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Cosmetology State Board Practice Exam 3

100 Questions
Cosmetology State Board Practice Exam 3

100 sample questions that may be on the State Board Exam for Master Cosmetology.   90 minutes is alloted for you to take the exam, just like the State Board Exam.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Knowing what to say

    • B. 

      Giving your opinion

    • C. 

      Active listening

    • D. 

      Selling skills

  • 2. 
    A rule for female cosmetologists to follow in applying makeup to wear to work is:
    • A. 

      The darker the better

    • B. 

      Enhance your best features

    • C. 

      Look better than your clients

    • D. 

      Be as plain as possible

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Type of lotion used

    • B. 

      Type of neutralizer used

    • C. 

      Size of rods used

    • D. 

      Length of time neutralizer is left on

  • 4. 
    During a consultation
    • A. 

      Discuss the client's desired look

    • B. 

      Analyze the client's clothing

    • C. 

      Talk about the weather outside

    • D. 

      Remove all magazines from the client

  • 5. 
    When should you clean your manicure table?
    • A. 

      When a new client arrives and sits down

    • B. 

      After every three clients

    • C. 

      Right after each manicure

    • D. 

      After every three manicures

  • 6. 
    Disease causing bacteria can be spread by
    • A. 

      Touching antiseptics

    • B. 

      Getting wet or cold

    • C. 

      Cleaning with disinfectants

    • D. 

      Coughing or spitting

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Hair

    • B. 

      Beauty

    • C. 

      Nails

    • D. 

      Skin

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Decontamination

    • B. 

      Sanitation

    • C. 

      Sterilization

    • D. 

      Washing

  • 9. 
    Which statement about hair growth is NOT correct?
    • A. 

      The rate of hair growth is about 1/2 inch per month

    • B. 

      The rate of hair growth is the same on all parts of the body

    • C. 

      The rate of hair growth differs for men and women

    • D. 

      The rate of hair growth declines with age

  • 10. 
    Alopecia areata occurs when the client's hair
    • A. 

      Suddenly falls out in round patches

    • B. 

      Changes from oily to very dry

    • C. 

      Produces excessive amounts of sebum

    • D. 

      Turns gray very suddenly

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Kill all dangerous germs on contact

    • B. 

      Cannot reach germs hidden in nooks and crannies

    • C. 

      Can be dangerous if used incorrectly

    • D. 

      Are inexpensive and therefore should be used liberally

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Dermis

    • B. 

      Epidermis

    • C. 

      Papillary layer

    • D. 

      Subcutaneous layer

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Disinfectants should not be used on skin, hair, or nails

    • B. 

      Disinfectants destroy all microorganisms including bacterial spores

    • C. 

      Disinfectants should be used only by healthcare professionals

    • D. 

      Disinfectants are never used in salons

  • 14. 
    Which is one way to reassure your client about the cleanliness of your nail care equipment?
    • A. 

      Tell the client that all instruments are sterilized after each use

    • B. 

      Keep your instruments in sterilizing equipment when not in use

    • C. 

      Tell the client that no one has ever gotten an infection in your salon

    • D. 

      Keep metal, wood, and plastic implements separate from each other

  • 15. 
    A steatoma or sebaceous cyst is a/an
    • A. 

      Chronic inflammation on the nose & cheeks

    • B. 

      Subcutaneous tumor of a sebaceous gland

    • C. 

      Accumulation of sebaceous matter under the skin

    • D. 

      Contagious disease of the sebaceous glands

  • 16. 
    Bacteria that do NOT cause disease are referred to as
    • A. 

      Parasite

    • B. 

      Nonpathogenic

    • C. 

      Microbes

    • D. 

      Saprophytes

  • 17. 
    You can best help the client relax during facial manipulations by
    • A. 

      Talking to the client continuously

    • B. 

      Having the client visualize a relaxing scene

    • C. 

