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Sociology Practice Quiz #4

50 Questions
Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is to help me study for my sociology test.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The belief that happiness and fulfillment can be achieved through the acquisition of material possessions is known as:
    • A. 

      Consumerism

    • B. 

      Materialism

    • C. 

      Buyerism

    • D. 

      Shopaholic-ism

  • 2. 
    Who wrote the 2003 book Point of Purchase: How Shopping Changed American Culture, which mentions that 24 hours after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the mayor of New York City urged its citizens to take the day off and go shopping?
    • A. 

      Gans

    • B. 

      Lieberson

    • C. 

      Figlio

    • D. 

      Zukin

  • 3. 
    Which of the following has been found to be disproportionately more common in lower-income schools and advertises in U.S high schools in exchange for providing televisions, video equipment, and satellite dishes?
    • A. 

      MTV

    • B. 

      ESPN

    • C. 

      Channel One

    • D. 

      The Food Network

  • 4. 
    The act of turning media against itself, such as the actions of Rockin’ Rollen and Adbusters, is called:
    • A. 

      Culture jamming

    • B. 

      Hegemony

    • C. 

      Domination

    • D. 

      Reflection theory

  • 5. 
    Political scientist Joseph Nye refers to American cultural and diplomatic dominance that persuades, rather than forces others to conform, as:
    • A. 

      Authority

    • B. 

      Soft power

    • C. 

      Hard power

    • D. 

      Dominance

  • 6. 
    Challenging the propaganda in advertising, Adbusters encourages people not to shop at all on Black Friday, the day after Thanksgiving, which is widely known as the busiest shopping day of the year in the United States. They call this:
    • A. 

      Anti-Christmas Day

    • B. 

      Buy Nothing Day

    • C. 

      Stop the Insanity Day

    • D. 

      Red Friday

  • 7. 
    According to estimates in Chapter 3, there are about how many potential consumers living in the Middle East?
    • A. 

      100 million

    • B. 

      200 million

    • C. 

      300 million

    • D. 

      500 million

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is TRUE regarding future plans by McDonald’s in the Arab region?
    • A. 

      It plans to open 1,000 new restaurants.

    • B. 

      It plans to open about 10 new restaurants.

    • C. 

      It plans to close 175 restaurants.

    • D. 

      It plans to remain the same size.

  • 9. 
    Due to growing anti-Americanism in the Middle East, new diplomatic efforts have included all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Broadcasting positive messages about the United States over the radio

    • B. 

      Organizing a Middle East book tour for popular American authors

    • C. 

      Dropping leaflets over Iraq

    • D. 

      Buying expensive television ads featuring Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt

  • 10. 
    What criminal sentence did Rockin’ Rollen, the Rainbow Man, receive for being found guilty of taking a hostage and causing an eight-hour police standoff?
    • A. 

      Two years in prison

    • B. 

      A life sentence

    • C. 

      Three life sentences

    • D. 

      The death penalty

  • 11. 
    An example of material culture is:
    • A. 

      Values

    • B. 

      Money

    • C. 

      Norms

    • D. 

      Behavior

  • 12. 
    An example of nonmaterial culture is:
    • A. 

      Money

    • B. 

      Books

    • C. 

      Values

    • D. 

      Cars

  • 13. 
    The lifelong process by which people learn and internalize the values, beliefs, and norms required to become a functioning member of a society is known as:
    • A. 

      Education

    • B. 

      Socialization

    • C. 

      Dramaturgy

    • D. 

      Ethnomethodology

  • 14. 
    The  primary units of socialization for babies are:
    • A. 

      Day care centers

    • B. 

      Peers

    • C. 

      The media

    • D. 

      The family

  • 15. 
    The story of the abused child named Anna teaches lessons about the importance of which of the following influences on human development?
    • A. 

      Money

    • B. 

      Proper hygiene

    • C. 

      Human interaction

    • D. 

      Healthy nutrition

  • 16. 
    Cooley’s theory of socialization states that the self develops from our interactions with others and their reactions to us. This theory is known as:
    • A. 

      Role-playing

    • B. 

      Dramaturgy

    • C. 

      Reflection theory

    • D. 

      Looking-glass self theory

  • 17. 
    Concepts such as I, me, and generalized other are part of which theorist’s work?
    • A. 

