Polysci Final

88 Questions  I  By Scottcory022 on December 12, 2010
Political Science Final

  
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1.  Which of the following candidates was defeated in a 2006 U.S. Senate election partly due to an unflattering video clip that received attention on YouTube?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The pathway of action that generally requires the longest time to affect change is the ________ pathway.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  A legal order under which a court directs a government official to take a specific course of action as required bylaw is generally known as a...
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The elements of direct democracy introduced to California by Government Johnson and the Progressives included:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following was NOT a reason for the failure of the Articles of Confederation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The rationale for the Rules Report is...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Where in the U.S. Constitution can the word privacy be found?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following statements most accurately describes the selection of Senators?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  In a(n) _____system, rank-and-file party members attend neighborhood meetings, share ideas and concerns about particular candidates, and cast a ballot for pledged delegates to attend a statewide meeting.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Cracking refers to the...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Legal actions filed by individuals seeking remedies from private parties for contract violations, personal injury, and related issues are generally referred to as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The idea that judges sometimes interject their own opinion and preferences into their decisions and constitutional interpretation is sometimes referred to as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  A system of government in which political power and functions are divided among different layers of government, such as the national government and the states, is referred to as a(n) _______ system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The President's main spokesperson, responsible for holding daily conferences with news media outlets, is the...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The theory that the media should provide both what the public wants and what's good for it is advocated by the...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following was NOT a feature of the Virgina Plan at the Constitutional Convention?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which of the following is NOT an example of an activity in the elections pathway?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following was a power granted to the national government under the Articles of Confederation?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Most analysis today view the concept of the iron triangle as a(n)...
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The idea that there are two courts system, state and federal, which share jurisdiction for the law, is referred to as a(n) 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The clear and present danger test was established by the U.S. Supreme Court in its decision in the case of...
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which of the following is NOT an element of stability in a political system?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  According to data compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau, which American poplulation group is increasing most quickly in size?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The central issue under debate in the Marbury vs. Madison case was the...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The U.S. Supreme Court's majority opinion in the 1973 Miller vs. CA case was written by...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The Supreme Court ruled that campaign expenditures are akin to free speech and are therefore protected by the First Amendment in the case of: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment can be found in the...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Prop 13 was an initiative to amend the state Constitution regarding:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  A dissenting opinion refers to an opinion written by a judge who...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The Federal Communication Commission was established in...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The _____ clause can be characterized as providing freedom of religion.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The House Committee responsible for establishing the terms and conditions of debate on a bill is the...
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B.
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D.
E.
33.  Nonpartisan elections in CA include races for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following is NOT true about the sales tax?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of the following is an example of pure democracy?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  In its decision in Furman vs. Georgia, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled _____ unconstitutional as it was being administered.
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B.
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D.
E.
37.  The Constitutional Convention met in May of 1787 for the purpose of ______ the Articles of Confederation.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which of the following is NOT a liberty protected under the First Amendment?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  In its 1976 decision in the case of _____, the U.S. Supreme Court reactivated the death penalty in the U.S.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  A system of government in which leaders face few formal legal restrictions but are checked by non institutional forces such as political parties, religious groups, or business leaders is referred as...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The Pendleton Act...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The evidentiary rule that prohibits illegally obtained evidence from being used against a criminal defendant is referred to as the...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  As a result of Miller vs. CA (1973), the current test for obscenity is based on...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The process of reviewing and revising a proposed piece of legislation by a committee is generally referred to as...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  One of the main objectives of those who participated in the Constitutional Convention was to...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The general trend in media ownership in the 20th century has been...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The U.S. Supreme Court has _____ jurisdiction over cases decided in lower courts.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The first decision in which the U.S. Supreme Court interpreted the protections afforded under the Bill of Rights as limits to the actions of the States was in the case of...
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B.
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D.
E.
49.  How many times has the Constitution been amended?
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B.
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D.
E.
50.  Partisan elections account for roughly _____ of all elections in CA.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  _____ refer to the collections of interest groups, scholars, and other experts that interact with each other regarding public policy concerns and issues of interest.
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C.
D.
E.
52.  In a _____ primary, used in most states, voters pick delegates who are pledged to support a particular candidate. 
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B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The power of judicial review was established by the U.S. Supreme Court in its decision regarding the case of...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Article 1, Section 9 of the Constitution prohibited Congress from...
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E.
55.  Shay's Rebellion was a response to...
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D.
E.
56.  At the Constitutional Convention, the New Jersey Plan was proposed by...
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B.
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D.
E.
57.  Legal proceedings in which the government seeks to prove that an individual is guilty of a crime and deserves punishment for that crime are generally referred to as...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  The U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brandenburg vs. Ohio dealt with the issue of...
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C.
D.
E.
59.  One of the most extraordinary uses of YouTube came about during a...
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B.
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D.
E.
60.  A writ of certiorari...
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61.  Which of the following powers is an example of a power possessed by Congress which acts as a check on the Courts?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Which current U.S. Supreme Court justices are known for advocating an original intent approach to constitutional interpretation?
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D.
E.
63.  If a judge agrees with the outcome favored by the majority but wishes to present their own reasons for agreeing with the decision, they may write a...
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64.  A court with the authority to hear a case in the first instance, such as a trial court, is said to have...
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D.
E.
65.  Demonstrating deference or being deferential is one aspect of the...
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E.
66.  Research about the affects of the media indicates that Americans tend to... 
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D.
E.
67.  The system of fundamental values and dominant beliefs that are sheared throughout society and that shape political behavior and government policies is know as the...
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E.
68.  The difference between a budget gap and a structural gap has to do with:
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B.
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D.
E.
69.  What percentage of the programming that children watch generally goes far beyond their life experiences, making the potential for molding their minds greater than for adults?
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B.
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D.
E.
70.  Which two states are normally afforded the privilege of holding the first primary and caucus in the presidential election cycle?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The free exercise clause of the 1st Amendment has been expanded largely through legal challenges mounted by which religious denominations?
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D.
E.
72.  The use of private military contractors in Iraq is an example of...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The Supreme Court's decision in the case of Roe vs. Wade was made by a...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  In the context of the Congressional legislative process, logrolling refers to the...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  The U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Planned Parenthood vs. Casey (1992).
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E.
76.  Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress had the power to...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  In the case of _____, the U.S. Supreme Court explicitly ruled that Constitutional protection of civil liberties applied only to the actions of the federal government.
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B.
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D.
E.
78.  Prop 140...
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79.  Which topic is NOT a part of Article III of the Constitution?
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80.  Followers of the original intent doctrine are sometimes referred to as proponents of...
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E.
81.  The U.S. Supreme Court decision in Lemon vs. Kurtzman dealt with the issue of...
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D.
E.
82.  The speaker pro tempore:
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83.  The U.S. Supreme Court first explicitly recognized a right to privacy in the 1965 case of...
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D.
E.
84.  A concurring opinion refers to an opinion written by a judge who...
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D.
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85.  Which American president was assassinated by a disappointed office seeker in 1881?
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B.
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D.
E.
86.  Which pathway focuses on judicial decisions?
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B.
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D.
E.
87.  The state legislature first and foremost wants to craft a budget that:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The right to privacy resulted from...
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B.
C.
D.
E.
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