      Maintaining and even rhythm and pressure

    • D. 

      Telling the client when you are starting a movement

  • 18. 
    When using a protective neck strip and a cape, you should always be sure that the cape
    • A. 

      Is fastened as tightly as possible

    • B. 

      Is under the neck strip

    • C. 

      Does not touch the client's skin

    • D. 

      Is a becoming style and color

  • 19. 
    Cosmetologists need to understand bacteriology in order to
    • A. 

      Prevent the spread of disease

    • B. 

      Discuss biology with clients

    • C. 

      Avoid contracting food-borne illness

    • D. 

      Avoid spreading AIDS in the salon

  • 20. 
    Which statement about contamination is CORRECT?
    • A. 

      All objects are contaminated with microorganisms

    • B. 

      Contamination can be avoided by means of frequent hand washing

    • C. 

      Contamination in the salon is illegal an cause for losing one's license

    • D. 

      The skin and hair can be sterilized to reduce contamination

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Nail plate

    • B. 

      Matrix

    • C. 

      Nail root

    • D. 

      Free edge

  • 22. 
    Before applying chemicals to the hair, you should apply a cream around the client's hairline in order to
    • A. 

      Avoid a lawsuit

    • B. 

      Test for allergic reactions

    • C. 

      Sell additional products

    • D. 

      Avoid skin irritation

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      Wash your hands

    • B. 

      Ask the client to wash his/her hands

    • C. 

      Ask the client to remove any necklaces

    • D. 

      Turn the client's collar in

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      Change the color of a client's hair

    • B. 

      Change the texture of a client's hair

    • C. 

      Make the client's hair appear fuller and longer

    • D. 

      Give the client a good impression of the salon

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      Who are about to have a permanent

    • B. 

      Who have chemically treated hair

    • C. 

      Whose health does not permit shampoos

    • D. 

      Who are allergic to shampoos

  • 26. 
    • A. 

      Square

    • B. 

      Round

    • C. 

      Oval

    • D. 

      Pointed

  • 27. 
    Where should metal implements and orangewood sticks be placed while you are giving a manicure?
    • A. 

      In the drawer of the manicure table

    • B. 

      In a jar filled with alcohol-soaked cotton

    • C. 

      In an autoclave

    • D. 

      On the top of the manicure table on a clean cloth

  • 28. 
    • A. 

      Leave the half moons at the base unpolished

    • B. 

      Leave the tips of the nail unpolished

    • C. 

      Leave the sides of the nail unpolished

    • D. 

      Apply a very bright polish to the entire nail

  • 29. 
    Which is the correct method for removing sculptured nails?
    • A. 

      Clip them off with scissors

    • B. 

      File them off with an emery board

    • C. 

      Apply a solvent and push them off

    • D. 

      Use a non-acetone nail polish remover

  • 30. 
    A client who has athlete's foot requests a pedicure.  What should you do?
    • A. 

      Refer the client to a doctor for treatment

    • B. 

      Treat the client with medicated powder and then give the pedicure

    • C. 

      Use strict sanitary precautions to avoid spreading the infection

    • D. 

      Give the pedicure as requested

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      Forehead and work downward

    • B. 

      Back and forth upward

    • C. 

      Cheeks and work in a circular motion

    • D. 

      Neck and work upward

  • 32. 
    • A. 

      Holds its temperature better

    • B. 

      Works up a better lather

    • C. 

      Feels softer on the client's skin

    • D. 

      Leaves an attractive residue behind

  • 33. 
    • A. 

      Coarse, resistant hair

    • B. 

      Highlighted or tinted hair

    • C. 

      Normal hair

    • D. 

      Fine, resistant hair

  • 34. 
    • A. 

      Immediately before the hair coloring service

    • B. 

      One hour before the hair coloring service

    • C. 

      24-48 hours before the hair coloring service

    • D. 

      Immediately after the hair coloring service

  • 35. 
    • A. 

