Political Science Dr. Franklin Gsu

100 Questions  I  By Jpritchard447
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Political Science Quizzes & Trivia
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    One fear about majority rule in a democracy is that it could lead to
    • A. 

      Apathy on the part of elites.

    • B. 

      Tyranny through suppression of the minority.

    • C. 

      Public policies that benefit special interest groups

    • D. 

      Control of government by career bureaucrats.

    • E. 

      All these answers are correct.


  • 2. 
    In Federalist No. 10, James Madison argued that
    • A. 

      Government is most dangerous when a single group is powerful enough to gain full political control.

    • B. 

      Monarchies are preferable to democracies.

    • C. 

      America was not diverse enough to prevent powerful interest groups from exercising too much political power.

    • D. 

      Interest groups should be heavily regulated in America.

    • E. 

      Interest groups are less troublesome than political parties are.


  • 3. 
    America's pluralism stems from
    • A. 

      Its geographical diversity.

    • B. 

      Its economic complexity.

    • C. 

      Its religious diversity.

    • D. 

      Its ethnic diversity.

    • E. 

      All these answers are correct.


  • 4. 
    A major criticism of the theory of pluralism is that ␣
    • A. 

      There are no organized interest groups.

    • B. 

      Majorities always win.

    • C. 

      Only a small number of powerful groups are well-organized and influence policymakers.

    • D. 

      The needs of special interests are ignored.

    • E. 

      None of these answers is correct.


  • 5. 
    Which of the following is true about the United States? ␣
    • A. 

      The candidate with the most popular votes always becomes president.

    • B. 

      There are forms of direct democracy at the national level.

    • C. 

      To protect against abuses of power, the Framers of the Constitution devised a system of checks and balances.

    • D. 

      Majority rule is more direct in the United States than in other European democracies.

    • E. 

      Senators, representatives, and presidents all have the same terms of office.


  • 6. 
    An idea central to the ideology of Classical Liberalism is: ␣
    • A. 

      To each according to his ability, to each according to his needs.

    • B. 

      The role of government is to provide the greatest happiness to the largest number of people.

    • C. 

      Society's rules should mimic the law of the jungle.

    • D. 

      The government that governs best governs least.

    • E. 

      There will be a natural progression in society towards the state ownership of the means of production.


  • 7. 
    The Framers of the Constitution preferred which of the following political arrangements? ␣ 
    • A. 

      A republic as opposed to a pure democracy

    • B. 

      A monarchy as opposed to a constitutional system

    • C. 

      A pure democracy over a republic

    • D. 

      A pure democracy over a representative democracy

    • E. 

      Socialism over capitalism


  • 8. 
    A contemporary legislator who voted for a bill even though his constituents back home overwhelmingly opposed the bill would be performing the role of 
    • A. 

      Trustee.

    • B. 

      Delegate.

    • C. 

      Statesperson.

    • D. 

      Politician.

    • E. 

      Oversight.


  • 9. 
    Presidential appointments and treaties must be approved by 
    • A. 

      Congress.

    • B. 

      Only the president.

    • C. 

      The Senate.

    • D. 

      The Supreme Court.

    • E. 

      The secretary of state.


  • 10. 
    According to the Constitution
    • A. 

      The legislature enforces the law.

    • B. 

      The executive makes the law.

    • C. 

      The judiciary interprets the law.

    • D. 

      The bureaucrats make the law.

    • E. 

      Interest groups directly determine public policy outcomes.


  • 11. 
    Judicial review is the power of the American courts to
    • A. 

      Declare a law unconstitutional.

    • B. 

      Suspend the writ of habeas corpus.

    • C. 

      Impeach the president.

    • D. 

      Give advisory opinions to Congress.

    • E. 

      Give advice and counsel to the president.


  • 12. 
    Where is the Bill of Rights found in the Constitution?
    • A. 

      Article I, Section 8

    • B. 

      Article II

    • C. 

      The first ten Amendments

    • D. 

      Amendments 17 through 26

    • E. 

      Article III


  • 13. 
    The separation of powers and checks and balances are respectively:
    • A. 

      Two ways of saying the same thing.

    • B. 

      The physical separation of the branches and the shared power of the branches.

    • C. 

      The shared power of the branches and the physical separation of the branches.

