Soc Psychology Final Exam

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1.  The belief that others are paying more attention to one's appearance than they actually are is referred to as the _____ effect
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D.
2.  Which of the following is NOT one of the theories presented in the text as an explanation for why attitudes follow behavior?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The most famous and controversial experiments in social psychology were conducted by
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B.
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D.
4.  Most murders are _____ aggression
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B.
C.
D.
5.  The illusion that our concealed emotions leak out and can be easily read by others is referred to as the illusion of
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C.
D.
6.  Images of what we dream of or dread becoming in the future are called our
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D.
7.  The extent to which we evaluate our abilities and opinions by comparing ourselves to others is called
A.
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C.
D.
8.  According to the text, many men assume women are flattered by repeated requests for dates, which women more often see as harassing.  This in an example of
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B.
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D.
9.  Attitudes contain all of the folowing EXCEPT
A.
B.
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D.
10.  On the first day of class, we see a middle-aged man at the front of the room, talking to a younger man.  If we assume the older man is the professor and the younger man is the student, we are relying on what heuristic?
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B.
C.
D.
11.  Attitudes include all of the following EXCEPT
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B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the folllowing would be an example of aggression as defined in the text?
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B.
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D.
13.  A state police force has set a height requirement of 5 feet 10 inches for all officers.  This requirement is irrlevant to job effectiveness but generally excludes Hispanics, Asians, and women from the force.  Such a requirement most clearly reflects
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D.
14.  According to the attribution theorist Kelley (1973), what three types of information do we use when we make attributions for other people's behavior?
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B.
C.
D.
15.  Sally is interested in purchasing a DVD player, and is overwhelmed by the many different models available at her local electronic store.  She decides to consult a magazine devoted to reviewing the quality of home electronics.  After reading a number of articles stating the pros and cons of each model, she decides on a DVD player.  Sally has been persuaded to purchanse this particular DVD player because of the ____ route to persuasion
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Lately you have noticed that your favorite athlete is on your cereal box, highway billboards for sports beverages, and television commercias for running shoes.  What type of marketing strategy is being used to persuade you to purchase these products?
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B.
C.
D.
17.  _____ is the process by which a message induces change in beliefs, attitudes or behaviors.
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D.
18.  You have noticed that when you are at the gym, your exercise routine is not affected by how many other people are there.  However, it is affected when other people are watching you exercise.  This pattern in your behavior is what social psychologists call
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  According to social psycholgogists, a group exists when two or more people interact with and influence each other, and
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D.
20.  Under the definition that is in the text, which of the following is NOT a group?
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B.
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D.
21.  The _____ route to persuasion occurs when interested people focus on arguments
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B.
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D.
22.  According to your text, people in _____ cultures exhibit less social loafing than people in ____ cultures
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D.
23.  Studies of the efects of mood on helping suggest that adults who feel _____ are more likely than those in a neutral control condition to help
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24.  After making important decisions, we usually reduce dissonance by _____ the chosen alternative and _____ the unchosen option
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25.  A person's answer to the question, "who am I?" comprises his or her
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26.  The results of the Schachter and Singer (1962) experiment in which participants were injected with adrenaline prior to waiting with either a hostile or euphoric person support the idea that
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D.
27.  Which one of the folowing is NOT one of the conditions under which a thinking person would adopt the peripheral route to persuasion?
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B.
C.
D.
28.  Assuming most crimes involve violence because the news seems to always report on rapes, robberies, and beatings is an example of the _______heuristic.
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B.
C.
D.
29.  Conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an implied or explicit request, while privately disagreeing is called
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C.
D.
30.  After Mr. Walers' neighbor helped him paint his house, Mr. Walters felt obligated to offer to help the neighbor remodel his kitchen.  Mr. Walters' sense of obligation most likely resulted from the
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C.
D.
31.  The extent to which members of a group are bound together, such as by attraction for one another, is called
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D.
32.  The tendency or people who have first agreedd to a small request to comply later to a larger request is called the _____ phenomenon
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D.
33.  According to conformity research, a group's social power is deflated when it loses its
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D.
34.  A belief about the personal attributes of a group of people is called a(n)
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D.
35.  In relation to aggression, the most studied environmental irritant is
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D.
36.  Conformity that involves both acting and believing in accord with social pressure is called
37.  In the Southern culture of honor, White men are
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D.
38.  Few findings have been more consistent than those that show that _____ people are helpful people.
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D.
39.  According to the text, the factor that determines if we call attempts at persuasion "education" or "propoganda" is whether or not
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D.
40.  People in groups will loaf less when the
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D.
41.  An institutional practice that subordinates people of a given race is called
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D.
42.  Triplett conducted one of social psychology's first laboratory experiments by asking children to wind string on a fishing reel.  The results of the study indicated that there was a positive relationship between the speed at which the children wound the reel and the presence of other children.  Later studies found the same pattern and dubbed it
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D.
43.  What commands our attention as we shop for grocereies each week is the environment around us, such as the number of people in front of us at the checkout.  Yet when we watch another person's behavior at the grocery store, he or she occupies the center of our attention - and not the environment.  As a result, we tend to engage in the attribution error; that is, we are irritable because the lines are long, but this other person is cantankerous because he or she is an unhappy person.  What explanation below best explains this use of the fundamental attribution error?
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B.
C.
D.
44.  Which of the following theories assumes that to reduce discomfort, we justify our actions to ourselves?
45.  The motive to increase another's welfare without conscious regard for one's self-interests defines
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D.
46.  The notion that humans interact in such a way as to minimize costs and maximize rewards to the self is referred to as
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D.
47.  A belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic and cultural group is called
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D.
48.  If we were to conclude that Milgram's obedient participants were particularly hostile and aggressive people, we would be
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B.
C.
D.
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