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Serology Unit 6.4 Viral Diseases

84 Questions  I  By Badandyla
Serology Unit 6.4 Viral Diseases
SEROLOGY UNIT 6. 4 VIRAL DISEASES

  
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1.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION PERIOD FOR HEPATITIS A VIRUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  PHOSPHOLIPID BILAYERS, HUMAN LEUKOCYTE ANTIGEN, GLYCOPROTEINS; 41 & 120
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  ANTI-DELTA (ANTIBODY DELTA) IS DETECTABLE IN ___________
4.  OBLIGATE INTRACELLULAR  PARASITE CONTAINS WHAT
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  HCV IS CLINICALLY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICALLY SIMILAR TO HEPATITIS B.  HOW IS HCV TRANSMITTED AND WHO DOES IT EFFECT MOST
6.  WHAT FIVE THINGS CAN CAUSE HEPATITIS
7.  VIRION NEVER POSSESS BOTH _____ AND _____ TOGETHER
8.  ______________ OF PATIENTS EXPOSED TO HCV WILL DEVELOP CHRONIC HEPATITIS
9.  VIRUS BINDS TO _______ RECEPTORS ON TARGET CELLS SUCH AS; HELPER-INDUCER T-LYMPHS, MONOCYTES-MACROPHAGES, ______ _________, AND B LYMPHS
10.  INCIDENCE OF TRANSFUSION ACQUIRED HBV REDUCED SINCE HIGH-RISK DONOR GROUPS HAVE BEEN ELIMINATED, WHAT ARE THEY
11.  _______ IS GENERALLY SPHERICAL
12.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION TIME OF HEP B
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  LACKS COMPONENTS NECESSARY FOR INDEPENDENT LIFE AND REPLICATION
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  FIRST DETECTABLE MARKER IN SERUM 1-5 MONTHS AFTER EXPOSURE, PEAKING AT 3 MONTHS, ______________ INDACATES THAT THE PATIENT IS INFECTIOUS
15.  WHAT IS THE ONLY DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION FOR HGV
16.  CHRONIC INFECTION OF HEP B CAN LEAD TO
17.  WHAT ARE THE 3 ANTIBODIES AGAINST AIDS
18.  ____________ IN ACUTE HEPATITIS INDICATES INFECTION IS BEING RESOLBED
19.  THE TREATMENT FOR THIS HEPATITIS IS TO ELIMINATE THE DETECTABLE VIRAL RNA FROM BLOOD
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS THE INITIAL INFECTION
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  LINKED TO ADULT T-CELL LUKEMIA AND TRANSMITTED BY TRANSFER OF INFECTED CELLS
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  WHAT ARE THE SIX PRIMARY HEPATITIS VIRUSES
23.  ____________ IS DETECTED IN SOME HBsAg POSITIVE PEOPLE, RARELY IN HBsAg NEGATIVE PEOPLE, AND IS CLOSELY ASSOCIATED WITH THE HBV CORE BUT RELATIONSHIP UNCLEAR BETWEEN HBe AND HBV
24.  THE HBV IS A DOUBLE SHELLED PARTICLE-_________ _________, WITH A DOUBLE ___________ _____
25.  WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF LATE PHASE IN AIDS
26.  THIS HEPATITIS CAN BE DETECTED IN STOOL SPOECIMEN BY IMMUNOELECTRON MICROSCOPY
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  WHAT ARE THE TWO TESTS FOR HEPATITIS A, AND WHAT DO THEY TEST FOR
28.  CONFIRMATORY TEST TO AIDS IN WHICH HIV PROTEINS ARE SEPERATED BY ELECTROPHORESIS AND TRANSFERED TO NITROCELLULOSE SHEETS AND CUT INTO STRIPS
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  WHEN IS HEPATITIS A IGG ANTIBODY DETECTED AND INDICATING WHAT
30.  HEPATITIS _____ IS FORMERLY CALLED AUSTRALIAN ANTIGEN AND SERUM HEPATITIS
31.  HIV IS A RETROVIRUS TRO THIS DISEASE PROCESS AND A MAJOR TARGET OF THE VIRUS IS THE T-HELPER CELLS
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  SIMILAR TO HEP A VIRUS, TRANSMITTED THROUGH FECAL-ORAL ROUTE, PRIMARILY FOUND IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, AND CHRONIC STATE DOES NOT EXSIST
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS THE "RECOVERY" PHASE, BUT IS STILL INFECTIOUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  LINKED TO HAIRY CELL LUKEMIA
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  FIRST DESCRIBED AS PATHOGEN WHICH ________________ SOME PATIENTS WHO ARE ALREADY INFECTED WITH HBV
36.  AFTER THE AIDS VIRUS BINDS TO CD4 WHAT HAPPENS NEXT
37.  ______ MOST WIDELY USED FOR SCREENING IN AIDS AND COLOR CHANGE IS PROPORTIONAL TO AMOUNT OF ANTIBODY PRESENT
38.  ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CAUSES OF VIRAL INFECTIONS IN THE US WITH RETINITIS AS A SYMPTOM
A.
B.
