Psychology Exam 2 Practice

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 Psychology Exam 2 Practice

  
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  • 1. 

    Based on the humor in this cartoon, the sound of the doorbell would be a(an) ___________________, and teh dogs inside Pavlov's labratory would begin salivating, which would be a(n) _________________.
    • A. 

      UCS, CR

    • B. 

      CS, CR

    • C. 

      NS, UCR

    • D. 

      None of the Above


  • 2. 
    Eli's grandma gives him a Tootsie Roll every time she visits. When Eli sees his gradma arriving his mouth begins to water. In this example, the conditioned stimulus is _________.
    • A. 

      Hunger

    • B. 

      Grandma

    • C. 

      Tootsie Roll

    • D. 

      Watering Mouth


  • 3. 
    After conditioning, teh _____elicits the _____.

  • 4. 
    In John Watson's demonstration of classical conditioning with Little Albert, the unconditioned stimulus was __________.
    • A. 

      Symptoms of fear

    • B. 

      A rat

    • C. 

      A bath towel

    • D. 

      A loud noise


  • 5. 
     After pairing the rat with a loud noise, Little Albert demonstrated an instense emotional reation to the sight of the rat. His emotional response is an example of a(n) ________.
    • A. 

      CS

    • B. 

      UCS

    • C. 

      CER

    • D. 

      UCR


  • 6. 
    A baby is bitten by a dog and then is afraid of all small animals This is an example of _________.
    • A. 

      Stimulus discrimination

    • B. 

      Extinction

    • C. 

      Reinforcement

    • D. 

      Stimulus generalization


  • 7. 
    When a conditioned stimulus is used  to reinforce the learning of a second conditioned stimulus, _______ has occurred. 

  • 8. 
    If you wanted to use higher-order conditioning to get Little Albert to fear Barbie dolls, you would present a barbie doll with 
    • A. 

      A loud noise

    • B. 

      The original uncoditioned response

    • C. 

      The white rat

    • D. 

      The original conditioned response


  • 9. 


  • 10. 
    Define both classical and operant conditioning, and how they differ.

  • 11. 
    For both the mother and baby in this photo, touch appears to be a ________.
    • A. 

      Negative reinforcement

    • B. 

      Secondary reinforcement

    • C. 

      Continuous reinforcement

    • D. 

      Positive reinforcement


  • 12. 
    Negative punishment _______ and negative reinforcement ______ the liklihood the response will continue.
    • A. 

      Decreases, decreases

    • B. 

      Increases, decreases

    • C. 

      Decreases, increases

    • D. 

      Increases, increases


  • 13. 
    Partial reinforcement schedules make responses more ______ to extinction. 

  • 14. 
    Marshall is very disruptive in class, and his teacher uses various forms of punishment hoping to decrease his misbehavior. List five potential problems with this approach.

  • 15. 
    ____________ were influential in early studies of cognitive learning.
    • A. 

      James and Pavlov

    • B. 

      Skinner and Thorndike

    • C. 

      Köhler and Tolman

    • D. 

      Bandura and Walters


  • 16. 
    The Chimpanzee in Köhler's insight experiment ___________.
    • A. 

      Used trial and error to reach a banana placed just out of reach

    • B. 

      Turned its back on the banana out of frustration

    • C. 

      Sat for a while, then used a stick to bring the banana within reach

    • D. 

      Didn't like bananas


  • 17. 
    From a(n) _____ perspective, learning is an adaptation that enables organisms to survive and prosper in a constantly changing world. 

  • 18. 
     _______________ occurs when an animal's learned responses tend to shift backward toward innate response patterns.

  • 19. 
    Which thoery of forgetting is being described in each of the following exampls?  You are very nervous about having to introduce all the people at a party and you forget a good friend's name. __________________ You meet someone you haven't seen for 25 years and you cannot remember his name. __________________ you seriously mistreated a good friend in high school, and now you can't remember her name. __________________

  • 20. 
    Describe the two processes involved in LTP?

  • 21. 
    Your vivid memory of waht you were doing when you learned about the attack on teh World Trade Center is an example of________.
    • A. 

      The encoding specificity principle

    • B. 

      Long-term potentiation

    • C. 

      Latent learning

    • D. 

      Flashbulb memory


  • 22. 
    Ralph couldn't remember anything that happened to him before he fell through the floor of the tree house. His lack of memory for events before the fall is called _______ amnesia.
    • A. 

      Retroactive

    • B. 

      Proactive

    • C. 

      Anterograde

    • D. 

      Retrograde


  • 23. 
    All of the following are examples of concepts except ______. 
    • A. 

      Trees

    • B. 

      Tools

    • C. 

      Blue

    • D. 

      Umbrellas


  • 24. 
    When asked to describe the shape and color of an apple, you probably rely on a ___________.

  • 25. 
    For most psychologists, consciousness is a(n) ______ concept, whereas for the layperson it is a(n) ______ concept.
    • A. 

      Automatic, health

    • B. 

      Artificial, natural

    • C. 

      Mental image, natural

    • D. 

      Superordinate, basic level


  • 26. 
    List and describe the three stages of problem solving:

  • 27. 
     Rosa is shopping in a new supermarket and wants to find a specific type of mustard which problem-solving strategy would be most efficient?
    • A. 

      Algorithm

    • B. 

      Heuristic

    • C. 

      Instinct

    • D. 

      Mental set


  • 28. 
    Before a new product arrives in the store, the manufacturer goes through several stages, including designing, building, testing a prototype and setting up a production line. This approach is called __________.
    • A. 

      Working backwards

    • B. 

      Means-end analysis

    • C. 

      Divergent thinking

    • D. 

      Creating subgoals


  • 29. 
    Which of the following items would most likely appear on a test measuring creativity?
    • A. 

      How Long is the Ohio River?

    • B. 

      What are the primary Colors?

    • C. 

      List all the uses of a pot

    • D. 

      Who was the first governor of New York?


  • 30. 
    Identify the type of thinking for each of these: a) you create numerous excuses "reasons" for not studying b) On a test, you must select one correct answer for each question. c)You make a list of ways to save money

  • 31. 
     The g factor, orginally proposed by Spearman, is best defined as __________.
    • A. 

      Skill in the use of language as a tool for thought

    • B. 

      General intelligence

    • C. 

      Ability to adapt to the environment

    • D. 

      Type of intelligence we call common sense


  • 32. 
     What is the difference between fluid and crystallized intelligences?

  • 33. 
    _________ suggested that people differ in their "profiles of intelligence" and that each person shows a unique pattern of strengths and weaknesses.
    • A. 

      Spearman

    • B. 

      Binet

    • C. 

      Wechsler

    • D. 

      Gardner


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