Places too much emphasis on environmental factors.
Focuses on cognitive aspects of motivation.
Applies only to animal behavior.
Does not explain human behaviors; it simply names them
Lower blood sugar and trigger hunger
Raise blood sugar and trigger hunger
Lower blood sugar and trigger satiety
Raise blood sugar and trigger satiety
It involves bingeing and purging.
Sufferers are usually females from competitive families.
It results in dramatic weight loss.
Victims set perfectionist standards for themselves.
Overeating; loss of hunger
Loss of hunger; overeating
An elevated set point; a lowered set point
Increased thirst; loss of thirst
Plateau; excitement; orgasm; resolution
Excitement;plateau; orgasm; resolution
Excitement; orgasm; resolution; refractory
Plateau; excitement; orgasm; refractory
The excitement phase
The plateau phase
The resolution phase
Homosexuals have abnormal hormone levels
As children, most homosexuals were molested by an adult homosexual.
Homosexuals had a domineering opposite-sex parent.
Research indicates that sexual orientation may be at partly physiological.
The desire to master skills
The desire for control
The desire to gain approval
The desire to attain a high standard
Sheila, who, despite viewing her work as merely a job, performs her work with conscientiously.
Larry, who sees his work as an artist as a calling.
Arne, who views his present job as merely a stepping stone in his career.
Montel, who often becomes so immersed in his writing that he loses all sense of self and time.
Human factors psychologist.
Each emotion has its own body response and underlying brain circuit.
All emotions involve the same body response as a result of the same underlying brain circuit.
Many emotions involve similar body responses but have different underlying brain circuits.
All emotions have the same underlying brain circuits but different body responses.
Result in an increase of heart rate.
Stimulate different facial muscles.
Increase heart rate and stimulate different facial muscles.
Result in a decrease in heart rate.
Emotions prepare the body to fight or flee.
Emotions are voluntary reactions to emotion arousing stimuli.
Because all emotions have the same physiological basis, emotions are primarily psychological events.
Emotional arousal is always accompanied by cognition.
Right frontal lobe; dopamine
Left frontal lobe; dopamine
Gestures are universal; facial expressions, culture-specific.
Facial expressions are universal; gestures, culture-specific
Both gestures and facial expressions are universal.
Both gestures and facial expressions are culture-specific.
Emotional displays are typically intense.
Emotional displays are typically prolonged.
Personal emotions are displayed less visible.
All of these behaviors occur.
Start low and rise steadily before bedtime.
Start high and decrease steadily until bedtime.
Remain at a stable, moderate level throughout the day.
Rise over the early hours and fall during the day's several hours.
Even when relaxed, Type A persons have higher blood pressure than Type B persons.
When stressed, Type A persons redistribute blood flow to the muscles and away from the internal organs.
Type B persons tend to suppress anger more than Type A persons.
Type A persons tend to be more outgoing than Type B.
The prevention of illness.
The promotion of health.
The treatment of illness.
All of these things.
There should be no difference in their levels of stress.
It is impossible to predict stress levels in this situation.
A person is given sensory feedback for a subtle body response.
Biological functions controlled by the autonomic nervous system may come under conscious control.
The accompanying relaxation is much the same as that produced by other, simpler methods of relaxation.
All of these statements are true.
Managing rather than coping.
Managing rather than coping.
Reaction formation; superegos
Reaction formation; egos
The Oedipus complex
The false consensus effect
Id and ego; superego
Id; ego and superego
Projecting her anxiety onto others.
Fixated in the oral stage of development.
Fixated in the anal stage of development.
Displacing her anxiety onto others.
Ego; strong; weak
Sense of control; internal; external
Personality structure; introverted; extraverted
Self-concept; positive, negative
The humanistic perspective.
Has received unconditional positive regard.
Is an extravert.
Has resolved all his conflicts.
Is a self-actualizing person.
Places too great an emphasis on early childhood experiences.
Overestimates the consistency of behavior in different situations.
Underestimated the importance of heredity in personality development.
Places too great an emphasis on positive traits.
It focuses too much on early childhood experiences.
It focuses too little on the inner traits of a person.
It provides descriptions but not explanations.
It lacks appropriate assessment techniques.
Projective personality test.
Empirically derived and objective personality test.
Personality test developed mainly to assess job applicants.
Personality test used primarily to assess locus of control.
Show how development of personality is a lifelong process.
Describe and classify people in terms of their predipositions to behave in certain ways.
Determine which traits most conducive to individual self-actualization.
Explain how behavior is shaped by the interaction between traits, behavior, and the environment.
Internal locus of control.
The spotlight effect.
Focuses on advancing human fulfillment.
Is rooted in science.
Is not based on the study of individual characteristics.
Hass all of these characteristics.