Psychology Quiz Ch 1

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia
Psycology quiz chapter one

  
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  • 1. 
    In the definition of Psycology, behavior means
    • A. 

      Internal, covert processes

    • B. 

      Mental processes

    • C. 

      Outward or overt actions and reactions.

    • D. 

      Only human behavior


  • 2. 
    Dr. Watson designs a special behavior program for helping children who are bullies learn how to be less aggressive and more successful in social relationships. Dr. Watson is most interested in the Goal of
    • A. 

      Description

    • B. 

      Explaination

    • C. 

      Prediction

    • D. 

      Control


  • 3. 
    Experimental psychologists who design experiments to determine the causes of behavior would be most interested in the goal of
    • A. 

      Description

    • B. 

      Explaination

    • C. 

      Prediction

    • D. 

      Control


  • 4. 
    Name which of the following early psycologists would have been most likely to agree with the statement, "The study of the mind should focus on how it allows us to adapt to our surroundings."
    • A. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • B. 

      William James

    • C. 

      John Watson

    • D. 

      Sigmund Freud


  • 5. 
    Which early perspective would have been LEAST likely to agree with the structurallists?
    • A. 

      Intropectionism

    • B. 

      Functionalism

    • C. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • D. 

      Gesalt


  • 6. 
    Who was the first woman president of the American Psychological Association?
    • A. 

      Mary Whiton Calkins

    • B. 

      Mary Cover Jones

    • C. 

      Margret Washburn

    • D. 

      Eleanor Gibson


  • 7. 
    In the experiment with "little peter", what did mary cover jones use as a stimulus to counter Little Peter's fear of the rabbit?
    • A. 

      A white rat

    • B. 

      Food

    • C. 

      A loud noise

    • D. 

      Relaxation


  • 8. 
    Which of the following pairs represents the two psychology perspectives that were also part of the historical beginnings of psycology?
    • A. 

      Humanism an behaviorism

    • B. 

      Behaviorism and psychodynamics

    • C. 

      Psychodynamics and humanisim

    • D. 

      Cognitive psychology and psychodynamics


  • 9. 
    Which perspective is known as the "third force" in psychology?
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Cognitive psychology

    • D. 

      Humanism


  • 10. 
    Elsie suffered a stroke and had to be hospitalized. While in the hospital, she talked funny, garbled words and seemed to think that she was being held against her will. Which of the following perspectives BEST explains Elsie's odd behavior?
    • A. 

      Psycodynamics

    • B. 

      Cogniive psychology

    • C. 

      Behaviorism

    • D. 

      Biopsychology


  • 11. 
    Which perspective would a researcher be taking if she were studying the way children store and retrieve information?
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Cognative psychology

    • D. 

      Evolutionary perspective


  • 12. 
    Which of the following professionals in psychology focuses more on the enviromental conditions that affect mental disorders?
    • A. 

      Psychiatrist

    • B. 

      Psychoanalyst

    • C. 

      Psychiatric social worker

    • D. 

      Psychologist


  • 13. 
    Dr. Roaden works in a school system, dealing directly with children who have emotional, academis, and behavioral problems. Dr. Roaden is most likely what type of psychologist?
    • A. 

      Personality

    • B. 

      Developmental

    • C. 

      School

    • D. 

      Comparitive


  • 14. 
    In the scientific meathod, the first step is
    • A. 

      Reporting your results

    • B. 

      Perceiving the question

    • C. 

      Drawing conclusions

    • D. 

      Testing the hypothesis


  • 15. 
    In naturalistic observation, the phenomenon in which the behavior of the subjects being observed changes because they are being watched is called
    • A. 

      Observer bias

    • B. 

      Participant observation

    • C. 

      Observer effect

    • D. 

      Representitive sampling


  • 16. 
    The use of _________ helps to control for the effect of observer bias.
    • A. 

      Blind observers

    • B. 

      Single trained observer

    • C. 

      Randomly selected observers

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 17. 
    The main advantage of case study is that it is not
    • A. 

      Easly done due to the large number of subjects

    • B. 

      Detailed enough for most reseach questions

    • C. 

      Generalized to other similar conditions

    • D. 

      Biased


  • 18. 
    Which of the following is the BEST example of a representitive sample?
    • A. 

      You ask your fellow students to be participants in a study of adult memory

    • B. 

      You ask people from your church to participate in a study of family values

    • C. 

      You choose people shopping in an expensive store in the mall to respond to your suvey

    • D. 

      You choose people randomly from a telephone book to respond to your survey


  • 19. 
    It is common knowlege that the more you study, the higher your grade will be. What kind of correlation is this relationship?
    • A. 

      Positive

    • B. 

      Negative

    • C. 

      Zero

    • D. 

      Casual


  • 20. 
    Which of the following would indicate the strongest relationship between two variables?
    • A. 

      +1.04

    • B. 

      -0.89

    • C. 

      +0.75

    • D. 

