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Sensation And Perception

44 Questions
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  • 1. 
    Low Pitch sounds are to high pitch sounds as ______ are to __________
    • A. 

      Red colors : Blue colors

    • B. 

      Green colors : Yellow colors

    • C. 

      Yellow colors: Blue colors

    • D. 

      Blue Colors : Orange colors

  • 2. 
    What are the steps of how light hits the eye
    • A. 

      Rods and cones, bipolar, optic nerve, ganglion cells, and visual cortex

    • B. 

      Rods and cones, bipolar cells, ganglion cells, visual cortex, and optic nerve

    • C. 

      Rods and cones, bipolar, ganglion cells, optic nerve, and visual cortex

    • D. 

      Optic nerve, ganglion cells, rods and cones, visual cortex, and bipolar

  • 3. 
    Brightness is to light as _____ is to sound
    • A. 

      Loud

    • B. 

      Hearing

    • C. 

      Ear drum

    • D. 

      Ear

  • 4. 
    What are the four receptors in your skin?
    • A. 

      Hot, cold, pressure, touch

    • B. 

      Warmth, cold, pressure, pain

    • C. 

      Hot, cold, touch, pain

    • D. 

      Pain, cold, touch, pressure

  • 5. 
    Patients negetive expectations about the outcome of a surgical procedure can increase their postoperative experience of pain. This best illustrates the importance of:
    • A. 

      Top-down processing

    • B. 

      Sensory adaptation

    • C. 

      Difference threasholds

    • D. 

      Accomodation

    • E. 

      Transduction

  • 6. 
    News about the supposed effects of breifly presented messages on moviegoers consumption of popcorn and coca-cola involved false claims regarding:
    • A. 

      Subliminal Stimulation

    • B. 

      Parallel processing

    • C. 

      Sensory interaction

    • D. 

      Kinesthesis

    • E. 

      Difference thresholds

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      High; low

    • B. 

      High; high

    • C. 

      Low; low

    • D. 

      Low; high

  • 8. 
    Sensations is to ________ as perception is to __________
    • A. 

      Reconizing a stimulus; interpreting a stimulus

    • B. 

      Seeing; hearing

    • C. 

      Detecting a stimulus; recongnizing a stimulus

    • D. 

      Interpreting a stimulus; detecting a stimulus

  • 9. 
    Cones are to vision as ____ is to audition
    • A. 

      Semicircular canals

    • B. 

      Oval windows

    • C. 

      Hair cells

    • D. 

      Cochleas

    • E. 

      Eardrums

  • 10. 
    Current research on sensory restriction indicates that:
    • A. 

      Two days of sensory monotony typically results in a person experiencing dramatic hallucinations

    • B. 

      Sensory monotony makes people less sensative to new and changing sensory inputs

    • C. 

      A day or two of sensory monotony makes people highly vulnerable to brainwashing

    • D. 

      A day of sensory monotony can reduce stress and facilitate self -control

  • 11. 
    Assuming that the visual systems of humas and other mammals function similarly you would expect that the retina of a nocturnal mammal (one active only at night) would contain:
    • A. 

      Mostly rods

    • B. 

      An equal number of rods and cones

    • C. 

      More bipolar cells than an animal only active during the day

    • D. 

      Mostly cones

  • 12. 
    Hearing a sequence of sounds of different pitches is to ______ as recognizing the sound of sequence as familiar melody is to ______________
    • A. 

      Sensation; perception

    • B. 

      The just noticeable difference; accommodation

    • C. 

      Feautre detection; sensory interaction

    • D. 

      Absolute threshold; difference threshold

    • E. 

      Sensory interation; feature detection

  • 13. 
    Rod is to transduction as _________is to accomodation
    • A. 

      Iris

    • B. 

      Cornea

    • C. 

      Pupil

    • D. 

      Lens

    • E. 

      Cone

  • 14. 
    According to the gate-control theory, a back massage would most likly reduce your physical aches and pains by causing the:
    • A. 

      Deactivation of the pain receptors on the surface of the skin

    • B. 

      Arousal of your autonomic nervous system and the release of adrenaline into your bloodstream

    • C. 

      Release of pain-killing endorphines in your brain

    • D. 

      Activation of specific nerual fibers in your spinal cord

  • 15. 
    Humans experience the longest visible electromagnetic waves as the color ________ and the shortest visible waves as ____
    • A. 

