psy1101

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Psy1101
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  • 1. 
    The average IQ score is
    • A. 

      80

    • B. 

      100

    • C. 

      120


  • 2. 
    Each of the following has been shown to interfere with creativity EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Competition

    • B. 

      Rejecting parents

    • C. 

      Mild mood swings


  • 3. 
    In the United States, the...................program is large nationwide program designed to help educationally diadvantaged children.
    • A. 

      Stanford binet

    • B. 

      Head start

    • C. 

      Westgate


  • 4. 
    Any stimulus that follows a behavior and decreases the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated is called
    • A. 

      Cue

    • B. 

      Reinforcer

    • C. 

      Punishment


  • 5. 
    A reinforcer that adds something rewarding is
    • A. 

      Positive reinforcer

    • B. 

      Negative reinforcer

    • C. 

      Seconsary reinforcer


  • 6. 
    ..................tests measure a person's mental ability
    • A. 

      Social competence

    • B. 

      Intelligence

    • C. 

      Aptitude


  • 7. 
    Thurstone's theory of intelligence includes
    • A. 

      Seven primary mental abilities

    • B. 

      S factors

    • C. 

      Operations


  • 8. 
    Which individual intelligence test is most often given to adults today?
    • A. 

      MMPI

    • B. 

      Stanford binet

    • C. 

      WAIC-R


  • 9. 
    Operant conditioning is another term for
    • A. 

      Instrumental conditioning

    • B. 

      Observational learning

    • C. 

      Classical conditioning


  • 10. 
    By pairing the ringing of the bell with the presentation of meat, Pvlov trained dogs to slivate to the sound of a bell even when no meat was presented. In this experiment, the presentation of meat was the
    • A. 

      Conditioned stimulus

    • B. 

      Unconditioned stimulus

    • C. 

      Conditioned respose


  • 11. 
    Culture-fair tests attempt to measure
    • A. 

      Cultural background

    • B. 

      The intelligence of people coming from outside the culture in which the test was devised

    • C. 

      The effects of culture on people's creative skills


  • 12. 
    A person originally feared only spiders but now also fears other types of insects. These new fears are probably the result of
    • A. 

      Stimulus generalization

    • B. 

      Obedience

    • C. 

      Pain threshold


  • 13. 
    The abilities involved in learning and adaptive behavior are usually labeled as
    • A. 

      Intelligence

    • B. 

      Aptitude

    • C. 

      Appreception


  • 14. 
    According to Binet's test, a child who scores as well as an 8 year old has the..................of 8
    • A. 

      Mental age

    • B. 

      Aptitude

    • C. 

      Basal age


  • 15. 
    Sensory  registers
    • A. 

      Has nothing to do with our attention span

    • B. 

      Retain past information

    • C. 

      Recieve sensory information from the external world


  • 16. 
    Material stored in short term memory remain there for about
    • A. 

      1 second

    • B. 

      15-20 second

    • C. 

      4 microseconds


  • 17. 
    .................results in more material being stored in short-term memory because the information is grouped together
    • A. 

      Categorizing

    • B. 

      Chunking

    • C. 

      Rehearsal


  • 18. 
    The process of learning is defined as experience resulting in
    • A. 

      Acquisition of motivation

    • B. 

      Relatively permanent behavior change

    • C. 

      Amplification of sensory stimuli


  • 19. 
    The type of memory that is usually permanent and stores what we know is called
    • A. 

      Working memory

    • B. 

      Longterm memory

    • C. 

      Eidetic memory


  • 20. 
    The portion of long-term memory that stores specific information that has personal meaning is called....................memory.
    • A. 

      Rehearsal

    • B. 

      Episodic

    • C. 

      Eidetic


  • 21. 
    The ability of a test to get similar results when someone is retested is called
    • A. 

      Validity

    • B. 

      Reliability

    • C. 

      Standardization


  • 22. 
    Any stimulus that follows a behavior and increases the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated is called a
    • A. 

      Cue

    • B. 

      Reinforcer

    • C. 

      Punishment


  • 23. 
    Repeating information over and over again to retain it in short-term memory is called
    • A. 

      Elaborative rehearsal

    • B. 

