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Psychology Modules 36-47

46 Questions
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Instinct theory and drive-reduction theory both emphasize _______ factors in motivation
    • A. 

      Environmental

    • B. 

      Cognitive

    • C. 

      Psychological

    • D. 

      Biological

  • 2. 
    One shortcoming of the instinct theory of motivation is that it 
    • A. 

      Places too much emphasis on environmental factors.

    • B. 

      Focuses on cognitive aspects of motivation.

    • C. 

      Applies only to animal behavior.

    • D. 

      Does not explain human behaviors; it simply names them

  • 3. 
    Increases in insulin will
    • A. 

      Lower blood sugar and trigger hunger

    • B. 

      Raise blood sugar and trigger hunger

    • C. 

      Lower blood sugar and trigger satiety

    • D. 

      Raise blood sugar and trigger satiety

  • 4. 
    I am a protein produced by fat cells and monitored by the hypothalamus. When in abundacne, I caused the brain to increase metabolism. What am I?
    • A. 

      PYY

    • B. 

      Ghrelin

    • C. 

      Orexin

    • D. 

      Leptin

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is true of bulimia nervosa?
    • A. 

      It involves bingeing and purging.

    • B. 

      Sufferers are usually females from competitive families.

    • C. 

      It results in dramatic weight loss.

    • D. 

      Victims set perfectionist standards for themselves.

  • 6. 
    In animals, destruction of the lateral hypothalamus results in ____________, whereas destruction of the ventromedial hypothalamus results in ___________.
    • A. 

      Overeating; loss of hunger

    • B. 

      Loss of hunger; overeating

    • C. 

      An elevated set point; a lowered set point

    • D. 

      Increased thirst; loss of thirst

  • 7. 
    The correct order of the stages of Masters and Johnson's sexual response cycle is
    • A. 

      Plateau; excitement; orgasm; resolution

    • B. 

      Excitement;plateau; orgasm; resolution

    • C. 

      Excitement; orgasm; resolution; refractory

    • D. 

      Plateau; excitement; orgasm; refractory

  • 8. 
    According to Masters and Johnson, the sexual response of males is most likely to differ from that of females during
    • A. 

      The excitement phase

    • B. 

      The plateau phase

    • C. 

      Orgasm

    • D. 

      The resolution phase

  • 9. 
    Which of the following statements concerning homosexuality is true?
    • A. 

      Homosexuals have abnormal hormone levels

    • B. 

      As children, most homosexuals were molested by an adult homosexual.

    • C. 

      Homosexuals had a domineering opposite-sex parent.

    • D. 

      Research indicates that sexual orientation may be at partly physiological.

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is NOT an aspect of Murray's definition of achievement motivation?
    • A. 

      The desire to master skills

    • B. 

      The desire for control

    • C. 

      The desire to gain approval

    • D. 

      The desire to attain a high standard

  • 11. 
    Which of the following individuals whould be characterized as experiencing flow?
    • A. 

      Sheila, who, despite viewing her work as merely a job, performs her work with conscientiously.

    • B. 

      Larry, who sees his work as an artist as a calling.

    • C. 

      Arne, who views his present job as merely a stepping stone in his career.

    • D. 

      Montel, who often becomes so immersed in his writing that he loses all sense of self and time.

  • 12. 
    Dr. Iverson conducts research focusing on how management styles influence worker motivation. Dr. Inverson would most accurately be described as a(n)
    • A. 

      Motivation psychologist.

    • B. 

      Personnel psychologist.

    • C. 

      Organizational psychologist.

    • D. 

      Human factors psychologist.

  • 13. 
    Concerning emotions and their accopanying body responses, which of the following appears to be true?
    • A. 

      Each emotion has its own body response and underlying brain circuit.

    • B. 

      All emotions involve the same body response as a result of the same underlying brain circuit.

    • C. 

      Many emotions involve similar body responses but have different underlying brain circuits.

    • D. 

      All emotions have the same underlying brain circuits but different body responses.

  • 14. 
    In laboratory experiments, fear and joy 
    • A. 

      Result in an increase of heart rate.

    • B. 

      Stimulate different facial muscles.

    • C. 

      Increase heart rate and stimulate different facial muscles.

    • D. 

      Result in a decrease in heart rate.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following most accurately describes emotional arousal?
    • A. 

      Emotions prepare the body to fight or flee.

    • B. 

      Emotions are voluntary reactions to emotion arousing stimuli.

    • C. 

      Because all emotions have the same physiological basis, emotions are primarily psychological events.

    • D. 

      Emotional arousal is always accompanied by cognition.

  • 16. 
    People who are exuberant and persistently cheerful show increased activity in the brain's __________, which is rich in receptors for the neurotransmitter ____________. 
    • A. 

      Right frontal lobe; dopamine

    • B. 

      Left frontal lobe; dopamine

    • C. 

