Polysci Final

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Political Science Quizzes & Trivia
Political Science Final

  
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  • 1. 
    In the case of _____, the U.S. Supreme Court explicitly ruled that Constitutional protection of civil liberties applied only to the actions of the federal government.
    • A. 

      Barron vs. Baltimore

    • B. 

      Tinker vs. Des Moines

    • C. 

      Gitlow vs. New York

    • D. 

      Texas vs. Johnson

    • E. 

      Marbury vs. Madison


  • 2. 
    The first decision in which the U.S. Supreme Court interpreted the protections afforded under the Bill of Rights as limits to the actions of the States was in the case of...
    • A. 

      Barron vs. Baltimore

    • B. 

      Tinker vs. Des Moines

    • C. 

      Gitlow vs. New York

    • D. 

      Texas vs. Johnson

    • E. 

      Marbury vs. Madison


  • 3. 
    Which of the following is NOT a liberty protected under the First Amendment?
    • A. 

      The right to petition the government for redress

    • B. 

      Freedom of religion

    • C. 

      Freedom of speech

    • D. 

      Freedom of the press

    • E. 

      The right to bear arms


  • 4. 
    The _____ clause can be characterized as providing freedom of religion.
    • A. 

      Due process

    • B. 

      Establishment

    • C. 

      Commerce

    • D. 

      Free exercise

    • E. 

      Strict scrutiny


  • 5. 
    The U.S. Supreme Court decision in Lemon vs. Kurtzman dealt with the issue of...
    • A. 

      The establishment clause

    • B. 

      The free exercise clause

    • C. 

      Freedom of speech

    • D. 

      Freedom of assembly

    • E. 

      Freedom of the press


  • 6. 
    The free exercise clause of the 1st Amendment has been expanded largely through legal challenges mounted by which religious denominations?
    • A. 

      Mormons

    • B. 

      Roman Catholics

    • C. 

      Orthodox Catholics

    • D. 

      Muslims

    • E. 

      Jehovah's Witnesses


  • 7. 
    The clear and present danger test was established by the U.S. Supreme Court in its decision in the case of...
    • A. 

      Chaplinsky vs. New Hampshire FCC vs. Pacifica

    • B. 

      New York Times vs. Sullivan

    • C. 

      Watts vs. U.S.

    • D. 

      Virgina vs. Black

    • E. 

      Schenck vs. U.S.


  • 8. 
    The U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brandenburg vs. Ohio dealt with the issue of...
    • A. 

      The establishment clause

    • B. 

      The free exercise clause

    • C. 

      Freedom of speech

    • D. 

      Freedom of assembly

    • E. 

      Freedom of the press


  • 9. 
    The U.S. Supreme Court's majority opinion in the 1973 Miller vs. CA case was written by...
    • A. 

      Thurgood Marshall

    • B. 

      Lewis Powell

    • C. 

      William Rehnquist

    • D. 

      Warren Burger

    • E. 

      Sandra Day O'Connor


  • 10. 
    As a result of Miller vs. CA (1973), the current test for obscenity is based on...
    • A. 

      State law

    • B. 

      Community standards

    • C. 

      Legal precedent

    • D. 

      Federal law

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 11. 
    The evidentiary rule that prohibits illegally obtained evidence from being used against a criminal defendant is referred to as the...
    • A. 

      Defendant protection act

    • B. 

      Freedom of information act

    • C. 

      Liberty protection rule

    • D. 

      Exclusionary rule

    • E. 

      Procedural justice rule


  • 12. 
    In its 1976 decision in the case of _____, the U.S. Supreme Court reactivated the death penalty in the U.S.
    • A. 

      Gregg vs. Georgia

    • B. 

      Furman vs. Georgia

    • C. 

      McClesky vs. Kemp

    • D. 

      Roberts vs. Louisiana

    • E. 

      Fierro vs. Gomez


  • 13. 
    The Supreme Court's decision in the case of Roe vs. Wade was made by a...
    • A. 

      5-4 Majority

    • B. 

