excellent keeping properties when fresh.

    • D. 

      Is cold-tolerant and can be grown all year round.

  • 39. 
    The tomato:
    • A. 

      Does not qualify botanically as a fruit because of its low sugar level.

    • B. 

      Is an umbelliferous vegetable, a member of the carrot family.

    • C. 

      Contains the carotene lycopene, a potent anti-oxidant.

    • D. 

      Maintains its flavor well when refrigerated.

  • 40. 
    Which of the following squash statements is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Acorn squash is a form of winter squash.

    • B. 

      Zucchini is a form of summer squash.

    • C. 

      Pumpkins are a form of winter squash.

    • D. 

      Spaghetti squash is a form of summer squash.

  • 41. 
    Which of the following statements about artichokes is true?
    • A. 

      The artichoke is an edible variety of thistle.

    • B. 

      Nearly all the artichokes grown in the United States are of the Burbank variety.

    • C. 

      Artichokes contain an acid called cardarin that can make accompanying foods taste bitter.

    • D. 

      Production center Gilroy, California calls itself “The Artichoke Heart of the Nation.”

  • 42. 
    Savoy cabbage:
    • A. 

      Has a sharp, pungent flavor.

    • B. 

      Has a full loose head of soft crinkled leaves.

    • C. 

      Is actually a lettuce and not a true cabbage.

    • D. 

      Is another term for Napa cabbage.

  • 43. 
    The standard green celery found in most American markets is:
    • A. 

      Pascal celery.

    • B. 

      Italian celery.

    • C. 

      Santa Ana celery.

    • D. 

      Whittier celery.

  • 44. 
    Which of the following is a widely grown variety of fig?
    • A. 

      Medjool

    • B. 

      Empress

    • C. 

      Bakersfield

    • D. 

      Smyrna

  • 45. 
    Which of the following statements about Kiwifruit is true?
    • A. 

      The “Chinese Gooseberry” was renamed “Kiwifruit” to give it more international appeal.

    • B. 

      Kiwifruit have particular short keeping qualities at room temperature.

    • C. 

      Kiwifruit is a legally protected trademark owned by the government of New Zealand.

    • D. 

      California is now the world’s largest producer of Kiwifruit.

  • 46. 
    The smallest commercially available pear variety in the United States is the:
    • A. 

      Bosc

    • B. 

      Comice

    • C. 

      Seckel

    • D. 

      Concorde

  • 47. 
    Which of the following statements about prunes is NOT true?
    • A. 

      Botanically, a prune is a plum of the species Prunus domestica and may be consumed fresh.

    • B. 

      The term prune refers to dried plums only.

    • C. 

      Prunes are now marketed as “dried plums” to make the product name sound more appealing.

    • D. 

      Prunes are high in dietary fiber.

  • 48. 
    The cardoon is:
    • A. 

      An extremely sweet variety of fig widely grown in Tunisia and Algeria.

    • B. 

      A type of artichoke, enjoyed in Italy for its succulent stems.

    • C. 

      A Peruvian root vegetable thought to be a variety of potato, but botanically unrelated.

    • D. 

      In the Philippines, another name for the taro root.

  • 49. 
    Which of the following carrot statements is true?
    • A. 

      Carrots contain almost no starch.

    • B. 

      Carrots contain almost no sugar.

    • C. 

      Carrots are over 7% dietary fiber.

    • D. 

      Carrots get their bright orange color from Vitamin A.

  • 50. 
    Which of these melons is NOT a variety of the muskmelon species?
    • A. 

      Honeydew melon

    • B. 

      Cantaloupe

    • C. 

      Watermelon

    • D. 

      Casaba melon