      Rote rehearsal

    • C. 

      Overlearning


  • 24. 
    Operant conditioning is based on the principle that behaviors occur more often when they are
    • A. 

      Punished

    • B. 

      Ignored

    • C. 

      Reinforced


  • 25. 
    Food and water are
    • A. 

      Direct reinforcers

    • B. 

      Primary reinforcers

    • C. 

      Delayed reinforcers


  • 26. 
    The portion of longterm memory that stores general facts and information is called.............. memory.
    • A. 

      Episodic

    • B. 

      Procedural

    • C. 

      Semantic


  • 27. 
    Proactive interference of longterm memory means
    • A. 

      Old material interferes with remembering new material

    • B. 

      New material represses shortterm memories

    • C. 

      New material interferes with remebering old material


  • 28. 
    Working memory and...............mean the ame thing.
    • A. 

      Short term memory

    • B. 

      Eidetic memory

    • C. 

      Flashbulb memory


  • 29. 
    We use mnemonics to .................
    • A. 

      Block out information that is useless

    • B. 

      Give order to information we want to remember

    • C. 

      Block information that is painful


  • 30. 
    You have a cat that runs to the sound of the food cabinet opening. The sound of the cabinet is the
    • A. 

      Unconditioned stimulus

    • B. 

      Conditioned stimulus

    • C. 

      Conditioned response


  • 31. 
    A person who decides not to cheat on a test because it is morally wrong and cheating will make them feel guilty is in what level of moral development according to kohlberg?
    • A. 

      Level I

    • B. 

      LEVEL II

    • C. 

      LEVELIII


  • 32. 
    The.......period of development is from conception to birth
    • A. 

      Embryo

    • B. 

      Zygote

    • C. 

      Prenatal


  • 33. 
    The structure that attaches a fetus to its mother's uterus and provides nourishment is called the
    • A. 

      Placenta

    • B. 

      Aminotic sac

    • C. 

      Structualism


  • 34. 
    A child has facial deformities, heart defects, cognitive impairments, and stunted growth. The child likely suffers from
    • A. 

      Prematurely

    • B. 

      Fetal alcohol syndrome

    • C. 

      None of the above


  • 35. 
    Rachel is willed child, who is moody and intense. she often throws tempr tantrums, and adapts poorly to change. Thomas and Chess would say her temperment is
    • A. 

      Easy

    • B. 

      Difficult

    • C. 

      Predictable


  • 36. 
    Jean Piaget is most famous for his theory of..........development
    • A. 

      Moral

    • B. 

      Motor

    • C. 

      Cognitive


  • 37. 
    Which of the following is the correct order for Piaget's four stages of development?
    • A. 

      Preoperational, sensorymotor, concrete operations, formal operation

    • B. 

      Sensorymotor, preoperational, concrete operations, formal operation

    • C. 

      Preoperational, concrete operations, preoperational, formal operation


  • 38. 
    An individual who perceives everything from their own perceptive is exhibiting
    • A. 

      Egocentrism

    • B. 

      Conservation

    • C. 

      Ethnocentrism


  • 39. 
    Lawerence Kholberg developed a theory of
    • A. 

      Moral development

    • B. 

      Cognitive development

    • C. 

      Lngitudinal research


  • 40. 
    A psychologist spends her entire career studying how and why changes occur in people as they get older. This psychologist is most likely a...............
    • A. 

      Personality

    • B. 

      Health

    • C. 

      Developmental


  • 41. 
    From the second week until the third month after conception, the developing organism is called a...........
    • A. 

      Fetus

    • B. 

      Zygote

    • C. 

      Embryo


  • 42. 
    A reflex crucial to an infant's survival is .................
    • A. 

      Stepping

    • B. 

      Grasping

    • C. 

      Cooing


  • 43. 
    A researcher decides to study cognitve changes in children by tracking a group of 3 year olds until they reach the age of 18. This researcher is conducting a ..................study.
    • A. 

      Longitudnal

    • B. 

      Biographical

    • C. 

      Strain


  • 44. 
    The most obvious change ushering in adolescence is.............
    • A. 

      Voice change

    • B. 

      The growth spurt

    • C. 