      Black; white

    • B. 

      Red; green

    • C. 

      Red; blue-violet

    • D. 

      Blue; yellow

    • E. 

      Blue-violet; red

  • 16. 
    Which of the following correctly lists the order of structures through which sound travels after entering the ear
    • A. 

      Eardrum, auditory canal, middle ear, cochlea

    • B. 

      Auditory canal, middle ear, eardrum, cochlea

    • C. 

      Auditory canal, ear drum, middle ear, cochlea

    • D. 

      Eardrum, middle ear, cochlea, auditory canal

    • E. 

      Cochlea, ear drum, middle ear, auditory canal

  • 17. 
    The transduction of light energy into nerve impulses takes place in the
    • A. 

      Rods

    • B. 

      Iris

    • C. 

      Lens

    • D. 

      Retina

    • E. 

      Optic nerve

  • 18. 
    Joe Wilson, age 55, has been told by experts that a hearing aid would restore his lost sense of hearing. It is likely that Joe's hearing loss involves problems within the:
    • A. 

      Middle ear

    • B. 

      Basilar membrane

    • C. 

      Auditory nerve

    • D. 

      Inner ear

  • 19. 
    Visual information is processed by _________ before it is processed by _________
    • A. 

      Bipolar cells; rods and cones

    • B. 

      Feature detectors; bipolar cells

    • C. 

      Feature detectors; rods and cones

    • D. 

      The optic nerve; ganglion cells

    • E. 

      Ganglion cells; feature detectors

  • 20. 
    Ms. Shields, a recent stroke victim, cannot consciouslt perceive the large book on the coffee table in front of her. Yet, when urged to identify the book, she correctly reads aloud the printed title on the book cover. Her response best illustrates:
    • A. 

      Sensory adaptation

    • B. 

      Sensory interaction

    • C. 

      Subliminal perception

    • D. 

      The ilusory truth effect

    • E. 

      Blind sight

  • 21. 
    Because serveral rods share a single bipolar cell, rods are less sensitive to ______ than are cones
    • A. 

      Bright light

    • B. 

      Dim light

    • C. 

      Fine detail

    • D. 

      Color

  • 22. 
    The fact that people who are colorblind to red and green may still see yellow is most easily explained by:
    • A. 

      The gate-control theory

    • B. 

      The opponent process theory

    • C. 

      Place theory

    • D. 

      Frequency theory

    • E. 

      The Young-Helmholtz theory

  • 23. 
    Which of the following strategies best illustrates the use of subliminal stimulation?
    • A. 

      A store plays a musical soundtrack in which faint and imperceptible verbal warning against shoplifting is repeated frequently

    • B. 

      The laughter of a studio audience is dubbed into the soundtrack of a televised situation comedy

    • C. 

      An unseen television narrator repeatedly suggest that you are thirsty while a cold drink is visually displayed on the screen

    • D. 

      A radio advertiser repeatedly smacks her lips before biting into a candy bar

  • 24. 
    The receptor of the eye that functions best in dim light is the
    • A. 

      Fovea

    • B. 

      Bipolar cells

    • C. 

      Ganglion cells

    • D. 

      Rod

    • E. 

      Cone

  • 25. 
    The study of perception is primarily concerned with how we:
    • A. 

      Detect sights, sounds and other stimuli

    • B. 

      Sense environmental stimuli

    • C. 

      Interpret sensory stimuli

    • D. 

      Develop snsitivity to illusions

  • 26. 
    When the moon is near the horizon, it appears larger than when it is high in the sky. This effect is primarily a result of:
    • A. 

      Distance cues, which makes the horizon moon seem farther away.

    • B. 

      The scattering of the horizon moon's light waves, which penetrate the atomsphere at an angle

    • C. 

      The brighter apperance of the horizon moon

    • D. 

      The slightly dimmer apperance of the horizon moon

  • 27. 
    Studies of the visual cliff have provided the evidence that much of depth perception is
    • A. 

      Innate in humans, learned in lower animals

    • B. 

      Innate

    • C. 

      Learned

    • D. 

      Innate in lower animals, learned in humans

  • 28. 
    • A. 

      Relative clarity

    • B. 

      Convergence

    • C. 

      Linera perspective

    • D. 

      Interposition

    • E. 