      6-3 Majority

    • C. 

      7-2 Majority

    • D. 

      8-1 Majority

    • E. 

      9-0 Majority


  • 14. 
    In its decision in Furman vs. Georgia, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled _____ unconstitutional as it was being administered.
    • A. 

      The death penalty

    • B. 

      A federal income tax

    • C. 

      And restriction on free speech

    • D. 

      Attempt to limit free exercise speech

    • E. 

      Eminent domain


  • 15. 
    The prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment can be found in the...
    • A. 

      4th Amendment

    • B. 

      5th Amendment

    • C. 

      6th Amendment

    • D. 

      7th Amendment

    • E. 

      8th Amendment


  • 16. 
    The U.S. Supreme Court first explicitly recognized a right to privacy in the 1965 case of...
    • A. 

      Craig vs. Missouri

    • B. 

      Bunting vs. Oregon

    • C. 

      Stuart vs. Liard

    • D. 

      Griswold vs. Connecticut

    • E. 

      Roe vs. Wade


  • 17. 
    Where in the U.S. Constitution can the word privacy be found?
    • A. 

      1st Amendment

    • B. 

      1st, 2nd, 3rd Amendment

    • C. 

      Nowhere

    • D. 

      8th Amendment

    • E. 

      4th Amendment


  • 18. 
    The right to privacy resulted from...
    • A. 

      The interpretive powers of the U.S. Supreme Court.

    • B. 

      The coercive powers of the U.S Supreme Court.

    • C. 

      The legal scholarship of the U.S. Attorney General.

    • D. 

      Mass protests by civil rights groups.

    • E. 

      A series of reproductive rights laws passed by Congress.


  • 19. 
    The U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Planned Parenthood vs. Casey (1992).
    • A. 

      Greatly expanded women's rights to make choices about their own health care.

    • B. 

      Only affected minors.

    • C. 

      Generally supported a Pennsylvania law that limited reproductive rights.

    • D. 

      Rejected the constitutionality of a Pennsylvania law that limited reproductive rights.

    • E. 

      Was one veto by President Bill Clinton.


  • 20. 
    The idea that there are two courts system, state and federal, which share jurisdiction for the law, is referred to as a(n) 
    • A. 

      Common law system

    • B. 

      Dual court system

    • C. 

      Adversarial system

    • D. 

      Federal system

    • E. 

      Inquisitorial system


  • 21. 
    Legal proceedings in which the government seeks to prove that an individual is guilty of a crime and deserves punishment for that crime are generally referred to as...
    • A. 

      Civil Lawsuits

    • B. 

      Appellate Jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Criminal Prosecutions

    • D. 

      Plea Bargains

    • E. 

      Circuit Courts


  • 22. 
    Legal actions filed by individuals seeking remedies from private parties for contract violations, personal injury, and related issues are generally referred to as...
    • A. 

      Civil Lawsuits

    • B. 

      Appellate Jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Criminal Prosecutions

    • D. 

      Plea Bargains

    • E. 

      Circuit Courts


  • 23. 
    A court with the authority to hear a case in the first instance, such as a trial court, is said to have...
    • A. 

      Writ of Mandamus

    • B. 

      Obligatory Access

    • C. 

      Right of First Refusal

    • D. 

      Appellate Jurisdiction

    • E. 

      Original Jurisdiction


  • 24. 
    The U.S. Supreme Court has _____ jurisdiction over cases decided in lower courts.
    • A. 

      Primary

    • B. 

      Appellate

    • C. 

      Senior

    • D. 

      Original

    • E. 

      Review


  • 25. 
    A concurring opinion refers to an opinion written by a judge who...
    • A. 

      Disagrees with the decision of the majority

    • B. 

      Agrees with the decision of the majority but wishes to present an alternative reason for their opinion.

    • C. 

      Wishes to appeal the decision of the majority

    • D. 

      Wishes to hear an appeal from a lower court

    • E. 

      Wishes to set the framework for a future appeal of the decision


  • 26. 
    A dissenting opinion refers to an opinion written by a judge who...
    • A. 

