Social Studies First And Second Period 2012

40 Questions  I  By Ricardo87.madrid
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  • 1. 
    What did the war become once the participating countries began devoting all of their resources to the war effort?
    • A. 

      Industrial war

    • B. 

      Total War

    • C. 

      World War

    • D. 

      Uncontrolled War


  • 2. 
    In order to avoid inflation, Germany should have covered its wartime expenses by
    • A. 

      Printing Bills

    • B. 

      Increasing Wartime taxes

    • C. 

      Sponsoring military industries

    • D. 

      Asking for loans


  • 3. 
    What action on November 11, 1918, brought World War I to an end?
    • A. 

      A surrender was given

    • B. 

      A propaganda campaign was waged

    • C. 

      The allies won a major battle

    • D. 

      An armistice was signed


  • 4. 
    Which nation's actions caused the United States to fight in World War I?
    • A. 

      Britain

    • B. 

      Germany

    • C. 

      Mexico

    • D. 

      Russia


  • 5. 
    The New Deal involved attempts to stimulate the American economy by
    • A. 

      Lowering taxes

    • B. 

      Increasing government spending

    • C. 

      Raising Protective Tariffs

    • D. 

      Increasing the minimum wage


  • 6. 
    "Stocks" or "Shares" could be best defined as:
    • A. 

      Small fragments of a company that gain or lose value according to its success

    • B. 

      A trading item that represents the value of a currency in Wall street

    • C. 

      A part on a bussiness which gives the owner partial control over it

    • D. 

      Pieces of a company which price varies according to state regulations


  • 7. 
    The term "global depression" could be best defined as
    • A. 

      The spread of unemployment all around the world

    • B. 

      An unstoppable inflation in America and Europe

    • C. 

      A world economic crisis that began in the U.S.

    • D. 

      The sudden crash of the American stock market


  • 8. 
    Which one of the following was NOT a measure undertaken by Roosvelt's New Deal?
    • A. 

      Large public works paid by the state

    • B. 

      Restrictions over the stockmarket and banks

    • C. 

      Give money to farms and factories

    • D. 

      Decrease of welfare and relief programs


  • 9. 
    During the Great Depression the rates of unemployment and the value of wages and goods evidenced
    • A. 

      Those phenomena were not related at all

    • B. 

      A directly proportional relation

    • C. 

      An indirectly proportional relation

    • D. 

      An inversely proportional relation


  • 10. 
    What was significant in the Allied victory at the First Battle of the Marne?
    • A. 

      It allowed Russia time to mobilize its army.

    • B. 

      It stopped Germany from a planned invasion of Belgium.

    • C. 

      It prompted Great Britain to enter the war.

    • D. 

      It resulted in Germany's having to fight on two fronts


  • 11. 
    What led the Soviets to blockade West Berlin?
    • A. 

      Marshall Plan aid to West Germany

    • B. 

      a reunification of the three western zones of Germany

    • C. 

      The formation of NATO

    • D. 

      The prescence of capitalist control on its area


  • 12. 
    Which two groups fought a civil war in China both before and after World War II?
    • A. 

      The peasants and the middle class

    • B. 

      the socialists and the nationalists

    • C. 

      The warlords and the emperor

    • D. 

      The nationalists and the Communists


  • 13. 
    What was the name of the alliance established by European Communist nations in response to NATO?
    • A. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • B. 

      Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    • C. 

      Iron Curtain

    • D. 

      Second World


  • 14. 
    In the 1940s and 1950s, what did the region described as being “behind the iron curtain” include?
    • A. 

      Soviet Union only

    • B. 

      Democratic nations of Western Europe

    • C. 

      German Democratic Republic, or East Germany

    • D. 

      Soviet Union and its satellite nations


  • 15. 
    Which of the following worked together to produce similar goals?
    • A. 

      Truman Doctrine and containment

    • B. 

      Marshall Plan and the iron curtain

    • C. 

      Détente and brinkmanship

    • D. 

      NATO and the Warsaw Pact


  • 16. 
    During the Cold War, most Third World countries could have been accurately described as being
    • A. 

      Established democracies.

    • B. 

      Located in Eastern Europe.

    • C. 

      Aligned with the United States.

    • D. 

      Politically unstable.


  • 17. 
    What was the primary goal for the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan?
    • A. 

      To reestablish the Communist regime in Afghanistan

    • B. 

      to cause the United States to boycott the 1980 Olympics

    • C. 

      to fight an indirect war with the United States

    • D. 

      to gain control of Middle Eastern oil supplies


  • 18. 
    Which exiled leader led the religious opposition to Western influences in Iran?
    • A. 

      Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini

    • B. 

      Anastasio Somoza

    • C. 

      Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi

    • D. 

      Fidel Castro


  • 19. 
    How did the “Bay of Pigs” failure lead to the Cuban missile crisis?
    • A. 

      Kennedy announced a blockade of Cuba following the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion.

    • B. 

      Castro protested his country’s being used as a tool for the Cold War and asked Khrushchev to intervene.

    • C. 

      The Bay of Pigs troops were used to build the missile bases.

    • D. 

      Khrushchev believed the United States would not firmly oppose Soviet expansion into Cuba.


  • 20. 
    The United States and the Soviet Union had a dangerous standoff over the presence of Soviet missiles in
    • A. 

      Afghanistan

    • B. 

      Cuba

    • C. 

      Iraq

    • D. 

      Iran


  • 21. 
    What were Third World countries?
    • A. 

