Serology Unit 6.4 Viral Diseases

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SEROLOGY UNIT 6. 4 VIRAL DISEASES

  
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1.  WHAT IS THE ENVELOPE MADE OF AND WHAT IS IT USED FOR
2.  WHAT FIVE THINGS CAN CAUSE HEPATITIS
3.  WHAT ARE THE SIX PRIMARY HEPATITIS VIRUSES
4.  HOW IS HEPATITIS A VIRUS TRANSMITTED
5.  WHEN IS HEPATITIS A IGM ANTIBODY DETECTABLE AND WHERE
6.  WHEN IS HEPATITIS A IGG ANTIBODY DETECTED AND INDICATING WHAT
7.  WHAT ARE THE TWO TESTS FOR HEPATITIS A, AND WHAT DO THEY TEST FOR
8.  HOW IS HEP B SPREAD
9.  CHRONIC INFECTION OF HEP B CAN LEAD TO
10.  INCIDENCE OF TRANSFUSION ACQUIRED HBV REDUCED SINCE HIGH-RISK DONOR GROUPS HAVE BEEN ELIMINATED, WHAT ARE THEY
11.  HCV IS CLINICALLY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICALLY SIMILAR TO HEPATITIS B.  HOW IS HCV TRANSMITTED AND WHO DOES IT EFFECT MOST
12.  HCV OCCURES IN PRIMARILY IN DEVELOPED CONTRIES LIKE
13.  HDV IN THE US IS MOSTLY SEEN IN
14.  WHAT IS THE INTERPRETATION OF SIMULTANEOUS INFECTION (COINFECTIION)
15.  WHAT IS THE INTERPRETATION OF HDV SUPERINFECTION
16.  WHAT IS THE ONLY DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION FOR HGV
17.  WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS IN THE EARLY STAGES OF AIDS
18.  WHAT ARE THE CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF LATE PHASE IN AIDS
19.  AFTER THE AIDS VIRUS BINDS TO CD4 WHAT HAPPENS NEXT
20.  WHAT ARE THE 3 ANTIBODIES AGAINST AIDS
21.  WHAT VIRUS MAY BE PRESENT IN BLOOD, URINE, AND BREAST MILK AND IS DNA BASED MEMBER OF HERPES FAMILY
22.  HOW IS CMV TRANSMITTED
23.  OBLIGATE INTRACELLULAR  PARASITE CONTAINS WHAT
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  WHAT IS THE SIZE OF OBLIGATE PARASITES
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  REPRODUCTION TAKES PLACE BY _______ ___________
26.  VIRION NEVER POSSESS BOTH _____ AND _____ TOGETHER
27.  LACKS COMPONENTS NECESSARY FOR INDEPENDENT LIFE AND REPLICATION
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  THIS COMPONENT ENCASES THE GENOME, ASSEMBLED FORM IDENTICAL PROTEIN SUBUNITS, PROTECTS THE RNA/DNA ALLOWS THE VIRION TO ATTACH TO THE HOST CELLS, AND INITATES THE INFECTION
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  ________ IS A ROD-LIKE CYLINDRICAL STRUCTURE
30.  _______ IS GENERALLY SPHERICAL
31.  ___________ GENERIC TERM REFERRING TO INFLAMMATION OF THE LIVER
32.  WHAT ARE THE 4 FORMS OF HEPATITIS:  ________, ________, _________, AND_________
33.  WHAT ARE THE 4 FORMS OF SECONDARY HEPATITIS:  __________, ___________, ________, AND ___________
34.  WHAT IS A TYPICAL FORM OF JAUNDICE THAT NORMALY LASTS 6 MONTHS OR LESS
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS THE INITIAL INFECTION
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS PRIOR TO THE SIGNS AND SYMTOMS
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS ACTUAL PHASE OF ILLNESS
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  WHAT PHASE IS REFERRED TO AS THE "RECOVERY" PHASE, BUT IS STILL INFECTIOUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  WHAT IS A RARE FORM OF HEPATITIS THAT IS ASSOCIATED WITH HEPATIC FAILURE (POTENTIALLY FATAL)
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  WHAT FORM OF HEPATITIS IS WITHOUT JAUNDICE OR CARRIER STATE (ASYMPTOMATIC) AND ACCOUNTS FOR PERSONS WITH DEMONSTRABLE ANTIBODIES BUT NO HISTORY OF HEPATITIS
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  FORM OF HEPATITIS THAT IS HEPATIC INFLAMMATION AND NECROSIS LASTING LONGER THAN 6 MONTHS, AND OCCURS IN ABOUT 10% OF HEPATITIS B PATIENTS
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  __________ __ FORM OF HEPATITIS FORMERLY CALLED INFECTIOUS HEPATITIS OR SHORT INCUBATION HEPATITIS
43.  TRUE OR FALSE. CARRIER STATE AND CHRONIC HEPATITIS DO NOT OCCUR IN HEPATITIS A VIRUSES
44.  HEPATITIS _____ VIRUS IS DETECTED IN STOOL ONLY
45.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION PERIOD FOR HEPATITIS A VIRUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  HEPATITIS _____ IS FORMERLY CALLED AUSTRALIAN ANTIGEN AND SERUM HEPATITIS
47.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION TIME OF HEP B
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  THE HBV IS A DOUBLE SHELLED PARTICLE-_________ _________, WITH A DOUBLE ___________ _____
49.  WHAT IS THE HBV SURFACE ANTIGEN
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  ____________ IS THE OUTER MOST COAT AND IS THE FIRST DETECTABLE MARKER IN SERUM DURING INCUBATION PERIOD OF HEP B