      Disagrees with the decision of the majority

    • B. 

      Agrees with the decision of the majority but wishes to present an alternative reason fr their opinion

    • C. 

      Wishes to appeal the decision of the majority

    • D. 

      Wishes to hear an appeal from a lower court

    • E. 

      Wishes to set the framework for a future appeal of the decision


  • 27. 
    A writ of certiorari...
    • A. 

      Transfers jurisdiction from a federal court to a state court

    • B. 

      Limits a defendant's right under particular circumstances

    • C. 

      Transfers jurisdiction from a lower court to the U.S. Supreme Court

    • D. 

      Is an argument submitted by lawyers in an appellate court cases

    • E. 

      Overturns a decision of a lower court


  • 28. 
    If a judge agrees with the outcome favored by the majority but wishes to present their own reasons for agreeing with the decision, they may write a...
    • A. 

      Dissenting opinion

    • B. 

      Writ of certiorari

    • C. 

      Concurring opinion

    • D. 

      Majority opinion

    • E. 

      Consenting opinion


  • 29. 
    Which topic is NOT a part of Article III of the Constitution?
    • A. 

      Tenure of federal judges

    • B. 

      Judicial Review

    • C. 

      Definition of treason

    • D. 

      Requirement for trial by jury in the federal courts

    • E. 

      Subject matter jurisdiction of federal courts


  • 30. 
    The power of judicial review was established by the U.S. Supreme Court in its decision regarding the case of...
    • A. 

      Texas vs. Johnson

    • B. 

      Tinker vs. Des Moines

    • C. 

      Marbury vs. Madison

    • D. 

      U.S. vs. Booker

    • E. 

      Kelo vs. New London


  • 31. 
    The central issue under debate in the Marbury vs. Madison case was the...
    • A. 

      Appointment of federal judges

    • B. 

      Conclusion of a treaty between the U.S. and France

    • C. 

      Establishment of a national bank

    • D. 

      Legal status of Native American tribes

    • E. 

      Principle of freedom of speech


  • 32. 
    A legal order under which a court directs a government official to take a specific course of action as required bylaw is generally known as a...
    • A. 

      Compulsory jurisdiction order

    • B. 

      Writ of certiorari

    • C. 

      Bill of attainder

    • D. 

      Bill of priority

    • E. 

      Writ of mandamus


  • 33. 
    Which current U.S. Supreme Court justices are known for advocating an original intent approach to constitutional interpretation?
    • A. 

      Anthony Kennedy and Stephen Breyer

    • B. 

      John Roberts and Ruth Bader Ginsburg

    • C. 

      Clarence Thomas and Antonin Scalia

    • D. 

      David Souter and John Paul Stevens

    • E. 

      Samuel Alito and Stephen Breyer


  • 34. 
    The idea that judges sometimes interject their own opinion and preferences into their decisions and constitutional interpretation is sometimes referred to as...
    • A. 

      Judicial preferentialism

    • B. 

      Judicial activism

    • C. 

      Judicial restraint

    • D. 

      Juridical sovereignty

    • E. 

      Flexible interpretation


  • 35. 
    Followers of the original intent doctrine are sometimes referred to as proponents of...
    • A. 

      Judicial preferentialism

    • B. 

      Judicial activism

    • C. 

      Judicial restraint

    • D. 

      Juridical sovereignty

    • E. 

      Flexible interpretation


  • 36. 
    The Pendleton Act...
    • A. 

      Established the current merit system in the federal bureaucracy

    • B. 

      Overturned the Reed Act

    • C. 

      Established high tariffs to protect American manufacturers

    • D. 

      Required Congressional approval of presidential appointees

    • E. 

      Eliminated the ability of the Senate to filibuster nominees


  • 37. 
    Which American president was assassinated by a disappointed office seeker in 1881?
    • A. 

      Abraham Lincoln

    • B. 

      James Garfield

    • C. 

      William McKinley

    • D. 

