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Psych 2

18 Questions
Psych Quizzes & Trivia

Going into early adulthood

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     Michael has been diagnosed with ADHD, and had recently sstarted a common form of drug therapy.  Michael is probably receiving a            blank known to          the nervous system of abults.
    • A. 

      Stimulant; speed up

    • B. 

      Stimulant; slow down

  • 2. 
    Jack is cutting up a pizza for himself and his little brother, Craig.  He starts to cut it into eight pieces, but his brother says, "Dont cut it into so many pieces; I cant eat that many."  jack laughs but complies.  Craig's reaction characterize           thought, and Jack's reactions characterize           thought.
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor; preoperational

    • B. 

      Preoperational; concrete operational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational; formal operational

  • 3. 
    Diane is studying for an upcoming exam.  She concentrates her studying on areas that are likely to be on the test, utilizes a variety of mnemonic devices, and focuses on learning the meaning of information rather than relying of rote memorization of information.  Diane is displaying the use of
    • A. 

      Metacognition

    • B. 

      Megacognition

    • C. 

      Metamemory

  • 4. 
    " Hannah has an IQ of 135.  She is very bright, and I'm sure she will have no difficulties at all in any of her school subjects.  With that level of intelligence, i'm sure she'll be quite sucessful no mater what career she chooses." This speaker is
    • A. 

      Misusing the result of an IQ test

    • B. 

      Giving an appropiate interpretaion of an intelligence test

    • C. 

      Assuming that intelligence is composed of severl different factors

  • 5. 
    In terms of self-understanding, children in late chilhood are more likely than children in early childhood to
    • A. 

      Use outer states to describe themselves

    • B. 

      Compare themselves to role models

    • C. 

      Compare themselves with their peers

  • 6. 
    To investigate the nature of moral thought, Lawrence Kohlberg presented children with a story in which a character named Heinz faces a moral dilemma: the only way to save his mother's life is to steal and experimental drug he cannot buy.  When Ellie read the story and was asked whether Heinz shouls steal the drug, she states, " No, it is against the law to steal.  The husband should find another way to get the drug."  According to Kohlberg's models, Ellie is in what stage of moral development?
    • A. 

      Universal ethical principles

    • B. 

      Social systems morality

    • C. 

      Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and interpersonal conformity

  • 7. 
    More that 80% of the respondents to a survey said that buying a stolen television set is morally wrong.  Yet 50% admitted they would buy a stolen set if guarenteed they would not be caught.  The data indicates:
    • A. 

      Preconventional moral reasoning

    • B. 

      That for many people, moral belief does not predict moral behavior

    • C. 

      That social prohibitions are more potent than moral ones

  • 8. 
    Whay are there moral elementary and secondary school children living in stepfamilies than there are infants and preschool children?
    • A. 

      People tend not to have more children when they remarry

    • B. 

      Remarriages consolidate children into blended families

    • C. 

      It takes time to marry, have children, divorce, and remarry

  • 9. 
    Caitlin's father is concerned that Caitlin is too agressive in her interactions with other childre.  She often fights, and she has fewer friends thatn she used to have.  which of the following strategies might be MOST helpful to Caitlin's father in addressing this problem?
    • A. 

      Help Caitlin to learn to avoid social situations in which she may develop feelings of anger

    • B. 

      Help Caitlin learn to interpret ambiguous social situations in nonaggressive ways

    • C. 

      Help Caitlin learn to disclose her true feelings to peers, even if these feeling reflect negative aspects of the peers' behavior

  • 10. 
    What do boys experience first when going throu puberty?
    • A. 

      Increased penis and testicle size

    • B. 

      The first ejaculation

    • C. 

      Changes in voice

  • 11. 
    The ability to plan, set priorities, suppress impulses, and weigh consequences is weak in adolesence in part because the          is the last part to mature
    • A. 

      Amygdala

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus

    • C. 

      Prefrontal cortex

  • 12. 
    Sasha is having difficulty getting along with her best friend.  She decides to think through the problem, writing down all the difficulties and try to generate possible reasons for them.  She then considers what she can do to deal with the problems, weighing the pros and cons of each possibility.  she is using which of the following to solve her problem?
    • A. 

      Idealistic-scenario reasoning

    • B. 

      Concrete-operational reasoning

    • C. 

      Hypothetical-deductive reasoning

  • 13. 
    Which limitaiton in preoperational thought reemerges during adolescence?
    • A. 

      Egocerntrism

    • B. 

      The ability to think abstractly

    • C. 

      Self-serving bias

  • 14. 
    In view of what you have learned about adolescent social development, which of the following is a likely reason for the commonness of cliques during adolescence?
    • A. 

      Cliques encourage adolescents to become more aware of their own personal values and opinions

    • B. 

      Cliques provide a transition between close dependence on family and adult independence

    • C. 

      Cliques provide an opportunity for social interaction among those who have few close friends

  • 15. 
    The transition from adolescence to adulthood for culture that have rites of passage is less             than for culture that do not.
    • A. 

      Continuous

    • B. 

      Stressful

    • C. 

      Discontinuous

  • 16. 
    What advice about bicultural identity would the psychologist Laura Brown give to a gay or lesbian couple?
    • A. 

      You will cope best if you isolate yourselves as a couple and avoid contact with other people

    • B. 

      You will cope best if you maintain strong contact with both the gay community and the heterosexual mainstream

    • C. 

      You will cope best if you stay within your circle of gay and lesbian friends and avoid frequent contact with heterosexual people

  • 17. 
    According to William Perry, the development of cognitive processing during the early adult years involves an evolution from            to           
    • A. 

      Pragmatics; idealism

    • B. 

      Absolutism; relativism

    • C. 

      Relativism; absolutism

  • 18. 
    " I used to have more time to think about the theoretical ideals of truth, justice, beauty, and peace, but now I have three kids, two jobs, and a huge mortgage to pay.  My 'ideali now is to make it to the end of the week so i can sit in the hot tub for an hour and think about how I'll cope with next week." As this statement shows, what we think about changes a good deal when we take on the responsibilities of adult life.  This idea plays a central role in the theory of adult cognition proposed by
    • A. 

      Labouvie-Vief

    • B. 

      Perry

    • C. 

      Piaget

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