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Serology Unit 6.4 Viral Diseases

84 Questions  I  By Badandyla
Serology Unit 6.4 Viral Diseases
SEROLOGY UNIT 6. 4 VIRAL DISEASES

  
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1.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS PRIOR TO THE SIGNS AND SYMTOMS
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  THIS HEPATITIS REQUIRES HBV AS A HELPER BECAUSE THE VIRUS IS DEFECTIVE, PEOPLE WHO ARE HBsAG POSITIVE CAN BE INFECTED BY THIS HEPATITIS AND IS COMMON IN ITALY AND S. EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  PHOSPHOLIPID BILAYERS, HUMAN LEUKOCYTE ANTIGEN, GLYCOPROTEINS; 41 & 120
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  _______ IS GENERALLY SPHERICAL
5.  WHAT ARE THE SIX PRIMARY HEPATITIS VIRUSES
6.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION TIME OF HEP B
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  HOW IS HEP B SPREAD
8.  THIS HEPATITIS RNA VIRUS IS CLOSELY RELATED TO HCV, IS A SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED BLOOD BORNE AGENT THAT FREQUENTLY OCCURES A COINFECTION WITH HCV, TRANSFUSION RECIPENTS AND IV DRUG ABUSERS ARE AT RISK
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  WHAT IS THE ENVELOPE MADE OF AND WHAT IS IT USED FOR
10.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS THE "RECOVERY" PHASE, BUT IS STILL INFECTIOUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  HOW IS CMV TRANSMITTED
12.  OBLIGATE INTRACELLULAR  PARASITE CONTAINS WHAT
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  SIMILAR TO HEP A VIRUS, TRANSMITTED THROUGH FECAL-ORAL ROUTE, PRIMARILY FOUND IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, AND CHRONIC STATE DOES NOT EXSIST
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  ASSOCIATED WITH IMMUNODEFICIENCY SIMILAR TO AIDS IN WEST AFRICA
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  ANTI-DELTA (ANTIBODY DELTA) IS DETECTABLE IN ___________
16.  HIV IS A RETROVIRUS TRO THIS DISEASE PROCESS AND A MAJOR TARGET OF THE VIRUS IS THE T-HELPER CELLS
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  ___________ IS THE MOST POPULAR METHOD FOR DETECTING HEPATITIS B ANTIGENS AND ANTIBODIES
18.  WHAT ARE THE TWO TESTS FOR HEPATITIS A, AND WHAT DO THEY TEST FOR
19.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS ACTUAL PHASE OF ILLNESS
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  HCV IS CLINICALLY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICALLY SIMILAR TO HEPATITIS B.  HOW IS HCV TRANSMITTED AND WHO DOES IT EFFECT MOST
21.  LINKED TO ADULT T-CELL LUKEMIA AND TRANSMITTED BY TRANSFER OF INFECTED CELLS
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  WHAT FORM OF HEPATITIS IS WITHOUT JAUNDICE OR CARRIER STATE (ASYMPTOMATIC) AND ACCOUNTS FOR PERSONS WITH DEMONSTRABLE ANTIBODIES BUT NO HISTORY OF HEPATITIS
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  WHAT VIRUS MAY BE PRESENT IN BLOOD, URINE, AND BREAST MILK AND IS DNA BASED MEMBER OF HERPES FAMILY
24.  WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF LATE PHASE IN AIDS
25.  WHAT IS THE ONLY DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION FOR HGV
26.  __________ __ FORM OF HEPATITIS FORMERLY CALLED INFECTIOUS HEPATITIS OR SHORT INCUBATION HEPATITIS
27.  HCV OCCURES IN PRIMARILY IN DEVELOPED CONTRIES LIKE
28.  HEPATITIS _____ VIRUS IS DETECTED IN STOOL ONLY
29.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION PERIOD OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  THIS HEPATITIS CAN BE DETECTED IN STOOL SPOECIMEN BY IMMUNOELECTRON MICROSCOPY
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  INCIDENCE OF TRANSFUSION ACQUIRED HBV REDUCED SINCE HIGH-RISK DONOR GROUPS HAVE BEEN ELIMINATED, WHAT ARE THEY
32.  HD ANTIGEN IS DETECTED IN THE ___________
33.  ____________ IS DETECTED IN SOME HBsAg POSITIVE PEOPLE, RARELY IN HBsAg NEGATIVE PEOPLE, AND IS CLOSELY ASSOCIATED WITH THE HBV CORE BUT RELATIONSHIP UNCLEAR BETWEEN HBe AND HBV
34.  ___________ GENERIC TERM REFERRING TO INFLAMMATION OF THE LIVER
35.  IMMUNE DISORDER WHICH AFFECTS T-LYPHS, TRANSMITS THROUGH EXCHANGE OF BODY FLUID, INTIMATE CONTACT WITH BLOOD FROM INFECTED PERSON, AND DRUG PARAPHERNALIA, TRANSFUSION OF BLOOD PRODUCTS AND TRANSPLACENTALLY
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  VIRION NEVER POSSESS BOTH _____ AND _____ TOGETHER
37.  WHAT IS THE INTERPRETATION OF SIMULTANEOUS INFECTION (COINFECTIION)
38.  THIS COMPONENT ENCASES THE GENOME, ASSEMBLED FORM IDENTICAL PROTEIN SUBUNITS, PROTECTS THE RNA/DNA ALLOWS THE VIRION TO ATTACH TO THE HOST CELLS, AND INITATES THE INFECTION