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • E. 

      William Taft


  • 38. 
    Most analysis today view the concept of the iron triangle as a(n)...
    • A. 

      Accurate model confirmed by in-depth analytic studies

    • B. 

      Accurate description of military policy but less accurate in describing other policy areas

    • C. 

      Accurate reflection of the problems facing government reformers.

    • D. 

      Limited and outdated model

    • E. 

      Contextually limited by philosophically relevant model


  • 39. 
    The use of private military contractors in Iraq is an example of...
    • A. 

      Devolution

    • B. 

      Decentralization

    • C. 

      Defederlization

    • D. 

      Privatization

    • E. 

      Commercialization


  • 40. 
    _____ refer to the collections of interest groups, scholars, and other experts that interact with each other regarding public policy concerns and issues of interest.
    • A. 

      Government

    • B. 

      Bureaucracies

    • C. 

      Iron Triangle

    • D. 

      Issue Networks

    • E. 

      Politics


  • 41. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of an activity in the elections pathway?
    • A. 

      Lobbying an elected official

    • B. 

      A voter registration drive

    • C. 

      Fundraising for a political party

    • D. 

      Campaigning for a political candidate

    • E. 

      Voting


  • 42. 
    Which pathway focuses on judicial decisions?
    • A. 

      The elections pathways

    • B. 

      The court pathway

    • C. 

      The lobbying pathway

    • D. 

      The cultural change pathway

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 43. 
    The pathway of action that generally requires the longest time to affect change is the ________ pathway.
    • A. 

      Cultural Change

    • B. 

      Elections

    • C. 

      Lobbing

    • D. 

      Grassroots mobilization

    • E. 

      Court-centered


  • 44. 
    According to data compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau, which American poplulation group is increasing most quickly in size?
    • A. 

      Asians

    • B. 

      African Americans

    • C. 

      Hispanics

    • D. 

      Native Americans

    • E. 

      Whites


  • 45. 
    The system of fundamental values and dominant beliefs that are sheared throughout society and that shape political behavior and government policies is know as the...
    • A. 

      National value system

    • B. 

      Belief structure

    • C. 

      Political culture

    • D. 

      Social structure

    • E. 

      Social culture


  • 46. 
    Which of the following is NOT an element of stability in a political system?
    • A. 

      Powerful political culture.

    • B. 

      Frequent changes in elected leadership.

    • C. 

      Broadly accepted political and economic framework.

    • D. 

      He existence of a variety of ways for citizens to seek and achieve policy mplementation and change.

    • E. 

      All of the above are elements of stability in a political system.


  • 47. 
    A system of government in which leaders face few formal legal restrictions but are checked by non institutional forces such as political parties, religious groups, or business leaders is referred as...
    • A. 

      A constitutional monarchy

    • B. 

      An authoritarian regime

    • C. 

      A totalitarian regime

    • D. 

      A fascist regime

    • E. 

      A republic


  • 48. 
    Which of the following is an example of pure democracy?
    • A. 

      Voting for elected officials

    • B. 

      Congress impeaching the president

    • C. 

      The Constitution limiting the power of the Congress

    • D. 

      Participating in a town hall meeting

    • E. 

      The courts declaring an act of Congress unconstitutional


  • 49. 
    Which of the following was a power granted to the national government under the Articles of Confederation?
    • A. 

      Collect taxes

    • B. 

      Establish courts

    • C. 

      Regulate Commerce

    • D. 

      Establish a draft

    • E. 

      Establish a national money system.


  • 50. 
    Which of the following was NOT a reason for the failure of the Articles of Confederation?
    • A. 

      The national government set too high a tax rate.

    • B. 

      The national government had no way to regulate interstate commerce.

    • C. 

      The national government was not able to conduct foreign affairs.

    • D. 

      The nation experienced an economic revival during the 1780's.

    • E. 

      There was no effective national leadership.


  • 51. 
    Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress had the power to...
    • A. 

      Raise Taxes

    • B. 

      Appoint an executive officer

    • C. 

