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Psych 220 Continued

123 Questions  I  By Almi325
Psych 220 continued

  
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1.  Physical activities such as sucking, grasping, and walking are examples of...
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Solving a puzzle is an example of a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which of the following is a key criticism of Jean Piaget's theory of sensorimotor cognitive development?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  A newborn widens her eyes after her mother widens her eyes and mouth and smiles at the baby. Meltzoff would say that this baby is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Cases like the wild boy of Aveyron and Genie cause us to wonder whether language is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  An example of the basic unit of sound in the English language is the sound the letter "m" makes. This sound is called...
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Someone with a vocabulary of only 200 words can recombine the words in different ways to say thousands of different things. This aspect of language is referred to as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  In the word "falling," both "fall" and "ing" are considered...
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  If someone says to you, "Wilfred gave a gift to Marsha" you know who gave the gift and who received it because you understand the -- of the sentence. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Baby Melissa has developed a sucking scheme. She knows that to get food, she must suck on her mother's breast. Now her mother has begun to introduce solid foods with a spoon. Melissa immediately sucks on the spoon. This is an example of...
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Three-year-old Jesse used to call all moving vehicles "car." He now accurately categorizes moving vehicles into trucks, cars, motorcycles, and buses. Jesse has -- to fit new information into his existing scheme. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Trenton was playing in the sandbox. He was pouring sand from a short, fat container into a tall, skinny container. When he poured the sand into the tall, skinny container, it looked to him as if it had more sand in it. Trenton could not figure out where the extra sand came from, and how it got into his container. As Trenton continues to try to solve this puzzle, he will experience considerable movement between stages of cognitive -- and -- to produce cognitive change. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Josh is three months old. He is in which of Piaget's substages of sensorimotor development?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  When first born, Monica showed the typical grasping reflex by closing her fingers around anything that brushed against her palm. After a few weeks, she shows this grasping behavior even when nothing touches her palm. Monica has developed a --, or a scheme based on a reflex that has become completely separated from its eliciting stimulus. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Antonio swings his arms while lying in his crib. One of his arms accidentally hits the mobile hanging above him. This causes the mobile to begin to move. Antonio continues to swing his arms but is unable to strike the mobile above him again. This is an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Sarah, age seven months, loves banging repeatedly on a toy that lights up and plays music on impact. Sarah is in Piaget's substage of...
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Eleven-month old Jenny retrieves toys from under the sofa by using her toy golf club. She is in Piaget's -- sensorimotor stage. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Heather crawls from her room into the hallway to look for her mother after she leaves. According to Piaget, this shows that she is capable of...
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Six-month-old Jamal understands that when he swings his toy bear at his mobile, the mobile will swing around. This is because Jamal understands...
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Two-year-old Anita has learned the word "dog" to identify the family pet Rover. Now Anita says the word dog when she sees any animal. Anita has -- these animals into her existing scheme. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Farah shows her baby a colorful block several times. The baby looks carefully at the block at first, but then turns her attention to a different toy after seeing the block a few times. The baby is showing...
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Andrew, age 8 months, suffered some brain damage at birth. His identical twin, Alex, had no brain damage. Research on habituation would predict that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  When Abraham describes to his friend what he did last summer, he is relying on his -- memory. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Mandy sees a little girl in the grocery store throwing a screaming tantrum to get a toy. The next week at the mall, Mandy begins screaming and crying to get some candy. Many is showing....
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Charisma is six months old and can vocalize pleasure and displeasure, search for objects out of reach, and approach a mirror that is placed infront of her. According to the Bayley Scales of Infant Developent, Charisma...
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Mathias is given the Bayley Scale of Infant Development and does very well on it. His parents are very excited about this and believe this means Mathias will be a geius when he grows up. To help Mathias' parents understand the results of his test, the psychologist should explain to them that infant intelligence scores based on this measure...
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Jim and Joanna are curious to know if their baby will grow up to be a child with a high IQ. Which of the following tests measuring infant development is highly correlated with measures of intelligence in older children and would best suit the purpose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Ben's grandmother gives him a game that she knows he wants. When he opens her gift, he smiles and says, "This is so sick; thanks Gram!" Ben's grandmother does not know if Ben liked the gift or not since she does not understand what he means by "Sick." Obviously, Ben and his grandmother do not share the same ideas about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Kyoko is 13 months old and can understand about 50 words but can say only about 10 words. This demonstrates how Kyoko's -- vocabulary is more developed than her -- vocabulary. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Two year old Max says the word "bunny" for a large hamster and a white rat. Max's error is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Two year old Sarai uses the word "doll" to refer to her own Cabbage Patch doll but does not use the word to refer to her sister's Barbie doll. Sarai's error is known as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Mariah has suffered brain damage to the left frontal lobe of her brain. When she tries to speak, she struggles to produce words and is unable to say them correctly. Mariah has damage to...
