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Psych 5 Midterm 3 Practice, 7/28/2010

103 Questions  I  By Csunbilly
Psych 5 Midterm 3 practice, 7/28/2010
Psychology 5 midterm 3, 7-28-2010

  
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1.  As symbol systems of communication , most languages are ______________
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Language is a __________ of communication.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The smallest units of speech that are meaningful are referred to as ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  What is missing from the following sentence? Eggs the ham and green delicious are.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Successful communication depends on the ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Extralinguistic information allows us to determine meaning by analyzing ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Babies can hear inside the womb by the ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which of the following is true about learning language?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Babies engage in intentional vocalizations that sound meaningful, but are not. This is referred to as ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  By the end of the first year of life, an infant will generally use only ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  In non-human animals, the most common circumstances under which communication occurs are _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Behaviorists attempted to explain thinking in the narrow terms of ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  If I am given 10 math problems, and I can and do solve the first 9 in the same way, I may struggle with the last problem if it requires a different method to solve it. This best illustrates the concept of _______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The original purpose of the first intelligence test was to identify which children were __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which researcher studied the effects of sensory abilities on intelligence?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following statements is true concerning the relationship between the brain size and intelligence?
A.
B.
C.
17.  Of the following, which one has the strongest correlation with intelligence?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which lobes of the cerebral cortex are most active on tasks involving reasoning, planning, and judgment?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Identical twins tend to have IQ correlations at 0.7, whereas fraternal twins tend to have IQ correlations of about 0.3. What do these correlations suggest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  General findings concerning gender differences and IQ scores reveal that compared to men, women tend to score higher on _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Research on stereotype threat suggests __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Psychologists believe that personality is largely the result of _______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Which theory of personality is most concerned with understanding people’s unconscious narratives?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The idea that all psychological events have an underlying cause is better known as ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Which motto would best fit the id?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  According to Freud, the ego is the ____________.
A.
B.
C.
27.  What structure serves as the social component of one’s personality?
A.
B.
C.
28.  According to Freud, the motivated forgetting of distressing external experiences is known as _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Rationalization involves ________________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which order is correct in Freud’s psychosexual stages of development?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A Freudian psychotherapist would assert that an alcoholic is a chain-smoker is stuck in what stage of development?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The main conflict of the anal stage comes from _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  The behavioral theories tend to focus on ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The personality theory that said people were free to choose either adaptive or self-defeating patterns is known as ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  A statistical technique that analyzes the correlations among responses on personality inventories and other measures is called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  The 1968 book Personality and Assessment was written by ______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The key criteria for evaluating personality assessment are ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The MMPI and MMPI-2 are personality tests designed to detect _________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The extent to which respondents can tell what the items are measuring is known as ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The study of how behavior changes over time is called _______________ psychology.
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Dr. Dulaney wants to study how artificial light affects the growth of his plants. He selects ten different plants at various stages of growth and records their height. What type of study is Dr. Dulaney conducting?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  In terms of conducting research, which of the following is a major disadvantage of the longitudinal design?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which research method is most suitable for studying factors that influence behavioral change over time?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  When attempting to understand developmental transitions that people face throughout their lifespan, which of the following research designs would be most informative?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which of the following is true concerning the nature-nurture debate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The heart, lungs, and brain begin to form during the __________ period of prenatal development.
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  A ball of identical cells that haven’t yet begun to take on a specific function during early pregnancy is called a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The human brain begins to develop after _______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  In what way are the psychologists who study teratogens like homicide detectives?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Jean Piaget is best known for his pioneering work in the area of _________ development.
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  According to Piaget, equilibration involves the process of _________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  What game would be difficult to play with a child lacking object permanence?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  According to Piaget, the process of absorbing new experience into current knowledge is called ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  The correct order of Piaget’s stages is ____________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  The inability to view the world from any perspective either than their own is called __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Three-year-old Joaquin is given a glass of water. His mother then decided to pour the water into a larger cup with a lid. Joaquin starts complaining that he has less water. He has yet to understand the theory of __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Which concept explains why four-year-old Jeremy thinks Mommy will definitely want the newest Power Ranger action figure for her birthday?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  The phase, or learning period, when children are receptive to learning a new skill but aren’t yet successful at it is called the ____________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  According to Vygotsky, what would be the most effective way to identify a child’s level in the zone of proximal development?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  At five year olds, Sammy is better able to understand his friends’ feelings as compared to when he was three years old. Sammy is acquiring a __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  What concept from Piaget’s theory may interfere with a child’s developing theory of mind?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Which problem might give a three-year-old the toughest time?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Stranger anxiety is ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Which of the following is an example of imprinting?
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  The Halls have a brand new baby. What is the most important thing they should do to create an attachment?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Why is it easier to form a secure attachment with an “easy” infant versus a “difficult” one?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  The majority of children fall into one of these three temperament categories:
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Gender differences start occurring ___________________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  The transitional time between childhood and adulthood is called ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Erikson’s first psychosocial crisis is _________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Emotional distress about the aging process could be signs of a ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Research suggests that stress-producing events _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Researchers view stress in the following three ways:
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  The physical and psychological reaction that mobilizes people to either defend themselves or escape a dangerous situation is called _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  The body’s first shield from foreign invaders is the ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Foreign invaders to the body are also called ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  The immune system can be fortified by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Social support encompasses the social relations with ____________________
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Cognitive control is the ability to cognitively restructure or think differently about____________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Disclosing painful feelings is known as ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Research on crisis debriefing and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) suggest that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  A set of attitudes marked by a sense of control over events, commitment to life work, and courage and motivation to confront stressful events is ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Which of the following factors impact an individuals ability to effectively deal with stress?
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  ____________ is linked with enhanced immune functioning.
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Henry is an optimist. As a result, he will probably:
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  Which of the following is NOT one of the three keys to promoting a healthy lifestyle in all people?
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  The drug that is a depressant is ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  Which class of psychoactive drugs works by increasing activity within the nervous system?
A.
B.
C.
89.  Tobacco is often used to enhance feelings of ____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  The most powerful natural stimulant is _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  What general category of drug is used in the controlling of pain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Which type of drug could also be labeled hallucinogens?
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Marijuana is often referred to as a mild hallucinogenic drug and DIFFERS from other hallucinogens in that it may also:
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  The field of psychology that integrates the behavioral sciences with the practice and science of medicine is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Behavioral medicine and health psychology both ________________.
A.
B.
C.
96.  What type of medicine is represented by taking an aspirin a day along with your prescribed heart medication?
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  We spend the greatest amount of time engaged in what altered state of consciousness?
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  When we feel drowsy late at night, it is the result of neurons that are controlled within our ___________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  The human circadian rhythm can be disrupted by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  The human sleep cycle repeats itself approximately every:
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  To which stage of sleep might the term passive-aggressive, in terms of the brain’s activity, apply?
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  Which of the following is a suggested treatment for insomnia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  Night terrors usually occur during:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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