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Serology Unit 6.4 Viral Diseases

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Serology Unit 6.4 Viral Diseases
SEROLOGY UNIT 6. 4 VIRAL DISEASES

  
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1.  ANTI-DELTA (ANTIBODY DELTA) IS DETECTABLE IN ___________
2.  VIRUS BINDS TO _______ RECEPTORS ON TARGET CELLS SUCH AS; HELPER-INDUCER T-LYMPHS, MONOCYTES-MACROPHAGES, ______ _________, AND B LYMPHS
3.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS ACTUAL PHASE OF ILLNESS
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CAUSES OF VIRAL INFECTIONS IN THE US WITH RETINITIS AS A SYMPTOM
A.
B.
5.  HOW IS HEPATITIS A VIRUS TRANSMITTED
6.  TRUE OR FALSE. CARRIER STATE AND CHRONIC HEPATITIS DO NOT OCCUR IN HEPATITIS A VIRUSES
7.  SINGLE STRAND RNA, REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE ENZYME WHICH CONVERTS RNA INTO DNA
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  WHAT IS THE SIZE OF OBLIGATE PARASITES
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  THIS COMPONENT ENCASES THE GENOME, ASSEMBLED FORM IDENTICAL PROTEIN SUBUNITS, PROTECTS THE RNA/DNA ALLOWS THE VIRION TO ATTACH TO THE HOST CELLS, AND INITATES THE INFECTION
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  THE ______________ IS A RELIABLE MARKER FOR THE PRESENCE OF HIGH LEVELS OF VIRUS AND DEGREE OF INFECTIVITY
11.  HEPATITIS _____ IS FORMERLY CALLED AUSTRALIAN ANTIGEN AND SERUM HEPATITIS
12.  THIS HEPATITIS RNA VIRUS IS CLOSELY RELATED TO HCV, IS A SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED BLOOD BORNE AGENT THAT FREQUENTLY OCCURES A COINFECTION WITH HCV, TRANSFUSION RECIPENTS AND IV DRUG ABUSERS ARE AT RISK
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  HOW IS CMV TRANSMITTED
14.  PHOSPHOLIPID BILAYERS, HUMAN LEUKOCYTE ANTIGEN, GLYCOPROTEINS; 41 & 120
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  CHRONIC INFECTION OF HEP B CAN LEAD TO
16.  FIRST DESCRIBED AS PATHOGEN WHICH ________________ SOME PATIENTS WHO ARE ALREADY INFECTED WITH HBV
17.  WHAT ARE THE 4 FORMS OF SECONDARY HEPATITIS:  __________, ___________, ________, AND ___________
18.  _____________ DEVELOP DURING CONVALESCENCE AND RECOVERY._____________ IS A SEROLOGICAL MARKER FOR RECOVERY AND IMMUNITY
19.  ____________ IN ACUTE HEPATITIS INDICATES INFECTION IS BEING RESOLBED
20.  WHAT IS THE ENVELOPE MADE OF AND WHAT IS IT USED FOR
21.  HEPATITIS _____ VIRUS IS DETECTED IN STOOL ONLY
22.  ______________ OF PATIENTS EXPOSED TO HCV WILL DEVELOP CHRONIC HEPATITIS
23.  WHAT IS THE ONLY DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION FOR HGV
24.  OBLIGATE INTRACELLULAR  PARASITE CONTAINS WHAT
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  HOW IS HEP B SPREAD
26.  CAUSATIVE AGENT OF AIDS IN US AND EUROPE
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  ___________ GENERIC TERM REFERRING TO INFLAMMATION OF THE LIVER
28.  LACKS COMPONENTS NECESSARY FOR INDEPENDENT LIFE AND REPLICATION
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  WHAT ARE THE 4 FORMS OF HEPATITIS:  ________, ________, _________, AND_________
30.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION PERIOD FOR HEPATITIS A VIRUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  THE HBV IS A DOUBLE SHELLED PARTICLE-_________ _________, WITH A DOUBLE ___________ _____
32.  ___________ IS THE MOST POPULAR METHOD FOR DETECTING HEPATITIS B ANTIGENS AND ANTIBODIES
33.  IN HEV; FULMINANT HEPATITIS IS FOUND IN __________% OF PREGNANT WOMEN
34.  HDV IN THE US IS MOSTLY SEEN IN
35.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION PERIOD OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF LATE PHASE IN AIDS
37.  WHAT ARE THE TWO TESTS FOR HEPATITIS A, AND WHAT DO THEY TEST FOR
38.  CONFIRMATORY TEST TO AIDS IN WHICH HIV PROTEINS ARE SEPERATED BY ELECTROPHORESIS AND TRANSFERED TO NITROCELLULOSE SHEETS AND CUT INTO STRIPS
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  THIS HEPATITIS CAN BE DETECTED IN STOOL SPOECIMEN BY IMMUNOELECTRON MICROSCOPY
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  CONTAINS PROTEINS 24 AND 19
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS PRIOR TO THE SIGNS AND SYMTOMS
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  HCV IS CLINICALLY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICALLY SIMILAR TO HEPATITIS B.  HOW IS HCV TRANSMITTED AND WHO DOES IT EFFECT MOST
43.  ASSOCIATED WITH IMMUNODEFICIENCY SIMILAR TO AIDS IN WEST AFRICA
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  FORM OF HEPATITIS THAT IS HEPATIC INFLAMMATION AND NECROSIS LASTING LONGER THAN 6 MONTHS, AND OCCURS IN ABOUT 10% OF HEPATITIS B PATIENTS