      Borrow money

    • D. 

      Regulate foreign trade

    • E. 

      Do all of the above


  • 52. 
    Shay's Rebellion was a response to...
    • A. 

      Taxation without representation

    • B. 

      Slavery

    • C. 

      The lack of responsiveness on the part of a state government to the need of its citizens

    • D. 

      The unjust demands placed on the colonists by the British.

    • E. 

      The displacement of Native Americans by Europeans that settled in the original 13 colonies.


  • 53. 
    One of the main objectives of those who participated in the Constitutional Convention was to...
    • A. 

      Ensure the maximum degree of stability possible.

    • B. 

      Ensure the maximum degree of liberty possible

    • C. 

      Balance liberty and stability

    • D. 

      Guarantee the protection of private possible

    • E. 

      Weaken the power if the national government


  • 54. 
    The Constitutional Convention met in May of 1787 for the purpose of ______ the Articles of Confederation.
    • A. 

      Honoring

    • B. 

      Amending

    • C. 

      Organizing

    • D. 

      Shortening

    • E. 

      Revising


  • 55. 
    At the Constitutional Convention, the New Jersey Plan was proposed by...
    • A. 

      William Paterson

    • B. 

      Sir Walter Raleigh

    • C. 

      Edmund Randolph

    • D. 

      Thomas Jefferson

    • E. 

      Benjamin Franklin


  • 56. 
    Which of the following was NOT a feature of the Virgina Plan at the Constitutional Convention?
    • A. 

      A multi-person executive council.

    • B. 

      Life terms for judges appointed by the legislature.

    • C. 

      A system whereby acts of the new national legislature would override state laws.

    • D. 

      A system of checks and balances.

    • E. 

      Undermining the power of the president


  • 57. 
    Article 1, Section 9 of the Constitution prohibited Congress from...
    • A. 

      Ending the slave trade

    • B. 

      Imposing a national income tax

    • C. 

      Overturning the decisions of the states

    • D. 

      Removing a sitting official from office

    • E. 

      Undermining the power of the president


  • 58. 
    A system of government in which political power and functions are divided among different layers of government, such as the national government and the states, is referred to as a(n) _______ system.
    • A. 

      Unitary

    • B. 

      Confederal

    • C. 

      Federal

    • D. 

      Devolved unitary

    • E. 

      Proportional representation


  • 59. 
    How many times has the Constitution been amended?
    • A. 

      12

    • B. 

      17

    • C. 

      27

    • D. 

      37

    • E. 

      57


  • 60. 
    Which of the following powers is an example of a power possessed by Congress which acts as a check on the Courts?
    • A. 

      Paying judges' salaries.

    • B. 

      Creating lower federal courts.

    • C. 

      Investigating presidential actions.

    • D. 

      Nominating judges for the courts

    • E. 

      Declaring laws unconstitutional.


  • 61. 
    The elements of direct democracy introduced to California by Government Johnson and the Progressives included:
    • A. 

      A system of checks and balances between the three branches of government.

    • B. 

      The practice of laissez-faire.

    • C. 

      The recall, referendum, and initiative provisions.

    • D. 

      The establshment of judicial review to be exercised by the state;s supreme court.

    • E. 

      The creation of a unicameral state legislature.


  • 62. 
    The general trend in media ownership in the 20th century has been...
    • A. 

      Towards diversification in micro-markets.

    • B. 

      Towards decentralization and increased competition as a result of deregulation.

    • C. 

      Towards greater consolidation and concentration of ownership.

    • D. 

      Towards greater specialization in topics.

    • E. 

      Unchanged since the late 19th century.


  • 63. 
    Research about the affects of the media indicates that Americans tend to... 
    • A. 

      Overestimate the level of corruption in politics.

    • B. 

      Underestimate the level of corruption in politics.

    • C. 

      Overestimate the level of crime in society.

    • D. 

      Underestimate the level of crime in society.

    • E. 

      Overestimate the level of diversity within the media.


