Sociology 2

75 Questions  I  By Sdaugherty10
Sociology 2

  
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1.  Culture includes:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A group's way of thinking and doing, including language and other forms of interaction, is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Learned and shared ways of believing and of doing penetrate our being at an early age. We take for granted what is "normal" behavior. This is the concept of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The disorientation people experience when coming into contact with a radically different culture and when no longer able to depend on their taken-for-granted assumptions about life is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Using one's culture as a yardstick to judge other cultures is known as practicing:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Gestures:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Symbols are the basis of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The sociological theory that language creates a particular way of thinking and perceiving is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Every group develops expectations concerning the right way to reflect its values. The group's expectations are called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Norms that are not strictly enforced are called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Ry to pass you on the left side of the Mores:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  In American culture, eating human flesh is a violation of a(an):
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  In American culture, if a person intentionally kills another person, the behavior violates:
A.
B.
C.
14.  Subcultures:
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  In general, physicians in U.S. society are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  The Ku Klux Klan is a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  A pluralistic society:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Value contradictions occur when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  All of the following except _____ is one of the three core values added by your textbook author James Henslin.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  All of the following except ______ are the underlying core values of U.S. society as identified by sociologist Robin Williams.
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which of the following isnot one of the five emerging values in the United States?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The valuing of youth and the disparagement of old age seem to be more urgent because of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  In U.S. society, efforts to legalize same-sex marriages, andthe reactions to such marriages by traditionalists, are an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Ideal culture:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Sociologists call the norms and values that people actually follow ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Sociologists use the term _______ to refer to an emerging technology that has significant impact on social life.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  William Ogburn pointed out that a group's _______ culture usually changes first, with the _______ culture lagging behind.
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  The 2-subculture, which uses inanimate objects as romantic attachments, is a feature of which society?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The worldwide emergence of the computer as a source of communication is an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The Golden Arches of McDonald's in Tokoyo, Paris, and London are example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Nonmaterial culture includes beliefs, values, gestures, and machines.
A.
B.
32.  No one can be entirely successful at practicing cultural relativism.
A.
B.
33.  Ethnocentrism has positive and negative consequences.
A.
B.
34.  Everyone in the world is influenced by culture.
A.
B.
35.  Trying to understand a culture on its own terms is cultural relativism.
A.
B.
36.  Gestures are ways in which people use their bodies to communicate with others.
A.
B.
37.  Language allow human experienceto be cumulative.
A.
B.
38.  Mores areessential to our core values.
A.
B.
39.  Subcultures remain compatible with thedominant culture while counterculturesare in opposition to thedominant culture.
A.
B.
40.  A pluralistic society is made up of many different groups.
A.
B.
41.  Racism and group superiority are core values in United States society.
A.
B.
42.  Core values may contradict one another.
A.
B.
43.  An emerging core value in the United States is youthfulness.
A.
B.
44.  Core values to not change without meeting strong resistance.
A.
B.
45.  Ideal values can blind people to real culture.
A.
B.
46.  Technology sets a framework for a group's nonmaterial culture.
A.
B.
47.  Ogburn referred to the condition of uneven cultural change as cultural lag.
A.
B.
48.  Ogburn pointed out that a group's nonmaterial culture generally changes first, with the material cultural lagging behind.
A.
B.
49.  Globalization of capitalism isproducing cultural leveling.
A.
B.
50.  Cultural leveling inevitably increases cultural distinctiveness
A.
B.
51.  The material objects that distinguish a group of people, such as their art, building, weapons, utensils, machines, hairstyles, clothing, and jewelry are known as _________.
52.  ______ is the tendency to use our own group's way of doing things as a yardstick for judging others.
53.  Trying to understand a culture on its own terms is the concept of ________.
54.  A ________ is something to which people attach meaning and then use to communicate with others.
55.  ________ is a system of symbols that can be combined in an infitinite number of ways and can represent not only objects but also abstract thought.
56.  The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis indicates that our _____ determines our consciousness.
57.  Expectations,or rules of behavior, that develop out of a group's values are ________.
58.  Norms that are strictly enforced are ________.
59.  Various occupational groups form ________.
60.  ________ are a series of interrelated values that together form a larger whole.
61.  When values clash in a society, sociologists refer to this as ______.
62.  Sociologists call the normsand values that people actually follow _______.
63.  Emerging technologies that have a significant impact on social lifeare referredto as ________.
64.  William Ogburn used the term ______ to refer to a situation in which nonmaterial culture takes a period of time to adjust to changes in the material culture.
65.  The process in which cultures become similar to one another is _________.
66.  ________ came up with the concept of "sick societies" .
A.
B.
C.
67.  _________ 's theory is the experienced culture shock in Africa
A.
B.
C.
68.  Thinking and perception are shaped by language is a theory by ___________.
A.
B.
C.
69.  _______ identified core values of the U.S.
A.
B.
C.
70.  __________ had a theory of culture lag.
A.
B.
C.
71.  Define Nonmaterial culture.
72.  Define Ethnocentrism.
73.  Define Ideal culture.
74.  Define Culture lag.
75.  Define Counterculture.
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