      Amygdala; serotonin

    • D. 

      Thalamus; serotonin

  • 17. 
    Two years ago Maria was in an automobile accident in which her spinal cord was severed, leaving her paralyzed from her neck down. Today, Maria finds that she experiences emotions less intensely than she did before her accident. This tends to support which theory of emotion?
    • A. 

      Jame-Lange theory

    • B. 

      Cannon-Bard theory

    • C. 

      Arousal theory

    • D. 

      Two-factor theory

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is true regarding gestures and facial expressions?
    • A. 

      Gestures are universal; facial expressions, culture-specific.

    • B. 

      Facial expressions are universal; gestures, culture-specific

    • C. 

      Both gestures and facial expressions are universal.

    • D. 

      Both gestures and facial expressions are culture-specific.

  • 19. 
    In cultures that emphasize social interdependence
    • A. 

      Emotional displays are typically intense.

    • B. 

      Emotional displays are typically prolonged.

    • C. 

      Personal emotions are displayed less visible.

    • D. 

      All of these behaviors occur.

  • 20. 
    A graph depicting the course of positive emotions over the hours of the day since waking would
    • A. 

      Start low and rise steadily before bedtime.

    • B. 

      Start high and decrease steadily until bedtime.

    • C. 

      Remain at a stable, moderate level throughout the day.

    • D. 

      Rise over the early hours and fall during the day's several hours.

  • 21. 
    Jane was so mad at her brother that she exploded at him when he entered her room. That she felt less angry afterward is best explained by the prinicle of
    • A. 

      Adaptation level.

    • B. 

      Physiological level.

    • C. 

      Relative deprivation.

    • D. 

      Catharsis

  • 22. 
    Behavioral and medical knowledge about factors influencing health form the basis of the field of 
    • A. 

      Health psychology.

    • B. 

      Holistic medicine.

    • C. 

      Behavioral medicine.

    • D. 

      Osteopathic medicine.

  • 23. 
    The stress hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine are released by the ____________glands(s) in response to stimulation by the ____________branch of the nervous system.
    • A. 

      Pituitary; sympathetic

    • B. 

      Pituitary; parasympathetic

    • C. 

      Adrenal; sympathetic

    • D. 

      Adrenal; parasympathetic

  • 24. 
    Which of the following statements concerning Type A and B persons is true?
    • A. 

      Even when relaxed, Type A persons have higher blood pressure than Type B persons.

    • B. 

      When stressed, Type A persons redistribute blood flow to the muscles and away from the internal organs.

    • C. 

      Type B persons tend to suppress anger more than Type A persons.

    • D. 

      Type A persons tend to be more outgoing than Type B.

  • 25. 
    The field of health pyschology is concerned with
    • A. 

      The prevention of illness.

    • B. 

      The promotion of health.

    • C. 

      The treatment of illness.

    • D. 

      All of these things.

  • 26. 
    Karen and Kyumi attend different universities, but both have rooms in on-campus dorms. Karen's dorm is large, roomy, with only two students to a suite. Kyumi attends a city school, where the dorms are small, overcrowded, and noisty, woth five students to a room, which makes study very difficult. Which student is probably under more stress?
    • A. 

      Karen

    • B. 

      Kyumi

    • C. 

      There should be no difference in their levels of stress.

    • D. 

      It is impossible to predict stress levels in this situation.

  • 27. 
    Which of the following is ture of biofeedback training?
    • A. 

      A person is given sensory feedback for a subtle body response.

    • B. 

      Biological functions controlled by the autonomic nervous system may come under conscious control.

    • C. 

      The accompanying relaxation is much the same as that produced by other, simpler methods of relaxation.

    • D. 

      All of these statements are true.

  • 28. 
    Ricardo has been unable to resovle a stressful relationship with a family member. To cope, he turns to a close friend for social support. Ricardo's coping strategy is an example of
    • A. 

      Problem-focused coping.

    • B. 

      Emotion-focused coping.

    • C. 

      Managing rather than coping.

    • D. 

      General adaptation.

  • 29. 
    To help him deal with a stessful schedule of classes, work, and studying, Randy turns to a regular program of excersice and relaxation training. Randy's strategy is an example of 
    • A. 

      Problem-focused coping.

    • B. 

      Emotion-focused coping.

    • C. 

      Managing rather than coping.

    • D. 

      General adaptation.

  • 30. 
    According to Freud, ___________ is the process, by which children incorporate their parents' values into their _______________.
    • A. 

      Reaction formation; superegos

    • B. 

      Reaction formation; egos

    • C. 

      Identification; superegos

    • D. 

      Identification; egos

  • 31. 
    Which of the following refers to the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our beliefs?
    • A. 

      The Oedipus complex

    • B. 

      Projection

    • C. 

      Rationalization

    • D. 

