Serology Unit 6.4 Viral Diseases

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SEROLOGY UNIT 6.4 VIRAL DISEASES

  
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1.  WHAT IS A TYPICAL FORM OF JAUNDICE THAT NORMALY LASTS 6 MONTHS OR LESS
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  WHEN IS HEPATITIS A IGM ANTIBODY DETECTABLE AND WHERE
3.  ____________ IN ACUTE HEPATITIS INDICATES INFECTION IS BEING RESOLBED
4.  ____________ IS DETECTABLE AT 2 MONTHS AND INDICATES CURRENT OR ___________ INFECTION
5.  WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF LATE PHASE IN AIDS
6.  ___________ GENERIC TERM REFERRING TO INFLAMMATION OF THE LIVER
7.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION PERIOD FOR HEPATITIS A VIRUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  ANTI-DELTA (ANTIBODY DELTA) IS DETECTABLE IN ___________
9.  WHEN IS HEPATITIS A IGG ANTIBODY DETECTED AND INDICATING WHAT
10.  ______ MOST WIDELY USED FOR SCREENING IN AIDS AND COLOR CHANGE IS PROPORTIONAL TO AMOUNT OF ANTIBODY PRESENT
11.  LINKED TO HAIRY CELL LUKEMIA
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  INCIDENCE OF TRANSFUSION ACQUIRED HBV REDUCED SINCE HIGH-RISK DONOR GROUPS HAVE BEEN ELIMINATED, WHAT ARE THEY
13.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION TIME OF HEP B
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  THIS COMPONENT ENCASES THE GENOME, ASSEMBLED FORM IDENTICAL PROTEIN SUBUNITS, PROTECTS THE RNA/DNA ALLOWS THE VIRION TO ATTACH TO THE HOST CELLS, AND INITATES THE INFECTION
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  WHAT IS THE INTERPRETATION OF HDV SUPERINFECTION
16.  HCV IS CLINICALLY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICALLY SIMILAR TO HEPATITIS B.  HOW IS HCV TRANSMITTED AND WHO DOES IT EFFECT MOST
17.  LACKS COMPONENTS NECESSARY FOR INDEPENDENT LIFE AND REPLICATION
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  WHAT ARE THE 3 ANTIBODIES AGAINST AIDS
19.  FIRST DESCRIBED AS PATHOGEN WHICH ________________ SOME PATIENTS WHO ARE ALREADY INFECTED WITH HBV
20.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS THE INITIAL INFECTION
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  VIRION NEVER POSSESS BOTH _____ AND _____ TOGETHER
22.  TRUE OR FALSE. CARRIER STATE AND CHRONIC HEPATITIS DO NOT OCCUR IN HEPATITIS A VIRUSES
23.  OCASSIONAL SELF-LIMITED, HETEROPHILE NEGATIVE, AND MONONUCLEOSIS SYMPTOMS. BY ADULTHOOD MOST INDIVIDUALS HAVE EXPERIENCED ASYMPTOMATIC SYMPTOMS
A.
B.
24.  HEPATITIS _____ IS FORMERLY CALLED AUSTRALIAN ANTIGEN AND SERUM HEPATITIS
25.  WHAT ARE THE SIX PRIMARY HEPATITIS VIRUSES
26.  THE ______________ IS A RELIABLE MARKER FOR THE PRESENCE OF HIGH LEVELS OF VIRUS AND DEGREE OF INFECTIVITY
27.  ______________ OF PATIENTS EXPOSED TO HCV WILL DEVELOP CHRONIC HEPATITIS
28.  FORM OF HEPATITIS THAT IS HEPATIC INFLAMMATION AND NECROSIS LASTING LONGER THAN 6 MONTHS, AND OCCURS IN ABOUT 10% OF HEPATITIS B PATIENTS
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CAUSES OF VIRAL INFECTIONS IN THE US WITH RETINITIS AS A SYMPTOM
A.
B.
30.  HOW IS CMV TRANSMITTED
31.  ____________ IS DETECTED IN SOME HBsAg POSITIVE PEOPLE, RARELY IN HBsAg NEGATIVE PEOPLE, AND IS CLOSELY ASSOCIATED WITH THE HBV CORE BUT RELATIONSHIP UNCLEAR BETWEEN HBe AND HBV
32.  __________ __ FORM OF HEPATITIS FORMERLY CALLED INFECTIOUS HEPATITIS OR SHORT INCUBATION HEPATITIS
33.  LINKED TO ADULT T-CELL LUKEMIA AND TRANSMITTED BY TRANSFER OF INFECTED CELLS
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  HIV IS A RETROVIRUS TRO THIS DISEASE PROCESS AND A MAJOR TARGET OF THE VIRUS IS THE T-HELPER CELLS
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  CONFIRMATORY TEST TO AIDS IN WHICH HIV PROTEINS ARE SEPERATED BY ELECTROPHORESIS AND TRANSFERED TO NITROCELLULOSE SHEETS AND CUT INTO STRIPS
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  REPRODUCTION TAKES PLACE BY _______ ___________
37.  WHAT ARE THE TWO TESTS FOR HEPATITIS A, AND WHAT DO THEY TEST FOR
38.  THIS HEPATITIS RNA VIRUS IS CLOSELY RELATED TO HCV, IS A SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED BLOOD BORNE AGENT THAT FREQUENTLY OCCURES A COINFECTION WITH HCV, TRANSFUSION RECIPENTS AND IV DRUG ABUSERS ARE AT RISK
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  CONTAINS PROTEINS 24 AND 19
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  WHAT IS THE HBV SURFACE ANTIGEN
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  OBLIGATE INTRACELLULAR  PARASITE CONTAINS WHAT
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  THE TREATMENT FOR THIS HEPATITIS IS TO ELIMINATE THE DETECTABLE VIRAL RNA FROM BLOOD
