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Psychology 121 - Chapter 14

50 Questions
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The first step in the treatment of mental disorders is _________, which focuses on assessing symptoms.
    • A. 

      Stabilization

    • B. 

      Analysis

    • C. 

      Diagnosis

    • D. 

      Evaluation

  • 2. 
    All of the following are key factors in qualifying a group of symptoms as a psychological disorder except:
    • A. 

      The symptoms significantly affect the person's life in a negative way.

    • B. 

      The symptoms stem from a biological and/or psychological cause.

    • C. 

      The symptoms result in disruptions of thoughts, behaviors, or emotions.

    • D. 

      The symptoms are experienced by only a small segment of the population.

  • 3. 
    Comorbidity refers to:
    • A. 

      When a person has a severe mood disorder.

    • B. 

      When a person has more than one disorder.

    • C. 

      When the death of one spouse is likely to trigger the death of another spouse

    • D. 

      The inclusion of both environmental and biological factors in diagnosing mental disorders.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is not a recognized type of anxiety disorder by the DSM-IV-TR?
    • A. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder

    • B. 

      Panic disorder

    • C. 

      Bipolar disorder

    • D. 

      Phobic disorders

  • 5. 
    Each day Wayne felt he had to lock and unlock his door 11 times both before he left and then again from the outside. Wayne could not leave without doing this ritual because otherwise he would repeatedly think about his door being unlocked. Wayne most likely has:
    • A. 

      Claustrophobia.

    • B. 

      Agoraphobia.

    • C. 

      Obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    • D. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder.

  • 6. 
    Each day Cara worries excessively about whether or not she will lose her job, her credit card debt, the ticking noise in her car, whether or not her kids are doing well in school, her weight, and a host of other things. This worrying is negatively affecting Cara's quality of life. Cara probably would be diagnosed with:
    • A. 

      Panic disorder.

    • B. 

      Social phobia.

    • C. 

      Obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    • D. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder.

  • 7. 
    Victor has become increasingly withdrawn during social gatherings. He is so afraid he will do or say something embarrassing that he has started to avoid social events altogether. Victor may be developing:
    • A. 

      Claustrophobia.

    • B. 

      Antisocial personality disorder.

    • C. 

      Social phobia.

    • D. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder.

  • 8. 
    Janet has felt depressed for a long time, over 3 years now. Some of the time her mood is not as severely affected but she almost always has trouble sleeping and is not interested in food, socializing, sex, or work. Other times she's overcome by her feelings of worthlessness and thinks about suicide. Janet most likely has:
    • A. 

      Major depressive disorder.

    • B. 

      Dysthymia.

    • C. 

      Bipolar depression.

    • D. 

      Double depression.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following statements about depression is false?
    • A. 

      Depressed individuals are likely to attribute negative experiences to causes that are external.

    • B. 

      Drugs that increase serotonin and norepinephrine levels often reduce depressive symptoms.

    • C. 

      Women are twice as likely as men to be diagnosed with depression.

    • D. 

      Depression is associated with decreased activity in the left prefrontal cortex AND increased activity in the right prefrontal cortex

  • 10. 
    Rebecca typically feels worthless and spends most of her day in bed. About once a month, however, she becomes extremely energized, sociable, and full of positive thoughts. This lasts for about a week and then she crashes back into a negative affective state. Rebecca probably would be diagnosed with:
    • A. 

      Bipolar disorder.

    • B. 

      Multiple personality disorder.

    • C. 

      Borderline personality disorder.

    • D. 

      Dysthymia.

  • 11. 
    Dissociative identity disorder is characterized by:
    • A. 

      A sudden onset of bizarre dreams from which the dreamer cannot awake.

    • B. 

      Severe hallucinations and paranoid delusions.

    • C. 

      Social influences on mental processes that cause a person to dissociate herself from all friends, relatives, and acquaintances.

    • D. 

      More than one conscious self or identity that controls behavior at different times.

  • 12. 
    Michael constantly hears the devil telling him to do evil things. He screams in order to block out the sound, but the devil's voice cannot be silenced. Michael is experiencing:
    • A. 

      A dissociative fugue.

    • B. 

      Multiple personality disorder.

    • C. 

      A hallucination.

    • D. 

      A delusion.

  • 13. 
    Jeremiah believes that the lead psychologist at the institution is actually an alien from Neptune. He further believes that this alien has implanted a chip into his brain to record his thoughts. Each day, Jeremiah wonders how many of the other patients are actually aliens in disguise, and which are trying to poison his food. Jeremiah probably would be diagnosed with __________ schizophrenia.
    • A. 

      Paranoid

    • B. 

      Dissociative

    • C. 

      Catatonic

    • D. 

      Disorganized

  • 14. 
    Although schizophrenia is likely to involve a complex interaction of neurotransmitter malfunctions, evidence from drug studies suggests that _________ is related to the positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
    • A. 

      Dopamine

    • B. 

      Epinephrine

    • C. 

      Endorphins

    • D. 

