Sensation And Perception

15 Questions  I  By Jarmstrong
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AP review Sensation unit

  
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  • 1. 
    Pable things 75 watt light bulbs give more light than a 60 watt light bulb.  His wife things both are equally bright.  Pablo has a __________ threshold than his wife.
    • A. 

      Lower difference

    • B. 

      Lower absolute

    • C. 

      Higher difference

    • D. 

      Higher absolute


  • 2. 
    Weber's lawis relevant to an understanding of:
    • A. 

      Absolute thresholds

    • B. 

      Difference thresholds

    • C. 

      Sensory adaptation

    • D. 

      Sensory interaction

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 3. 
    The amplitude of electromagnetic waves determines the ______ of light.
    • A. 

      Absolute threshold

    • B. 

      Brightness

    • C. 

      Hue

    • D. 

      Difference threshold

    • E. 

      Wavelength


  • 4. 
    The process by which the lens changes shape so as to focus the image of an object on the retina is called
    • A. 

      Adaptation

    • B. 

      Accomodation

    • C. 

      Convergence

    • D. 

      Feature detectors


  • 5. 
    Ganglion cells converge to form
    • A. 

      The basilar membrane

    • B. 

      Bipolar cells

    • C. 

      Auditory nerves

    • D. 

      The optic nerve


  • 6. 
    Experiencing a green afterimage of a red object is most easily explained by:
    • A. 

      The opponent process theory

    • B. 

      The gate control theory

    • C. 

      Weber's law

    • D. 

      The Young-Helmholz theory


  • 7. 
    The coiled, fluid filled tube inwhich sound waves trigger nerve impulses is called the:
    • A. 

      Eusachian tube

    • B. 

      Auditory canal

    • C. 

      Semicircular canal

    • D. 

      Cochlea

    • E. 

      Vestibular apparatus


  • 8. 
    There are no specialized nerual receptors cells devoted solely to the sense of:
    • A. 

      Pain

    • B. 

      Pressure

    • C. 

      Sight

    • D. 

      Hearing


  • 9. 
    People are more likely to perceive a figure and ground illustration as reversable if they are told it is reversible.  This best illustrates the importance of:
    • A. 

      Bottom-up processing

    • B. 

      Retinal disparity

    • C. 

      Perceptual adaptation

    • D. 

      Perceptual constancy

    • E. 

      Top-down processing


  • 10. 
    In the context of visual perception, convergence refers to the:
    • A. 

      Tendency to perceive parallel lines as coming closer together in the distance

    • B. 

      Extent to which the eyes turn toward each other when looking at an object

    • C. 

      Current trend towards a combination of hte theories supporting both the nature and the nurture positions

    • D. 

      Tendency to see stimuli that are very near to each other as parts of a unified object


  • 11. 
    Interposition if a cue for depth perception in which closer objects
    • A. 

      Create larger retinal images than do distant objects

    • B. 

      Obstruct our veiw of distant objects

    • C. 

      Reflect more light to our eyes than do distant objects

    • D. 

      Appear lower inthe horizontal plane than do distant objects


  • 12. 
    If two different stars cast reinal images of the same size, the star that appears to be ______ is likely to be perceived as larger than the one that appears to be ________.
    • A. 

      Brighter; dimmer

    • B. 

      Moving; stationary

    • C. 

      Father away, closer

    • D. 

      High in the sky, near the horizon


  • 13. 
    After corrective eye surgery, patients blind from birth have the greatest difficulty in visually distinguishing between stimuli that differ in:
    • A. 

      Color

    • B. 

      Brightness

    • C. 

      Shape

    • D. 

      Size


  • 14. 
    John Locke would have suggested that a perceptual set results from:
    • A. 

      Visual capture

    • B. 

      Interposition

    • C. 

      Natural selection

    • D. 

      Extrasensory perception

    • E. 

      Prior experience


  • 15. 
    It wasn't until Clara heard some of her classmates laughing loudly during history class that she began to perceive the professor's ongoing lecture to be very funny.  this provides an illustration of:
    • A. 

      Proximity

    • B. 

      Convergence

    • C. 

      Perceptual adaptation

    • D. 

      Context effects

    • E. 

      Interposition


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