    • D. 

      The relationship between the federal government and the states and the relationship between the president, Congress and the courts

    • E. 

      The relationship between the president, Congress and the courts and the relationship between the federal government and the states.


  • 14. 
    Which choice below describes the American change in governmental structure as a result of adopting the Constitution? 
    • A. 

      Unitary to confederal

    • B. 

      Confederal to unitary

    • C. 

      Federal to unitary

    • D. 

      Confederal to federal

    • E. 

      Federal to confederal


  • 15. 
    Which region of the nation receives the highest percentage of its revenues from the federal government?
    • A. 

      West

    • B. 

      Northeast

    • C. 

      Midwest

    • D. 

      South

    • E. 

      Non-contiguous states of Alaska and Hawaii


  • 16. 
    In America today, public education is primarily the responsibility of 
    • A. 

      The national government.

    • B. 

      State and local governments.

    • C. 

      The National Education Association (NEA).

    • D. 

      The American Federation of Teachers (AFT).

    • E. 

      The U.S. Department of Education.


  • 17. 
    According to_____,a large republic is less likely to have an all-powerful faction.
    • A. 

      Patrick Henry

    • B. 

      George Mason

    • C. 

      James Madison

    • D. 

      John C. Calhoun

    • E. 

      John Marshall Harlan


  • 18. 
    Roughly one in every _____ dollars spent by local and state governments in recent decades was raised not by them but by the government in Washington. 
    • A. 

      Two

    • B. 

      Five

    • C. 

      Ten

    • D. 

      Fifty

    • E. 

      One hundred


  • 19. 
    All of the following countries have a unitary form of government except
    • A. 

      Canada.

    • B. 

      Sweden.

    • C. 

      France.

    • D. 

      Japan.

    • E. 

      Great Britain.


  • 20. 
    Devolution is
    • A. 

      The passing of authority from the national government to the state and local levels.

    • B. 

      The expansion of national authority that began in the 1930s.

    • C. 

      The contraction of state authority and the expansion of local government authority.

    • D. 

      The expansion of national authority that began in the 1960s.

    • E. 

      None of these answers is correct.


  • 21. 
    All civil liberties are
    • A. 

      Absolute.

    • B. 

      Conditional.

    • C. 

      Enumerated in the Constitution.

    • D. 

      Contained in the First Amendment.

    • E. 

      Clear in terms of judicial interpretation.


  • 22. 
    Which is true about the judiciary in America?
    • A. 

      The courts are for the most part isolated from public moods.

    • B. 

      The courts must balance society's need for safety against the rights of the individual.

    • C. 

      Judges have virtually unlimited power.

    • D. 

      All these answers are correct.

    • E. 

      The courts are not isolated from public moods, and must balance society's need for safety against the rights of the individual.


  • 23. 
    According to the SupremeCourt, which is true regarding freedom of assembly?
    • A. 

      Individuals have the right to command immediate access to a public auditorium.

    • B. 

      Individuals have the right to hold a public rally in the middle of a busy intersection at a time of their choosing.

    • C. 

      Public officials can regulate the time, place, and conditions of public assembly, provided the regulations are reasonable.

    • D. 

      Public officials can prohibit assembly by unpopular groups.

    • E. 

      Freedom of assembly is an absolute right, because it is in the First Amendment.


  • 24. 
    "You have the right to remain silent....Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law...You have the right to an attorney." This is called
    • A. 

      The preferred position doctrine.

    • B. 

      The clear and present danger test.

    • C. 

      The Miranda warning.

    • D. 

      The fairness doctrine.

    • E. 

      None of these answers is correct.


  • 25. 
    In Texas v. Johnson ,the Supreme Court ruled that
    • A. 

      Flag burning is an imminent danger to public safety.

    • B. 

      Flag burning is not symbolic speech.

    • C. 

      Flag burning, although offensive, cannot be prohibited.

    • D. 

      Flag burning can be prohibited by the national government but not by the states.

    • E. 

      Flag burning could be banned by Congress.


  • 26. 
    The freedoms of speech, press, assembly ,and petition are found in
    • A. 

      The First Amendment.

    • B. 

      The Fourth Amendment.

    • C. 

      The Sixth Amendment.

    • D. 

      The Tenth Amendment.

    • E. 

