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Skeletal Exam Study Guide

57 Questions
Skeletal Exam Study Guide
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    1) This vertebra is an example of a(n) ________.
    • A. 

      A.) axis

    • B. 

      B.) sacral

    • C. 

      C.) thoracic

    • D. 

      D.) lumbar

    • E. 

      E.) atlas

  • 2. 
    Which structures are highlighted?
    • A. 

      A.)foramen lacerum

    • B. 

      B.)foramen spinosum

    • C. 

      C.)foramen ovale

    • D. 

      D.)foramen rotundum

    • E. 

      E.)optic foramen

  • 3. 
    What structures are highlighted? Leader line indicates where it should be highlighted.
    • A. 

      A.)body

    • B. 

      B.)manubrium

    • C. 

      C.)suprasternal notch

    • D. 

      D.)sternal angle

    • E. 

      E.)xiphoid process

  • 4. 
    Which of the following bones does not make up part of the orbit of the eye?
    • A. 

      A.)zygomatic

    • B. 

      B.)lacrimal

    • C. 

      C.)sphenoid

    • D. 

      D.)palatine

    • E. 

      E.)nasal

  • 5. 
    The highlighted area is part of which bone?
    • A. 

      A.)frontal

    • B. 

      B.)maxilla

    • C. 

      C.)sphenoid

    • D. 

      D.)zygomatic

    • E. 

      E.)temporal

  • 6. 
    The highlighted area is part of which bone?
    • A. 

      A.)sphenoid

    • B. 

      B.)temporal

    • C. 

      C.)palantine

    • D. 

      D.)vomer

    • E. 

      E.)maxilla

  • 7. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A.)frontal sinus

    • B. 

      B.)perpendicular plate

    • C. 

      C.)crista galli

    • D. 

      D.)optic foramen

    • E. 

      E.)cribriform plate

  • 8. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A.)apex

    • B. 

      B.)greater horn

    • C. 

      C.)body

    • D. 

      D.)lesser horn

    • E. 

      E.)base

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is NOT part of the ethmoid bone?
    • A. 

      A) middle nasal concha

    • B. 

      B) inferior nasal concha

    • C. 

      C) perpendicular plate

    • D. 

      D) crista galli

  • 10. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) lamina

    • B. 

      B) spinous process

    • C. 

      C) pedicle

    • D. 

      D) dens

    • E. 

      E) body

  • 11. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) transverse processes

    • B. 

      B) pedicles

    • C. 

      C) spinous processes

    • D. 

      D) inferior articular processes

    • E. 

      E) superior articular processes

  • 12. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) ala

    • B. 

      B) sacral promontory

    • C. 

      C) superior articular process

    • D. 

      D) median sacral crest

    • E. 

      E) auricular surface

  • 13. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) shaft

    • B. 

      B) costal groove

    • C. 

      C) neck

    • D. 

      D) head

    • E. 

      E) tubercle

  • 14. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) foramen lacerum

    • B. 

      B) foramen spinosum

    • C. 

      C) foramen rotundum

    • D. 

      D) carotid canal

    • E. 

      E) foramen ovale

  • 15. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) temporal process

    • B. 

      B) zygomatic process

    • C. 

      C) mastoid process

    • D. 

      D) maxillary process

    • E. 

      E) squamous process

  • 16. 
    The highlighted area is part of the ________ region of the temporal bone.
    • A. 

      A) tympanic

    • B. 

      B) squamous

    • C. 

      C) petrous

    • D. 

      D) mastoid

    • E. 

      E) occipital

  • 17. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) infraorbital foramen

    • B. 

      B) mental foramen

    • C. 

      C) superior orbital fissure

    • D. 

      D) inferior orbital fissure

    • E. 

      E) optic canal

  • 18. 
    Which bone is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) palatine

    • B. 

      B) perpendicular

    • C. 

      C) occipital

    • D. 

      D) vomer

    • E. 

      E) ethmoid

  • 19. 
    Which structure is highlighted? (answer unknown) Had a question mark next to it.
    • A. 

      A) external auditory canal

    • B. 

      B) foramen magnum

    • C. 

      C) hypoglossal canal

    • D. 

      D) jugular foramen

    • E. 

      E) carotid canal

  • 20. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) coronoid process

    • B. 

      B) odontoid process

    • C. 

      C) maxillary angle

    • D. 

      D) alveolar margin

    • E. 

