Environmental influences shaping personality.
Goodness of fit.
Gender shaping environment.
Emotional competence .
Strange situation anxiety.
Ryan expects his mother to provide pleasure.
Ryan is surprised when his mother provides pleasure.
Ryan's mother has little time for contact comfort, but provides physical comfort.
Ryan is too young to have expectations about others.
Hal is usually at work until after the children go to bed. On Saturdays, he takes his kids out for ice cream.
Hal is the homework consultant.
Hal likes to tickle and wrestle with his children.
Hal is in charge of feeding and bathing his children.
2 to 3 months.
4 to 5 months
6 to 7 months
8 to 9 months.
The parent's temperament.
The parent's attachment style.
Slow-to-warm-up, extraversion surgency, inhibited.
Difficult, effortful control, uninhibited.
Easy, effortful control, inhibited.
Easy, extraversion surgency, uninhibited.
Abuse or neglect.
Need more help from parents to regulate emotion.
Gradually become able to regulate emotion.
Shift from internal to external regulation of emotional arousal.
Become less dependent on cognitive strategies for regulating emotions.
Biology is the primary influence across the life span.
The influence of biology increases as the child gets older.
Experience and environment both influence temperament across the life span.
Environment is the primary influence across the life span.
Depth perception tasks.