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Psychology 121 - Chapter 14

50 Questions  I  By Ltxo
Psychology 121 - Chapter 14

  
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1.  The first step in the treatment of mental disorders is _________, which focuses on assessing symptoms.
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  All of the following are key factors in qualifying a group of symptoms as a psychological disorder except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Comorbidity refers to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following is not a recognized type of anxiety disorder by the DSM-IV-TR?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Each day Wayne felt he had to lock and unlock his door 11 times both before he left and then again from the outside. Wayne could not leave without doing this ritual because otherwise he would repeatedly think about his door being unlocked. Wayne most likely has:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Each day Cara worries excessively about whether or not she will lose her job, her credit card debt, the ticking noise in her car, whether or not her kids are doing well in school, her weight, and a host of other things. This worrying is negatively affecting Cara's quality of life. Cara probably would be diagnosed with:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Victor has become increasingly withdrawn during social gatherings. He is so afraid he will do or say something embarrassing that he has started to avoid social events altogether. Victor may be developing:
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Janet has felt depressed for a long time, over 3 years now. Some of the time her mood is not as severely affected but she almost always has trouble sleeping and is not interested in food, socializing, sex, or work. Other times she's overcome by her feelings of worthlessness and thinks about suicide. Janet most likely has:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which of the following statements about depression is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Rebecca typically feels worthless and spends most of her day in bed. About once a month, however, she becomes extremely energized, sociable, and full of positive thoughts. This lasts for about a week and then she crashes back into a negative affective state. Rebecca probably would be diagnosed with:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Dissociative identity disorder is characterized by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Michael constantly hears the devil telling him to do evil things. He screams in order to block out the sound, but the devil's voice cannot be silenced. Michael is experiencing:
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Jeremiah believes that the lead psychologist at the institution is actually an alien from Neptune. He further believes that this alien has implanted a chip into his brain to record his thoughts. Each day, Jeremiah wonders how many of the other patients are actually aliens in disguise, and which are trying to poison his food. Jeremiah probably would be diagnosed with __________ schizophrenia.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Although schizophrenia is likely to involve a complex interaction of neurotransmitter malfunctions, evidence from drug studies suggests that _________ is related to the positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Lisa has a very stormy relationship with her boyfriend. Although she often experiences intense love for him, today she perceives that he wants to leave her, and so she cuts herself. Still tormented, she goes to his house and threatens to kill him or herself. When he attempts to call 911, she breaks down and tells him how painful it is to love him so much. Lisa probably would be diagnosed with having a __________ personality disorder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Someone with a history of aggressive, violent behavior and a criminal record is most likely to have what type of personality disorder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The _________ is the classification system of psychological disorders used for diagnosis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  In order to account for the continuous nature of mental disorders, the DSM-IV suggests diagnosis of disorders include a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  In the diathesis-stress model of psychological disorders, the diathesis usually refers to a(n): .
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Benzodiazepines prescribed to treat generalized anxiety disorder enhance the actions of the neurotransmitter:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  People with panic disorder often also have:
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Petra has constant thoughts about her house being flooded, and so she checks to make sure her sink faucets are turned off at least 20 times per hour. Constantly thinking about her house flooding represents a(n):
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  All of the following represent specific phobias except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Brandon had been experiencing the "blues" for over two years. He still went to work, engaged in social relationships, and was physically healthy, but he frequently was troubled with issues pertaining to his competency and self-worth. Each day was a struggle to overcome his tendency to feel "stuck in a rut." Brandon could probably have been diagnosed with:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Women are more likely than men to develop all of these psychological disorders except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The group most likely to commit suicide is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  John walks into town after hitchhiking all day and has dinner at a local restaurant. The waitress asks him where he's from and John can't answer. He actually has no memory of his past and so doesn't know who he is or where he came from. The waitress calls the police and, after some investigation, it is discovered that John is 300 miles away from home. John is most likely experiencing:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which symptom of schizophrenia is described as a false belief system that is upheld even though it is not rational?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  In addition to evidence that _________ factors may influence schizophrenia, researchers have found evidence that exposure to viruses _________ may also increase the risk of schizophrenia.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The DSM-IV categorizes personality disorders into three main groups, which are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Jennifer lives her life as if she was "onstage." She dresses flamboyantly, flirts excessively, and is overly dramatic in her displays of emotion. Today, she sobbed at her desk for hours because she had a headache. Jennifer probably could be diagnosed with which personality disorder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Behaviors exhibited by a child such as purposely setting fires and repeatedly torturing animals predict:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  What is the term for the following definition; the conceptualization of psychological disorders as diseases that, like physical diseases, have biological issues, defined symptoms, and possible cures
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  What is the term for the following definition; A classification system that describes the features used to diagnose each recognized mental disorder and indicates how the disorder can be distinguished from other, similar problems
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which of the following is NOT a key element that must be present in order to be considered a mental disorder?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  How are mental disorders classified?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Scale is one in which;
A.
B.
38.  Schizophrenia is characterized by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The DSM-IV-TR is best described as a
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Major depression if characterized by a severely depressed mood that lasts at least
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Extreme mood swings between ___ characterize bipolar disorder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  A dissociative disorder is characterized by significant disruptions in which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which of the following is a common feature of personality disorders?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Schizophrenia is characterized by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  A(n) ____ disorder involves anxiety tied to a specific object or situation
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Agoraphobia often develops as a result of
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The inability to feel pleasure is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  For Major Depressive Disorder, at least one symptom is either ____ and _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Who is more likely to be diagnosed with depression?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  What is Non-Suicidal Self- Injury(NSSI)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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