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  SIMILAR TO HEP A VIRUS, TRANSMITTED THROUGH FECAL-ORAL ROUTE, PRIMARILY FOUND IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, AND CHRONIC STATE DOES NOT EXSIST
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  LINKED TO HAIRY CELL LUKEMIA
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  WHAT IS THE HBV SURFACE ANTIGEN
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  WHAT IS A RARE FORM OF HEPATITIS THAT IS ASSOCIATED WITH HEPATIC FAILURE (POTENTIALLY FATAL)
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  LINKED TO ADULT T-CELL LUKEMIA AND TRANSMITTED BY TRANSFER OF INFECTED CELLS
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  ________ IS A ROD-LIKE CYLINDRICAL STRUCTURE
51.  _______ IS GENERALLY SPHERICAL
52.  IN THIS HEPATITIS; FULMINANT AND CHRONIC HEPATITIS IS ATTRIBUTED FOR BEING FREQUENT WITH AN INCUBATION TIME OF 30-50 DAYS AND ALSO APPEARS TO BE ENDEMIC AMONG INDIAN TRIBES LIVING IN THE AMAZON RIVER
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  THE TREATMENT FOR THIS HEPATITIS IS TO ELIMINATE THE DETECTABLE VIRAL RNA FROM BLOOD
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  REPRODUCTION TAKES PLACE BY _______ ___________
55.  WHAT FORM OF HEPATITIS IS WITHOUT JAUNDICE OR CARRIER STATE (ASYMPTOMATIC) AND ACCOUNTS FOR PERSONS WITH DEMONSTRABLE ANTIBODIES BUT NO HISTORY OF HEPATITIS
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  ONLY ______, ___________, _____________ AND _______ ___________ HAVE BEEN IMPLICATED IN TRANSMISSION
57.  AFTER THE AIDS VIRUS BINDS TO CD4 WHAT HAPPENS NEXT
58.  WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS IN THE EARLY STAGES OF AIDS
59.  WHAT ARE THE 3 ANTIBODIES AGAINST AIDS
60.  ____________ IS THE OUTER MOST COAT AND IS THE FIRST DETECTABLE MARKER IN SERUM DURING INCUBATION PERIOD OF HEP B
61.  __________ __ FORM OF HEPATITIS FORMERLY CALLED INFECTIOUS HEPATITIS OR SHORT INCUBATION HEPATITIS
62.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS THE "RECOVERY" PHASE, BUT IS STILL INFECTIOUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  WHAT IS THE INTERPRETATION OF SIMULTANEOUS INFECTION (COINFECTIION)
64.  WHAT IS THE INTERPRETATION OF HDV SUPERINFECTION
65.  HD ANTIGEN IS DETECTED IN THE ___________
66.  INCIDENCE OF TRANSFUSION ACQUIRED HBV REDUCED SINCE HIGH-RISK DONOR GROUPS HAVE BEEN ELIMINATED, WHAT ARE THEY
67.  FIRST DETECTABLE MARKER IN SERUM 1-5 MONTHS AFTER EXPOSURE, PEAKING AT 3 MONTHS, ______________ INDACATES THAT THE PATIENT IS INFECTIOUS
68.  THIS HEPATITIS REQUIRES HBV AS A HELPER BECAUSE THE VIRUS IS DEFECTIVE, PEOPLE WHO ARE HBsAG POSITIVE CAN BE INFECTED BY THIS HEPATITIS AND IS COMMON IN ITALY AND S. EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  WHEN IS HEPATITIS A IGG ANTIBODY DETECTED AND INDICATING WHAT
70.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS THE INITIAL INFECTION
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  VIRION NEVER POSSESS BOTH _____ AND _____ TOGETHER
72.  WHAT ARE THE SIX PRIMARY HEPATITIS VIRUSES
73.  HCV OCCURES IN PRIMARILY IN DEVELOPED CONTRIES LIKE
74.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION TIME OF HEP B
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  WHAT IS A TYPICAL FORM OF JAUNDICE THAT NORMALY LASTS 6 MONTHS OR LESS
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  WHEN IS HEPATITIS A IGM ANTIBODY DETECTABLE AND WHERE
77.  HIV IS A RETROVIRUS TRO THIS DISEASE PROCESS AND A MAJOR TARGET OF THE VIRUS IS THE T-HELPER CELLS
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  OCASSIONAL SELF-LIMITED, HETEROPHILE NEGATIVE, AND MONONUCLEOSIS SYMPTOMS. BY ADULTHOOD MOST INDIVIDUALS HAVE EXPERIENCED ASYMPTOMATIC SYMPTOMS
A.
B.
79.  ____________ IS DETECTED IN SOME HBsAg POSITIVE PEOPLE, RARELY IN HBsAg NEGATIVE PEOPLE, AND IS CLOSELY ASSOCIATED WITH THE HBV CORE BUT RELATIONSHIP UNCLEAR BETWEEN HBe AND HBV
80.  ______ MOST WIDELY USED FOR SCREENING IN AIDS AND COLOR CHANGE IS PROPORTIONAL TO AMOUNT OF ANTIBODY PRESENT
81.  ____________ IS DETECTABLE AT 2 MONTHS AND INDICATES CURRENT OR ___________ INFECTION
82.  IMMUNE DISORDER WHICH AFFECTS T-LYPHS, TRANSMITS THROUGH EXCHANGE OF BODY FLUID, INTIMATE CONTACT WITH BLOOD FROM INFECTED PERSON, AND DRUG PARAPHERNALIA, TRANSFUSION OF BLOOD PRODUCTS AND TRANSPLACENTALLY
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  WHAT VIRUS MAY BE PRESENT IN BLOOD, URINE, AND BREAST MILK AND IS DNA BASED MEMBER OF HERPES FAMILY
84.  WHAT FIVE THINGS CAN CAUSE HEPATITIS
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