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Sociology. Dickenson. College Western Idaho. Test 1-4

57 Questions
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Sociology test quiz 1-4 Charles Dickenson, Colloge of Western Idaho

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Focus is on interactions between individuals, how societal characterisitcs reflect the perceptions fo individuals
    • A. 

      Social structure

    • B. 

      Micro element

    • C. 

      Macro element

    • D. 

      Inequality

  • 2. 
    Societies are integrated and systems composed of specialized parts that serve functions--both manifest and hidden or unintened
    • A. 

      Social structure

    • B. 

      Social conflict

    • C. 

      Symbolic interactionism

    • D. 

      Structural-functionalism

  • 3. 
    What is Sociology?
    • A. 

      The study of science

    • B. 

      Population of people living in the same geographic area who share a culture and a common identity and whose members fall under the same political authority.

    • C. 

      Focus on social institutions

    • D. 

      Focus on interactions between individuals

  • 4. 
    Is the link between our personal lives and experiences with our social world: ability to see the connections large and small, to see the indivual level and the societal level
    • A. 

      Sociology

    • B. 

      Sociological imagination

    • C. 

      Social solidarity

    • D. 

      Social structure

  • 5. 
    To contemplate how things are actually formed and fuction from a new perspective
    • A. 

      Symbolic interactionism

    • B. 

      Individual

    • C. 

      Inequality

    • D. 

      Critical thinking

  • 6. 
    Epistemology is what
    • A. 

      The study of concepts

    • B. 

      The study of research

    • C. 

      The study of science

    • D. 

      The study of knowledge

  • 7. 
    Indiviual
    • A. 

      Orientation concerned with broad patterns that shape society as a whole

    • B. 

      Refers to any relatively stable patterns of social behavior found in soical institutions

    • C. 

      Indiviual problems such as break-up of relationship, loss of job, debt or college sucess

  • 8. 
    Refers to any relatively stable of social behavior found in social institutions; refers to the consquences
    • A. 

      Social structure

    • B. 

      Macro element

    • C. 

      Micro element

    • D. 

      Inequality

  • 9. 
    Focus on social institutions and how society influences the individual
    • A. 

      Inequality

    • B. 

      Social structure

    • C. 

      Micro element

    • D. 

      Macro element

  • 10. 
    Concepts whose values change from case to case
    • A. 

      Norms

    • B. 

      Variables

    • C. 

      Concepts

    • D. 

      Measurement

  • 11. 
    Manifest means what
    • A. 

      Status

    • B. 

      Intended

    • C. 

      Hidden or unintended

    • D. 

      Dysfuction

  • 12. 
    Latent means what
    • A. 

      Intended

    • B. 

      Hidden or unintended

    • C. 

      Status

    • D. 

      Dysfuction

  • 13. 
    The process of systemic empiricism, guided by theoretical frames; research
    • A. 

      Epistemology

    • B. 

      Science

    • C. 

      Inductive logic

    • D. 

      Causation

  • 14. 
    The scientific study of societies and human behavior in groups is what?
    • A. 

      Critical thinking

    • B. 

      Social conflict theory

    • C. 

      Sociology

    • D. 

      Symbolic interactionism

  • 15. 
    A theory that all knowledge originates in experience
    • A. 

      Casual research

    • B. 

      Theory

    • C. 

      Deductive logic

    • D. 

      Empriicism

  • 16. 
    The use of experientment and control groups, usually in a laboratory, to test the effect of one variable on another variable is what
    • A. 

      Content analysis

    • B. 

      Historical analysis

    • C. 

      Experiment

    • D. 

      Survey research

  • 17. 
    Factors such as race, sex, class, and age are linked to what?
    • A. 

      Inequality/social conflict

    • B. 

      Macro oriented paradigm

    • C. 

      Dysfunction

    • D. 

      Sociology

  • 18. 
    The variable that causes change
    • A. 

      Cause

    • B. 

      Dependent variable

    • C. 

      Spurious correlation

    • D. 

      Independent variable

  • 19. 
    Physical artifacts that shape the lives of members of a particular society is what?
    • A. 

      Material culture

    • B. 

      Non material cultures

    • C. 

      Society cultures

    • D. 