  • 64. 
    What percentage of the programming that children watch generally goes far beyond their life experiences, making the potential for molding their minds greater than for adults?
    • A. 

      25%

    • B. 

      33%

    • C. 

      50%

    • D. 

      80%

    • E. 

      95%


  • 65. 
    The President's main spokesperson, responsible for holding daily conferences with news media outlets, is the...
    • A. 

      Secretary of Interior.

    • B. 

      Secretary of State.

    • C. 

      National Security Advisor.

    • D. 

      Press Secretary.

    • E. 

      Chief of Staff.


  • 66. 
    The Federal Communication Commission was established in...
    • A. 

      1912

    • B. 

      1920

    • C. 

      1934

    • D. 

      1946

    • E. 

      1961


  • 67. 
    The theory that the media should provide both what the public wants and what's good for it is advocated by the...
    • A. 

      Devolution theory.

    • B. 

      Libertarian theory

    • C. 

      Social responsibility theory.

    • D. 

      Prospective governance theory.

    • E. 

      Theory of multiple audiences.


  • 68. 
    The difference between a budget gap and a structural gap has to do with:
    • A. 

      How persistent the gap is.

    • B. 

      How big the gap is.

    • C. 

      What causes the gap.

    • D. 

      Proposed solutions to the gap.

    • E. 

      None of the above. Its just semantics.


  • 69. 
    The state legislature first and foremost wants to craft a budget that:
    • A. 

      Balances revenue with expenditures.

    • B. 

      Will cater to their constitutes and special interest groups who helped elect them.

    • C. 

      Runs a surplus to close the state's structural budget gap.

    • D. 

      Limits the states government's role in the economy.

    • E. 

      Reflects the realities of the economy.


  • 70. 
    Which of the following is NOT true about the sales tax?
    • A. 

      It is the same in all of CA.

    • B. 

      It is determined exclusively by the state government.

    • C. 

      It is considered a progressive tax.

    • D. 

      It accounts for the largest portion of the state's general fund.

    • E. 

      None of the above is true.


  • 71. 
    The Supreme Court ruled that campaign expenditures are akin to free speech and are therefore protected by the First Amendment in the case of: 
    • A. 

      Smith vs. Allwright.

    • B. 

      Roe vs. Wade.

    • C. 

      McConnell vs. Federal Election Commission.

    • D. 

      Buckley vs. Valeo.

    • E. 

      Tinker vs. Des Moines.


  • 72. 
    Which of the following candidates was defeated in a 2006 U.S. Senate election partly due to an unflattering video clip that received attention on YouTube?
    • A. 

      John McCain

    • B. 

      George Bush

    • C. 

      George Allen

    • D. 

      Jim Webb

    • E. 

      Al Gore


  • 73. 
    One of the most extraordinary uses of YouTube came about during a...
    • A. 

      Fox cable network sprnsored presidential debate.

    • B. 

      CNN sponsored presidential debate.

    • C. 

      Program aired on the NBC Nightly News show.

    • D. 

      MTV sponsored presidential debate.

    • E. 

      Program aired on the PBS News Hour program.


  • 74. 
    In a _____ primary, used in most states, voters pick delegates who are pledged to support a particular candidate. 
    • A. 

      Binding

    • B. 

      Restricted

    • C. 

      Federal

    • D. 

      Majority

    • E. 

      Blind


  • 75. 
    In a(n) _____system, rank-and-file party members attend neighborhood meetings, share ideas and concerns about particular candidates, and cast a ballot for pledged delegates to attend a statewide meeting.
    • A. 

      Federal Primary.

    • B. 

      Judicial Caucus.

    • C. 

      Model Primary.

    • D. 

      Electoral College.

    • E. 

      Nomination Caucus.


  • 76. 
    Which two states are normally afforded the privilege of holding the first primary and caucus in the presidential election cycle?
    • A. 

      Iowa and New Ham.

    • B. 

      Iowa and Nev.

    • C. 

      Wash and New Ham.

    • D. 

      Alabama and Wash.

    • E. 