      The Fourteenth Amendment.


  • 27. 
    Obscene materials are 
    • A. 

      Protected under the Second Amendment principle that the public has the right to bare arms.

    • B. 

      Protected under the Fifth Amendment principle that people can't be held responsible for their personal statements and actions.

    • C. 

      protected under the principle of due process as sex activities are a natural process.

    • D. 

      Not protected under the First Amendment principle of Freedom of Speech.

    • E. 

      Protected under the First Amendment principle of Freedom of Speech.


  • 28. 
    Native Americans were made "official" citizens of the United States in 
    • A. 

      1979

    • B. 

      1856

    • C. 

      1924

    • D. 

      1972

    • E. 

      1998


  • 29. 
    Today, women currently hold about _____ percent of the seats in Congress.
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      15

    • C. 

      25

    • D. 

      40

    • E. 

      50


  • 30. 
    The gender gap refers to the tendency of women to favor
    • A. 

      Green party candidates.

    • B. 

      Democrats.

    • C. 

      Independents.

    • D. 

      Republicans.

    • E. 

      Libertarians.


  • 31. 
    Women in America obtained the right to vote in national elections in
    • A. 

      1790

    • B. 

      1865

    • C. 

      1890

    • D. 

      1920

    • E. 

      1974


  • 32. 
    Libertarians are opposed to governmental intervention
    • A. 

      In both the economic and social spheres.

    • B. 

      In the economic but not the social sphere.

    • C. 

      In the social sphere, but not the economic sphere.

    • D. 

      In neither the social nor the economic spheres.

    • E. 

      Only with regard to affirmative action.


  • 33. 
    ThatAmericanshaveadifferentviewtowardredistributingwealthtoaidthepoorfromthatheldby Europeans is probably due to Americans' deep-rooted belief in
    • A. 

      Individualism.

    • B. 

      Democracy.

    • C. 

      Self-government.

    • D. 

      Liberalism.

    • E. 

      Collectivism.


  • 34. 
    About_____percent of Americans identify themselves as an Independent (i.e. identifying with neither major political party).
    • A. 

      10

    • B. 

      25

    • C. 

      35

    • D. 

      50

    • E. 

      70


  • 35. 
    If the sampling error in a properly conducted poll is plus or minus 4 percent,andthepollpredictsthat candidate X will receive 60 percent of the vote, then the candidate will likely receive
    • A. 

      Between 52 and 68 percent of the vote.

    • B. 

      Between 56 and 64 percent of the vote.

    • C. 

      Between 58 to 62 percent of the vote.

    • D. 

      Between 50 to 70 percent of the vote.

    • E. 

      60 percent of the vote.


  • 36. 
    Which of the following is true about public opinion polling?
    • A. 

      Polls are the most relied-upon method of measuring public opinion.

    • B. 

      Polls can be erroneous at times.

    • C. 

      Most large news organizations have their own in-house polls.

    • D. 

      The Gallup pollsters have correctly predicted the winner of presidential elections most of the time since 1936.

    • E. 

      All these answers are correct.


  • 37. 
    In general, public opinion
    • A. 

      Determines government action.

    • B. 

      Is unrelated to government action.

    • C. 

      Sets broad limits on government action.

    • D. 

      Affects government action only on election issues.

    • E. 

      Is only important during a presidential election.


  • 38. 
    As politics in Washington has polarized:
    • A. 

      Public opinion has remained relatively moderate.

    • B. 

      Public opinion has polarized as well.

    • C. 

      Public opinion has gotten more moderate.

    • D. 

      Public opinion has gotten more conservative.

    • E. 

      Public opinion has gotten more liberal.


  • 39. 
    _____holds more elections than any other democracy and is the only one to rely extensively on primary elections.
    • A. 

      France

    • B. 

      The United States

    • C. 

      Germany

    • D. 

      Great Britain

    • E. 

      Belgium


  • 40. 
    An original purpose of a system of voter registration was to
    • A. 

      Prevent fraudulent voting.

    • B. 

      Certify party membership.

    • C. 

      Educate people about the importance of voting.

    • D. 

      Help candidates know the size of the electorate.

    • E. 

      Help the political parties increase voter turnout.


  • 41. 
    When the nation was founded, who was eligible to vote? 
    • A. 