      A shade lighter than the natural skin tone

    • B. 

      The same as the natural skin tone

    • C. 

      A shade darker then the natural skin tone

    • D. 

      A rosy shade

  • 36. 
    The correct way to test the color of a foundation is to blend some of it on the client's
    • A. 

      Cheek

    • B. 

      Nose

    • C. 

      Jaw line

    • D. 

      Earlobe

  • 37. 
    • A. 

      Shampooed and left moist

    • B. 

      Saturated with water

    • C. 

      Dry and cool

    • D. 

      Very hot

  • 38. 
    • A. 

      Apply, wait 15 minutes, repeat, remove rods

    • B. 

      Apply, rinse, repeat, and remove rods

    • C. 

      Apply, repeat, wait 5 minutes, and remove rods

    • D. 

      Remove rods, apply, rinse, and repeat

  • 39. 
    • A. 

      Very cool with no red highlights

    • B. 

      Lighter than the desired shade

    • C. 

      Black or very dark brown

    • D. 

      Darker than the desired shade

  • 40. 
    • A. 

      Outer corner of the eye

    • B. 

      Center of the eye

    • C. 

      Inner corner of the eye

    • D. 

      Cheekbone

  • 41. 
    Which statement about hair lightening is CORRECT?
    • A. 

      Very dark hair may be damaged by extreme lightening

    • B. 

      Hair lighteners are used as preliminary treatments and never by themselves

    • C. 

      Lighteners are not effective in removing undesirable off-shades

    • D. 

      Lightening has no effect on hair's porosity

  • 42. 
    • A. 

      The natural color tends to fade as the hair ages

    • B. 

      Scalp massage increases the growth and prevents hair loss

    • C. 

      Cutting the hair makes it grow faster and thicker

    • D. 

      The hair's texture becomes coarse as it ages

  • 43. 
    • A. 

      The hair should be lighter at the base than at the ends

    • B. 

      The hair should be lighter on the surface than underneath

    • C. 

      The hair around the face should be lighter than the crown

    • D. 

      The darker hair should always be the dominant color

  • 44. 
    • A. 

      Tone of a hair color

    • B. 

      Texture of hair

    • C. 

      Presence of pigment in the hair

    • D. 

      Lightness or darkness of a color

  • 45. 
    Before lightening a client's hair, you should do all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Perform a strand test

    • B. 

      Analyze the hair and scalp

    • C. 

      Brush or comb the hair vigorously

    • D. 

      Put protective cream around the neckliine

  • 46. 
    • A. 

      Roots of the hair when wet

    • B. 

      Ends of the hair when wet

    • C. 

      Entire head when wet

    • D. 

      Entire head when dry

  • 47. 
    Which statEment about the use of the razor for haircutting is INCORRECT?
    • A. 

      The razor guard should face you, the cosmetologist, while you use the razor

    • B. 

      The razor can be used for thinning the hair as well as for haircutting

    • C. 

      When combing the hair, put the razor down and hold the comb in your hand

    • D. 

      Keep the hair damp while working to prevent dulling the blade of the razor

  • 48. 
    • A. 

      Shampoo the client's hair again

    • B. 

      Proceed immediately with the next service

    • C. 

      Ask the client for a tip

    • D. 

      Clear away all hair clippings

  • 49. 
    When selecting a shampoo for a client, you should choose one that
    • A. 

      Suits the client's hair type

    • B. 

      Uses only natural ingredients

    • C. 

      Will eliminate dandruff

    • D. 

      Is tended for sun-damaged hair

  • 50. 
    • A. 

      Plaiting the strands on the surface

    • B. 

      Braiding very narrow sections of hair

    • C. 

      Braiding more than three sections at a time

    • D. 

      Overlapping the braided strands on top

  • 51. 
    • A. 

      Massage it into the entire head with your palms and fingers

    • B. 

