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Soc Psychology Final Exam

46 Questions
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Multiple Choice quiz. Answer the best from each question

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Attitudes contain all of the folowing EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Affects

    • B. 

      Behavioral Tendencies

    • C. 

      Cognitions

    • D. 

      Stereotypes

  • 2. 
    An institutional practice that subordinates people of a given race is called
    • A. 

      Racism

    • B. 

      Prejudice

    • C. 

      Discrimination

    • D. 

      A stereotype

  • 3. 
    A belief about the personal attributes of a group of people is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Affect

    • B. 

      Behavioral tendency

    • C. 

      Cognition

    • D. 

      Stereotype

  • 4. 
    A state police force has set a height requirement of 5 feet 10 inches for all officers.  This requirement is irrlevant to job effectiveness but generally excludes Hispanics, Asians, and women from the force.  Such a requirement most clearly reflects
    • A. 

      Racism and sexism

    • B. 

      Scapegoating and discrimination

    • C. 

      Stereotyping and prejudice

    • D. 

      The realistic conflict theory

  • 5. 
    A belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic and cultural group is called
    • A. 

      Prejuice

    • B. 

      Discrimination

    • C. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • D. 

      Arrogance

  • 6. 
    Which of the folllowing would be an example of aggression as defined in the text?
    • A. 

      Sam accidentally slams the car door too quickly, and it hits Tim's knee

    • B. 

      Luisa urges her classmates not to vote for Marcy for dormitory senator, citing some rumors about Marcy's social life.

    • C. 

      Carla, a dentist, delivers a shot of Novacain before pulling her patient's diseased tooth.

    • D. 

      Joe's eagerness and enthusiasm result in his being promote to sales manager in a very short time.

  • 7. 
    Most murders are _____ aggression
    • A. 

      Manipulative

    • B. 

      Duplicitous

    • C. 

      Hostile

    • D. 

      Instrumental

  • 8. 
    In the Southern culture of honor, White men are
    • A. 

      Twice as likely as rural Midwestern White men to have guns for protection

    • B. 

      Half as likely to agree that "a man has a right to kill to defend his home."

    • C. 

      Twice as likely to be against spanking

    • D. 

      Half as likely to support wars

  • 9. 
    In relation to aggression, the most studied environmental irritant is
    • A. 

      Pain

    • B. 

      Cigarette smoke

    • C. 

      Air pollution

    • D. 

      Heat

  • 10. 
    The results of the Schachter and Singer (1962) experiment in which participants were injected with adrenaline prior to waiting with either a hostile or euphoric person support the idea that
    • A. 

      Bodily arousal feeds one emotion or another depending on how we interpret the arousal

    • B. 

      Distinct physiological differences exist among the emotions

    • C. 

      Frustration is largely a function of our prior experience and of whm we compare ourselves with

    • D. 

      Every emotion triggers an opposing emotion

  • 11. 
    According to the text, many men assume women are flattered by repeated requests for dates, which women more often see as harassing.  This in an example of
    • A. 

      Arrogance

    • B. 

      A lack of intuition

    • C. 

      Misattribution

    • D. 

      Miscommunication

  • 12. 
    According to the attribution theorist Kelley (1973), what three types of information do we use when we make attributions for other people's behavior?
    • A. 

      Consistency, distinctiveness, and character

    • B. 

      Consistency, distinctiveness, and consensus

    • C. 

      Conformity, distinctiveness, and character

    • D. 

      Conformity, distinctiveness, and consensus

  • 13. 
    What commands our attention as we shop for grocereies each week is the environment around us, such as the number of people in front of us at the checkout.  Yet when we watch another person's behavior at the grocery store, he or she occupies the center of our attention - and not the environment.  As a result, we tend to engage in the attribution error; that is, we are irritable because the lines are long, but this other person is cantankerous because he or she is an unhappy person.  What explanation below best explains this use of the fundamental attribution error?
    • A. 

      Actor-observer difference

    • B. 

      Camera perspective bias

    • C. 

      Changing perspectives trend

    • D. 

      Self-awareness phenomenon

  • 14. 
    Assuming most crimes involve violence because the news seems to always report on rapes, robberies, and beatings is an example of the _______heuristic.
    • A. 

      Availabiltiy

    • B. 