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  As an infant, Mary suffered damage to the -- of the brain causing her to have poor comprehension. Also, her speech is fluent, but incomprehensible. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  When Alice speaks to her six month old niece, her voice takes on a higher pitch, her speech becomes slower, and she begins using simplistc words and phrases. This change in Aunt Allie's language behavior provides an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  As he is rolling his truck up and down the sides of the couch, Nezzy points to his truck and says "My truck." His father responds with, "what's the truck doing?" this is an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  As they walk in the park together, Damon's dad points out various objects to him -- flowers, birds, butterflies, slides, swings, vehicles, and so on -- and helps Damon name each of them. Damon's dad is using -- to help his son learn language. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  When ocne uses polite language in formal situations and a personal, informal language in intimate conversations, one is demonstrating the knowledge of --, or the appropriate use of language in different contexts. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Which of the following is most likely to be a child's first word?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which of the following is least likely to be a child's first word?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  A child's expansive vocabulary is directly correlated with his or her parents'
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  A study of young children living in low income families found that -- when predicting the vocabulary development of children. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Which of the following has NOT been associated with childrens' vocabulary development
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  As discussed in chapter 4, the infant's ability to regulate emotions is tied to...
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Which of the following statements about emotions is FALSE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which of the following is NOT  primary emotion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which of the following is an "other-conscious" emotion
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which of the following terms is used to describe the exchange of emotions between the infant and parents, when all is going well?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Which of the following statements is NOT true of crying?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Babies have three types of cries. Which of the following is NOT one of them?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Two month old Trey is crying loudly. His cry starts with a piercing shrill sound. Then there is a long period where Trey holds his breath, and then the next crying sound comes out. This type of cry indicates that Trey is..
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Little Katie runs up to her mother and says "Me scared." Katie is at least:
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Elias puts his infant daughter in her crib for a nap, and a few minutes later she begins to cry. According to John Watson, one of the founders of Behaviorism, Elias should:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Dante puts his infant daughter in her crib for a nap, and a few minutes later she begins to cry. According to ethologists such as John Bowlby, Dante should:
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Which of the following occurs FIRST in development?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Janie impatiently grabs the door handle from her toddler daughter, quickly opens the door, and hurries the little girl through. Erik Erikson would say that Janine's daughter:
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Which of the following observations about social orientation of infants is FALSE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Which concept, discussed in chapter 5, helps the infant to understand that other people have intentions? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  When put on the floor, Elaine cries as if she wants to be held. When her mother picks her up though, Elaine pushes away with both arms and turns her head away. Mary Ainsworth would say that Elaine is...
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  In the Strange Situation, Jermaine used his mother as "secure base" as he actively explored the playroom. Mary Ainsworth would most likely classify Jermaine as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  In the Strange Situation, Cameron did not explore the playroom, clung to his mother when she was in the room, and was very upset when she left the room. When she returned, he appeared to be ambivalent -- both wanting to be comforted by his mother, but pushing her away when she attempted to do so. Mary Ainsworth would most likely classify Cameron as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Jeremy is a securely attached infant; Jason is classified as an insecure infant. Which of the following statements about later functioning for these chilren is TRUE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Recent studies found that a disorganized attachment style developed in infancy only when infants had the short version of the serotonin transporter gene -- 5-HTTLPR. This gene-environment interaction only occurred when:
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Blanca rarely holds her baby Joey and tends to respond to his needs in an angry, irritable fashion. It is most likely that Joey will develop a(n) -- with his mother. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Carrie is a 19-year-old single mother. She often feels overwhelmed and depressed about her situation and frequently neglects her 8-month-old son and his needs. On several occasions, she has slapped his hand when he reaches for her cell phone. Carrie's baby is MOST likely to develop:
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Which of the following statements about child-care and socioeconomic status is TRUE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  What is the Duchenne marker?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Which of the following is true of social smiling?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  The fear of strangers peaks...
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Researchers have found that infant fear is linked to all of the following at 6 to 7 years of age EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  At what age does separation protest peak?
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  According to Thompson, Meyers, and Jochem, caregivers' attempts to help infants soothe their emotions influence:
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  When Josh was dropped off at preschool on the very first day of class, he was quite upset. He cried for a long time and would not play with the other children. What type of temperament does Josh have?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Children with low activity levels and somewhat negative attitudes are classified as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  Betty and Allen's child, Cara, is usually in a pleasant mood. She has a regular routine but can adapt to changes with ease. Cara would be classified as a(n)...