      Everyone—there was universal suffrage

    • B. 

      All males and females who were at least 21 years of age

    • C. 

      Only white males who owned property

    • D. 

      Only citizens who had lived in the nation for at least ten years

    • E. 

      All native-born citizens could vote.


  • 42. 
    The "Motor Voter" law
    • A. 

      Was passed in 1993.

    • B. 

      Made it easier for citizens to register to vote.

    • C. 

      Linked voter registration to the vehicle registration process.

    • D. 

      Was passed in 1993 and linked voter registration to the vehicle registration process.

    • E. 

      All these answers are correct


  • 43. 
    Since the 1960s, the level of turnout in presidential elections has averaged _____percent.
    • A. 

      75

    • B. 

      65

    • C. 

      55

    • D. 

      45

    • E. 

      35


  • 44. 
    In the United States, the primary responsibility for registration of the individual voter rests with the
    • A. 

      State and local governments.

    • B. 

      Local courts.

    • C. 

      Employer.

    • D. 

      Individual.

    • E. 

      Federal government.


  • 45. 
    The most important voting cue in most elections in the United States is;
    • A. 

      Ballot order.

    • B. 

      Party id.

    • C. 

      Candidate gender.

    • D. 

      Candidate race.

    • E. 

      Candidate profession.


  • 46. 
    Compared with U.S. citizens of higher income, those of lower in come are
    • A. 

      Much less likely to vote in elections.

    • B. 

      About equally likely to vote in elections.

    • C. 

      Much more likely to vote in elections.

    • D. 

      Much less likely to vote in elections, a pattern that is also true in European democracies.

    • E. 

      None of these answers is correct.


  • 47. 
    During the twenty-first century, voting rates in the United States
    • A. 

      Have shown little difference from those of the late twentieth century.

    • B. 

      Have increased in presidential elections while continuing to decline in local ones

    • C. 

      Have demonstrated that the apathy of young citizens has worsened considerably since the early 1990s.

    • D. 

      Have increased in all elections.

    • E. 

      Have declined in all elections.


  • 48. 
    Generally speaking, states with the most restrictive registration laws are concentrated in which region?
    • A. 

      South

    • B. 

      Midwest

    • C. 

      Northeast

    • D. 

      Pacific Coast

    • E. 

      Great Plains


  • 49. 
    The adoption of voter identification cards by several states
    • A. 

      Will likely cause a decline in voter turnout in those states.

    • B. 

      Is a policy intended to further the gains of the motor voter law

    • C. 

      Was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.

    • D. 

      Will increase the voting power of poorer citizens.

    • E. 

      Was a response to well-documented accounts of widespread electoral fraud.


  • 50. 
    The election of_____was the only time in American history when the U.S. party structure essentially collapsed.
    • A. 

      1800

    • B. 

      1836

    • C. 

      1860

    • D. 

      1896

    • E. 

      1912


  • 51. 
    _____was a realigning election.
    • A. 

      1840

    • B. 

      1872

    • C. 

      1932

    • D. 

      1960

    • E. 

      1976


  • 52. 
    Which of the following statements about the patronage system is true?
    • A. 

      It was a means of rewarding party workers for their loyalty.

    • B. 

      It was first established in the early twentieth century.

    • C. 

      It has fallen increasingly into the hands of party organizations.

    • D. 

      It weakens the bond that most federal staff members might otherwise feel for the congressperson under which they work.

    • E. 

      Today there are almost no patronage jobs left.


  • 53. 
    Candidate-centered politics encourages all of the following except
    • A. 

      Greater responsiveness to local interests.

    • B. 

      Flexibility in response to problems.

    • C. 

      Long-term consistency in policymaking.

    • D. 

      Introduction of new blood to politics.

    • E. 

      The use of television advertising in campaigns.


  • 54. 
    The greatest blow to the organizational strength of U.S. parties was
    • A. 

      The national convention.

    • B. 

      The direct primary.

    • C. 

      Jacksonian democracy.

    • D. 

      The emergence of PACs.

    • E. 

      Voter registration.


  • 55. 
    During the twentieth century, American parties lost their complete control over 
    • A. 

      Nominations.

    • B. 

      Financing.

    • C. 

      Platforms.

    • D. 

      Staffing government jobs.