      Mead’s

    • B. 

      Cooley’s

    • C. 

      Goffman’s

    • D. 

      Erickson’s

  • 18. 
    The final step in Mead’s theory of socialization is the development of an internalized sense of the total expectations of others. This is known as:
    • A. 

      The socialized other

    • B. 

      The first person other

    • C. 

      The generalized other

    • D. 

      The significant other

  • 19. 
    Which theory uses game playing to understand the development of self?
    • A. 

      Cooley’s looking-glass self theory

    • B. 

      Mead’s role-playing theory

    • C. 

      Merton’s role theory

    • D. 

      Goffman’s dramaturgy theory

  • 20. 
    Which theorist extends his theory of socialization to span an entire lifetime, rather than just limiting it to explanations of childhood or adolescence?
    • A. 

      Mead

    • B. 

      Cooley

    • C. 

      Erickson

    • D. 

      Goffman

  • 21. 
    The four main categories of agents of socialization are:
    • A. 

      Television, music, videos, and books

    • B. 

      Schools, the military, colleges, and day care centers

    • C. 

      Peers, religion, sororities, and fraternities

    • D. 

      Family, schools, peers, and media

  • 22. 
    According to Laureau’s (2002) study of parents’ social class and the socialization of their children, both black and white middle-class parents structure their children’s leisure time with formal activities. Laureau calls this:
    • A. 

      High culture

    • B. 

      Low culture

    • C. 

      Forced culture

    • D. 

      Concerted cultivation

  • 23. 
    Admission into elite boarding schools is partly based on preferential treatment given to children who come from families in which at least one other family member attended the same school. These children are known as:
    • A. 

      Gifted

    • B. 

      Legacies

    • C. 

      Special

    • D. 

      Silver-spooned

  • 24. 
    Expected conformity, especially among teenage friends, is known as:
    • A. 

      Peer pressure

    • B. 

      Adolescent angst

    • C. 

      Teenage wasteland

    • D. 

      Role strain

  • 25. 
    The popular children’s television program Sesame Street was created for which of the following reasons?
    • A. 

      To apply technological advancements in animation to a show

    • B. 

      To provide educational opportunities for low-income children

    • C. 

      To create a lifestyle of earnings for its creator, Jim Henson

    • D. 

      To provide socialization opportunities to infants and toddlers

  • 26. 
    A drastic type of adult socialization that may occur when adults change environments is known as:
    • A. 

      Resocialization

    • B. 

      Dramaturgy

    • C. 

      Role conflict

    • D. 

      Role strain

  • 27. 
    Military boot camps and prisons are places that control all of the basics of people’s day-to-day lives, and are known as:
    • A. 

      Bureaucracies

    • B. 

      Front stages

    • C. 

      Total institutions

    • D. 

      Ascribed statuses

  • 28. 
    A recognizable social position that an individual occupies, such as “student” or “professor,” is known as a:
    • A. 

      Status

    • B. 

      Role

    • C. 

      Face

    • D. 

      Total institution

  • 29. 
    The expectations and duties that come attached to a particular status are known as:
    • A. 

      Roles

    • B. 

      Legacies

    • C. 

      Identities

    • D. 

      Institutions

  • 30. 
    The expectation that young university professors must “publish or perish” is an example of:
    • A. 

      Total institutions

    • B. 

      Generalized others

    • C. 

      Role strain

    • D. 

      Peer pressure

  • 31. 
    All of the statuses that an individual occupies at any given time comprise her or his:
    • A. 

      Ascribed status

    • B. 

      Achieved status

    • C. 

      Status set

    • D. 

      Master status

  • 32. 
    Most college students occupy many statuses at one time: student, employee, citizen, son or daughter, and so on. This list of statuses is known as:
    • A. 

      Ascribed status

    • B. 

      Achieved status

    • C. 

      Status set

    • D. 

      Master status

  • 33. 
    Involuntary statuses that we are born into are called:
    • A. 

      Ascribed statuses

    • B. 

      Achieved statuses

    • C. 

      Status sets

    • D. 

      Master status

  • 34. 
    Voluntary statuses that we become over time are called:
    • A. 

