Psych Chapter 10: Emotional Development

20 Questions  I  By Csl4822
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  • 1. 
    Jeniel is a very active, uninhibited little girl. Her parents provide her with a stimulating environment and allow her to run and explore whenever they can. This illustrates:
    • A. 

      Environmental influences shaping personality.

    • B. 

      Goodness of fit.

    • C. 

      Secure attachment.

    • D. 

      Gender shaping environment.


  • 2. 
    John does not recognize when or understand why his wife gets frustrated when he leaves his dirty socks and other laundry on the bathroom floor. John is lacking:
    • A. 

      Identity cohesion.

    • B. 

      Self-efficacy .

    • C. 

      Emotional competence .

    • D. 

      Industry.


  • 3. 
    Jackson checks his mother’s expression before venturing toward the sidewalk. This is an example of:
    • A. 

      Social referencing.

    • B. 

      Separation protest.

    • C. 

      Joint attention.

    • D. 

      Strange situation anxiety.


  • 4. 
    High cortisol levels, high activity in the right frontal brain lobe, and high and stable heart rate are associated with:
    • A. 

      Pride.

    • B. 

      Pain.

    • C. 

      Joy.

    • D. 

      Inhibition.


  • 5. 
    Baby Ryan feels attached to his mother. Which of the following statements is most likely TRUE?
    • A. 

      Ryan expects his mother to provide pleasure.

    • B. 

      Ryan is surprised when his mother provides pleasure.

    • C. 

      Ryan's mother has little time for contact comfort, but provides physical comfort.

    • D. 

      Ryan is too young to have expectations about others.


  • 6. 
    Hal is a great dad. Which of the following likely characterizes a typical interaction with his children?
    • A. 

      Hal is usually at work until after the children go to bed. On Saturdays, he takes his kids out for ice cream.

    • B. 

      Hal is the homework consultant.

    • C. 

      Hal likes to tickle and wrestle with his children.

    • D. 

      Hal is in charge of feeding and bathing his children.


  • 7. 
    Janice is a sensitive and responsive caregiver. She anticipates her baby’s needs and is available and flexible. What type of attachment is Janice’s baby likely to form?
    • A. 

      Secure.

    • B. 

      Insecure

    • C. 

      Avoidant.

    • D. 

      Insecure resistant.


  • 8. 
    Maria is pregnant. Statistically speaking, what Chess and Thomas temperament will her child most likely have?
    • A. 

      Difficult.

    • B. 

      Extroverted

    • C. 

      Easy.

    • D. 

      Slow-to-warm-up.


  • 9. 
    Nora frequently socializes with her neighbors and has intense positive emotions with family members and established friends. Nora is MOST likely a(n):
    • A. 

      Middle-aged adult.

    • B. 

      Older adult.

    • C. 

      Adolescent.

    • D. 

      Toddler.


  • 10. 
    Jenna cries when her mother leaves her with the babysitter. Jenna is showing:
    • A. 

      Stranger anxiety.

    • B. 

      Separation protest.

    • C. 

      Emotional deregulation.

    • D. 

      Self stimulation.


  • 11. 
    Andrew is beginning to smile whenever he sees his mother’s face. Approximately how old is Andrew?
    • A. 

      2 to 3 months.

    • B. 

      4 to 5 months

    • C. 

      6 to 7 months

    • D. 

      8 to 9 months.


  • 12. 
    Kierra is a young, single parent who is emotionally distant from her children. When she does interact with them, she often gets frustrated and sends them away from her. What type of attachment are her children likely to form?
    • A. 

      Disinterested.

    • B. 

      Independent.

    • C. 

      Avoidant.

    • D. 

      Secure.


  • 13. 
    Goodness of fit occurs when a child’s temperament matches:
    • A. 

      Environmental demands.

    • B. 

      The parent's temperament.

    • C. 

      The parent's attachment style.

    • D. 

      Reciprocal interactions.


  • 14. 
    Which of the following is more characteristic of love in a mature relationship than in a new relationship?
    • A. 

      Physical attraction.

    • B. 

      Mutual interest.

    • C. 

      Romance.

    • D. 

      Passion.


  • 15. 
    Which of the following temperament categories coincide with each other?
    • A. 

      Slow-to-warm-up, extraversion surgency, inhibited.

    • B. 

      Difficult, effortful control, uninhibited.

    • C. 

      Easy, effortful control, inhibited.

    • D. 

      Easy, extraversion surgency, uninhibited.


  • 16. 
    The most frequent expression of an infant’s fear involves:
    • A. 

      Heredity.

    • B. 

      Reciprocal interaction.

    • C. 

      Abuse or neglect.

    • D. 

      Stranger anxiety.


  • 17. 
      As young children get older, they:  
    • A. 

      Need more help from parents to regulate emotion.

    • B. 

      Gradually become able to regulate emotion.

    • C. 

      Shift from internal to external regulation of emotional arousal.

    • D. 

      Become less dependent on cognitive strategies for regulating emotions.


  • 18. 
    Which of the following is TRUE of the nature/nurture argument regarding temperament?
    • A. 

      Biology is the primary influence across the life span.

    • B. 

      The influence of biology increases as the child gets older.

    • C. 

      Experience and environment both influence temperament across the life span.

    • D. 

      Environment is the primary influence across the life span.


  • 19. 
    Cherilyn’s parents often ignore her affect or try to explain that her problems should not upset her. Cherilyn’s parents are:
    • A. 

      Emotion-coaching.

    • B. 

      Emotion-dismissing.

    • C. 

      Emotion-attending.

    • D. 

      Emotion-scaffolding.


  • 20. 
    Which of the following is MOST likely to cause an infant to express fear?
    • A. 

      Stranger anxiety.

    • B. 

      Depth perception tasks.

    • C. 

      Unfamiliar objects.

    • D. 

      Loud noises.


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