      Intellectual growth


  • 45. 
    Jack is 24 years old. His major task, according to Erikson, is to develop a sense of ....................
    • A. 

      Generativity

    • B. 

      Initiative

    • C. 

      Intimacy


  • 46. 
    Fear of death is likely to be MOST prominent in................
    • A. 

      Middle age

    • B. 

      Old age

    • C. 

      Childhood


  • 47. 
    When a sample of people of various ages are part of a research study done at one point in time, this study is utilizing the ..............method.
    • A. 

      Cross-sectional

    • B. 

      Experimental

    • C. 

      Longitudal


  • 48. 
    The majority of old people today
    • A. 

      Are senile

    • B. 

      Are helpless and dependent

    • C. 

      Are satisfied with their present lives


  • 49. 
    Most older couples report that the BEST years of their marriage were the years
    • A. 

      After the honeymoon was over

    • B. 

      When their children were teenagers

    • C. 

      After their children hadd grown and left home


  • 50. 
    Kubler-ross describes the sequences of stages of dying as
    • A. 

      Anger, bargaining, depression, denial, acceptance

    • B. 

      Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance

    • C. 

      Anger, denial, depression, bargaining, acceptance


  • 51. 
    A primary reason for the physical decline of people in their 40s and 50s is
    • A. 

      Emotional upheavals

    • B. 

      The growth spurt

    • C. 

      Lack of regular exercise


  • 52. 
    The onset of sexual maturatio  in adolescence is known as
    • A. 

      Maturation

    • B. 

      Puberty

    • C. 

      Atrophy


  • 53. 
    Who is known as the father of developmental psychology?
    • A. 

      Sigmund freud

    • B. 

      G,stanley hall

    • C. 

      John watson


  • 54. 
    Which parenting style is considered the best parenting style?
    • A. 

      Authoritative

    • B. 

      Permissive

    • C. 

      Controling


  • 55. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of Carl Rodger's components of a true identity ?
    • A. 

      Ideal self

    • B. 

      Conceptual self

    • C. 

      Reality self


  • 56. 
    According to Havinghurst, during.............., one has to accept the fact that they are physically no longer what they used to be and that they are going to die.
    • A. 

      Young adulthood

    • B. 

      Middle adulthood

    • C. 

      Elderly life


  • 57. 
    What are the two biggest determinants of life satisfaction during elderly adulthood?
    • A. 

      Finance and health

    • B. 

      Doctors and lawyers

    • C. 

      Sexuality and strength


  • 58. 
    The process of ................teaches children what behaviors and attitudes are appropriate in their family, friends, and culture
    • A. 

      Socialization

    • B. 

      Autonomy

    • C. 

      Imprinting


  • 59. 
    Authoritarian parents are to............children as permissive parents are to ................children
    • A. 

      Passive, assertive

    • B. 

      Distrustful, dependent

    • C. 

      Inquisitve, withdrawn


  • 60. 
    According to the video, what number of people today will spend their last hours in a hospital?
    • A. 

      2 out of 10

    • B. 

      5 out of 10

    • C. 

      8 out of 10


  • 61. 
    Psychology is the study of behavior and
    • A. 

      Emotions

    • B. 

      Functionalism

    • C. 

      Mental processes


  • 62. 
    The psychology that was Darwins's half cousin and said that everything was due to heredity was
    • A. 

      William james

    • B. 

      Margaret washburn

    • C. 

      Francis Galton


  • 63. 
    What psychologist declared that metal life cannot be measured nor seen and therefore should not be studied scientifically
    • A. 

      John watson

    • B. 

      Edward tichner

    • C. 

      William james


  • 64. 
    A research method that studies a person in-depth for some time through the use of observation, interviews, and writings is the ...............method.
    • A. 

      Survey

    • B. 

      Case study

    • C. 

      Psychometric


  • 65. 
    ...............is credited with founding behaviorism.
    • A. 

      William james

    • B. 

      John watson

    • C. 

      Edward tichner


  • 66. 
    ..............is the chemical substance which is involved in the reduction of pain
    • A. 

      Myelin

    • B. 

      Endorphin

    • C. 

      Hormones


  • 67. 
    Freud believed that our behavior is controlled by
    • A. 