      Lightness constancy

  • 29. 
    The term GESTALT means:
    • A. 

      Visual capture

    • B. 

      Sensation

    • C. 

      Grouping

    • D. 

      Perception

    • E. 

      Whole

  • 30. 
    The ability to adjust to an artificaially displaces, or even inerted, visual field is called:
    • A. 

      Selective attention

    • B. 

      Shape constancy

    • C. 

      Visual capture

    • D. 

      Perceptual set

    • E. 

      Perceptual adaptation

  • 31. 
    As the airplane descended for a landing, the pilot saw serveral beautiful islands that appeared to float in a vast expanse of blue ocean water. In this instance, the ocean is a :
    • A. 

      Perceptual set

    • B. 

      Ground

    • C. 

      Figure

    • D. 

      Gestalt

  • 32. 
    Rebecca was born with cataracts that were not surgically removed until she was 3 years old. As a result, rebecca is most likly to
    • A. 

      Be unable to perceive figure-ground relationships

    • B. 

      Be unable to selectivly attend to visual information

    • C. 

      Have inadequate neural connections in her visual cortex

    • D. 

      Have losr visual receptor cells in her eyes

  • 33. 
    Young Children tend to draw human figures in a rather unrealtistic way. This reflects their:
    • A. 

      Linear perspective

    • B. 

      Perceptual adaptation

    • C. 

      Perceptual schemas

    • D. 

      Selective attention to legs and feet

    • E. 

      Selective attention to monocular cues

  • 34. 
    The perception of the letter "T" as two intersecting lines rather than as four nonintersection lines illustrates the principal of:
    • A. 

      Proximity

    • B. 

      Similarity

    • C. 

      Continuity

    • D. 

      Convergence

    • E. 

      Closure

  • 35. 
    In the absense of perceptual constancy:
    • A. 

      Depth perception would be impossible

    • B. 

      Depth perception would be based exclusively on binocular cues

    • C. 

      Objects would appear to change size as their distance from us changed

    • D. 

      Depth perception would be based exclusively on monocular cues.

  • 36. 
    Which of the following statements best describes the effects of sensory restriction?
    • A. 

      It has greater effects on adults than on children

    • B. 

      It produces functional blindeness when experienced for any length of time at any age

    • C. 

      It has more damaging effects when experienced during infancy

    • D. 

      It has greater effects on humans than on animals

  • 37. 
    Who emphasized that perceptual understanding comes from inborn ways of organizing sensory experience
    • A. 

      Freud

    • B. 

      Locke

    • C. 

      Kant

    • D. 

      Aristotle

  • 38. 
    Figure is to ground as _____ is to _________
    • A. 

      Up ; down

    • B. 

      Perception; sensation

    • C. 

      Summer; winter

    • D. 

      Form; substance

    • E. 

      Moon; sky

  • 39. 
    Although a few keys on the piano were broken, Shana couldn't prevent herself from mentally filling in the missing notes on the familiar melodies. this best illustrates the principal of:
    • A. 

      Convergence

    • B. 

      Interposition

    • C. 

      Closure

    • D. 

      Continuity

    • E. 

      Proximity

  • 40. 
    A person claiming to be able to read anothers mind is claiming to have the ESP ability of
    • A. 

      Telepathy

    • B. 

      Precognition

    • C. 

      Clairvoyance

    • D. 

      Psychokinesis

  • 41. 
    If two objects cast retinal images of the same size, the object that appears to be closer is perceived as _________ the object that appears to be more distant
    • A. 

      Overlapping

    • B. 

      The same size as

    • C. 

      Smaller than

    • D. 

      Larger than

  • 42. 
    The illusion that the St. Louis Gateway arch appears taller than it is wide is based on our sensativity to which monocular depth cure?
    • A. 

      Retinal disparity

    • B. 

      Relative size

    • C. 

      Relative height

    • D. 

      Interposition

  • 43. 
    Research with distorting goggles best supports the veiw of human perception advanced by:
    • A. 

      Locke

    • B. 

      Kant

    • C. 

      Aristotle

    • D. 

      Freud

  • 44. 
    When observing buffalo, the afican american pygmy kenge failed to experience size constancy. this best serves to support the veir of perception advanced by the philosopher
    • A. 

      Kant

    • B. 

      Locke

    • C. 

      Plato

    • D. 

      Descartes

    • E. 

      Liebnitz