      Apply it to the scalp first and stretch each strand out tight

    • C. 

      Spread it out evenly over the top and bottom of each small strand

    • D. 

      Brush it vigorously through each section of hair with a wire brush

  • 52. 
    • A. 

      Retain its curl

    • B. 

      Hold a shape

    • C. 

      Resist moisture

    • D. 

      Absorb liquid

  • 53. 
    • A. 

      Epidermis

    • B. 

      Dermis

    • C. 

      Papilla

    • D. 

      Follicle

  • 54. 
    What is applied to the hair just before a thermal straightening treatment?
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Setting oil

    • C. 

      Pressing oil

    • D. 

      Shampoo

  • 55. 
    Before you place the pressing comb on the hair, you should test its temperature on
    • A. 

      Cloth or paper

    • B. 

      A plastic cape

    • C. 

      Your hand

    • D. 

      A rubber comb

  • 56. 
    Which is the most important safety precaution to use when perming a client's hair?
    • A. 

      Dilute the chemicals to half strength

    • B. 

      Use all chemicals within 6 months of opening them

    • C. 

      Wait three weeks before re-perming a client who has had an allergic reaction

    • D. 

      Read and follow all product directions carefully

  • 57. 
    Naturally curly hair with an uneven curl pattern can usually be successfully permed with
    • A. 

      A body wave

    • B. 

      Very narrow rods

    • C. 

      An alkaline waving lotion

    • D. 

      Heated clamps

  • 58. 
    A nail fungus first appears as a
    • A. 

      Black spot on the nail bed

    • B. 

      Red spot that spreads toward the free end of the nail

    • C. 

      Discoloration that spreads toward the cuticle

    • D. 

      Discoloration that gradually disappears

  • 59. 
    What is the function of the sweat glands in the body?
    • A. 

      Lubricate the skin and hair

    • B. 

      Regulate the body's emotional response

    • C. 

      Stimulate sensory nerves and secrete hormones

    • D. 

      Regulate body temperature and secrete wastes

  • 60. 
    • A. 

      Protection

    • B. 

      Sensation

    • C. 

      Digestion

    • D. 

      Excretion

  • 61. 
    • A. 

      Go ahead and remove it

    • B. 

      Remove it wearing sterile gloves

    • C. 

      Refuse to remove it

    • D. 

      Ask the salon owner for permission

  • 62. 
    The direction of hair growth is referred to as a
    • A. 

      Cowlick

    • B. 

      Natural part

    • C. 

      Whorl

    • D. 

      Hair stream

  • 63. 
    • A. 

      Lunula

    • B. 

      Mantle

    • C. 

      Eponychium

    • D. 

      Perionchyium

  • 64. 
    The skin serves as an organ of the excretory system when a person
    • A. 

      Shivers

    • B. 

      Bleeds

    • C. 

      Sweats

    • D. 

      Faints

  • 65. 
    Your client's hands are so dry and chapped that cracks have developed in the skin.  These cracks are referred to as
    • A. 

      Excoriations

    • B. 

      Fissures

    • C. 

      Scars

    • D. 

      Ulcers

  • 66. 
    Which is the most courteous effective way to deal with client complaints about a salon service?
    • A. 

      Listen to the client's whole story and then suggest a solution

    • B. 

      Tell the client that no one has ever had that problem before

    • C. 

      Tell the client that he or she should use another salon in the future

    • D. 

      Agree with everything the client says

  • 67. 
    Which statement about the temperature of water for shampooing is CORRECT?
    • A. 

      The water should be as hot as the client can tolerate

    • B. 

      You should continuously monitor the water temperature

    • C. 

      Most clients prefer very hot or very cold water

    • D. 

      The temperature doesn't matter as long as you use plenty of water

  • 68. 
    During a shampoo, suds get into the client's eye and he/she complains of buring and pain.  What should you do?
    • A. 

      Have the client see a doctor immediately

    • B. 