      The false consensus effect

  • 32. 
    A psychoanalyst would characterize a person who is impulsive and self-indulgent as possessing a strong _________ and a weak __________.
    • A. 

      Id and ego; superego

    • B. 

      Id; ego and superego

    • C. 

      Ego; superego

    • D. 

      Id; superego

  • 33. 
    Jill has a biting, sarcastic manner. According to Freud, she is
    • A. 

      Projecting her anxiety onto others.

    • B. 

      Fixated in the oral stage of development.

    • C. 

      Fixated in the anal stage of development.

    • D. 

      Displacing her anxiety onto others.

  • 34. 
    Suzy, bough a used, high-mileage automobile because it was all she could afford. Attempting to justify her purchase, she raves to her friends about the car's attractiveness, good acceleration, and stereo. According to Freud, Suzy is using the defense mechanism of 
    • A. 

      Displacement.

    • B. 

      Reaction formation.

    • C. 

      Rationalization.

    • D. 

      Projection.

  • 35. 
    For humanistic psychologists, many of our behaviors and perceptions are ultimately shaped by whether our _______ is _________ or _____________.
    • A. 

      Ego; strong; weak

    • B. 

      Sense of control; internal; external

    • C. 

      Personality structure; introverted; extraverted

    • D. 

      Self-concept; positive, negative

  • 36. 
    Professor Minton believes that people are basically good and are endowned with self-actualizing tendencies. Evidently, Professor Minton is a proponent of
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic theory.

    • B. 

      Psychodynamic theory.

    • C. 

      The humanistic perspective.

    • D. 

      Behaviorism.

  • 37. 
    Andrew's grandfather, who has lived a rich and productive life, is a spontaneous, loving, and self accepting person. Maslow might say that he
    • A. 

      Has received unconditional positive regard.

    • B. 

      Is an extravert.

    • C. 

      Has resolved all his conflicts.

    • D. 

      Is a self-actualizing person.

  • 38. 
    The school psychologist believes that having a postive self-concept is necessay before students can achieve their potential. Evidently, the scholl psychologist is working within the _______ perspective. 
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • B. 

      Behaviorist

    • C. 

      Humanistic

    • D. 

      Psychodynamic

  • 39. 
    A major criticism of trait theory is that it
    • A. 

      Places too great an emphasis on early childhood experiences.

    • B. 

      Overestimates the consistency of behavior in different situations.

    • C. 

      Underestimated the importance of heredity in personality development.

    • D. 

      Places too great an emphasis on positive traits.

  • 40. 
    Which of the following is the major criticism of the social-cognitive perspective?
    • A. 

      It focuses too much on early childhood experiences.

    • B. 

      It focuses too little on the inner traits of a person.

    • C. 

      It provides descriptions but not explanations.

    • D. 

      It lacks appropriate assessment techniques.

  • 41. 
    The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is a(n)
    • A. 

      Projective personality test.

    • B. 

      Empirically derived and objective personality test.

    • C. 

      Personality test developed mainly to assess job applicants.

    • D. 

      Personality test used primarily to assess locus of control.

  • 42. 
    Trait theory attempts to 
    • A. 

      Show how development of personality is a lifelong process.

    • B. 

      Describe and classify people in terms of their predipositions to behave in certain ways.

    • C. 

      Determine which traits most conducive to individual self-actualization.

    • D. 

      Explain how behavior is shaped by the interaction between traits, behavior, and the environment.

  • 43. 
    James  attributes his failing grade in chemistry to an unfair final exam. His attitude exemplifies 
    • A. 

      Internal locus of control.

    • B. 

      The spotlight effect.

    • C. 

      Self-serving bias.

    • D. 

      Reciprocal determinism.

  • 44. 
    Because you have a relatively low level of brain arousal, a trait theorist would suggest that you are an ________ who would naturally seek ____________.
    • A. 

      Introvert; stimulation

    • B. 

      Introvert; isolation

    • C. 

      Extravert; stimulation

    • D. 

      Extravert; isolation

  • 45. 
    In high school, Britta and Debbie were best friends. they thought they were a lot alike, as did everyone else whe knew them. After high school, they went on to very difffent colleges, careers, and life courses. Now, at their twenty-fifth reunion, they are shocked at how little they have in common. Banduara would suggest that their differences reflect the invteractive effects of environment, personality, and heavior, which he refers to as
    • A. 

      Reciprocal determinism.

    • B. 

      Personal control.

    • C. 

      Extraversion.

    • D. 

      Self-serving bias.

  • 46. 
    During a class discussion, Trevor argues that positive psychology is sure to wante in popularity because it suffers from the same criticisms as humanistic psychology. You counter his arguement by pointing our that, unlike humanistic psychology, positive psychology  
    • A. 

      Focuses on advancing human fulfillment.

    • B. 

      Is rooted in science.

    • C. 

      Is not based on the study of individual characteristics.

    • D. 

      Hass all of these characteristics.