Sociology Test 1

27 Questions  I  By Dlsterling
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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia
Sociology Test 1Time: 1 hr 15mins

  
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  • 1. 
    Since beginning this course in sociology, how has your view of the world changed? Provide one specific example of something in your life that you see differently now compared to before you started this course. Is this change a good thing? Explain.

  • 2. 
    The sociological perspective reveals that:
    • A. 

      “common sense” is usually pretty close to the truth.

    • B. 

      much of what passes for “common sense” turns out to be at least partly wrong.

    • C. 

      Most people readily see how society shapes our lives.

    • D. 

      “common sense” is not very popular.


  • 3. 
    The idea that the social world guides our actions and life choices just as the seasons influence activities and choice of clothing describes:
    • A. 

      The basis of what philosophy calls “free will.”

    • B. 

      the essential wisdom of the discipline of sociology.

    • C. 

      The fact that people everywhere have “common sense.”

    • D. 

      the fact that people from countries all around the world make mostly identical choices about how to live.


  • 4. 
    Sociology provides an advantage to students preparing for later careers by preparing them for work:
    • A. 

      Only as teaching sociologists.

    • B. 

      Only in criminal justice or social work.

    • C. 

      Only as clinical sociologists.

    • D. 

      in all of the above careers and many others, including business, education, and law enforcement.


  • 5. 
    Examples of people applying their knowledge of sociology at work include people in:
    • A. 

      Law enforcement, understanding which categories of people are at high risk of becoming victims of crime.

    • B. 

      Medicine, understanding patterns of health in a community.

    • C. 

      business, dealing with different categories of people.

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct.


  • 6. 
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    • A. 

      The founding of the Roman Catholic church

    • B. 

      the rise of industrial factories and cities

    • C. 

      The power of tradition

    • D. 

      A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"


  • 7. 
    In which of the countries noted below did sociology first appear as a formal discipline?
    • A. 

      the United States

    • B. 

      Japan

    • C. 

      France

    • D. 

      China


  • 8. 
    Sociology differs from the older discipline of philosophy by focusing on:
    • A. 

      What the ideal society should be.

    • B. 

      Human nature.

    • C. 

      the place of God in shaping human events.

    • D. 

      How society actually operates.


  • 9. 
    According to Comte, people living in Europe during the Middle Ages thought of society as:
    • A. 

      A system operating according to its own laws.

    • B. 

      chaotic and having little form.

    • C. 

      An expression of God's will.

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct.


  • 10. 
    According to Comte's approach, the kind of thinking favored by people such as Thomas Edison, the inventor of the light bulb, becomes common in a society at which stage of societal development?
    • A. 

      theological stage

    • B. 

      Metaphysical stage

    • C. 

      scientific stage

    • D. 

      All of the above.


  • 11. 
    Sociologists cannot identify "laws of society" that allow us to predict individual human behavior:
    • A. 

      because human behavior is patterned but also spontaneous.

    • B. 

      because sociology is still very young.

    • C. 

      because no sociologist ever tried to discover such laws.

    • D. 

      All of the above.


  • 12. 
    Which of the following best describes the focus of the structural-functional approach?
    • A. 

      the meaning people attach to their behavior

    • B. 

      patterns of social inequality

    • C. 

      The consequences of social patterns for the operation of society

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct.


  • 13. 
    Using the structural-functional approach, which of the following questions might you ask about marriage?
    • A. 

      What do people think marriage means?

    • B. 

      How does marriage benefit women and men unequally?

    • C. 

      What are the consequences of marriage for the operation of society?

    • D. 

      How can we help people find more pleasure in their marriages?


  • 14. 
    Social structures sometimes have negative consequences for the operation of society as a whole. What is the term for these negative consequences?
    • A. 

      Social structure

    • B. 

      eufunctions

    • C. 

      social functions

    • D. 

      social dysfunctions


  • 15. 
    The recognized and intended consequences of a social pattern are referred to as:
    • A. 

      latent functions.

    • B. 

      Manifest functions.

    • C. 

      eufunctions.

    • D. 

      Dysfunctions.


  • 16. 
    Which of the following is the best example of a latent function of going to college?
    • A. 

      providing skills needed for later jobs

    • B. 

      keeping young people out of the labor force, which may not have jobs for them

    • C. 

      Gaining the knowledge required to be an active and thoughtful citizen

    • D. 

      Giving young people experience living on their own


  • 17. 
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    • A. 

      It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.

    • B. 

      It focuses too much on social dysfunction.

    • C. 

      It focuses too much on power divisions in society.

    • D. 

      It is a politically liberal view of society.


  • 18. 
    Which of the following statements might be made by a sociologist using the social-conflict approach?
    • A. 

      Men and women share in the joys of family life.

    • B. 

      Men earn more than women in the workplace.

    • C. 

      Gender functions in an important way to keep society operating.

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct.


  • 19. 
    Which theoretical approach would highlight the fact that, on average, African American families have less income than white families?
    • A. 

      the race-conflict approach

    • B. 

      The gender-conflict approach

    • C. 

      The structural-functional approach

    • D. 

      The symbolic-interaction approach


  • 20. 
    The basic idea of the symbolic-interaction approach is that society is:
    • A. 

      an arena of conflict between categories of people.

    • B. 

      The product of people interacting in everyday situations.

    • C. 

      A system that operates to benefit people.

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct.


  • 21. 
    A criticism of the symbolic-interaction approach is that it:
    • A. 

      Calls attention to major social institutions.

    • B. 

      Ignores how structural factors such as class affect people’s experiences.

    • C. 

      paints a very positive picture of society.


  • 22. 
    Which of the following is a manifest function of sports?
    • A. 

      providing recreation and physical conditioning

    • B. 

      fostering social relationships

    • C. 

      generating jobs

    • D. 

      Teaching a society’s way of life


  • 23. 
    Building social relationships and creating tens of thousands of jobs are two of the ____ of sports.
    • A. 

      Manifest functions

    • B. 

      latent functions

    • C. 

      dysfunctions


  • 24. 
    Which of the following would be the focus of a social-conflict analysis of sports?
    • A. 

      the way in which sports help encourage competition

    • B. 

      the importance of physical ability in success

    • C. 

      How sports reflect social inequality

    • D. 

      the different meanings people attach to games


  • 25. 
    Which of the following statements is based on a symbolic-interaction analysis of sports?
    • A. 

      Winning at sports means different things to different people.

    • B. 

      Some categories of people benefit more than others from sports.

    • C. 

      Sports help develop important cultural values.


  • 26. 
    Unlike simple stereotypes, sociological generalizations:
    • A. 

      do not apply to all individuals in some category.

    • B. 

      Are based on all available facts.

    • C. 

      Are offered fair-mindedly with an interest in the truth.

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct.


  • 27. 
    Name the three social changes in European history that were especially important to the development of sociology.

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