Sociology

148 Questions  I  By Landonmarsh on March 31, 2012

  
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1.  As a social institution, Ihe economy:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Over the course of human history, changes in which of the following ha\'c brought the greatest changes to the economy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The text dcscribes three technological revolutions that transfonned all of social life. Which of the following is NOT one of them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  As societies industrialize,:1 smaller sharc of the population works in which of the following locations'!
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The Industrial Revolution Was based on:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Early factories in New Engi:lnd, where the Industrial Revolution first developed in the United States:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The postindustrial ecollomy is defined by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  What sector of the econolllY generates raw materials directly from the natural environment?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Tuming metals into automobiles is work that falls within the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Looking at economics around the world. the primary sector is the largest in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The expansion of office work marks the growth of the economy's:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  In Ihe United States, about what percentage of lite labor force perfomls tertiary sector work?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The concept "global economy" refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Globalization of the economy means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  N a capitalist economic systcm. "justice" amounts to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  The United Stales is amoslly capitalist nation because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Socialism is an economic system in which there is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  In ~cialist economic system. "justice" amounts to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Which of the following concepts refcrs to a political and economic systcm that combines a mostly markct·based economy with extensive social welfare programs?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  An example ofa country with a mostly private economy and extensive social welfare programs is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The concept "state cllpitillism" refers to a system in which:
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Contrasted to socialist economic systems, capitalist economic systems Iypieally:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Conceming the issue of personal freedom. capitalist systems emphasize peoplc's______ • while socialisl systems emphasize people's________ .
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  In the United States about what share of the population aged sixteen and older is in the paid labor force?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Over the course of the last century. the number of people involved in agricultural work:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Yesterday's family fanns have given way to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The concept "primary labor markct" refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  In recent decades. union membership:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Whieh of the fol1owinl; would be included in the operation of the underground cconomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which category orthe U.S. population is showing the greatest Iabor·force increase in tcrms of percentagc?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Computers are having which of the rollowing effects on the workplace?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The concept "oligopoly" refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Modemization theorists see large corporations as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Dependency theorists see large corporations as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The ch'lptcr-opening story 'lboutthe class at New York's Bronx Community College explains that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Human beings are all:
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Race refers to______ _~ considered important by a society; ethnicity refers to -----------'
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  A family leaves Russia and takes up residellce in the United States, where they gradually lose cultural tr<lditiolls. Doing so, these people have modified their:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which of the following is Ihe largest minority category within the U.S. population?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  111 the United States. minorities typically have less:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  ACl.:ording to thc most reccnt data, African Ameril.:ans accounted for about what perl.:cntage orthe U.S. population?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Which ofthc following statements about prejudice is true'!
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Based all research using the social dislance scale. you can correctly say that U.S. college studenls today:
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Scapegoat theory slates that prejudice is created by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Authoritarian personality theory states that extreme prejudice is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Conflict theory states lhat prejudice is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  While prejudice is a maHer of_______ . discrimination is a matter of ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Institutional prejudice alld discriminationl refers to lhe fact that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  The idea that prejudice and discrimination form a vicious cycle means that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The claim that defining members of some minority as inferior will make them inferior is one applisatlon of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Thc United Stales is not lruly pluralistic because:
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Assimilation refers to the pattern by which:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  In the United States during the 1930s and 1940s, the existence ofthe "Negro leagues," with all African-American players, is an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Douglas Massey and Nancy Denton documented which of the following patterns in U.S. inner cities?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  The killing of people in the Darfur region ofAfrica is a recent example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  When the first Europeans arrived in the Americas in the fifteenth century, Native Americans:
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Native Americans gained the right to U.S. citizenship in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  What Gunnar Myrdal called the "American dilemma" was:
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Read the following statements. Which one is correct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  The largest category of Asian Americans in the United States is people of__ancestry.
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Which ofthe following categories ofthe U.S. population is most likely to own and operate a small business?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  The Hispanic population of the United States is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Arab Americans are a U.S. minority that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The concept "white ethnics" refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  From which world regions do most oftoday's immigrants come?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Politics is a social institution that is defined in tenns ofa society's:
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Max Weber defined power as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Preindustrial societies, explained Max Weber, are characterized by having:
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Industrialization increases the importance of which type ofauthority?
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  As Max Weber saw it, the essential difference between power and authority is that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  People who attract followers, including Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, display:
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Which ofthe following concepts refers to a political system in which a single family rules from generation to generation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  In Max Weber's view, monarchy claims legitimacy based on:
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  Which ofthe following concepts refers to a political system in which power resides in the hands of the people as a whole?
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  For which ofthe following reasons might you argue that the United States is not truly democratic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  In 2008, about what percentage of the world's people lived in countries that can be considered politically "free?"
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  The concept "political economy" refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Capitalist societies base their claim to democracy on:
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Socialist societies base their claim to democracy on:
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  A totalitarian political system:
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Which ofthe following statements correctly describes how the U.S. population falls on the political spectrum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  The gun lobby is an example of a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Which ofthe following statements about political parties in the United States is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  In the United States,__people tend to vote Democratic, while__people mostly vote Republican.
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  In the 2008 presidential election, about what percentage of registered voters actually went to the polls?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  A pluralist approach to the U.S. political system suggests that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  A power-elite approach to the U.S. political system suggests that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  The Marxist political-economy model suggests that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Which ofthe following is a factor encouraging political revolution?
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Terrorism refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Which ofthe following concepts refers to the use of violence by governments, often against their own people?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Which 'of all U.S. wars was the most deadly in terms of loss of (U.S.) lives?
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  A sociological profile ofmen and women in the U.S. armed forces reveals a large share ofyoung people who:
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  About how much money docs the world as a whole spend annually for military purposes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  The military-industrial complex refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  For almost fifty years, what strategy has kept the peace between the world's nuclear superpowers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  The family is a social institution that is found in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  People include as "kin" others linked by:
A.
B.
C.
D.