Psychology Quiz Ch 3

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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia
Psychology ch 3

  
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  • 1. 
    The smallest difference between two stimuli that can be detected 50 percent of the time it is present is called________.
    • A. 

      Absolute threshold

    • B. 

      Just noticable difference

    • C. 

      Sensation

    • D. 

      Sensory adaptation


  • 2. 
    When receptor cells for the senses are activated, the process called____has begun.
    • A. 

      Perception

    • B. 

      Sublimination

    • C. 

      Adaptation

    • D. 

      Sensation


  • 3. 
    You have a peice of candy that you are holding in your mouth, after awhile, the candy doesn't taste as strong as it did when you first tasted it. What has happened.
    • A. 

      Sensory adaptation

    • B. 

      Subliminal perception

    • C. 

      Habituation

    • D. 

      Perceptual defense


  • 4. 
    Vicary's study of subliminal advertising was remarkable in that__________.
    • A. 

      It demonstrated the usefulness of subliminal perc eption

    • B. 

      People actually bought more popcorn and colas after seeing the movie

    • C. 

      Subliminal stimuli had no effect on buying behavior

    • D. 

      It never happened.


  • 5. 
    Which of your senses does not adapt to a constant stimulus at the level of the receptor cells?
    • A. 

      Vision

    • B. 

      Touch

    • C. 

      Hearing

    • D. 

      Smell


  • 6. 
    Which of the following terma refers to the perceived effects of the amplitude of light waves?
    • A. 

      Color

    • B. 

      Brightness

    • C. 

      Saturation

    • D. 

      Hue


  • 7. 
    Which of the following represents the correct path of light through the eye?
    • A. 

      Iris cornea lens retina

    • B. 

      Cornea vitreous humor iris lens aqueous humor retina

    • C. 

      Cornea pupil lens vitreous humor retina

    • D. 

      Cornea lens pupil iris retina


  • 8. 
    If you wanted to see a star better at night, what would you do?
    • A. 

      Look directly at it because the cones focus better at night

    • B. 

      Look off to the sides using the cones in the perifery of the retina

    • C. 

      Look directly at it because the rods see sharply at night

    • D. 

      Look off to the sides using the rods in the perifery of the retina


  • 9. 
    Which theory of color vision accounts better for the after image.
    • A. 

      Trichromatic theory

    • B. 

      Opponent- process theory

    • C. 

      Both of the above

    • D. 

      Neither of the above


  • 10. 
    Which statement about color blindness is true?
    • A. 

      There are more men who are color blind than there are women

    • B. 

      All color blind see only black and white

    • C. 

      Some color blind people only see blue

    • D. 

      Some color blind people only see blue and red


  • 11. 
    Which of the properties of sound would be the most similar to the color or hue of light?
    • A. 

      Pitch

    • B. 

      Loudness

    • C. 

      Purity

    • D. 

      Timbre


  • 12. 
    The eardrum is also called the___________.
    • A. 

      Pinna

    • B. 

      Oval window

    • C. 

      Tympanic membrane

    • D. 

      Cochlea


  • 13. 
    The________theory explains explains how we hear sounds above 1000 Hz
    • A. 

      Place

    • B. 

      Frequency

    • C. 

      Volley

    • D. 

      Adaptive


  • 14. 
    If the bones of the middle ear begin to deteriorate, you will develop_________ hearing impairment.
    • A. 

      Nerve

    • B. 

      Stimulation

    • C. 

      Brain pathway

    • D. 

      Conduction


  • 15. 
    The receptors on our taste buds work most like ______.
    • A. 

      Receptors in the ears

    • B. 

      Receptors in the eyes

    • C. 

      Receptor sites on neurons

    • D. 

      Receptors in the skin


  • 16. 
    Which of the following statements about olfactory receptors is false?
    • A. 

      Olfactory receptors are replaced every few years

    • B. 

      There are at least 1000 types of olfactory receptors

    • C. 

      Signals from the olfactory receptors go directly to the olfactory bulbs in the brain

    • D. 

      Olfactory receptors have hairlike structures called cillia


  • 17. 
    After some time has passed, you can no longer smell the odor of wet paint that you first noticed when you walked into the classrom. Which is the most lilkely reason for this?
    • A. 

