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Sociology 2

75 Questions
Sociology Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Culture includes:
    • A. 

      Language

    • B. 

      Beliefs

    • C. 

      Values

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    A group's way of thinking and doing, including language and other forms of interaction, is:
    • A. 

      Material culture

    • B. 

      Nonmaterial culture

    • C. 

      Ideological culture

    • D. 

      Values

  • 3. 
    Learned and shared ways of believing and of doing penetrate our being at an early age. We take for granted what is "normal" behavior. This is the concept of:
    • A. 

      Culture shock

    • B. 

      Culture within us

    • C. 

      Culture lag

    • D. 

      Cultural pluralism

  • 4. 
    The disorientation people experience when coming into contact with a radically different culture and when no longer able to depend on their taken-for-granted assumptions about life is known as:
    • A. 

      Cultural diffusion

    • B. 

      Cultural leveling

    • C. 

      Cultural relativism

    • D. 

      Culture shock

  • 5. 
    Using one's culture as a yardstick to judge other cultures is known as practicing:
    • A. 

      Material culture

    • B. 

      Culture shock

    • C. 

      Cultural pluralism

    • D. 

      Ethnocentrism

  • 6. 
    Gestures:
    • A. 

      Are studied by anthropologists but not sociologists

    • B. 

      Are universal

    • C. 

      Always facilitate communication between people

    • D. 

      Can lead to misunderstandings and embarrassment

  • 7. 
    Symbols are the basis of:
    • A. 

      Material culture

    • B. 

      Nonmaterial culture

    • C. 

      Sociobiology

    • D. 

      Values

  • 8. 
    The sociological theory that language creates a particular way of thinking and perceiving is:
    • A. 

      Sociobiology

    • B. 

      The Davis-Moore theory

    • C. 

      The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

    • D. 

      The language theory

  • 9. 
    Every group develops expectations concerning the right way to reflect its values. The group's expectations are called:
    • A. 

      Pluralism

    • B. 

      Norms

    • C. 

      Universals

    • D. 

      Leveling

  • 10. 
    Norms that are not strictly enforced are called:
    • A. 

      Values

    • B. 

      Folkways

    • C. 

      Mores

    • D. 

      Taboo

  • 11. 
    Ry to pass you on the left side of the Mores:
    • A. 

      Are essential to our core values and require conformity

    • B. 

      Are norms that are not stictly enforced

    • C. 

      State that a person should not try to pass you on the left side of the sidewalk

    • D. 

      Are less important in contemporary societies

  • 12. 
    In American culture, eating human flesh is a violation of a(an):
    • A. 

      Universal

    • B. 

      More

    • C. 

      Folkway

    • D. 

      Taboo

  • 13. 
    In American culture, if a person intentionally kills another person, the behavior violates:
    • A. 

      A folkway

    • B. 

      A more

    • C. 

      Neither a nor b

  • 14. 
    Subcultures:
    • A. 

      Are a world within a world

    • B. 

      Have values and related behaviors that set its members apartfrom the larger culture

    • C. 

      Include ethnic groups

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    In general, physicians in U.S. society are:
    • A. 

      A subculture

    • B. 

      A counterculture

    • C. 

      Not ethnocentric

    • D. 

      A value cluster

  • 16. 
    The Ku Klux Klan is a:
    • A. 

      Counterculture

    • B. 

      Subculture

    • C. 

      Cultural universal

    • D. 

      Pluralistic group

  • 17. 
    A pluralistic society:
    • A. 

      Is made up of many different groups

    • B. 

      Tends to discourage subcultures

    • C. 

      Does not share core values

    • D. 

      No longer exists in the world

  • 18. 
    Value contradictions occur when:
    • A. 

      A value, such as one that stresses group superiority, comes into direct conflict with other values, such as democracy and equality

    • B. 

      Societies have very little social change

    • C. 

      A series of interrelated values bind together to form a larger whole

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 19. 
    All of the following except _____ is one of the three core values added by your textbook author James Henslin.
    • A. 

      Education

    • B. 

      Religiosity

    • C. 

      Romantic love

    • D. 

      Happiness

  • 20. 
    All of the following except ______ are the underlying core values of U.S. society as identified by sociologist Robin Williams.
    • A. 

      Success

    • B. 

      Community

    • C. 

      Democracy

    • D. 

      Freedom

  • 21. 
    Which of the following isnot one of the five emerging values in the United States?
    • A. 

      Leisure

    • B. 

      Security

    • C. 

      Physical fitness

    • D. 

      Youthfulness

  • 22. 
    The valuing of youth and the disparagement of old age seem to be more urgent because of:
    • A. 

      The elderly

    • B. 

      Young children

    • C. 

      The baby boomers

    • D. 

      Teenagers

  • 23. 
    In U.S. society, efforts to legalize same-sex marriages, andthe reactions to such marriages by traditionalists, are an example of:
    • A. 

      Cultural leveling

    • B. 

      Cultural diffusion

    • C. 

      Cultural war

    • D. 

      The university of culture

  • 24. 
    Ideal culture:
    • A. 

      A value, norm, or other cultural trait that is found in every group

    • B. 