      Representativeness

    • C. 

      Vividness

    • D. 

      Matching

  • 15. 
    On the first day of class, we see a middle-aged man at the front of the room, talking to a younger man.  If we assume the older man is the professor and the younger man is the student, we are relying on what heuristic?
    • A. 

      Availability

    • B. 

      Representativeness

    • C. 

      Vividness

    • D. 

      Matching

  • 16. 
    _____ is the process by which a message induces change in beliefs, attitudes or behaviors.
    • A. 

      Compliance

    • B. 

      Persuasion

    • C. 

      Inoculation

    • D. 

      The sleeper effect

  • 17. 
    According to the text, the factor that determines if we call attempts at persuasion "education" or "propoganda" is whether or not
    • A. 

      We believe them

    • B. 

      We know the communicator

    • C. 

      The message is emotional in tone

    • D. 

      The message is one-sided

  • 18. 
    The _____ route to persuasion occurs when interested people focus on arguments
    • A. 

      Peripheral

    • B. 

      Central

    • C. 

      Logical

    • D. 

      Image

  • 19. 
    Sally is interested in purchasing a DVD player, and is overwhelmed by the many different models available at her local electronic store.  She decides to consult a magazine devoted to reviewing the quality of home electronics.  After reading a number of articles stating the pros and cons of each model, she decides on a DVD player.  Sally has been persuaded to purchanse this particular DVD player because of the ____ route to persuasion
    • A. 

      Peripheral

    • B. 

      Central

    • C. 

      Logical

    • D. 

      Image

  • 20. 
    Lately you have noticed that your favorite athlete is on your cereal box, highway billboards for sports beverages, and television commercias for running shoes.  What type of marketing strategy is being used to persuade you to purchase these products?
    • A. 

      Intelligent

    • B. 

      Savvy

    • C. 

      Central route

    • D. 

      Peripheral route

  • 21. 
    Which one of the folowing is NOT one of the conditions under which a thinking person would adopt the peripheral route to persuasion?
    • A. 

      A lack of time and interest

    • B. 

      When the speaker is articulate

    • C. 

      When the speaker has several arguments

    • D. 

      When the arguments are strong and compelling

  • 22. 
    The motive to increase another's welfare without conscious regard for one's self-interests defines
    • A. 

      The social responsibility norm

    • B. 

      Egoism

    • C. 

      The social-exchange theory

    • D. 

      Altruism

  • 23. 
    The notion that humans interact in such a way as to minimize costs and maximize rewards to the self is referred to as
    • A. 

      The social-exchange theory

    • B. 

      Egoism

    • C. 

      The reciprocity norm

    • D. 

      Self-theory

  • 24. 
    Few findings have been more consistent than those that show that _____ people are helpful people.
    • A. 

      Happy

    • B. 

      Well-rested

    • C. 

      Well-educated

    • D. 

      Easy-going

  • 25. 
    Studies of the efects of mood on helping suggest that adults who feel _____ are more likely than those in a neutral control condition to help
    • A. 

      Guilty

    • B. 

      Intense grief

    • C. 

      Unhappy

    • D. 

      Superior

  • 26. 
    After Mr. Walers' neighbor helped him paint his house, Mr. Walters felt obligated to offer to help the neighbor remodel his kitchen.  Mr. Walters' sense of obligation most likely resulted from the
    • A. 

      Door-in-the-face phenomenon

    • B. 

      Social responsibility norm

    • C. 

      Reciprocity norm

    • D. 

      Equal status norm

  • 27. 
    The belief that others are paying more attention to one's appearance than they actually are is referred to as the _____ effect
    • A. 

      Transparency

    • B. 

      Audience

    • C. 

      Spotlight

    • D. 

      Headlight

  • 28. 
    The illusion that our concealed emotions leak out and can be easily read by others is referred to as the illusion of
    • A. 

      Transparency

    • B. 

      An audience

    • C. 

      The spotlight

    • D. 

      The headlight

  • 29. 
    A person's answer to the question, "who am I?" comprises his or her
    • A. 

      Personality

    • B. 

      Self-schema

    • C. 

      Self-esteem

    • D. 

      Self-concept

  • 30. 
    The extent to which we evaluate our abilities and opinions by comparing ourselves to others is called
    • A. 