      The smell has gone away

    • B. 

      You have adapted to the smell even though it is still there

    • C. 

      Your nose fell asleep

    • D. 

      You fell asleep


  • 18. 
    Pain sensations in the skin, muscles, tendons, and joints that are carried on large nerve fibers are called ____________.
    • A. 

      Viaceral pain

    • B. 

      Somatic pain

    • C. 

      Referred pain

    • D. 

      Indigenous pain


  • 19. 
    In gate control theory, substance-P___________.
    • A. 

      Opens the spinal gates for pain

    • B. 

      Closes the spinal gates for pain

    • C. 

      Is unrelated to pain

    • D. 

      Is similar to the function of endorphins


  • 20. 
    A bowl of gelatin with fruit in it will wiggle more than if it contained no fruit. This is most similar to the way the__________ work.
    • A. 

      Semicircular canals

    • B. 

      Proprioceptors

    • C. 

      Otolith organs

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 21. 
    The tendancy to preceive a quarter as being round even when viewed from an angle is called
    • A. 

      Size consistancy

    • B. 

      Shape consistancy

    • C. 

      Brightness consistancy

    • D. 

      Color consistancy


  • 22. 
    A reversable figure, such as the Necker cube, makes use of which principle of preception.
    • A. 

      Shape consistancy

    • B. 

      Expectancy

    • C. 

      Figure ground relationships

    • D. 

      Depth preception


  • 23. 
    Which of the following is not a monocular cue for depth.
    • A. 

      Convergance

    • B. 

      Linear perspective

    • C. 

      Overlap

    • D. 

      Texture gradient


  • 24. 
    An illusion __________.
    • A. 

      Is the same thing as a hallucination

    • B. 

      Exsists only in the brain cells of the viewer

    • C. 

      Is distorting the perception of an actual stimulus

    • D. 

      Corresponds directly to reality.


  • 25. 
    Ned found a decaying carcass lying on the beach one day. Looking at the size of the body (which has decomposed quite a bit), Ned decided that it was a sea monster, something like the loch ness monster in Scotland. If we know that Ned loves to read about wierd, mythical animals, we might expect that he has made an error of perception due to _____________.
    • A. 

      Perceptual set

    • B. 

      Perceptual defense

    • C. 

      Bottom-up processing

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 26. 
    The first time joe had put together a childs bicycle, it took a long time. But several bicycles later he's a wiz at constructing them. His improved speed and skill can be attributed to
    • A. 

      Bottom up processing

    • B. 

      Top down processing

    • C. 

      Perceptual expectancy

    • D. 

      Perceptual set


  • 27. 
    You find that you have to add 1 teaspoon of sugar to a cup of coffee that already has 5 teaspoons of sugar in it to notice the difference in sweetness. If you have a cup of coffee with 10 teaspoons of sugar in it, how many teaspoons would you have to add to notice a difference in sweetness at least half the time.
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      5


  • 28. 
    Which of your senses habituates rather than adapts to constant stimuli?
    • A. 

      Vision

    • B. 

      Touch

    • C. 

      Hearing

    • D. 

      Smell


  • 29. 
    Which of the following terms refers to the psychological effect of the length of light waves?
    • A. 

      Color

    • B. 

      Brightness

    • C. 

      Pitch

    • D. 

      Amplitude


  • 30. 
    Which of the following is responsible for controlling how much light enters the eye?
    • A. 

      Cornea

    • B. 

      Lens

    • C. 

      Retina

    • D. 

      Iris


  • 31. 
    Which type of retinal cell forms the optic nerve?
    • A. 

      Rods

    • B. 

      Cones

    • C. 

      Ganglion cells

    • D. 

      Bipolar cells


  • 32. 
    Which type of retinal cell is responsible for periferal vision?
    • A. 

      Rods

    • B. 

      Cones

    • C. 

      Ganglion cells

    • D. 

      Bipolar cells


  • 33. 
    Which set of colors are the primary colors when mixing light?
    • A. 

      Red yellow and blue

    • B. 

      Red blue and green

    • C. 

      Blue green and yellow

    • D. 

      Red green and yellow


  • 34. 
    Which of the following properties of sound would be the most similar to the brightness of light?
    • A. 

      Pitch

    • B. 