      E) mandibular margin

  • 21. 
    The head of the fibula articulates with the tibia just inferior to the ________.
    • A. 

      A) medial condyle

    • B. 

      B) tibial tuberosity

    • C. 

      C) intercondylar eminence

    • D. 

      D) medial malleolus

    • E. 

      E) lateral condyle

  • 22. 
    Which of the following articulates with the acetabulum?
    • A. 

      A) head of humerua

    • B. 

      B) head of rib

    • C. 

      C) head of radius

    • D. 

      D) head of femur

    • E. 

      E) head of fibula

  • 23. 
    Which of the following bones is not part of the fusion that forms the hip bone?
    • A. 

      A) ilium

    • B. 

      B) pubis

    • C. 

      C) sacrum

    • D. 

      D) ischium

  • 24. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) spine

    • B. 

      B) coracoid process

    • C. 

      C) neck

    • D. 

      D) acromion

    • E. 

      E) glenoid fossa

  • 25. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) 2nd middle phalanx

    • B. 

      B) 2nd proximal phalanx

    • C. 

      C) 2nd metatarsal

    • D. 

      D) 2nd metacarpal

    • E. 

      E) 2nd distal phalanx

  • 26. 
    Which of the following is considered to be a short bone?
    • A. 

      A) cuneiform

    • B. 

      B) scapula

    • C. 

      C) 1st metacarpal

    • D. 

      D) rib

    • E. 

      E) femur

  • 27. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) intertrochanteric line

    • B. 

      B) head

    • C. 

      C) intertrochanteric crest

    • D. 

      D) surgical neck

    • E. 

      E) anatomical neck

  • 28. 
    Which bone is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) capitate

    • B. 

      B) hamate

    • C. 

      C) lunate

    • D. 

      D) trapezoid

    • E. 

      E) trapezium

  • 29. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) ulnar tuberosity

    • B. 

      B) interosseous border

    • C. 

      C) head of radius

    • D. 

      D) radial notch

    • E. 

      E) radial tuberosity

  • 30. 
    Which structure is highlighted? (Answer had a question mark by it)
    • A. 

      A) lateral border

    • B. 

      B) infraglenoid tubercle

    • C. 

      C) glenoid fossa

    • D. 

      D) acromion

    • E. 

      E) medial border

  • 31. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) greater tubercle

    • B. 

      B) lesser tubercle

    • C. 

      C) intertubercular groove

    • D. 

      D) interosseous border

    • E. 

      E) deltoid tuberosity

  • 32. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) 4th distal phalanx

    • B. 

      B) 2nd middle phalanx

    • C. 

      C) 2nd metacarpal

    • D. 

      D) 4th middle phalanx

    • E. 

      E) 4th metacarpal

  • 33. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) anterior inferior iliac spine

    • B. 

      B) ischial ramus

    • C. 

      C) pubic ramus

    • D. 

      D) body of pubis

    • E. 

      E) ischial tuberosity

  • 34. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) shaft

    • B. 

      B) gluteal tuberosity

    • C. 

      C) intertrochanteric crest

    • D. 

      D) lesser trochanter

    • E. 

      E) linea aspera

  • 35. 
    Which bone is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) cuboid

    • B. 

      B) calcaneus

    • C. 

      C) lateral cuneiform

    • D. 

      D) talus

    • E. 

      E) navicular

  • 36. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) ischial spine

    • B. 

      B) ischial tuberosity

    • C. 

      C) pubic tubercle

    • D. 

      D) gluteal tuberosity

    • E. 

      E) posterior inferior iliac spine

  • 37. 
    What is the structure highlighted? (Answer had a question by it)
    • A. 

      A) iliac crest

    • B. 

      B) iliac fossa

    • C. 

      C) pubic symphysis

    • D. 

      D) auricular surface

    • E. 

      E) ala

  • 38. 
    Which structure is highlighted? (Answer had a question by it)
    • A. 

      A) trochlea

    • B. 

      B) coracoid process

    • C. 

      C) capitulum

    • D. 

      D) glenoid cavity

    • E. 

      E) humeral head

  • 39. 
    The highlighted structure serves to attach the patella to the ________. (Answer had question by it)
    • A. 

      A) ulna

    • B. 

      B) tibia

    • C. 

      C) radius

    • D. 

      D) femur

    • E. 

      E) hip

  • 40. 
    Which joint is highlighted? (Answer had question mark by it)
    • A. 

      A) lateral tibiofemoral

    • B. 