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Mary Rothbart and John Bates believe that infant temperament falls into which of the following categories?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  According to Rothbart and Bates' new classificatins of temperament, in which category would Kagan's uninhibited children fit into?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  In the US, parents tend to prefer children with an -- temperament, whereas in China, an -- temperament is more highly valued.
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  According to Jerome Kagan, temperament:
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Monsena is an independent and adventurous child who likes to explore new places in her environment. However, her mother is overly controlling and rigid. Developmental psychologists would say that a discussion of his discrepancy concerns:
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  What is the main problem with labeling children as difficult?
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Which of the following would Erikson MOST likely recommend about soothing a crying infant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Nine month old Tyler is placed in front of a mirror with a spot of rouge on his nose. Tyler will MOST likely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Twenty month old Misha is placed infront of a mirror with a spot of rouge on his nose. Misha will MOST likely...
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  What types of behaviors in caregivers create a sense of shame and doubt in children?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Researchers are discovering that infants are more socially sophisticated and insightful at a younger age than previously envisioned. In which aspect is this sophistication and insight reflected?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  Quimby, age 15 months, looks to her mother to see if she should be afraid of the stranger who has come to her home. Quimby relaxes when she sees her mother smiling and speaking to the stranger in a calm voice. Quimby is engaging in...
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  What is the significant finding of Harlow's experiments on monkeys reared by surrogate mothers?
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  According to Erikson, -- are the keys to establishing a basic trust in infants
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Which of the following statements would attachment theorists AGREE on?
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Daniel and Guadalupe are angry with one another because of differences in their spending habits. Guadalupe snaps at their daughter and sends her to her room even thought the little girl is not misbehaving. According to Jay Belsky's description of family interactions, this situation is an example of...
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Marcus and Debra used to go out quite often. Since their baby's birth, they have preferred spending time at home playing with the baby or going to places where they can stroll with the baby leisurely and window-shop. This change in Marcus and Debra's behavior is an example of...
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  The behaviors of mothers and infants involve substantial interconnection, mutual regulatin, and synchronization. This temporal coordination of social behavior is termed...
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Which of the following is the best description of scaffolding?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Of the following, which would be a good example of scaffolding?
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  When parents select and attend to certain behaviors, initially demonstrating them for their child, then gradually turning over more of the responsibility for the behavior to the child, the parents are engaging in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Tim and Laurie Talbot are the parents of Tyler, age 3. Tim stays home and cared for Tyler full-time, while Laurie works as a lawyer. Which of the following statements regarding the Talbots' domestic situation is most likely to be FALSE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  Which of the following statements regarding paternal caregiving is FALSE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  The research on fathers as caregivers indicates that fathers:
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  The longitudinal study conducted by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development concluded that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  The results of the large National Longitudinal Study of Child Care indicate that"
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  When looking at the heights and weights of preschool children, we know that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  Who among the following 5-year-olds is most likely to be the tallest?
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  Which of the following statements about brain development and early childhood is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Myelination is important:
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  When 4 and 5-year-olds scramble over jungle gyms and race their friends, they are demonstrating their:
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Gross motor skills are to fine motor skills as -- is to --
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  A recent national study revealed all of the following about the eating habits of children today except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  Which of the following is NOT a factor in increasing the physical activity of preschool children?
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  Which of the following statements regarding parental smoking is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  Piaget claimed that children between the ages of 2 and 7 years are in a stage called prepreparational thought, so named because he believed that...
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  Piaget called the second substage in preoperational thought "intuitive" because of the absence of the use of -- in children in that stage. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Centration inhibits the ability to categorize items because it prevents one from:
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  In Piaget's theory, failing the conservation-of-liquid task demonstrates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  The zone of proximal development is Vygotsky's term for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  A toddler is likely to learn something in the zone of proximal development is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  When adults are working with young children, they often provide a lot of hints, assistance, instruction, and other support to help the children succeed. As the children demonstrate they can do more for themselves, the adults begin to withraw these supports. This shows the adults' involvement in the children's:
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  In the development of language and thought:
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  Which of the following educational strategies would Vygotsky say should be incorporated into the classroom?
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  In moving from Piaget to Vygotsky, the conceptual shift is one from:
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  By age 7, children begin to recognize all of the following EXCEPT that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  Which of the following statements regarding autism is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  Her pediatrician has just told Karly that her 4 year old son has gained 6 lbs in the last year. Karly should:
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  Brendan is 3 years old. His parents are concerned because he is always running and jumping on things. He cannot seem to sit still. Even when watching his favorite movie on TV, he still fidgets, bounces, and wiggles around. It is especially frustrating when Brendan will not sit still thru dinner. Given what we know about child development, we would advise Brendan's parents to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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