      GABA

  • 15. 
    Lisa has a very stormy relationship with her boyfriend. Although she often experiences intense love for him, today she perceives that he wants to leave her, and so she cuts herself. Still tormented, she goes to his house and threatens to kill him or herself. When he attempts to call 911, she breaks down and tells him how painful it is to love him so much. Lisa probably would be diagnosed with having a __________ personality disorder.
    • A. 

      Histrionic

    • B. 

      Borderline

    • C. 

      Schizoid

    • D. 

      Avoidant

  • 16. 
    Someone with a history of aggressive, violent behavior and a criminal record is most likely to have what type of personality disorder?
    • A. 

      Antisocial

    • B. 

      Histrionic

    • C. 

      Avoidant

    • D. 

      Schizoid

  • 17. 
    The _________ is the classification system of psychological disorders used for diagnosis.
    • A. 

      Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychological Disorders

    • B. 

      Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

    • C. 

      Diagnostic and Treatment Manual of Psychiatric Disorders

    • D. 

      Diagnostic and Treatment Manual of Mental Disorders

  • 18. 
    In order to account for the continuous nature of mental disorders, the DSM-IV suggests diagnosis of disorders include a:
    • A. 

      Personality assessment.

    • B. 

      Vision screening.

    • C. 

      Debriefing session.

    • D. 

      Global assessment of functioning.

  • 19. 
    In the diathesis-stress model of psychological disorders, the diathesis usually refers to a(n): .
    • A. 

      Underlying biological predisposition.

    • B. 

      External cause of the disorder.

    • C. 

      External trigger that impacts gene expression.

    • D. 

      Gene that completely determines whether or not someone will have a particular psychological disorder.

  • 20. 
    Benzodiazepines prescribed to treat generalized anxiety disorder enhance the actions of the neurotransmitter:
    • A. 

      Glutamate.

    • B. 

      Norepinephrine

    • C. 

      GABA.

    • D. 

      Acetylcholine.

  • 21. 
    People with panic disorder often also have:
    • A. 

      Claustrophobia.

    • B. 

      Agoraphobia.

    • C. 

      Obsessive compulsive disorder.

    • D. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder.

  • 22. 
    Petra has constant thoughts about her house being flooded, and so she checks to make sure her sink faucets are turned off at least 20 times per hour. Constantly thinking about her house flooding represents a(n):
    • A. 

      Phobia.

    • B. 

      Obsession.

    • C. 

      Delusion.

    • D. 

      Compulsion.

  • 23. 
    All of the following represent specific phobias except:
    • A. 

      Fear of needles

    • B. 

      Fear of cats

    • C. 

      Fear of embarrassment

    • D. 

      Fear of darkness

  • 24. 
    Brandon had been experiencing the "blues" for over two years. He still went to work, engaged in social relationships, and was physically healthy, but he frequently was troubled with issues pertaining to his competency and self-worth. Each day was a struggle to overcome his tendency to feel "stuck in a rut." Brandon could probably have been diagnosed with:
    • A. 

      A dissociative fugue.

    • B. 

      Dysthymia.

    • C. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder.

    • D. 

      Unipolar depressive disorder.

  • 25. 
    Women are more likely than men to develop all of these psychological disorders except:
    • A. 

      Panic disorder

    • B. 

      Depression

    • C. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder

    • D. 

      Bipolar disorder

  • 26. 
    The group most likely to commit suicide is:
    • A. 

      Black females

    • B. 

      Black males

    • C. 

      White females

    • D. 

      White males

  • 27. 
    John walks into town after hitchhiking all day and has dinner at a local restaurant. The waitress asks him where he's from and John can't answer. He actually has no memory of his past and so doesn't know who he is or where he came from. The waitress calls the police and, after some investigation, it is discovered that John is 300 miles away from home. John is most likely experiencing:
    • A. 

      Dissociative amnesia.

    • B. 

      A panic attack.

    • C. 

      Dissociative fugue.

    • D. 

      Paranoid schizophrenia.

  • 28. 
    Which symptom of schizophrenia is described as a false belief system that is upheld even though it is not rational?
    • A. 

      Hallucination

    • B. 

      Delusion

    • C. 

      Disorganized behavior

    • D. 

      Fantasy

  • 29. 
    In addition to evidence that _________ factors may influence schizophrenia, researchers have found evidence that exposure to viruses _________ may also increase the risk of schizophrenia.
    • A. 

      Genetic; prenatally

    • B. 

      Parenting style; in early adolescence

    • C. 

      Genetic; during late adolescence

    • D. 

      Early environmental; during late adolescence

  • 30. 
    • A. 

      Anxious/inhibited, cognitive/smart, and dramatic/erratic.

    • B. 

      Odd/eccentric, anxious/inhibited, and dramatic/erratic

    • C. 

      Dramatic/erratic, irrational/illogical, and odd/eccentric.

    • D. 

      Odd/eccentric, anxious/inhibited, and irrational/illogical.