      Loudness

    • C. 

      Purity

    • D. 

      Timbre


  • 35. 
    The thin membrane stetched over the opening of the inner ear is the
    • A. 

      Pinna

    • B. 

      Oval window

    • C. 

      Tempanic membrane

    • D. 

      Cochlea


  • 36. 
    The ____theory explains how we hear sounds between 100 and 1000 Hz.
    • A. 

      Place

    • B. 

      Frequency

    • C. 

      Volley

    • D. 

      Adaptive


  • 37. 
    If a severe ear infection damages the bones in the inner ear you may develop a _________ hearing impairment.
    • A. 

      Nerve

    • B. 

      Stimulation

    • C. 

      Brain pathway

    • D. 

      Conduction


  • 38. 
    The sense of taste is closely related to the sense of __________.
    • A. 

      Sight

    • B. 

      Hearing

    • C. 

      Smell

    • D. 

      Touch


  • 39. 
    The bumps on the tongue that are visible to the eye are the ______.
    • A. 

      Taste buds

    • B. 

      Papillae

    • C. 

      Taste receptors

    • D. 

      Olfacotry receptors


  • 40. 
    The olfactory receptors are located in the_____.
    • A. 

      Tops of the nasal passages

    • B. 

      Auditory passages

    • C. 

      Roof of the mouth

    • D. 

      Lining of the outer nose


  • 41. 
    Which of the following statements about olfactory receptors is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Olfacotry receptors are replaced every five to eight weeks

    • B. 

      There are fewer than 50 types of olfactory receptors

    • C. 

      Signals from the olfactory receptors go through the brain stem directly to the cortex.

    • D. 

      Olfactory receptors respond to pressure


  • 42. 
    In the spinal cord,_________ inhibits the release of substance P.
    • A. 

      Hormones

    • B. 

      Seritonin

    • C. 

      Norepinephrine

    • D. 

      Endorphins


  • 43. 
    We know we are moving up and down in an elevator because of the movement of tiny crystals in the ________.
    • A. 

      Outer ear

    • B. 

      Inner ear

    • C. 

      Otolith organs

    • D. 

      Middle ear


  • 44. 
    /e yeahEllis turns around and around in a circle. When he stops, he feels like his head is still spinning. What is responsible for this sensation?
    • A. 

      Semicircular canals

    • B. 

      Proprioceptors

    • C. 

      Otolith organs

    • D. 

      Otolith crystals


  • 45. 
    A old comedy ruitine on television had a character who would line up the heads of people who were very far away from him between his fingers. Then he would pinch his fingeres together say gleefully "I am squishing your head" The comedian was playing around with what perceptual consistancy?
    • A. 

      Size consistancy

    • B. 

      Shape consistancy

    • C. 

      Brightness consistancy

    • D. 

      Color consistancy


  • 46. 
    Which Gestalt principle is at work when a ventriliquist moves the dummys mouth while doing the talking, making is seem like the dummy is talking.
    • A. 

      Closure

    • B. 

      Similarity

    • C. 

      Contiguity

    • D. 

      Continuity


  • 47. 
    Researchers have been able to demostrate depth perception in babies as young as ____.
    • A. 

      1 month

    • B. 

      2 months

    • C. 

      3 months

    • D. 

      4 months


  • 48. 
    Which of the following occurs when one object seems to block another object?
    • A. 

      Convergence

    • B. 

      Linear perspective

    • C. 

      Overlap

    • D. 

      Texture gradient


  • 49. 
    The Muller-lyer illusion exsists in cultures in which there are ________.
    • A. 

      More men than women

    • B. 

      More women than men

    • C. 

      Lots of trees

    • D. 

      Buildings with lots of corners


  • 50. 
    Allison opened her new jigsaw puzzle but soon realized the puzzle peices did not match the picture on the outside of the box. With no picture to go by she realized she would have to use ________.
    • A. 

      Bottom up processing

    • B. 

      Top down processing

    • C. 

      Perceptual expectancy

    • D. 

      Perpetual set.


  • 51. 
    Which supposed ESP ability involves being able to see something that is not physically present by touching another object?
    • A. 

      Precognition

    • B. 

      Telepathy

    • C. 

      Clairavoyance

    • D. 

      Telekinesis


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