      A hoped-for possible self

    • B. 

      A feared possible slef

    • C. 

      Social rank

    • D. 

      Social comparison

  • 31. 
    Images of what we dream of or dread becoming in the future are called our
    • A. 

      Hoped-for selves

    • B. 

      Transpaent selves

    • C. 

      Possible selves

    • D. 

      Evenual selves

  • 32. 
    Attitudes include all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Affect

    • B. 

      Behavioral tendencies

    • C. 

      Cognitions

    • D. 

      Aptitudes

  • 33. 
    The tendency or people who have first agreedd to a small request to comply later to a larger request is called the _____ phenomenon
    • A. 

      Foot-in-the-door

    • B. 

      Low-ball

    • C. 

      Compliance

    • D. 

      Conformity

  • 34. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the theories presented in the text as an explanation for why attitudes follow behavior?
    • A. 

      Self-presentation theory

    • B. 

      Self-consistency theory

    • C. 

      Cognitive dissonance theory

    • D. 

      Self-perception theory

  • 35. 
    After making important decisions, we usually reduce dissonance by _____ the chosen alternative and _____ the unchosen option
    • A. 

      Focusing on; ignoring

    • B. 

      Ignoring; focusing on

    • C. 

      Downgrading; upgrading

    • D. 

      Upgrading; downgrading

  • 36. 
    Conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an implied or explicit request, while privately disagreeing is called
    • A. 

      Obedience

    • B. 

      Acceptance

    • C. 

      Conformity

    • D. 

      Compliance

  • 37. 
    The most famous and controversial experiments in social psychology were conducted by
    • A. 

      Sherif

    • B. 

      Milgram

    • C. 

      Asch

    • D. 

      Watson

  • 38. 
    If we were to conclude that Milgram's obedient participants were particularly hostile and aggressive people, we would be
    • A. 

      Making a correct inference

    • B. 

      Committing the fundamental attribution error.

    • C. 

      Ignoring the power of behavior to shape attitudes.

    • D. 

      Ignoring th estrength of positive internal dispositions

  • 39. 
    According to conformity research, a group's social power is deflated when it loses its
    • A. 

      Agenda

    • B. 

      Anonymity

    • C. 

      Unanimity

    • D. 

      Heterogeneity

  • 40. 
    The extent to which members of a group are bound together, such as by attraction for one another, is called
    • A. 

      Conformity

    • B. 

      Cohesion

    • C. 

      Compliance

    • D. 

      Unanimity

  • 41. 
    According to social psycholgogists, a group exists when two or more people interact with and influence each other, and
    • A. 

      Are also in the same place

    • B. 

      Also work together

    • C. 

      Also perceive themselves as "us"

    • D. 

      Also facilitate each other

  • 42. 
    Under the definition that is in the text, which of the following is NOT a group?
    • A. 

      A doctor with her patient

    • B. 

      Three people who share the same taxi and decide who gets dropped off first

    • C. 

      Four people working together on a class project

    • D. 

      Five people riding the city bus

  • 43. 
    Triplett conducted one of social psychology's first laboratory experiments by asking children to wind string on a fishing reel.  The results of the study indicated that there was a positive relationship between the speed at which the children wound the reel and the presence of other children.  Later studies found the same pattern and dubbed it
    • A. 

      The groupthink effect

    • B. 

      The social facilitation effect

    • C. 

      Social loafing

    • D. 

      Deindividuation

  • 44. 
    You have noticed that when you are at the gym, your exercise routine is not affected by how many other people are there.  However, it is affected when other people are watching you exercise.  This pattern in your behavior is what social psychologists call
    • A. 

      Social facilitation

    • B. 

      Mere presence

    • C. 

      Evaluation apprehension

    • D. 

      Social loafing

  • 45. 
    People in groups will loaf less when the
    • A. 

      Task is challenging, important, or involving

    • B. 

      Task is dificult

    • C. 

      Group memebers do not know each other

    • D. 

      Task is not rewarded

  • 46. 
    According to your text, people in _____ cultures exhibit less social loafing than people in ____ cultures
    • A. 

      Independent; dependent

    • B. 

      Dependent' independent

    • C. 

      Collectivistic; individualistic

    • D. 

      Individualistic; collectivistic