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Psychology Exam 2 Practice

33 Questions  I  By Cgotfred
 

  
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1.  Based on the humor in this cartoon, the sound of the doorbell would be a(an) ___________________, and teh dogs inside Pavlov's labratory would begin salivating, which would be a(n) _________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Eli's grandma gives him a Tootsie Roll every time she visits. When Eli sees his gradma arriving his mouth begins to water. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  After conditioning, teh _____elicits the _____.
4.  In John Watson's demonstration of classical conditioning with Little Albert, the unconditioned stimulus was __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.   After pairing the rat with a loud noise, Little Albert demonstrated an instense emotional reation to the sight of the rat. His emotional response is an example of a(n) ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  A baby is bitten by a dog and then is afraid of all small animals This is an example of _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  When a conditioned stimulus is used  to reinforce the learning of a second conditioned stimulus, _______ has occurred. 
8.  If you wanted to use higher-order conditioning to get Little Albert to fear Barbie dolls, you would present a barbie doll with 
A.
B.
C.
D.
9. 
10.  Define both classical and operant conditioning, and how they differ.
11.  For both the mother and baby in this photo, touch appears to be a ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Negative punishment _______ and negative reinforcement ______ the liklihood the response will continue.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Partial reinforcement schedules make responses more ______ to extinction. 
14.  Marshall is very disruptive in class, and his teacher uses various forms of punishment hoping to decrease his misbehavior. List five potential problems with this approach.
15.  ____________ were influential in early studies of cognitive learning.
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  The Chimpanzee in Köhler's insight experiment ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  From a(n) _____ perspective, learning is an adaptation that enables organisms to survive and prosper in a constantly changing world. 
18.   _______________ occurs when an animal's learned responses tend to shift backward toward innate response patterns.
19.  Which thoery of forgetting is being described in each of the following exampls? 
  1. You are very nervous about having to introduce all the people at a party and you forget a good friend's name. __________________
  2. You meet someone you haven't seen for 25 years and you cannot remember his name. __________________
  3. you seriously mistreated a good friend in high school, and now you can't remember her name. __________________
20.  Describe the two processes involved in LTP?
21.  Your vivid memory of waht you were doing when you learned about the attack on teh World Trade Center is an example of________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Ralph couldn't remember anything that happened to him before he fell through the floor of the tree house. His lack of memory for events before the fall is called _______ amnesia.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  All of the following are examples of concepts except ______. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  When asked to describe the shape and color of an apple, you probably rely on a ___________.
25.  For most psychologists, consciousness is a(n) ______ concept, whereas for the layperson it is a(n) ______ concept.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  List and describe the three stages of problem solving:
27.   Rosa is shopping in a new supermarket and wants to find a specific type of mustard which problem-solving strategy would be most efficient?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Before a new product arrives in the store, the manufacturer goes through several stages, including designing, building, testing a prototype and setting up a production line. This approach is called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which of the following items would most likely appear on a test measuring creativity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Identify the type of thinking for each of these: a) you create numerous excuses "reasons" for not studying b) On a test, you must select one correct answer for each question. c)You make a list of ways to save money
31.   The g factor, orginally proposed by Spearman, is best defined as __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.   What is the difference between fluid and crystallized intelligences?
33.  _________ suggested that people differ in their "profiles of intelligence" and that each person shows a unique pattern of strengths and weaknesses.
A.
B.
C.
D.
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