      +0.54


  • 21. 
    Inan experiment to test the effects of alchol on memory, the experimenter gives vodka mixed with orange juice to one group of subjects and orange juice with no vodka to the other group. She then messures the memory skills of both groups by means of a memory test. In this study, the independant variable would be.
    • A. 

      Scores on the memory test

    • B. 

      The presence or absence of vodka in the orange juice

    • C. 

      Intelligence

    • D. 

      A placebo


  • 22. 
    In the same experiment the control group gets
    • A. 

      Only one drink of orange juice with vodka

    • B. 

      A fake test of memory

    • C. 

      Only something to eat

    • D. 

      The orange juice without the vodka


  • 23. 
    In a ___________ study, neither the experimenter nor the participants know who is in the control group and who is in the experimental group.
    • A. 

      Placebo

    • B. 

      Single-blind

    • C. 

      Double-blind

    • D. 

      Triple-blind


  • 24. 
    In Dr. Amabile's classic experiment of the effects of reward on creativity, what was the dependant variable?
    • A. 

      The special instructions to each group

    • B. 

      The collage party

    • C. 

      The ratings of creativity from the experts for each child's collage

    • D. 

      The size of the collages


  • 25. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the common ethical rules?
    • A. 

      Participants have to give informed consent

    • B. 

      Deceptions cannot be used in any studies with human beings

    • C. 

      The rights and well being of the participants must come first

    • D. 

      Data must be confidential


  • 26. 
    We use animals in research because
    • A. 

      Animals have simple behavior that makes it easy to see changes

    • B. 

      Animals do not live as long as humans and are easier to control

    • C. 

      We can do things to animals that we cannot do to people

    • D. 

      All of the above are true


  • 27. 
    A famous newscaster advertises a new magnetic matress for controling pain. If nathanial decides to order the matress for because he belives that such a wel known personality should know if it works or not, he has made an error in which of the following
    • A. 

      Few "truths" do not need to be tested.

    • B. 

      All evidence is not equal in quality.

    • C. 

      Authority or expertise does not make the claims of the authority or expert true

    • D. 

      Critical thinking requires an open mind.


  • 28. 
    Critical thinking means making judgments based on
    • A. 

      Emotional issues

    • B. 

      Keeping a closed mind

    • C. 

      Reason and logical evaluation

    • D. 

      Authority and expertise


  • 29. 
    Which pseudopsychology claims to understand personality through a study of the bumps on one's skull?
    • A. 

      Phrenology

    • B. 

      Palmistry

    • C. 

      Graphology

    • D. 

      Astrology


  • 30. 
    In the definition of psychology, the term mental processes means
    • A. 

      Internal, covert processes

    • B. 

      Outward behavior

    • C. 

      Overt actions and reactions

    • D. 

      Only animal behavior


  • 31. 
    A psycologist is interested in finding out whay identical twins have different personalities. Thispsycologist is most interested in the goal of
    • A. 

      Description

    • B. 

      Explaination

    • C. 

      Prediction

    • D. 

      Control


  • 32. 
    Psychologists who give potential employees test that determine what kind of job those employees might best fit are interested in the goal of
    • A. 

      Description

    • B. 

      Explaination

    • C. 

      Prediction

    • D. 

      Control


  • 33. 
    Which early theorist developed his perspective on psychology by basing it on darwins "survival of the fittest" doctrin?
    • A. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • B. 

      William james

    • C. 

      John Watson

    • D. 

      Sigmund freud


  • 34. 
    "The whole is greater than the sum of it's parts" is a statement asociated with the perspective of
    • A. 

      Introspectionism

    • B. 

      Functionalism

    • C. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • D. 

      Gestalt psychology


  • 35. 
    _________ was (were) the focus of Watson's behaviorism
    • A. 

      Conscious experiences

    • B. 

      Gestalt perceptions

    • C. 

      The unconscious mind

    • D. 

      Observable experiences


  • 36. 
    Who was was most associated with the techniques of intropectionn?
    • A. 

      Wundt

    • B. 

      James

    • C. 

      Watson

    • D. 

      Wertheimer


  • 37. 
    Who was denied a PHD dispite completing all the requirements for earning the degree.
    • A. 

      Mary Whiton Calkins

    • B. 

      Mary Cover Jones

    • C. 

      Margaret Washburn

    • D. 

      Elenor Gibson


  • 38. 
    Which perspective focuses on free will and self actualisation?
    • A. 

      Psychoanaylis

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Cognitive psychology

    • D. 

      Humanism


  • 39. 
    Jenna suffers from a nervous tic of washing her hands repeatedly and is unable to resist washing them again and again and again. Which perspective would explain jenna" hand-washing behavior as a result of repressed conflicts?
    • A. 

      Psychodynamic perspective

    • B. 

      Cognative psychology

    • C. 

      Behaviorism

    • D. 

      Biopsychology


  • 40. 
    Which perspective looks at perception, learning, and memory?
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Cognitive Psychology

    • D. 