51.  FIRST DETECTABLE MARKER IN SERUM 1-5 MONTHS AFTER EXPOSURE, PEAKING AT 3 MONTHS, ______________ INDACATES THAT THE PATIENT IS INFECTIOUS
52.  ____________ IS DETECTED IN SOME HBsAg POSITIVE PEOPLE, RARELY IN HBsAg NEGATIVE PEOPLE, AND IS CLOSELY ASSOCIATED WITH THE HBV CORE BUT RELATIONSHIP UNCLEAR BETWEEN HBe AND HBV
53.  THE ______________ IS A RELIABLE MARKER FOR THE PRESENCE OF HIGH LEVELS OF VIRUS AND DEGREE OF INFECTIVITY
54.  ____________ IS DETECTABLE AT 2 MONTHS AND INDICATES CURRENT OR ___________ INFECTION
55.  _____________ DEVELOP DURING CONVALESCENCE AND RECOVERY._____________ IS A SEROLOGICAL MARKER FOR RECOVERY AND IMMUNITY
56.  ____________ IN ACUTE HEPATITIS INDICATES INFECTION IS BEING RESOLBED
57.  ___________ IS THE MOST POPULAR METHOD FOR DETECTING HEPATITIS B ANTIGENS AND ANTIBODIES
58.  ______________ OF PATIENTS EXPOSED TO HCV WILL DEVELOP CHRONIC HEPATITIS
59.  WHAT IS THE INCUBATION PERIOD OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  THE TREATMENT FOR THIS HEPATITIS IS TO ELIMINATE THE DETECTABLE VIRAL RNA FROM BLOOD
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  THIS HEPATITIS REQUIRES HBV AS A HELPER BECAUSE THE VIRUS IS DEFECTIVE, PEOPLE WHO ARE HBsAG POSITIVE CAN BE INFECTED BY THIS HEPATITIS AND IS COMMON IN ITALY AND S. EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  FIRST DESCRIBED AS PATHOGEN WHICH ________________ SOME PATIENTS WHO ARE ALREADY INFECTED WITH HBV
63.  IN THIS HEPATITIS; FULMINANT AND CHRONIC HEPATITIS IS ATTRIBUTED FOR BEING FREQUENT WITH AN INCUBATION TIME OF 30-50 DAYS AND ALSO APPEARS TO BE ENDEMIC AMONG INDIAN TRIBES LIVING IN THE AMAZON RIVER
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  HD ANTIGEN IS DETECTED IN THE ___________
65.  ANTI-DELTA (ANTIBODY DELTA) IS DETECTABLE IN ___________
66.  SIMILAR TO HEP A VIRUS, TRANSMITTED THROUGH FECAL-ORAL ROUTE, PRIMARILY FOUND IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES, AND CHRONIC STATE DOES NOT EXSIST
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  IN HEV; FULMINANT HEPATITIS IS FOUND IN __________% OF PREGNANT WOMEN
68.  THIS HEPATITIS CAN BE DETECTED IN STOOL SPOECIMEN BY IMMUNOELECTRON MICROSCOPY
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  THIS HEPATITIS RNA VIRUS IS CLOSELY RELATED TO HCV, IS A SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED BLOOD BORNE AGENT THAT FREQUENTLY OCCURES A COINFECTION WITH HCV, TRANSFUSION RECIPENTS AND IV DRUG ABUSERS ARE AT RISK
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  IMMUNE DISORDER WHICH AFFECTS T-LYPHS, TRANSMITS THROUGH EXCHANGE OF BODY FLUID, INTIMATE CONTACT WITH BLOOD FROM INFECTED PERSON, AND DRUG PARAPHERNALIA, TRANSFUSION OF BLOOD PRODUCTS AND TRANSPLACENTALLY
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  HIV IS A RETROVIRUS TRO THIS DISEASE PROCESS AND A MAJOR TARGET OF THE VIRUS IS THE T-HELPER CELLS
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  ONLY ______, ___________, _____________ AND _______ ___________ HAVE BEEN IMPLICATED IN TRANSMISSION
73.  SINGLE STRAND RNA, REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE ENZYME WHICH CONVERTS RNA INTO DNA
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  PHOSPHOLIPID BILAYERS, HUMAN LEUKOCYTE ANTIGEN, GLYCOPROTEINS; 41 & 120
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  CONTAINS PROTEINS 24 AND 19
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  VIRUS BINDS TO _______ RECEPTORS ON TARGET CELLS SUCH AS; HELPER-INDUCER T-LYMPHS, MONOCYTES-MACROPHAGES, ______ _________, AND B LYMPHS
77.  CAUSATIVE AGENT OF AIDS IN US AND EUROPE
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  ASSOCIATED WITH IMMUNODEFICIENCY SIMILAR TO AIDS IN WEST AFRICA
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  ______ MOST WIDELY USED FOR SCREENING IN AIDS AND COLOR CHANGE IS PROPORTIONAL TO AMOUNT OF ANTIBODY PRESENT
80.  CONFIRMATORY TEST TO AIDS IN WHICH HIV PROTEINS ARE SEPERATED BY ELECTROPHORESIS AND TRANSFERED TO NITROCELLULOSE SHEETS AND CUT INTO STRIPS
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  LINKED TO ADULT T-CELL LUKEMIA AND TRANSMITTED BY TRANSFER OF INFECTED CELLS
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  LINKED TO HAIRY CELL LUKEMIA
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  OCASSIONAL SELF-LIMITED, HETEROPHILE NEGATIVE, AND MONONUCLEOSIS SYMPTOMS. BY ADULTHOOD MOST INDIVIDUALS HAVE EXPERIENCED ASYMPTOMATIC SYMPTOMS
A.
B.
84.  ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CAUSES OF VIRAL INFECTIONS IN THE US WITH RETINITIS AS A SYMPTOM
A.
B.
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