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  ONLY ______, ___________, _____________ AND _______ ___________ HAVE BEEN IMPLICATED IN TRANSMISSION
40.  HDV IN THE US IS MOSTLY SEEN IN
41.  _____________ DEVELOP DURING CONVALESCENCE AND RECOVERY._____________ IS A SEROLOGICAL MARKER FOR RECOVERY AND IMMUNITY
42.  FIRST DESCRIBED AS PATHOGEN WHICH ________________ SOME PATIENTS WHO ARE ALREADY INFECTED WITH HBV
43.  ____________ IN ACUTE HEPATITIS INDICATES INFECTION IS BEING RESOLBED
44.  REPRODUCTION TAKES PLACE BY _______ ___________
45.  LACKS COMPONENTS NECESSARY FOR INDEPENDENT LIFE AND REPLICATION
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  VIRUS BINDS TO _______ RECEPTORS ON TARGET CELLS SUCH AS; HELPER-INDUCER T-LYMPHS, MONOCYTES-MACROPHAGES, ______ _________, AND B LYMPHS
47.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS THE INITIAL INFECTION
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  THE ______________ IS A RELIABLE MARKER FOR THE PRESENCE OF HIGH LEVELS OF VIRUS AND DEGREE OF INFECTIVITY
49.  WHAT ARE THE 4 FORMS OF HEPATITIS:  ________, ________, _________, AND_________
50.  CAUSATIVE AGENT OF AIDS IN US AND EUROPE
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  FORM OF HEPATITIS THAT IS HEPATIC INFLAMMATION AND NECROSIS LASTING LONGER THAN 6 MONTHS, AND OCCURS IN ABOUT 10% OF HEPATITIS B PATIENTS
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  TRUE OR FALSE. CARRIER STATE AND CHRONIC HEPATITIS DO NOT OCCUR IN HEPATITIS A VIRUSES
53.  OCASSIONAL SELF-LIMITED, HETEROPHILE NEGATIVE, AND MONONUCLEOSIS SYMPTOMS. BY ADULTHOOD MOST INDIVIDUALS HAVE EXPERIENCED ASYMPTOMATIC SYMPTOMS
A.
B.
54.  WHAT IS A TYPICAL FORM OF JAUNDICE THAT NORMALY LASTS 6 MONTHS OR LESS
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  ____________ IS DETECTABLE AT 2 MONTHS AND INDICATES CURRENT OR ___________ INFECTION
56.  WHAT IS THE HBV SURFACE ANTIGEN
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  ______ MOST WIDELY USED FOR SCREENING IN AIDS AND COLOR CHANGE IS PROPORTIONAL TO AMOUNT OF ANTIBODY PRESENT
58.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION PERIOD FOR HEPATITIS A VIRUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  AFTER THE AIDS VIRUS BINDS TO CD4 WHAT HAPPENS NEXT
60.  CHRONIC INFECTION OF HEP B CAN LEAD TO
61.  ________ IS A ROD-LIKE CYLINDRICAL STRUCTURE
62.  WHEN IS HEPATITIS A IGG ANTIBODY DETECTED AND INDICATING WHAT
63.  CONTAINS PROTEINS 24 AND 19
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  THE HBV IS A DOUBLE SHELLED PARTICLE-_________ _________, WITH A DOUBLE ___________ _____
65.  WHAT IS THE SIZE OF OBLIGATE PARASITES
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  SINGLE STRAND RNA, REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE ENZYME WHICH CONVERTS RNA INTO DNA
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  WHAT ARE THE 3 ANTIBODIES AGAINST AIDS
68.  LINKED TO HAIRY CELL LUKEMIA
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  THE TREATMENT FOR THIS HEPATITIS IS TO ELIMINATE THE DETECTABLE VIRAL RNA FROM BLOOD
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  ______________ OF PATIENTS EXPOSED TO HCV WILL DEVELOP CHRONIC HEPATITIS
71.  CONFIRMATORY TEST TO AIDS IN WHICH HIV PROTEINS ARE SEPERATED BY ELECTROPHORESIS AND TRANSFERED TO NITROCELLULOSE SHEETS AND CUT INTO STRIPS
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  FIRST DETECTABLE MARKER IN SERUM 1-5 MONTHS AFTER EXPOSURE, PEAKING AT 3 MONTHS, ______________ INDACATES THAT THE PATIENT IS INFECTIOUS
73.  WHAT FIVE THINGS CAN CAUSE HEPATITIS
74.  WHAT ARE THE 4 FORMS OF SECONDARY HEPATITIS:  __________, ___________, ________, AND ___________
75.  ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CAUSES OF VIRAL INFECTIONS IN THE US WITH RETINITIS AS A SYMPTOM
A.
B.
76.  WHAT IS THE INTERPRETATION OF HDV SUPERINFECTION
77.  WHAT IS A RARE FORM OF HEPATITIS THAT IS ASSOCIATED WITH HEPATIC FAILURE (POTENTIALLY FATAL)
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  HEPATITIS _____ IS FORMERLY CALLED AUSTRALIAN ANTIGEN AND SERUM HEPATITIS
79.  HOW IS HEPATITIS A VIRUS TRANSMITTED
80.  IN HEV; FULMINANT HEPATITIS IS FOUND IN __________% OF PREGNANT WOMEN
81.  WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS IN THE EARLY STAGES OF AIDS
82.  ____________ IS THE OUTER MOST COAT AND IS THE FIRST DETECTABLE MARKER IN SERUM DURING INCUBATION PERIOD OF HEP B
83.  WHEN IS HEPATITIS A IGM ANTIBODY DETECTABLE AND WHERE
84.  IN THIS HEPATITIS; FULMINANT AND CHRONIC HEPATITIS IS ATTRIBUTED FOR BEING FREQUENT WITH AN INCUBATION TIME OF 30-50 DAYS AND ALSO APPEARS TO BE ENDEMIC AMONG INDIAN TRIBES LIVING IN THE AMAZON RIVER
A.
B.
C.
D.
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