Sociology Chapt. 7

10 Questions  I  By Kepierce23
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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    Society brings about acceptance of basic norms through techniques and strategies for preventing deviant human behavior. This process is termed
    • A. 

      Stigmatization

    • B. 

      Labeling

    • C. 

      Law

    • D. 

      Social control


  • 2. 
    Which sociological perspective argues that people must respect social norms if any group or society is to survive?
    • A. 

      Conflict

    • B. 

      Interactionist

    • C. 

      Functionalist

    • D. 

      Feminist


  • 3. 
    Stanley Milgram used the word conformity to mean
    • A. 

      Going along with peers

    • B. 

      Compliance with higher authorities in a hierarchical structure

    • C. 

      Techniques and strategies for preventing deviant human behavior in any society

    • D. 

      Penalties and rewards for conduct concerning a social norm


  • 4. 
    Which sociological theory suggests that our connection to members of society leads us to conform systematically to society's norms?
    • A. 

      Feminist theory

    • B. 

      Control theory

    • C. 

      Interactionist theory

    • D. 

      Functionalist theory


  • 5. 
    Which of the following statements is true of deviance?
    • A. 

      Deviance is always criminal behavior

    • B. 

      Deviance is behavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society

    • C. 

      Deviance is perverse behavior

    • D. 

      Deviance is inappropriate behavior that cuts across all cultures and social orders


  • 6. 
    Which sociologist illustrated the boundary-maintenance function of deviance in his study of Puritans in 17th-century New England?
    • A. 

      Kai Erikson

    • B. 

      Emile Durkheim

    • C. 

      Robert Merton

    • D. 

      Edwin Sutherland


  • 7. 
    Which of the following is not one of the basic forms of adaptations specified in Robert Merton's anomie theory of deviance?
    • A. 

      Conformity

    • B. 

      Innovation

    • C. 

      Ritualism

    • D. 

      Hostility


  • 8. 
    Which sociologist first advanced the idea that an individual undergoes the same basic socialization process whether learning conforming or deviant acts? 
    • A. 

      Robert Merton

    • B. 

      Edwin Sutherland

    • C. 

      Travis Hirschi

    • D. 

      William Chambliss


  • 9. 
    Which of the following theories contends that criminal victimization increases when communal relationships and social institutions break down?
    • A. 

      Labeling theory

    • B. 

      Conflict theory

    • C. 

      Social disorganization theory

    • D. 

      Differential association theory


  • 10. 
    Which of the following conducted observation research on two groups of high school males (the Saints and the Roughnecks) and concluded that social class played an important role in the varying fortunes of the two groups?
    • A. 

      Richard Quinney

    • B. 

      Edwin Sutherland

    • C. 

      Emile Durkheim

    • D. 

      William Chambliss


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