      Sub- cultures

  • 20. 
    The variable that changes (it's value depends upon the independent variable)
    • A. 

      Indpendent variables

    • B. 

      Dependent variables

    • C. 

      Spurious correlation

    • D. 

      Measurement

  • 21. 
    Subjects are aware of risks and responsibilities
    • A. 

      Survey research

    • B. 

      Historical analysis

    • C. 

      Content analysis

    • D. 

      Informed consent

  • 22. 
    Highly codified, formal, systematized norms that bring server punishments when violated
    • A. 

      Values

    • B. 

      Beliefs

    • C. 

      Material culture

    • D. 

      Mores

  • 23. 
    Informal norms that are mildly punished when violated
    • A. 

      Values

    • B. 

      Material culture

    • C. 

      Folkway

    • D. 

      Norms

  • 24. 
    Survey research is what
    • A. 

      The us of experimental and control groups, usually in a lab

    • B. 

      Studying the content of recorded messages

    • C. 

      Reseachers directly observes people in their natural setting

    • D. 

      Data collected through questionaires or interviews, can measure things such as attitudes or values that can not be observed

  • 25. 
    Values, behaviors and physical artifacts of a group that distunguish it from the larger culture
    • A. 

      Non material cultures

    • B. 

      Sub cultures

    • C. 

      Material culture

    • D. 

      Counter culture

  • 26. 
    Unobtrusive research
    • A. 

      Resercher does not have direct contact with subjects, content analysis, and historical analysis

    • B. 

      Reseachers directly observes people in their natural setting

    • C. 

      Data collected through questinnaires or interviews, can measure things such as attitudes or values that can not be observed

    • D. 

      Studying the content of recorded messages

  • 27. 
    Vaules are what
    • A. 

      Working longer, not hacking

    • B. 

      Standard of judgment by which people decide on desirable goals and out comes

    • C. 

      Something that represents something else, has meaning

    • D. 

      Are culturally defined rules

  • 28. 
    Judges others by their actions; the tendency to evaluate other cultures using one's own culture as a standard
    • A. 

      Sanction

    • B. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • C. 

      Negative sanction

    • D. 

      Cultural relativism

  • 29. 
    Non- physical elements of culture; like knowledge/beliefs, values/ morals, norms/customs, the sense of time
    • A. 

      Society cultures

    • B. 

      Material culture

    • C. 

      Symblols

    • D. 

      Non material cultures

  • 30. 
    Are actually defined rules of conduct, expectations for behavoir
    • A. 

      Norms

    • B. 

      Culture

    • C. 

      Values

    • D. 

      Folkways

  • 31. 
    Shared beliefs, values, behaviours and mterial objects among members of a group or society
    • A. 

      Cultural relativism

    • B. 

      Culture

    • C. 

      Material culture

    • D. 

      Non material culture

  • 32. 
    Norm violations; like sanctions
    • A. 

      Folkways

    • B. 

      Negative saction

    • C. 

      Ethoncentrism

    • D. 

      Any direct response from behavior

  • 33. 
    Field Research is?
    • A. 

      Data collected through questionaires or interviews

    • B. 

      Reseachers directly observes people in their natural setting

    • C. 

      The use of experimental and control groups, usually in a lab

    • D. 

      Studying the content of recorded messages

  • 34. 
    Creating new cultural elements is what
    • A. 

      Subculture

    • B. 

      Global cultures

    • C. 

      Innovation

    • D. 

      Diffusion

  • 35. 
    Cultural relativism
    • A. 

      Educational program recognizing the cultural diversity

    • B. 

      Cultrual patterns that distinguish some segment of society's

    • C. 

      Judging a culture by its own standards

    • D. 

      Judging another culture by the standards of one's own culture

  • 36. 
    Social bonds based on common sentiment and shared moral value that are common among members of preindustrial societies
    • A. 

      Organic solidarity

    • B. 

      Spurious corrleation

    • C. 

      Mechanical solidarity

    • D. 

      Negative sanction

  • 37. 
    Shared understanding of what is and what is not true is what
    • A. 

      Beliefs

    • B. 

      Values

    • C. 

      Norms

    • D. 

      Symblols

  • 38. 
    Symbols for communication
    • A. 

      Counter culture

    • B. 