      B) radioulnar

    • C. 

      C) coxofemoral

    • D. 

      D) medial tibio femoral

    • E. 

      E) patellofemoral

  • 41. 
    The highlighted structure serves to prevent ________ dislocation of the femur onto the tibia. (Answer had ?)
    • A. 

      A.) anterior

    • B. 

      B.) posterior

  • 42. 
    The highlighted structures serve to absorb shock and ________. (Answer had question by it)
    • A. 

      A) deliver nutrients to the articular cartilage

    • B. 

      B) reinforce the joint

    • C. 

      C) improve the fit between articulating bones

    • D. 

      D) provide lubrication

    • E. 

      E) reduce friction

  • 43. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) trochlear notch

    • B. 

      B) olecranon process

    • C. 

      C) coronoid process

    • D. 

      D) radial tuberosity

    • E. 

      E) radial head

  • 44. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) neck

    • B. 

      B) head

    • C. 

      C) lesser trochanter

    • D. 

      D) greater trochanter

    • E. 

      E) shaft

  • 45. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) pubic symphysis

    • B. 

      B) interosseous membrane

    • C. 

      C) intervertebral disc

    • D. 

      D) meniscus

    • E. 

      E) suture

  • 46. 
    Which structure is highlighted? (Answer had question by it)
    • A. 

      A) coracois process

    • B. 

      B) glenoid cavity

    • C. 

      C) humeral head

    • D. 

      D) articular cartilage

    • E. 

      E) clavicle

  • 47. 
    The highlighted structure serves to unite the ________. (Answer had question by it)
    • A. 

      A) pubis and the ischium

    • B. 

      B) the two coxal bones anteriorly

    • C. 

      C) the two coxal bones posteriorly

    • D. 

      D) tibia and femur

    • E. 

      E) sacrum and the ilium

  • 48. 
    Which structure is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) head

    • B. 

      B) articular capsule

    • C. 

      C) lesser trochnter

    • D. 

      D) greater trochanter

    • E. 

      E) ligamentum teres

  • 49. 
    Which bone is highlighted?
    • A. 

      A) femur

    • B. 

      B) patella

    • C. 

      C) tibia

    • D. 

      D) navicular

    • E. 

      E) talus

  • 50. 
    The highlighted structure is fused to the ________, making it more vulnerable to tearing. (Had 3 ? marks next to it)
    • A. 

      A) patella

    • B. 

      B) lateral meniscus

    • C. 

      C) medial condyle of the tibia

    • D. 

      D) medial meniscus

    • E. 

      E) patellar ligament

  • 51. 
    Which bone is highlighted? (Answer had question next to it)
    • A. 

      A) right fibula

    • B. 

      B) left tibia

    • C. 

      C) right femur

    • D. 

      D) left femur

    • E. 

      E) right tibia

  • 52. 
    The highlighted structure articulates with the ________ of the humerus. (Answer had question next to it)
    • A. 

      A) capitulum

    • B. 

      B) shaft

    • C. 

      C) trochlea

    • D. 

      D) olecranon fossa

    • E. 

      E) medial epicondyle

  • 53. 
    The highlighted structure is the ________ of the ulna. (Answer had question next to it) Theres 2 trochlear notches in answer.
    • A. 

      A) capitulum

    • B. 

      B) coronoid process

    • C. 

      C) trochlear notch

    • D. 

      D) olecranon process

    • E. 

      E) trochlear notch

  • 54. 
    Which joint is highlighted? (Answer had question next to it)
    • A. 

      A) glenohumeral

    • B. 

      B) tibiofemoral

    • C. 

      C) radioulnar

    • D. 

      D) atlantoaxial

    • E. 

      E) sternoclavicular

  • 55. 
    What structure is highlighted? (Answer had question next to it)
    • A. 

      A) acromion

    • B. 

      B) humeral head

    • C. 

      C) joint capsule

    • D. 

      D) glenoid cavity

    • E. 

      E) muscle of the rotator cuff

  • 56. 
    The highlighted structure articulates with the ________ of the tibia. (Answer had question next to it)
    • A. 

      A.) lateral condyle

    • B. 

      B.) medial condyle

  • 57. 
    Which structure is highlighted? (Answer had question next to it)
    • A. 

      A) medial epicondyle

    • B. 

      B) patellar surface

    • C. 

      C) medial condyle

    • D. 

      D) lateral epicondyle

    • E. 

      E) lateral condyle

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