    • E. 

      All these answers are correct.


  • 56. 
    Organizationally, the U.S. major parties are
    • A. 

      Decentralized and weak.

    • B. 

      Centralized and weak.

    • C. 

      Decentralized and strong.

    • D. 

      Centralized and strong.

    • E. 

      No longer in operation.


  • 57. 
    Which of the following are key players in the modern campaign?
    • A. 

      Pollsters

    • B. 

      Media producers

    • C. 

      Fund raising specialists

    • D. 

      Campaign consultants

    • E. 

      All these answers are correct


  • 58. 
    The vast majority of voters who identify themselves as independents 
    • A. 

      Truly have to sympathy towards one political party or the other.

    • B. 

      Are disenchanted former party activists.

    • C. 

      Are senior citizens.

    • D. 

      Are from the Northeast and the West Coast.

    • E. 

      Lean towards one party or the other despite their self proclaimed independence.


  • 59. 
    Which of the following groups is most closely aligned with the Democratic Party, voting more than 85 percent Democratic in presidential elections? 
    • A. 

      Latino Americans

    • B. 

      White Protestants

    • C. 

      Christian fundamentalists

    • D. 

      African Americans

    • E. 

      Roman Catholics


  • 60. 
    Advantages that Republicans and Democrats have over minor party candidates include
    • A. 

      Voting loyalty of party identifiers.

    • B. 

      An automatic place on the ballot in every state.

    • C. 

      Millions of dollars in campaign donations.

    • D. 

      Both an automatic place on the ballot in every state, and millions of dollars in campaign donations.

    • E. 

      All these answers are correct


  • 61. 
    According to most experts on American politics, the interest group system has
    • A. 

      A strong upper-class bias.

    • B. 

      A strong working-class bias.

    • C. 

      A strong bias in favor of liberal Democrats.

    • D. 

      A strong bias in favor of moderate Republicans.

    • E. 

      A strong bias in favor of racial minorities.


  • 62. 
    The air we breathe is an example of a
    • A. 

      Collective good.

    • B. 

      Public good.

    • C. 

      Material good.

    • D. 

      Mass-produced good.

    • E. 

      Collective good and public good.


  • 63. 
    Which of the following is not a typical interest group function?
    • A. 

      Supporting candidates for public office

    • B. 

      Addressing a broad and diverse range of public issues

    • C. 

      Working to influence policymakers

    • D. 

      Promoting public policies

    • E. 

      Working to influence legislators


  • 64. 
    The citizens of _____ are most actively involved in interest groups. 
    • A. 

      The United States

    • B. 

      Germany

    • C. 

      Italy

    • D. 

      France

    • E. 

      Great Britain


  • 65. 
    Another name for an interest group is
    • A. 

      A faction.

    • B. 

      A cabal.

    • C. 

      A political party.

    • D. 

      A coalition.

    • E. 

      A constituency.


  • 66. 
    James Madison argued 
    • A. 

      Against all interest groups.

    • B. 

      For the advocacy of self-interest free from all systems of restraint.

    • C. 

      For control of interests through a governing system of checks and balances.

    • D. 

      For the replacement of interest groups by formal political parties.

    • E. 

      For a powerful judiciary.


  • 67. 
    The most well-financed interest groups are those that promote
    • A. 

      Social services.

    • B. 

      Political ideologies.

    • C. 

      Corporate interests.

    • D. 

      Public interests.

    • E. 

      children's interests.


  • 68. 
    James Madison's solution to the problem of factions (special interests) has, in the modern policy process, actually contributed to the problem by 
    • A. 

      Suppressing the claims of special interests, thereby making it more difficult for them to get their opinions heard by officials.

    • B. 

      Resulting in a fragmentation of authority among policymakers, and thereby providing groups more opportunities to get their way.

    • C. 

      Eroding the strength of political parties, and thereby increasing the opportunity for group influence.

    • D. 

      Weakening the legislative branch, and thereby allowing groups to bully Congress into accepting their demands.

    • E. 

      Eroding the power of the mass media, and thereby increasing the opportunity for group influence.


  • 69. 
    The most significant resource that most groups offer congressional candidates is
    • A. 

      A promise of members' votes.

    • B. 

      Help with telephoning supporters.

    • C. 

      Help with issue research.