      Seat the client upright and have him/her rinse the eye with cold water

    • C. 

      Continue with the shampoo and report the incident later

    • D. 

      Ask the client if she has any allergies and, if not, continue with the shampoo

  • 69. 
    Which of the following conditions are contagious?
    • A. 

      Herpes simplex

    • B. 

      Eczema

    • C. 

      Miliaria rubra

    • D. 

      Psoriasis

  • 70. 
    Which is a kneading movement in massage?
    • A. 

      Petrissage

    • B. 

      Friction

    • C. 

      Effleurage

    • D. 

      Percussion

  • 71. 
    • A. 

      Petrissage

    • B. 

      Friction

    • C. 

      Effleurage

    • D. 

      Percussion

  • 72. 
    To correct a broad nose, where should you use a darker shade of foundation?
    • A. 

      On the sides of the nose

    • B. 

      Above the nose

    • C. 

      Below the nose

    • D. 

      Down the sides of the face

  • 73. 
    Your client has a very round face.  Where should you apply corrective makeup?
    • A. 

      Down the sides of the face

    • B. 

      On the cheekbones

    • C. 

      On the nose and chin

    • D. 

      At the top and bottom of the face

  • 74. 
    Which statement about the use of hot wax to remove hair is CORRECT?
    • A. 

      The wax is applied in the opposite direction of hair growth

    • B. 

      The wax is removed slowly and gently

    • C. 

      The wax is removed in the opposite direction of hair growth

    • D. 

      The wax is removed in the same direction of hair growth

  • 75. 
    • A. 

      Porosity

    • B. 

      Elasticity

    • C. 

      Density

    • D. 

      Texture

  • 76. 
    • A. 

      Nail tips are used to correct broken or cracked nails

    • B. 

      When affixing nail tips, apply adhesive to the underside of the natural nail

    • C. 

      Nail tips are removed by filing down to the natural nail

    • D. 

      The nail tip is sized and shaped to fit the free edge of the client's nail

  • 77. 
    The porcessing time used for the waving lotion depends on the hair's
    • A. 

      Porosity and texture

    • B. 

      Texture and elasticity

    • C. 

      Elasticity and density

    • D. 

      Density and length

  • 78. 
    It is advisable to take a preliminary test curl on hair that is
    • A. 

      Normally porous

    • B. 

      Naturally curly

    • C. 

      Damaged or tinted

    • D. 

      Very long

  • 79. 
    Right after rinsing the waving lotion from the hair, the next step is
    • A. 

      Apply the neutralizer

    • B. 

      Blot off excess water

    • C. 

      Blow dry the hair

    • D. 

      Set and style the hair

  • 80. 
    When perming hair that has been tinted, bleached, or highlighted, you should use a product that
    • A. 

      Is strongly alkaline

    • B. 

      Remains on the hair a very short time

    • C. 

      Includes a pre-wrap lotion

    • D. 

      Works with heat

  • 81. 
    When used to describe a color, the word "tone" refers to
    • A. 

      Darkness

    • B. 

      Porosity

    • C. 

      Density

    • D. 

      Warmth

  • 82. 
    • A. 

      Diluting the melanin globules and making them appear lighter

    • B. 

      Allowing melanin to combine with oxygen and diffuse through the hair shaft

    • C. 

      Coating the hair so that melanin cannot enter the cuticle layer

    • D. 

      Acting as a solvent and diluting the solution of melanin and protein

  • 83. 
    • A. 

      Lighten the hair and add color

    • B. 

      Darken and condition the hair

    • C. 

      Cleanse and condition the hair

    • D. 

      Lighten the hair and remove color

  • 84. 
    • A. 

      Select a complementary color

    • B. 

      Add a filler tint

    • C. 

      Recondition with a semi-permanent rinse

    • D. 

      Remove the present tint

  • 85. 
    • A. 

      Washes out after approximately 8 shampoos

    • B. 