  • 31. 
    Jennifer lives her life as if she was "onstage." She dresses flamboyantly, flirts excessively, and is overly dramatic in her displays of emotion. Today, she sobbed at her desk for hours because she had a headache. Jennifer probably could be diagnosed with which personality disorder?
    • A. 

      Borderline

    • B. 

      Narcissistic

    • C. 

      Histrionic

    • D. 

      Schizotypal

  • 32. 
    Behaviors exhibited by a child such as purposely setting fires and repeatedly torturing animals predict:
    • A. 

      Antisocial tendencies.

    • B. 

      Dissociative identity disorder.

    • C. 

      Borderline personality disorder.

    • D. 

      Schizophrenia.

  • 33. 
    What is the term for the following definition; the conceptualization of psychological disorders as diseases that, like physical diseases, have biological issues, defined symptoms, and possible cures
    • A. 

      Preparedness theory

    • B. 

      Medical model

    • C. 

      Anxiety disorder

    • D. 

      Cormorbidity

  • 34. 
    What is the term for the following definition; A classification system that describes the features used to diagnose each recognized mental disorder and indicates how the disorder can be distinguished from other, similar problems
    • A. 

      DSM-IV-PR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Personality Disorders)

    • B. 

      DMIM (Diagnostic Mental Illness Manual)

    • C. 

      DSM-IV-TR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders)

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 35. 
    Which of the following is NOT a key element that must be present in order to be considered a mental disorder?
    • A. 

      Disturbances in behaviour, thoughts or emotions

    • B. 

      Symptoms associated with significant personal distress or impairment

    • C. 

      Symptoms resulting from external factors

    • D. 

      Symptoms result from internal dysfunction (biological, psychological or both)

  • 36. 
    How are mental disorders classified?
    • A. 

      Serious (extreme), Non-serious (moderate)

    • B. 

      Categorical (qualitative), Dimensional (quantitative)

    • C. 

      High risk, Low risk

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 37. 
    The Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Scale is one in which;
    • A. 

      The higher the scale, the lower the functioning, the lower the scale, the higher the functioning

    • B. 

      The higher the scale, the higher the functioning, the lower the scale, the lower the functioning

  • 38. 
    Schizophrenia is characterized by:
    • A. 

      Disruption of basic psychological processes

    • B. 

      Distorted perception of reality with altered emotions

    • C. 

      Disturbances in thought, motivation and behavior

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 39. 
    The DSM-IV-TR is best described as a
    • A. 

      Medical model

    • B. 

      Classification system

    • C. 

      Set of theoretical assumptions

    • D. 

      Collection of psychological definitions

  • 40. 
    Major depression if characterized by a severely depressed mood that lasts at least
    • A. 

      2 weeks

    • B. 

      1 week

    • C. 

      1 month

    • D. 

      6 months

  • 41. 
    Extreme mood swings between ___ characterize bipolar disorder.
    • A. 

      Depression and mania

    • B. 

      Stress and lethargy

    • C. 

      Anxiety and arousal

    • D. 

      Obsessions and compulsions

  • 42. 
    A dissociative disorder is characterized by significant disruptions in which of the following?
    • A. 

      Memory

    • B. 

      Awareness

    • C. 

      Personality

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 43. 
    Which of the following is a common feature of personality disorders?
    • A. 

      Failure to take other people’s perspectives

    • B. 

      Excessive fear of rejection

    • C. 

      Unstable moods

    • D. 

      Overly dramatic attempts at attention seeking

  • 44. 
    Schizophrenia is characterized by which of the following?
    • A. 

      Hallucinations

    • B. 

      Disorganized thoughts and behaviors

    • C. 

      Emotional and social withdrawal

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 45. 
    A(n) ____ disorder involves anxiety tied to a specific object or situation
    • A. 

      Generalized anxiety

    • B. 

      Environmental

    • C. 

      Panic

    • D. 

      Phobic

  • 46. 
    Agoraphobia often develops as a result of
    • A. 

      Preparedness theory

    • B. 

      Obsessive-compulsive disorder

    • C. 

      Panic disorder

    • D. 

      Social phobia

  • 47. 
    The inability to feel pleasure is called
    • A. 

      Agitation

    • B. 

      Hypersomnia

    • C. 

      Anhedonia

    • D. 

      Pleasure-Unawareness

  • 48. 
    For Major Depressive Disorder, at least one symptom is either ____ and _____.
    • A. 

      Weight loss, weight gain

    • B. 

      Depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure

    • C. 

      Fatigue, loss of energy

    • D. 

      Difficulties concentrating, depressed mood

  • 49. 
    Who is more likely to be diagnosed with depression?
    • A. 

      Men

    • B. 

      Women

    • C. 

      Youth

    • D. 

      Infants

  • 50. 
    What is Non-Suicidal Self- Injury(NSSI)?
    • A. 

      Self-injury with suicidal intent

    • B. 

      Unintentional suicide

    • C. 

      Intentional self-inflicted tissue damage without suicidal intent

    • D. 

      None of the above