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Psychology Quiz Ch 1

59 Questions  I  By Pcolapat
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia
Psycology quiz chapter one

  
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1.  In the definition of Psycology, behavior means
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Dr. Watson designs a special behavior program for helping children who are bullies learn how to be less aggressive and more successful in social relationships. Dr. Watson is most interested in the Goal of
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Experimental psychologists who design experiments to determine the causes of behavior would be most interested in the goal of
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Name which of the following early psycologists would have been most likely to agree with the statement, "The study of the mind should focus on how it allows us to adapt to our surroundings."
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Which early perspective would have been LEAST likely to agree with the structurallists?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Who was the first woman president of the American Psychological Association?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  In the experiment with "little peter", what did mary cover jones use as a stimulus to counter Little Peter's fear of the rabbit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which of the following pairs represents the two psychology perspectives that were also part of the historical beginnings of psycology?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which perspective is known as the "third force" in psychology?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Elsie suffered a stroke and had to be hospitalized. While in the hospital, she talked funny, garbled words and seemed to think that she was being held against her will. Which of the following perspectives BEST explains Elsie's odd behavior?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which perspective would a researcher be taking if she were studying the way children store and retrieve information?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following professionals in psychology focuses more on the enviromental conditions that affect mental disorders?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Dr. Roaden works in a school system, dealing directly with children who have emotional, academis, and behavioral problems. Dr. Roaden is most likely what type of psychologist?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  In the scientific meathod, the first step is
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  In naturalistic observation, the phenomenon in which the behavior of the subjects being observed changes because they are being watched is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  The use of _________ helps to control for the effect of observer bias.
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The main advantage of case study is that it is not
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following is the BEST example of a representitive sample?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  It is common knowlege that the more you study, the higher your grade will be. What kind of correlation is this relationship?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which of the following would indicate the strongest relationship between two variables?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Inan experiment to test the effects of alchol on memory, the experimenter gives vodka mixed with orange juice to one group of subjects and orange juice with no vodka to the other group. She then messures the memory skills of both groups by means of a memory test. In this study, the independant variable would be.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  In the same experiment the control group gets
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  In a ___________ study, neither the experimenter nor the participants know who is in the control group and who is in the experimental group.
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  In Dr. Amabile's classic experiment of the effects of reward on creativity, what was the dependant variable?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Which of the following is NOT one of the common ethical rules?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  We use animals in research because
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  A famous newscaster advertises a new magnetic matress for controling pain. If nathanial decides to order the matress for because he belives that such a wel known personality should know if it works or not, he has made an error in which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Critical thinking means making judgments based on
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which pseudopsychology claims to understand personality through a study of the bumps on one's skull?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  In the definition of psychology, the term mental processes means
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A psycologist is interested in finding out whay identical twins have different personalities. Thispsycologist is most interested in the goal of
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Psychologists who give potential employees test that determine what kind of job those employees might best fit are interested in the goal of
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which early theorist developed his perspective on psychology by basing it on darwins "survival of the fittest" doctrin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  "The whole is greater than the sum of it's parts" is a statement asociated with the perspective of
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  _________ was (were) the focus of Watson's behaviorism
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Who was was most associated with the techniques of intropectionn?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Who was denied a PHD dispite completing all the requirements for earning the degree.
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Which perspective focuses on free will and self actualisation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Jenna suffers from a nervous tic of washing her hands repeatedly and is unable to resist washing them again and again and again. Which perspective would explain jenna" hand-washing behavior as a result of repressed conflicts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Which perspective looks at perception, learning, and memory?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Which perspective assumes that human behavior may have developed in certian directions because it served a useful function in precerving the species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Which of the following professionals in psychology has the broadest area of interests and functions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  A person who has suffered a major stroke and is now experiencing severe personality problems because of the damage would be best advised to see a
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Which of the following specialities in Phyhology provides diagnosis and treatment for less serious mental problems such as adjustment disorders?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  In the scientific method, forming an educated guess is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The main advantage to labratory observation is
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Harlan wanted to write realistically about street gangs, so he pretended to be a teenager and joined a real gang. this is most similar to the method of
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The main advantage to a case study is
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  The entire group that a researcher is interested in is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Professor Jones surveyed her six classes and found that students who slept less than five hours of sleep the night before the exam received lower exam scores thanthose students who slept seven hours or more. What kind of correlation is this relationship between hours of sleep and scores?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Drinking orange juice is negativly correlated twith the risk of cancer. Based on this information, which of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  A researcher designs n experiment to test the effects of playing video games on memory. What would the dependant variables?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  In that same test the experimental group would
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  In Dr. Amabile's experiment on creativity and reward, what was the independant variable?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  In a_________ study, only the experimenter knows who is in the control group and who is in the experimental group.
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Double blind studies control for
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Dr. Silverberg conducted a study in which she tests infants for memory ability, before she can begin her study, she must obtain
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Several years ago two scientists announced that they had acheived "cold fusion" in the labratory, but further studies failed to replicate their findings and later other scientists found that the original two scientisits had used sloppy methods. This highlights which of the following critical thinking principles?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Which pseudopsychology claims to understand personality through a study of the positions of heavenly bodies?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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