      Evelutionary psychology


  • 41. 
    Which perspective assumes that human behavior may have developed in certian directions because it served a useful function in precerving the species?
    • A. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Cognitive Psychology

    • D. 

      Evelutionary perspective


  • 42. 
    Which of the following professionals in psychology has the broadest area of interests and functions.
    • A. 

      Psychatrist

    • B. 

      Psychoanalysist

    • C. 

      Psyciatric social worker

    • D. 

      Psycologist


  • 43. 
    A person who has suffered a major stroke and is now experiencing severe personality problems because of the damage would be best advised to see a
    • A. 

      Psychiatrist

    • B. 

      Psychoanalyst

    • C. 

      Psychiatric social worker

    • D. 

      Psychologist


  • 44. 
    Which of the following specialities in Phyhology provides diagnosis and treatment for less serious mental problems such as adjustment disorders?
    • A. 

      Developmental

    • B. 

      Counceling

    • C. 

      Personality

    • D. 

      Experimental


  • 45. 
    In the scientific method, forming an educated guess is called
    • A. 

      Reporting your results

    • B. 

      Perceving a question

    • C. 

      Drawing conclusions

    • D. 

      Forming a hypothesis


  • 46. 
    The main advantage to labratory observation is
    • A. 

      The degree of control it allows the observer

    • B. 

      The degree of participation it allows the observer

    • C. 

      The observer effect

    • D. 

      The opprotunity for representitive sampling


  • 47. 
    Harlan wanted to write realistically about street gangs, so he pretended to be a teenager and joined a real gang. this is most similar to the method of
    • A. 

      Labratory observation

    • B. 

      The observer effect

    • C. 

      The case study

    • D. 

      Participant observation


  • 48. 
    The main advantage to a case study is
    • A. 

      The ease of generalising the results to others

    • B. 

      Being able to determin cause and effect

    • C. 

      The amount of detail it provides about an individual

    • D. 

      The large number of people that can be studied at one time


  • 49. 
    The entire group that a researcher is interested in is called
    • A. 

      Sample

    • B. 

      Population

    • C. 

      Subject pool

    • D. 

      Survey


  • 50. 
    Professor Jones surveyed her six classes and found that students who slept less than five hours of sleep the night before the exam received lower exam scores thanthose students who slept seven hours or more. What kind of correlation is this relationship between hours of sleep and scores?
    • A. 

      Positive

    • B. 

      Negative

    • C. 

      Zero

    • D. 

      Casual


  • 51. 
    Drinking orange juice is negativly correlated twith the risk of cancer. Based on this information, which of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      The more orange juice you drink, the higher your risk of cancer.

    • B. 

      The more orange juice you drink, the lower your risk for cancer.

    • C. 

      The less orange juice you drink, the lower your risk for cancer.

    • D. 

      Drinking orange juice causes people to be cancer free


  • 52. 
    A researcher designs n experiment to test the effects of playing video games on memory. What would the dependant variables?
    • A. 

      Scores on memory tests

    • B. 

      Playing video games

    • C. 

      Number of hours playing video games

    • D. 

      The type of video game played


  • 53. 
    In that same test the experimental group would
    • A. 

      Not play the video games

    • B. 

      Take the memory test while the control group would not

    • C. 

      Not take the memory test while the control group would

    • D. 

      Play the video games


  • 54. 
    In Dr. Amabile's experiment on creativity and reward, what was the independant variable?
    • A. 

      The creative scores for the collages

    • B. 

      The judgments of the art experts

    • C. 

      The raffles held at the end of the parties

    • D. 

      The special instructions to each group


  • 55. 
    In a_________ study, only the experimenter knows who is in the control group and who is in the experimental group.
    • A. 

      Placebo

    • B. 

      Single blind

    • C. 

      Double blind

    • D. 

      Triple blind


  • 56. 
    Double blind studies control for
    • A. 

      The placebo effect

    • B. 

      The experimenter effect

    • C. 

      The placebo effect and the experimenter effect

    • D. 

      Extrinsic motivation


  • 57. 
    Dr. Silverberg conducted a study in which she tests infants for memory ability, before she can begin her study, she must obtain
    • A. 

      Permission from the infants

    • B. 

      Permission from the parents

    • C. 

      Informed consent from the parents

    • D. 

      Confidential information from the parents


  • 58. 
    Several years ago two scientists announced that they had acheived "cold fusion" in the labratory, but further studies failed to replicate their findings and later other scientists found that the original two scientisits had used sloppy methods. This highlights which of the following critical thinking principles?
    • A. 

      Few "truths" do not need to be tested

    • B. 

      All evidence is not equal in quality

    • C. 

      Authority or expertise does not make the authority or expert true.

    • D. 

      Critical thinking requires an open mind.


  • 59. 
    Which pseudopsychology claims to understand personality through a study of the positions of heavenly bodies?
    • A. 

      Phrenology

    • B. 

      Palmistry

    • C. 

      Astrology

    • D. 

      Graphology


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