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  PHOSPHOLIPID BILAYERS, HUMAN LEUKOCYTE ANTIGEN, GLYCOPROTEINS; 41 & 120
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  WHAT ARE THE 4 FORMS OF SECONDARY HEPATITIS:  __________, ___________, ________, AND ___________
45.  CHRONIC INFECTION OF HEP B CAN LEAD TO
46.  ________ IS A ROD-LIKE CYLINDRICAL STRUCTURE
47.  SINGLE STRAND RNA, REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE ENZYME WHICH CONVERTS RNA INTO DNA
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  WHAT FORM OF HEPATITIS IS WITHOUT JAUNDICE OR CARRIER STATE (ASYMPTOMATIC) AND ACCOUNTS FOR PERSONS WITH DEMONSTRABLE ANTIBODIES BUT NO HISTORY OF HEPATITIS
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  WHAT VIRUS MAY BE PRESENT IN BLOOD, URINE, AND BREAST MILK AND IS DNA BASED MEMBER OF HERPES FAMILY
50.  THE HBV IS A DOUBLE SHELLED PARTICLE-_________ _________, WITH A DOUBLE ___________ _____
51.  WHAT IS THE ONLY DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION FOR HGV
52.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION PERIOD OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  AFTER THE AIDS VIRUS BINDS TO CD4 WHAT HAPPENS NEXT
54.  ___________ IS THE MOST POPULAR METHOD FOR DETECTING HEPATITIS B ANTIGENS AND ANTIBODIES
55.  ____________ IS THE OUTER MOST COAT AND IS THE FIRST DETECTABLE MARKER IN SERUM DURING INCUBATION PERIOD OF HEP B
56.  SIMILAR TO HEP A VIRUS, TRANSMITTED THROUGH FECAL-ORAL ROUTE, PRIMARILY FOUND IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, AND CHRONIC STATE DOES NOT EXSIST
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  _____________ DEVELOP DURING CONVALESCENCE AND RECOVERY._____________ IS A SEROLOGICAL MARKER FOR RECOVERY AND IMMUNITY
58.  WHAT ARE THE 4 FORMS OF HEPATITIS:  ________, ________, _________, AND_________
59.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS ACTUAL PHASE OF ILLNESS
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  FIRST DETECTABLE MARKER IN SERUM 1-5 MONTHS AFTER EXPOSURE, PEAKING AT 3 MONTHS, ______________ INDACATES THAT THE PATIENT IS INFECTIOUS
61.  IMMUNE DISORDER WHICH AFFECTS T-LYPHS, TRANSMITS THROUGH EXCHANGE OF BODY FLUID, INTIMATE CONTACT WITH BLOOD FROM INFECTED PERSON, AND DRUG PARAPHERNALIA, TRANSFUSION OF BLOOD PRODUCTS AND TRANSPLACENTALLY
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS PRIOR TO THE SIGNS AND SYMTOMS
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  HD ANTIGEN IS DETECTED IN THE ___________
64.  WHAT FIVE THINGS CAN CAUSE HEPATITIS
65.  HCV OCCURES IN PRIMARILY IN DEVELOPED CONTRIES LIKE
66.  HDV IN THE US IS MOSTLY SEEN IN
67.  IN HEV; FULMINANT HEPATITIS IS FOUND IN __________% OF PREGNANT WOMEN
68.  HOW IS HEPATITIS A VIRUS TRANSMITTED
69.  WHAT IS THE SIZE OF OBLIGATE PARASITES
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  HOW IS HEP B SPREAD
71.  HEPATITIS _____ VIRUS IS DETECTED IN STOOL ONLY
72.  THIS HEPATITIS CAN BE DETECTED IN STOOL SPOECIMEN BY IMMUNOELECTRON MICROSCOPY
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  ASSOCIATED WITH IMMUNODEFICIENCY SIMILAR TO AIDS IN WEST AFRICA
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS THE "RECOVERY" PHASE, BUT IS STILL INFECTIOUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  WHAT IS A RARE FORM OF HEPATITIS THAT IS ASSOCIATED WITH HEPATIC FAILURE (POTENTIALLY FATAL)
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  WHAT IS THE INTERPRETATION OF SIMULTANEOUS INFECTION (COINFECTIION)
77.  THIS HEPATITIS REQUIRES HBV AS A HELPER BECAUSE THE VIRUS IS DEFECTIVE, PEOPLE WHO ARE HBsAG POSITIVE CAN BE INFECTED BY THIS HEPATITIS AND IS COMMON IN ITALY AND S. EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  CAUSATIVE AGENT OF AIDS IN US AND EUROPE
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  ONLY ______, ___________, _____________ AND _______ ___________ HAVE BEEN IMPLICATED IN TRANSMISSION
80.  WHAT IS THE ENVELOPE MADE OF AND WHAT IS IT USED FOR
81.  WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS IN THE EARLY STAGES OF AIDS
82.  _______ IS GENERALLY SPHERICAL
83.  IN THIS HEPATITIS; FULMINANT AND CHRONIC HEPATITIS IS ATTRIBUTED FOR BEING FREQUENT WITH AN INCUBATION TIME OF 30-50 DAYS AND ALSO APPEARS TO BE ENDEMIC AMONG INDIAN TRIBES LIVING IN THE AMAZON RIVER
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  VIRUS BINDS TO _______ RECEPTORS ON TARGET CELLS SUCH AS; HELPER-INDUCER T-LYMPHS, MONOCYTES-MACROPHAGES, ______ _________, AND B LYMPHS
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