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psy1101

90 Questions  I  By Tchatman
psy1101
Multiple choice

  
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1.  The average IQ score is
A.
B.
C.
2.  Each of the following has been shown to interfere with creativity EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
3.  In the United States, the...................program is large nationwide program designed to help educationally diadvantaged children.
A.
B.
C.
4.  Any stimulus that follows a behavior and decreases the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated is called
A.
B.
C.
5.  A reinforcer that adds something rewarding is
A.
B.
C.
6.  ..................tests measure a person's mental ability
A.
B.
C.
7.  Thurstone's theory of intelligence includes
A.
B.
C.
8.  Which individual intelligence test is most often given to adults today?
A.
B.
C.
9.  Operant conditioning is another term for
A.
B.
C.
10.  By pairing the ringing of the bell with the presentation of meat, Pvlov trained dogs to slivate to the sound of a bell even when no meat was presented. In this experiment, the presentation of meat was the
A.
B.
C.
11.  Culture-fair tests attempt to measure
A.
B.
C.
12.  A person originally feared only spiders but now also fears other types of insects. These new fears are probably the result of
A.
B.
C.
13.  The abilities involved in learning and adaptive behavior are usually labeled as
A.
B.
C.
14.  According to Binet's test, a child who scores as well as an 8 year old has the..................of 8
A.
B.
C.
15.  sensory  registers
A.
B.
C.
16.  Material stored in short term memory remain there for about
A.
B.
C.
17.  .................results in more material being stored in short-term memory because the information is grouped together
A.
B.
C.
18.  The process of learning is defined as experience resulting in
A.
B.
C.
19.  The type of memory that is usually permanent and stores what we know is called
A.
B.
C.
20.  The portion of long-term memory that stores specific information that has personal meaning is called....................memory.
A.
B.
C.
21.  The ability of a test to get similar results when someone is retested is called
A.
B.
C.
22.  Any stimulus that follows a behavior and increases the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated is called a
A.
B.
C.
23.  Repeating information over and over again to retain it in short-term memory is called
A.
B.
C.
24.  Operant conditioning is based on the principle that behaviors occur more often when they are
A.
B.
C.
25.  Food and water are
A.
B.
C.
26.  The portion of longterm memory that stores general facts and information is called.............. memory.
A.
B.
C.
27.  Proactive interference of longterm memory means
A.
B.
C.
28.  Working memory and...............mean the ame thing.
A.
B.
C.
29.  We use mnemonics to .................
A.
B.
C.
30.  You have a cat that runs to the sound of the food cabinet opening. The sound of the cabinet is the
A.
B.
C.
31.  A person who decides not to cheat on a test because it is morally wrong and cheating will make them feel guilty is in what level of moral development according to kohlberg?
A.
B.
C.
32.  The.......period of development is from conception to birth
A.
B.
C.
33.  The structure that attaches a fetus to its mother's uterus and provides nourishment is called the
A.
B.
C.
34.  A child has facial deformities, heart defects, cognitive impairments, and stunted growth. The child likely suffers from
A.
B.
C.
35.  Rachel is willed child, who is moody and intense. she often throws tempr tantrums, and adapts poorly to change. Thomas and Chess would say her temperment is
A.
B.
C.
36.  Jean Piaget is most famous for his theory of..........development
A.
B.
C.
37.  Which of the following is the correct order for Piaget's four stages of development?
A.
B.
C.
38.  An individual who perceives everything from their own perceptive is exhibiting
A.
B.
C.
39.  Lawerence Kholberg developed a theory of
A.
B.
C.
40.  A psychologist spends her entire career studying how and why changes occur in people as they get older. This psychologist is most likely a...............
A.
B.
C.
41.  From the second week until the third month after conception, the developing organism is called a...........
A.
B.
C.
42.  A reflex crucial to an infant's survival is .................
A.
B.
C.
43.  A researcher decides to study cognitve changes in children by tracking a group of 3 year olds until they reach the age of 18. This researcher is conducting a ..................study.
A.
B.
C.
44.  The most obvious change ushering in adolescence is.............
A.
