Psychology: Chapter 3- Sensation And Perception

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  • 1. 
    You find that you have to add 1 teaspoon of sugar to a cup of coffee that already has 5 teaspoons of sugar in it to notice the difference in sweetness. If you have a cup of coffee with 10 teaspoons of sugar in it, how many teaspoons would you have to add to notice the difference in sweetness at least half the time?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      5


  • 2. 
    Which of your senses habituates rather than adapts to contrast stimuli?
    • A. 

      Vision

    • B. 

      Touch

    • C. 

      Hearing

    • D. 

      Smell


  • 3. 
    Which of the following terms refers to the psychological effect of the length of light waves?
    • A. 

      Color

    • B. 

      Brightness

    • C. 

      Pitch

    • D. 

      Amplitude


  • 4. 
    Which of the following is responsible for controlling how much light enters the eye?
    • A. 

      Cornea

    • B. 

      Lens

    • C. 

      Retina

    • D. 

      Iris


  • 5. 
    Which type of retinal cell forms the optic nerve?
    • A. 

      Rods

    • B. 

      Cones

    • C. 

      Ganglion cells

    • D. 

      Bipolar cells


  • 6. 
    Which types of retinal cell is responsible for peripheral vision?
    • A. 

      Rods

    • B. 

      Cones

    • C. 

      Ganglion cells

    • D. 

      Bipolar cells


  • 7. 
    Which set of colors are the primary colors when mixing light?
    • A. 

      Red, yellow, and blue

    • B. 

      Red, blue, and green

    • C. 

      Blue, green, and yellow

    • D. 

      Red, green, and yellow.


  • 8. 
    Which of the following properties of sound would be the most similar to the brightness of light?
    • A. 

      Pitch

    • B. 

      Loudness

    • C. 

      Purity

    • D. 

      Timbre


  • 9. 
    The thin membrane stretched over the opening to the inner ear is the _____.
    • A. 

      Pinna

    • B. 

      Oval window

    • C. 

      Tympanic membrane

    • D. 

      Cochlea


  • 10. 
    The ______ theory explains how we hear sounds between 100 and 1,000 Hz.
    • A. 

      Place

    • B. 

      Frequency

    • C. 

      Volley

    • D. 

      Adaptive


  • 11. 
    If a severe ear infection damages the bones of the middle ear, you may develop ______ hearing impairment.
    • A. 

      Nerve

    • B. 

      Stimulation

    • C. 

      Brain pathway

    • D. 

      Conduction


  • 12. 
    The sense of taste is closely realted to the sense of _______.
    • A. 

      Sight

    • B. 

      Hearing

    • C. 

      Smell

    • D. 

      Touch


  • 13. 
    The "bumps" on the tongue that are visible to the eye are the ______.
    • A. 

      Taste buds

    • B. 

      Papillae

    • C. 

      Taste receptors

    • D. 

      Olfactory receptors


  • 14. 
    The olfactory receptor cells are located in the _______.
    • A. 

      Tops of the nasal passages

    • B. 

      Auditory passages

    • C. 

      Roof of the mouth

    • D. 

      Lining of the outer nose


  • 15. 
    Which of the following statemetns about olfactory receptors is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Olfactory receptors are replaced every 5 to 8 weeks

    • B. 

      There are fewer than 50 types of olfactory receptors

    • C. 

      Signals from the receptors go through the brain stem and then the cortex

    • D. 

      Olfactory receptors respond to pressure


  • 16. 
    In the spinal cord, ______ inhibit(s) the release of substance P.
    • A. 

      Hormones

    • B. 

      Serotonin

    • C. 

      Norepinephrine

    • D. 

      Endorphins


  • 17. 
    We know when we are moving up and down in an elevator because of the movement of tiny crystals in the _______.
    • A. 

      Outer ear

    • B. 

      Inner ear

    • C. 

      Otolith organs

    • D. 

      Middle ear


  • 18. 
    Ellis turns around and around in a circle. When he stops, he feels like his head is still spinning. What is responsible for this sensation?
    • A. 

      Semicircular canals

    • B. 

      Propriceptors

    • C. 

      Otolith organs

    • D. 

      Otolith crystals


  • 19. 
    An old comedy routine on television had a character who would line up the heads of people who were very far away from him between his fingers. Then he would punch his fingers together and say gleefully, "I'm crushing your head, I'm crushing your head." The comedian was playing around with which perceptual constancy?
    • A. 

      Size constancy

    • B. 

      Shape constancy

    • C. 

      Brightness constancy

    • D. 

      Color constancy


  • 20. 
    Which Gestalt principle is at work when a ventriloquist moves the dummy's mouth while doing the talking, making it seem like the dummy is talking?
    • A. 

      Closure

    • B. 

      Similarity

    • C. 

      Contiguity

    • D. 

      Continuity


  • 21. 
    Researchers have been aable to demonstrate depth perception in babies as young as _____.
    • A. 

      1 month

    • B. 

      2 months

    • C. 

      3 months

    • D. 

      4 months


  • 22. 
    Which of the following occurs when one object seems to block another object?
    • A. 

      Convergence

    • B. 

      Linear perspective

    • C. 

      Overlap

    • D. 

      Tecture gradient


  • 23. 
    The Muller-Lyer illusion exists in cultures in which there are _____.
    • A. 

      More men than women

    • B. 

      More women than men

    • C. 

      Lots of trees

    • D. 

      Buildings with lots of corners


  • 24. 
    Allison opened her new jigsaw puzzle but soon realized that the puzzle pieces inside had nothing to do with the picture on the box. With no picture to go by, she realized she would have to use _______.
    • A. 

      Bottom-up processing

    • B. 

      Top-down processing

    • C. 

      Perceptual expectancy

    • D. 

      Perceptual set


  • 25. 
    Which supposed ESP ability involves being able to "see" something that is not physically present by touching another object?
    • A. 

      Precognition

    • B. 

      Telepathy

    • C. 

      Clairvoyance

    • D. 

      Telekinesis


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