      Enters the cortex of the hair shaft

    • C. 

      Is not mixed with a developer

    • D. 

      Is not alkaline

  • 86. 
    Melanin pigment is naturally present throughout the hair's
    • A. 

      Cuticle

    • B. 

      Medulla

    • C. 

      Cortex

    • D. 

      Papilla

  • 87. 
    • A. 

      Olive

    • B. 

      Red

    • C. 

      Neutral

    • D. 

      Golden

  • 88. 
    • A. 

      A clear glass bottle in the refrigerator

    • B. 

      A plastic container in a warm place

    • C. 

      An opaque container in a cool dark place

    • D. 

      A clear glass container in a well lit area

  • 89. 
    A very pale blond color can be safely achieved by
    • A. 

      Using one prolonged application of bleach

    • B. 

      Using a combination of semi-permanent and permanent hair colors

    • C. 

      Lightening the hair to a pale yellow and then using a toner

    • D. 

      Applying up to three applications of bleach

  • 90. 
    A color additive is a
    • A. 

      Product added to hair color to increase its lightening ability

    • B. 

      Semi-permanent hair color that reconditions the hair and seals the cuticle

    • C. 

      Particular combination of dhyes that make up a specific hair color

    • D. 

      Concentrated color used to intensify or tone down a hair color

  • 91. 
    When you chemically relax a client's hair with a "no base" relaxer, you should always
    • A. 

      Protect the entire scalp with a petroleum cream

    • B. 

      Apply a protective cream to the hairline and ears

    • C. 

      Make sure the hair is wet before beginning the procedure

    • D. 

      Part the hair into no more than three sections

  • 92. 
    When retouching a client's hair with sodium hydroxide relaxer you should
    • A. 

      Relax the entire head again

    • B. 

      Relax only the curliest parts of the hair

    • C. 

      Wait at least six months between treatments

    • D. 

      Relax the new growth only

  • 93. 
    • A. 

      Milder

    • B. 

      Quicker

    • C. 

      More dangerous

    • D. 

      Hotter

  • 94. 
    Which statement about chemically relaxed hair is CORRECT?
    • A. 

      A thio relaxer should not be used on hair previously treated with sodium hydroxide

    • B. 

      Chemically relaxed hair should no be exposed to heat of any kind

    • C. 

      A protective base is always needed for a sodium hydroxide relaxer

    • D. 

      Never use sodium hydroxide on fine hair

  • 95. 
    When holdiing haircutting scissors, place your thumb
    • A. 

      On the finger brace

    • B. 

      In the ring of the moveable blade

    • C. 

      In the ring of the still blade

    • D. 

      On the pivot

  • 96. 
    The terms slithering and effilating refer to the process of
    • A. 

      Cutting tinted hair

    • B. 

      Cutting very curly hair

    • C. 

      Thinning hair

    • D. 

      Finger waving hair

  • 97. 
    Which statement about forming the first ridge when finger waving is CORRECT?
    • A. 

      Emphasize the ridge by pushing it outward with your fingers

    • B. 

      Always begin the first ridge at the crown of the head

    • C. 

      Form the first ridge by inserting the comb beneath your index finger and pulling foward

    • D. 

      Keep the teeth of the comb inserted n the first ridge and pull the hair away from the head

  • 98. 
    Backcombing is used to
    • A. 

      Remove tangles from hair

    • B. 

      Add volume to a hairstyle

    • C. 

      Hide the roots of tinted hair

    • D. 

      Smooth out curl patterns

  • 99. 
    For a client with a long, thin neck, the hair should
    • A. 

      Be upswept and full on top

    • B. 

      Fall in long full waves

    • C. 

      Be asymmetrical

    • D. 

      Have fullness around the face

  • 100. 
    • A. 

      Very short hair

    • B. 

      Very long hair

    • C. 

      Medium length hair

    • D. 

      Spiral curls