B.
C.
45.  Jack is 24 years old. His major task, according to Erikson, is to develop a sense of ....................
A.
B.
C.
46.  Fear of death is likely to be MOST prominent in................
A.
B.
C.
47.  When a sample of people of various ages are part of a research study done at one point in time, this study is utilizing the ..............method.
A.
B.
C.
48.  The majority of old people today
A.
B.
C.
49.  Most older couples report that the BEST years of their marriage were the years
A.
B.
C.
50.  Kubler-ross describes the sequences of stages of dying as
A.
B.
C.
51.  A primary reason for the physical decline of people in their 40s and 50s is
A.
B.
C.
52.  The onset of sexual maturatio  in adolescence is known as
A.
B.
C.
53.  Who is known as the father of developmental psychology?
A.
B.
C.
54.  Which parenting style is considered the best parenting style?
A.
B.
C.
55.  Which of the following is NOT one of Carl Rodger's components of a true identity ?
A.
B.
C.
56.  According to Havinghurst, during.............., one has to accept the fact that they are physically no longer what they used to be and that they are going to die.
A.
B.
C.
57.  What are the two biggest determinants of life satisfaction during elderly adulthood?
A.
B.
C.
58.  The process of ................teaches children what behaviors and attitudes are appropriate in their family, friends, and culture
A.
B.
C.
59.  Authoritarian parents are to............children as permissive parents are to ................children
A.
B.
C.
60.  According to the video, what number of people today will spend their last hours in a hospital?
A.
B.
C.
61.  Psychology is the study of behavior and
A.
B.
C.
62.  The psychology that was Darwins's half cousin and said that everything was due to heredity was
A.
B.
C.
63.  What psychologist declared that metal life cannot be measured nor seen and therefore should not be studied scientifically
A.
B.
C.
64.  A research method that studies a person in-depth for some time through the use of observation, interviews, and writings is the ...............method.
A.
B.
C.
65.  ...............is credited with founding behaviorism.
A.
B.
C.
66.  ..............is the chemical substance which is involved in the reduction of pain
A.
B.
C.
67.  Freud believed that our behavior is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
68.  Gestalt theory emphasizes
A.
B.
C.
69.  In an experiment to test the effects of stress on performance, the dependant variable is
A.
B.
C.
70.  The first recognized psychology lab was opened in 1879 by
A.
B.
C.
71.  The gonads produce the male sex hormone called
A.
B.
C.
72.  Which of the following is not an altered state of consciousness?
A.
B.
C.
73.  ....................are chemical substances released by glands that help regulate bodily activities
A.
B.
C.
74.  The basic units of experience and their combinations were the foundation of
A.
B.
C.
75.  The left hemisphere of the brain controls the...................of the body and the right hemisphere controls the.............of the body.
A.
B.
C.
76.  What structure connects the two hemisphere of the brain and coordinates their activities?
A.
B.
C.
77.  Milgram's research focused on
A.
B.
C.
78.  If someone is sleeping and her eyes begin to more rapidly while still closed, we would assume that she is in the.............stage of sleep
A.
B.
C.
79.  Breathing, heartrate, and blood pressure are controlled by the
A.
B.
C.
80.  ...............is a test on a fetus to determine if there is any genetic abnormalties
A.
B.
C.
81.  All of the following are goals of psychology EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
82.  The part of the brain that helps us focus on one thing and ignore distraction is the
A.
B.
C.
83.  Activity levels of the brain are examined using
A.
B.
C.
84.  Behavior genetics is most concerned with
A.
B.
C.
85.  Which of the following is NOT true of subliminal perception?
A.
B.
C.
86.  Which nervous system is activated in an emergency?
A.
B.
C.
87.  ..............is demonstrated when higher doses of a drug are required
A.
B.
C.
88.  Which of the following is not a suggestion to help overcome insomnia?
A.
B.
C.
89.  Rotating shifts at work can cause
A.
B.
C.
90.  .................is a sleep disorder in which a person has trouble falling asleep or remaining asleep.
A.
B.
C.
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