      Countries aligned with the Soviet Union and its allies

    • B. 

      countries with a gross national product higher than First and Second World countries

    • C. 

      Countries aligned with the United States and its allies

    • D. 

      Developing countries not aligned with the United States or Soviet Union


  • 22. 
    The Bay of Pigs was a failed attempt to overthrow
    • A. 

      Fulgencio Batista.

    • B. 

      Anastasio Somoza

    • C. 

      Fidel Castro.

    • D. 

      Ayatollah Ruholla Komeini


  • 23. 
    In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded
    • A. 

      Iraq

    • B. 

      Afghanistan

    • C. 

      Cuba

    • D. 

      Turkey


  • 24. 
    What has been a lasting effect of European colonization in the Americas, Asia, and Africa?
    • A. 

      Western languages are spoken throughout the world

    • B. 

      All of the options are true

    • C. 

      All nations have friendly relations with the West.

    • D. 

      More people speak English than any other language.


  • 25. 
    The product most likely to be found in an American household is
    • A. 

      A telephone.

    • B. 

      A personal computer.

    • C. 

      A videocassette recorder.

    • D. 

      A television.


  • 26. 
    What impact has television and mass media had globally?
    • A. 

      It has caused terrorist groups to reduce their activity.

    • B. 

      It has changed the way most people use their leisure time

    • C. 

      It has made Texas the most sought–after destination to live.

    • D. 

      It has helped to create a shared experience of current worldwide events.


  • 27. 
    Which is an example of an action taken by a government to preserve cultural identity?
    • A. 

      Making English the official language of government

    • B. 

      Strictly censoring the mass media

    • C. 

      Relaxing national dress codes to foster individuality

    • D. 

      Using mass media to popularize foreign fashions


  • 28. 
    The cultural trait LEAST likely to be significantly affected by popular culture is
    • A. 

      Musical Styles

    • B. 

      Fads

    • C. 

      Religious Beliefs

    • D. 

      Slang


  • 29. 
    What methods might a country use to ensure that global popular culture does not overwhelm its national culture and traditions?
    • A. 

      Take Western television shows and rework them according to national culture and traditions

    • B. 

      Set aside television broadcast time for national programming

    • C. 

      Strictly censor the mass media to keep out unwanted ideas

    • D. 

      All of the options are true


  • 30. 
    What is meant by popular culture?
    • A. 

      The laws and provisions established by government to regulate civil liberties

    • B. 

      Cultural practices no longer used by majority groups but still used by minority group

    • C. 

      The ways in which the most famous members of a society present themselves

    • D. 

      Cultural elements that reflect a group’s common background and changing interests


  • 31. 
    The term “global economy” refers to financial interactions that
    • A. 

      Occur anywhere in the world.

    • B. 

      Are controlled or overseen by the United Nations

    • C. 

      Decrease one nation’s dependence on another.

    • D. 

      Cross international borders.


  • 32. 
    A multinational corporation is one that
    • A. 

      Operates in a number of countries.

    • B. 

      Has stockholders from many nations.

    • C. 

      Produces products for export.

    • D. 

      Depends on the import of raw materials


  • 33. 
    What is included within the global economy?
    • A. 

      Financial interactions among people that cross international borders

    • B. 

      Financial interactions among businesses that cross international borders

    • C. 

      All of the options are true

    • D. 

      Financial interactions among governments that cross international borders


  • 34. 
    Why do developed nations move some of their production processes to emerging nations?
    • A. 

      Sharing the bliss of economical development with less fortunate neighbors.

    • B. 

      Low costs on labor and raw materials

    • C. 

      High protective tariffs and easy concessions

    • D. 

      Tax exemptions and low government control


  • 35. 
    A nation that oppossed the principles of free trade would
    • A. 

      Increase the price of an exported product.

    • B. 

      Establish import tariffs.

    • C. 

      Refuse to trade with a particular nation

    • D. 

      import more products than it exports.


  • 36. 
    What do all developed nations have that emerging nations do not?
    • A. 

      A government body represented in the United Nations

    • B. 

      An internationally recognized space program using cooperation between one or more countries

    • C. 

      A board of trade that exchanges multiple currencies in international markets

    • D. 

      Transportation and business facilities for advanced production of manufactured goods


  • 37. 
    How did the scientific and technological breakthroughs of the 50's and 60's changed the shape of the global economy?
    • A. 

      Developing new industrial processes, and strengthening the 3rd sector.

    • B. 

      Increasing the speed of transportation and transactions between distant traders.

    • C. 

      Mechanizing labor and increasing profits.

    • D. 

      Developing the cosmetic, pharmaceutical and chemical industry.


  • 38. 
    In the Persian Gulf War of 1991, 39 allied nations fought against the nation of
    • A. 

      Kuwait

    • B. 

      Iraq

    • C. 

      Saudi Arabia

    • D. 

      Iran


  • 39. 
    A developed nation is usually LOWER than an emerging nation with respect to
    • A. 

      Standard of living.

    • B. 

      Political instability.

    • C. 

      Life expectancy.

    • D. 

      Literacy


  • 40. 
    What is the difference between developed and emerging nations?
    • A. 

      Emerging nations are industrialized, while developed are in the process of industrializing.

    • B. 

      Both are in the process of industrializing, but developed nations are further along.

    • C. 

      Both are industrialized, but in emerging nations only one language is spoken and understood.

    • D. 

      Developed nations are industrialized, while emerging are in the process of industrializing.


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