      South Car and Ohio


  • 77. 
    Prop 13 was an initiative to amend the state Constitution regarding:
    • A. 

      Illegal immigration.

    • B. 

      Taxation, particularly property taxes.

    • C. 

      Longer prison sentences for repeat offenders.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

    • E. 

      Same-sex marriages.


  • 78. 
    Nonpartisan elections in CA include races for:
    • A. 

      All statewide executive officers.

    • B. 

      Congressional Representatives.

    • C. 

      The state legislatures.

    • D. 

      Judges.

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 79. 
    Partisan elections account for roughly _____ of all elections in CA.
    • A. 

      10%

    • B. 

      25%

    • C. 

      40%

    • D. 

      50%

    • E. 

      75%


  • 80. 
    Which of the following statements most accurately describes the selection of Senators?
    • A. 

      All 100 seats in the Senate are elected every two years.

    • B. 

      All 100 seats in the Senate are elected every four years.

    • C. 

      All 100 seats in the Senate are elected every six years.

    • D. 

      Half of the seats in the Senate are elected every two years.

    • E. 

      One-third of the seats in the Senate are elected every two years.


  • 81. 
    Cracking refers to the...
    • A. 

      Use of executive privilege to bypass Congressional oversight

    • B. 

      Division of opposition voters into a wide number of electoral districts

    • C. 

      Consolidation of opposition voters into a handful of electoral districts

    • D. 

      Use of the bully pulpit to pressure Congress to concede to presidential demands

    • E. 

      Process whereby the courts can review any action of the Congress or the president


  • 82. 
    The process of reviewing and revising a proposed piece of legislation by a committee is generally referred to as...
    • A. 

      Editorializing.

    • B. 

      Legislative Preprogative.

    • C. 

      Judicial Review.

    • D. 

      Open Process.

    • E. 

      Markup


  • 83. 
    The House Committee responsible for establishing the terms and conditions of debate on a bill is the...
    • A. 

      Procedure Committee.

    • B. 

      Appropriations Committee.

    • C. 

      Administration Committee.

    • D. 

      Legislative Affairs Committee.

    • E. 

      Rules Committee.


  • 84. 
    The rationale for the Rules Report is...
    • A. 

      To remove any legistative rules that will favor one party.

    • B. 

      To establish rules regarding the consideration of legislation, streamline the legislative process, and make things fair.

    • C. 

      To establish rules regarding the consideration of executive decisions, organize Congress, and prevent anyone Congressperson from becoming too powerful.

    • D. 

      A concept that had never really been addressed by Congress.

    • E. 

      Important in determining the relationship between Congress and the Judicial Branch.


  • 85. 
    Demonstrating deference or being deferential is one aspect of the...
    • A. 

      Allocative system.

    • B. 

      Networking norm.

    • C. 

      Seniority system.

    • D. 

      Apprenticeship norm.

    • E. 

      Deference system.


  • 86. 
    In the context of the Congressional legislative process, logrolling refers to the...
    • A. 

      Passing of legislation back and forth between the House and the Senate.

    • B. 

      Reciprocal exchange of support for legislation.

    • C. 

      Referral of legislation to the bureaucracy for policy guidance.

    • D. 

      Informal process of adding earmarks to legislation under consideration.

    • E. 

      Sending of the final version of the bill to the president for consideration.


  • 87. 
    Prop 140...
    • A. 

      Lowered property taxes.

    • B. 

      Raised the voting requirement for new taxes in the state legislature to 2/3.

    • C. 

      Limited the terms of office for CA state legislators.

    • D. 

      Placed limits on the public service available to illegal immigrants.

    • E. 

      Reduced the salary of state legislators.


  • 88. 
    The speaker pro tempore:
    • A. 

      Is the leader of the minority party in the assembly.

    • B. 

      Is the head of state senate.

    • C. 

      Is elected by the assembly.

    • D. 

      Presides over assembly floor sessions in the absence of the speaker.

    • E. 

      Is the chair of the assembly's Rules Committee.


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