      The ideal values and norms of a people and the goals held out for them

    • C. 

      The norms and values that people follow when they know they are being watched

    • D. 

      Not a sociological concept

  • 25. 
    Sociologists call the norms and values that people actually follow ______.
    • A. 

      Real culture

    • B. 

      Normal culture

    • C. 

      Ideal culture

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 26. 
    Sociologists use the term _______ to refer to an emerging technology that has significant impact on social life.
    • A. 

      Emergent technology

    • B. 

      Revolutionary technology

    • C. 

      New technology

    • D. 

      Changing technology

  • 27. 
    William Ogburn pointed out that a group's _______ culture usually changes first, with the _______ culture lagging behind.
    • A. 

      Ideal; real

    • B. 

      Old; new

    • C. 

      Material; nonmaterial

    • D. 

      Nonmaterial; material

  • 28. 
    The 2-subculture, which uses inanimate objects as romantic attachments, is a feature of which society?
    • A. 

      China

    • B. 

      Libya

    • C. 

      Japan

    • D. 

      U.S.

  • 29. 
    The worldwide emergence of the computer as a source of communication is an example of:
    • A. 

      Cultural ethnocentrism

    • B. 

      Cultural diffusion

    • C. 

      Cultural filching

    • D. 

      Cultural taboo

  • 30. 
    The Golden Arches of McDonald's in Tokoyo, Paris, and London are example of:
    • A. 

      Culture shock

    • B. 

      Cultural contradictions

    • C. 

      Cultural universals

    • D. 

      Cultural leveling

  • 31. 
    Nonmaterial culture includes beliefs, values, gestures, and machines.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    No one can be entirely successful at practicing cultural relativism.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Ethnocentrism has positive and negative consequences.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    Everyone in the world is influenced by culture.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    Trying to understand a culture on its own terms is cultural relativism.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    Gestures are ways in which people use their bodies to communicate with others.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    Language allow human experienceto be cumulative.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    Mores areessential to our core values.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    Subcultures remain compatible with thedominant culture while counterculturesare in opposition to thedominant culture.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    A pluralistic society is made up of many different groups.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 41. 
    Racism and group superiority are core values in United States society.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    Core values may contradict one another.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    An emerging core value in the United States is youthfulness.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    Core values to not change without meeting strong resistance.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    Ideal values can blind people to real culture.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    Technology sets a framework for a group's nonmaterial culture.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    Ogburn referred to the condition of uneven cultural change as cultural lag.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    Ogburn pointed out that a group's nonmaterial culture generally changes first, with the material cultural lagging behind.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    Globalization of capitalism isproducing cultural leveling.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    Cultural leveling inevitably increases cultural distinctiveness
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 51. 
    The material objects that distinguish a group of people, such as their art, building, weapons, utensils, machines, hairstyles, clothing, and jewelry are known as _________.
  • 52. 
    ______ is the tendency to use our own group's way of doing things as a yardstick for judging others.
  • 53. 
    Trying to understand a culture on its own terms is the concept of ________.
  • 54. 
    A ________ is something to which people attach meaning and then use to communicate with others.
  • 55. 
    ________ is a system of symbols that can be combined in an infitinite number of ways and can represent not only objects but also abstract thought.
  • 56. 
    The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis indicates that our _____ determines our consciousness.
  • 57. 
    Expectations,or rules of behavior, that develop out of a group's values are ________.
  • 58. 
    Norms that are strictly enforced are ________.
  • 59. 
    Various occupational groups form ________.
  • 60. 
    ________ are a series of interrelated values that together form a larger whole.
  • 61. 
    When values clash in a society, sociologists refer to this as ______.
  • 62. 
    Sociologists call the normsand values that people actually follow _______.
  • 63. 
    Emerging technologies that have a significant impact on social lifeare referredto as ________.
  • 64. 
    William Ogburn used the term ______ to refer to a situation in which nonmaterial culture takes a period of time to adjust to changes in the material culture.
  • 65. 
    The process in which cultures become similar to one another is _________.
  • 66. 
    ________ came up with the concept of "sick societies" .
    • A. 

      Edgerton

    • B. 

      Ogburn

    • C. 

      Sapir-Whorf

  • 67. 
    _________ 's theory is the experienced culture shock in Africa
    • A. 

      Sapir-Whorf

    • B. 

      Henslin

    • C. 

      Williams

  • 68. 
    Thinking and perception are shaped by language is a theory by ___________.
    • A. 

      Henslin

    • B. 

      Williams

    • C. 

      Sapir-Whorf

  • 69. 
    _______ identified core values of the U.S.
    • A. 

      Williams

    • B. 

      Edgerton

    • C. 

      Ogburn

  • 70. 
    __________ had a theory of culture lag.
    • A. 

      Ogburn

    • B. 

      Sapir-Whorf

    • C. 

      Henslin

  • 71. 
    Define Nonmaterial culture.
  • 72. 
    Define Ethnocentrism.
  • 73. 
    Define Ideal culture.
  • 74. 
    Define Culture lag.
  • 75. 
    Define Counterculture.