39.  CAUSATIVE AGENT OF AIDS IN US AND EUROPE
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  ___________ GENERIC TERM REFERRING TO INFLAMMATION OF THE LIVER
41.  WHAT IS THE INTERPRETATION OF SIMULTANEOUS INFECTION (COINFECTIION)
42.  HCV OCCURES IN PRIMARILY IN DEVELOPED CONTRIES LIKE
43.  CONTAINS PROTEINS 24 AND 19
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  REPRODUCTION TAKES PLACE BY _______ ___________
45.  THIS COMPONENT ENCASES THE GENOME, ASSEMBLED FORM IDENTICAL PROTEIN SUBUNITS, PROTECTS THE RNA/DNA ALLOWS THE VIRION TO ATTACH TO THE HOST CELLS, AND INITATES THE INFECTION
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  HOW IS HEPATITIS A VIRUS TRANSMITTED
47.  __________ __ FORM OF HEPATITIS FORMERLY CALLED INFECTIOUS HEPATITIS OR SHORT INCUBATION HEPATITIS
48.  ____________ IS DETECTABLE AT 2 MONTHS AND INDICATES CURRENT OR ___________ INFECTION
49.  ____________ IS THE OUTER MOST COAT AND IS THE FIRST DETECTABLE MARKER IN SERUM DURING INCUBATION PERIOD OF HEP B
50.  SINGLE STRAND RNA, REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE ENZYME WHICH CONVERTS RNA INTO DNA
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  IMMUNE DISORDER WHICH AFFECTS T-LYPHS, TRANSMITS THROUGH EXCHANGE OF BODY FLUID, INTIMATE CONTACT WITH BLOOD FROM INFECTED PERSON, AND DRUG PARAPHERNALIA, TRANSFUSION OF BLOOD PRODUCTS AND TRANSPLACENTALLY
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  HOW IS HEP B SPREAD
53.  THE ______________ IS A RELIABLE MARKER FOR THE PRESENCE OF HIGH LEVELS OF VIRUS AND DEGREE OF INFECTIVITY
54.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION PERIOD OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  WHAT FORM OF HEPATITIS IS WITHOUT JAUNDICE OR CARRIER STATE (ASYMPTOMATIC) AND ACCOUNTS FOR PERSONS WITH DEMONSTRABLE ANTIBODIES BUT NO HISTORY OF HEPATITIS
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS PRIOR TO THE SIGNS AND SYMTOMS
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  WHAT IS THE SIZE OF OBLIGATE PARASITES
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  FORM OF HEPATITIS THAT IS HEPATIC INFLAMMATION AND NECROSIS LASTING LONGER THAN 6 MONTHS, AND OCCURS IN ABOUT 10% OF HEPATITIS B PATIENTS
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  ___________ IS THE MOST POPULAR METHOD FOR DETECTING HEPATITIS B ANTIGENS AND ANTIBODIES
60.  HOW IS CMV TRANSMITTED
61.  ONLY ______, ___________, _____________ AND _______ ___________ HAVE BEEN IMPLICATED IN TRANSMISSION
62.  _____________ DEVELOP DURING CONVALESCENCE AND RECOVERY._____________ IS A SEROLOGICAL MARKER FOR RECOVERY AND IMMUNITY
63.  WHEN IS HEPATITIS A IGM ANTIBODY DETECTABLE AND WHERE
64.  HDV IN THE US IS MOSTLY SEEN IN
65.  WHAT IS A TYPICAL FORM OF JAUNDICE THAT NORMALY LASTS 6 MONTHS OR LESS
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  THIS HEPATITIS RNA VIRUS IS CLOSELY RELATED TO HCV, IS A SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED BLOOD BORNE AGENT THAT FREQUENTLY OCCURES A COINFECTION WITH HCV, TRANSFUSION RECIPENTS AND IV DRUG ABUSERS ARE AT RISK
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  IN HEV; FULMINANT HEPATITIS IS FOUND IN __________% OF PREGNANT WOMEN
68.  IN THIS HEPATITIS; FULMINANT AND CHRONIC HEPATITIS IS ATTRIBUTED FOR BEING FREQUENT WITH AN INCUBATION TIME OF 30-50 DAYS AND ALSO APPEARS TO BE ENDEMIC AMONG INDIAN TRIBES LIVING IN THE AMAZON RIVER
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  WHAT IS THE HBV SURFACE ANTIGEN
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  ASSOCIATED WITH IMMUNODEFICIENCY SIMILAR TO AIDS IN WEST AFRICA
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  TRUE OR FALSE. CARRIER STATE AND CHRONIC HEPATITIS DO NOT OCCUR IN HEPATITIS A VIRUSES
72.  HEPATITIS _____ VIRUS IS DETECTED IN STOOL ONLY
73.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS ACTUAL PHASE OF ILLNESS
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  WHAT IS THE INTERPRETATION OF HDV SUPERINFECTION
75.  WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS IN THE EARLY STAGES OF AIDS
76.  WHAT ARE THE 4 FORMS OF SECONDARY HEPATITIS:  __________, ___________, ________, AND ___________
77.  ________ IS A ROD-LIKE CYLINDRICAL STRUCTURE
78.  HD ANTIGEN IS DETECTED IN THE ___________
79.  WHAT ARE THE 4 FORMS OF HEPATITIS:  ________, ________, _________, AND_________
80.  OCASSIONAL SELF-LIMITED, HETEROPHILE NEGATIVE, AND MONONUCLEOSIS SYMPTOMS. BY ADULTHOOD MOST INDIVIDUALS HAVE EXPERIENCED ASYMPTOMATIC SYMPTOMS
A.
B.
81.  WHAT IS A RARE FORM OF HEPATITIS THAT IS ASSOCIATED WITH HEPATIC FAILURE (POTENTIALLY FATAL)
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  WHAT VIRUS MAY BE PRESENT IN BLOOD, URINE, AND BREAST MILK AND IS DNA BASED MEMBER OF HERPES FAMILY
83.  WHAT IS THE ENVELOPE MADE OF AND WHAT IS IT USED FOR
84.  THIS HEPATITIS REQUIRES HBV AS A HELPER BECAUSE THE VIRUS IS DEFECTIVE, PEOPLE WHO ARE HBsAG POSITIVE CAN BE INFECTED BY THIS HEPATITIS AND IS COMMON IN ITALY AND S. EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
A.
B.
C.
D.
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