      Ascribed statuses

    • B. 

      Achieved statuses

    • C. 

      Status sets

    • D. 

      Master statuses

  • 35. 
    Venus Williams is one of the top women’s tennis players in the world. This status overrides all of her other statuses and is known as her:
    • A. 

      Ascribed status

    • B. 

      Achieved status

    • C. 

      Status set

    • D. 

      Master status

  • 36. 
    The expectations that Barbie dolls are for girls and G.I. Joe dolls are for boys are examples of:
    • A. 

      Role conflicts

    • B. 

      Gender roles

    • C. 

      Ascribed statuses

    • D. 

      Status sets

  • 37. 
    The theory that tries to explain the process by which ideas, concepts, and values are socially constructed is known as:
    • A. 

      Symbolic interactionism

    • B. 

      Conflict theory

    • C. 

      Structural functionalism

    • D. 

      Psychoanalysis

  • 38. 
    An example of the social construction of childhood in the United States is that in preindustrial times, toys specifically made for children:
    • A. 

      Were so expensive that only upper-class elites could afford to buy them

    • B. 

      Were only available in the cities

    • C. 

      Were only made for boys

    • D. 

      Did not exist

  • 39. 
    The three basic tenets of symbolic interactionism theory include all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Human beings inherit mutual understandings of symbols across cultures, times, and social changes.

    • B. 

      Human beings act toward ideas, concepts, and values on the basis of the meaning that those things have for them.

    • C. 

      These meanings are the products of social interaction in human society.

    • D. 

      These meanings are modified and filtered through an interpretive process that each individual uses in dealing with outward signs.

  • 40. 
    Which of the following theories contains concepts such as front stage and backstage, and has its roots in the work of William Shakespeare?
    • A. 

      Reflection theory

    • B. 

      Dramaturgical theory

    • C. 

      Looking-glass self theory

    • D. 

      Conflict theory

  • 41. 
    According to Goffman, we all try to make good impressions on others and we actively work to ensure that others believe that they are doing the same. He calls this:
    • A. 

      Resocialization

    • B. 

      The generalized other

    • C. 

      Impression management

    • D. 

      Controlling one’s environment

  • 42. 
    According to Goffman, the esteem in which an individual is held by others is known as:
    • A. 

      Looking-glass self

    • B. 

      Ego

    • C. 

      Prestige

    • D. 

      Face

  • 43. 
    Front stage mistakes, such as if your sociology professor belches loudly during a lecture, are known as:
    • A. 

      Breaches

    • B. 

      Deviant acts

    • C. 

      Bad manners

    • D. 

      Slip-ups

  • 44. 
    Saying “hello” when answering the telephone signals the start of an encounter in the first bracket, and is known to dramaturgists as:
    • A. 

      Act one

    • B. 

      The monologue

    • C. 

      The opening

    • D. 

      The pre-show

  • 45. 
    Goffman’s term for refraining from directly interacting with someone you know until an opening bracket has been issued is known as:
    • A. 

      Civic inattention

    • B. 

      Face

    • C. 

      Front stage

    • D. 

      Backstage

  • 46. 
    Unconscious signals of our true feelings, such as nonverbal behaviors, are known by Goffman as:
    • A. 

      Our subconscious

    • B. 

      Our id

    • C. 

      Repressed memories

    • D. 

      The given-off gestures

  • 47. 
    Garfinkel’s method for critically acting upon and studying social interactions is:
    • A. 

      Dramaturgy

    • B. 

      Ethnomethodology

    • C. 

      Social constructionism

    • D. 

      Resocialization

  • 48. 
    Which of the following and his or her students studied social interactions by breaching experiments?
    • A. 

      Merton

    • B. 

      Goffman

    • C. 

      Garfinkel

    • D. 

      Erickson

  • 49. 
    Dalton Conley’s experiences with “J. T. LeRoy” are an example of:
    • A. 

      Resocialization

    • B. 

      Total institutions

    • C. 

      Fake people

    • D. 

      Isolated children

  • 50. 
    According to the example discussed in Chapter 4, “J. T. LeRoy” was really
    • A. 

      Laura Albert

    • B. 

      William Shakespeare

    • C. 

      Robert Merton

    • D. 

      Erving Goffman