      Mental associations

    • B. 

      Unconscious desires

    • C. 

      Environmental stimuli


  • 68. 
    Gestalt theory emphasizes
    • A. 

      Our tendency to see patterns

    • B. 

      Environmental stimuli

    • C. 

      The atoms of thought


  • 69. 
    In an experiment to test the effects of stress on performance, the dependant variable is
    • A. 

      Stress

    • B. 

      Age of person

    • C. 

      Performance


  • 70. 
    The first recognized psychology lab was opened in 1879 by
    • A. 

      James

    • B. 

      Watson

    • C. 

      Freud


  • 71. 
    The gonads produce the male sex hormone called
    • A. 

      Androgen

    • B. 

      Oxytocin

    • C. 

      Thyroxin


  • 72. 
    Which of the following is not an altered state of consciousness?
    • A. 

      Intoxication

    • B. 

      Concentration

    • C. 

      Daydreaming


  • 73. 
    ....................are chemical substances released by glands that help regulate bodily activities
    • A. 

      Drugs

    • B. 

      Hormones

    • C. 

      Nerves


  • 74. 
    The basic units of experience and their combinations were the foundation of
    • A. 

      Gestalt

    • B. 

      Structionalism

    • C. 

      Functionalism


  • 75. 
    The left hemisphere of the brain controls the...................of the body and the right hemisphere controls the.............of the body.
    • A. 

      Leftside-rightside

    • B. 

      Upper half-lower half

    • C. 

      Right side- left side


  • 76. 
    What structure connects the two hemisphere of the brain and coordinates their activities?
    • A. 

      Xamygdala

    • B. 

      Corpus callosum

    • C. 

      Hippocampus


  • 77. 
    Milgram's research focused on
    • A. 

      Learning

    • B. 

      Pain threshold

    • C. 

      Obedience


  • 78. 
    If someone is sleeping and her eyes begin to more rapidly while still closed, we would assume that she is in the.............stage of sleep
    • A. 

      REM

    • B. 

      Stage one

    • C. 

      Stage two


  • 79. 
    Breathing, heartrate, and blood pressure are controlled by the
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Cerbal cortex

    • C. 

      Limbic system


  • 80. 
    ...............is a test on a fetus to determine if there is any genetic abnormalties
    • A. 

      CT-SCAN

    • B. 

      PET-SCAN

    • C. 

      AMINOCENTESIS


  • 81. 
    All of the following are goals of psychology EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Control

    • B. 

      Prediction

    • C. 

      Reinforcement


  • 82. 
    The part of the brain that helps us focus on one thing and ignore distraction is the
    • A. 

      Endocrine system

    • B. 

      Limbic system

    • C. 

      Reticular formation


  • 83. 
    Activity levels of the brain are examined using
    • A. 

      NMR

    • B. 

      PET-SCANS

    • C. 

      X-RAY


  • 84. 
    Behavior genetics is most concerned with
    • A. 

      Understanding how the environment can effect phenotype

    • B. 

      Determing the influence of heredity on behavior

    • C. 

      Studying the process of natural selection


  • 85. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of subliminal perception?
    • A. 

      Subliminal messages may be able to change attitudes

    • B. 

      It works equally well in all people

    • C. 

      People can percieve stimuli they cannot consciously describe


  • 86. 
    Which nervous system is activated in an emergency?
    • A. 

      Sympathetic

    • B. 

      Peripheral

    • C. 

      Somatic


  • 87. 
    ..............is demonstrated when higher doses of a drug are required
    • A. 

      Withdrawal

    • B. 

      Tolerance

    • C. 

      Dependence


  • 88. 
    Which of the following is not a suggestion to help overcome insomnia?
    • A. 

      Establish regular sleeping patterns

    • B. 

      Have a strong alcoholic drink befor bed

    • C. 

      Change bedtime routine


  • 89. 
    Rotating shifts at work can cause
    • A. 

      Hypervigilence

    • B. 

      Ulcers

    • C. 

      Sleep difficulties


  • 90. 
    .................is a sleep disorder in which a person has trouble falling asleep or remaining asleep.
    • A. 

      Apnea

    • B. 

      Insomnia

    • C. 

      Narcolepsy


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