      Culture

    • C. 

      Symbols

    • D. 

      Language

  • 39. 
    Counterculture is
    • A. 

      Strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society

    • B. 

      Is an educational program recognizing the cultural diversity

    • C. 

      Practice of judging another culture

  • 40. 
    Is an educational program recognizing the cultural diversity
    • A. 

      Cultural change

    • B. 

      Counterculture

    • C. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • D. 

      Multiculturalism

  • 41. 
    Something that represents something else, has meaning= like language
    • A. 

      Beliefs

    • B. 

      Values

    • C. 

      Symbols

    • D. 

      Culture

  • 42. 
    The historical change from tradition; beliefs past from one generation to another, rationality- deliberate, matter of fact calculation of the most efficient means to accomplish a task, as the dominat mode of human thought
    • A. 

      Alienation

    • B. 

      Calvinism

    • C. 

      Capitalism

    • D. 

      Rationalization of society

  • 43. 
    The spread of cultural traits from one culture to another is what
    • A. 

      Multiculturalism

    • B. 

      Cultural lag

    • C. 

      Innovation

    • D. 

      Diffusion

  • 44. 
    Anomie
    • A. 

      A condition in which society provides little moral guidance to individuals

    • B. 

      Social bonds based on specializaion

    • C. 

      Social bonds based on common sentiment

    • D. 

      Key to change is easy

  • 45. 
    Seperation
    • A. 

      Tradition

    • B. 

      False consciousness

    • C. 

      Alienation, feeling not a part of something

    • D. 

      Social conflict

  • 46. 
    Beliefs past from one generation to another
    • A. 

      Rationality

    • B. 

      Tradition

    • C. 

      Calvinism

    • D. 

      Predestination

  • 47. 
    Hypothesized leading to revolution; wake up and see thier position in life; if workers become aware of their identity as an exploited class
    • A. 

      Class consciousness

    • B. 

      False consciousness

    • C. 

      Economic reductionist

    • D. 

      Alienation

  • 48. 
    Social conflict
    • A. 

      Understaes the social force of social structure on culture

    • B. 

      Cultural traits benefit some members at the expense of others, tool for pacification of the population, serve to continue the social inequalities

    • C. 

      Traits that are part of every know cutlure and include family , funeral rites

  • 49. 
    Theory/ ideal types
    • A. 

      Ideas how things work,, data collections

    • B. 

      Tied together not from past relationships

    • C. 

      Religious ethic transformed to work ethic

  • 50. 
    Deliberate, matter of fact calculation of the most efficient means to acomplish a task, as the dominant mode of human thought.
    • A. 

      Organic solidarity

    • B. 

      Calvinism

    • C. 

      Tradition

    • D. 

      Rationality

  • 51. 
    Tied together not from past relationships but because we need each other; social bonds based on specialization and interdependence that are strong among members of industrial societies
    • A. 

      Mechanical solidarity

    • B. 

      Organic solidarity

    • C. 

      Anomie

    • D. 

      Theory

  • 52. 
    They look at it because it works best together
    • A. 

      Structional functionist

    • B. 

      They are because they are powerful

    • C. 

      Ways to explain human behavoir

    • D. 

      They learn it from other people

  • 53. 
    Focus on meanings like identity, how we see are self
    • A. 

      Structional functionist

    • B. 

      Human nature

    • C. 

      Symbolic interaction

    • D. 

      Economice reductinist

  • 54. 
    People who sale their productive labor for wages
    • A. 

      Proletariat

    • B. 

      Capitalism aliens

    • C. 

      Bourgeoisie

    • D. 

      False consciouness

  • 55. 
    They learn it from other people
    • A. 

      Symbolic interaction

    • B. 

      Class consciousiness

    • C. 

      Alienation

    • D. 

      Differential socializism

  • 56. 
    People who own and operate factories and other buisness in pursit of profits are what
    • A. 

      False consciouness

    • B. 

      Bourgeoisie

    • C. 

      Proletariat

    • D. 

      Capitalism aliens

  • 57. 
    Relatoinships by which two or more variables change together
    • A. 

      Sanction

    • B. 

      Negative sanction

    • C. 

      Spurious correlation

    • D. 

      Correlation