    • D. 

      A promise of campaign volunteers.

    • E. 

      Money.


  • 70. 
    Grassroots lobbying is based on the assumption that officials will respond to
    • A. 

      Well-reasoned policy arguments.

    • B. 

      The opportunity for extensive media publicity.

    • C. 

      Moral pleas.

    • D. 

      The efforts of party organizations.

    • E. 

      Pressure from constituents.


  • 71. 
    To get the benefit of interest group activities but not to pay for them is known as: 
    • A. 

      Night riding.

    • B. 

      Day riding.

    • C. 

      Free riding

    • D. 

      Ex post riding.

    • E. 

      Stunt riding.


  • 72. 
    Which journalists are most likely to agree that they should be as nonpartisan as possible in their reporting?
    • A. 

      German

    • B. 

      Swedish

    • C. 

      American

    • D. 

      British

    • E. 

      Italian


  • 73. 
    In the 1960s, presidential candidates
    • A. 

      Received more negative coverage than they do today.

    • B. 

      Were largely ignored by the media.

    • C. 

      Were hounded by the media incessantly.

    • D. 

      Received more favorable coverage than they do today.

    • E. 

      None of these answers is correct.


  • 74. 
    The Internet has
    • A. 

      Strengthened the news-reading habits of Americans.

    • B. 

      Strongly strengthened the news-reading habits of Americans that are regular internet users.

    • C. 

      Failed to strengthen the news-reading habits of Americans.

    • D. 

      Decreased the information gap between older and younger Americans.

    • E. 

      All these answers are correct.


  • 75. 
    The traditional media have "softened" their news by
    • A. 

      Infusing it with more partisan talk shows.

    • B. 

      infusing it with more stories about celebrities, crime, and the like.

    • C. 

      infusing it with more coverage of international affairs.

    • D. 

      Focusing on editorials instead of non-partisan facts.

    • E. 

      None of these answers is correct.


  • 76. 
    CNN and MSNBC have responded to Fox's ratings success by
    • A. 

      Reducing the number of talk shows in their line-up.

    • B. 

      Increasing the number of talk-shows hosted by liberals.

    • C. 

      Attempting to lure audiences by focusing on their unbiased news reporting.

    • D. 

      Installing talk-show hosts with non-partisan appeal.

    • E. 

      Installing talk-show hosts with partisan or hard-edged appeals.


  • 77. 
    The reason the news product is designed to fascinate as well as to inform is because
    • A. 

      News organizations are fundamentally businesses and must obtain revenue to survive.

    • B. 

      Of the high level of illiteracy.

    • C. 

      The print media wish to emulate the broadcast media.

    • D. 

      Of the need to compete with Hollywood productions.

    • E. 

      All these answers are correct.


  • 78. 
    If the House Rules Committee applies the "closed rule" to a bill,
    • A. 

      No amendments will be permitted.

    • B. 

      The bill will not be allowed a vote.

    • C. 

      The bill will require a 2/3 majority for passage.

    • D. 

      No further floor debate is allowed.

    • E. 

      No filibusters will be allowed to prevent a vote.


  • 79. 
    More than _____ percent of all PAC contributions go to the incumbents. 
    • A. 

      10

    • B. 

      30

    • C. 

      50

    • D. 

      70

    • E. 

      85


  • 80. 
    Committees kill roughly_____ percent of the bills submitted in Congress.
    • A. 

      10

    • B. 

      25

    • C. 

      40

    • D. 

      66

    • E. 

      90


  • 81. 
    The trading of votes between members of Congress so that each gets the legislation he or she wants is
    • A. 

      Gerrymandering.

    • B. 

      Pandering.

    • C. 

      Logrolling.

    • D. 

      Pork-barreling.

    • E. 

      Cloturing.


  • 82. 
    Which of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      Political parties are unimportant in the organization of the U.S. Congress.

    • B. 

      Party-line voting rarely occurs in Congress.

    • C. 

      Party-line voting has increased in recent years.

    • D. 

      Partisanship makes virtually no difference in the votes cast in Congress.

    • E. 

      None of these answers is correct.


  • 83. 
    News media coverage of Congress and the president is
    • A. 

      About equal in amount.

    • B. 

      Heavily tilted to presidential coverage.

    • C. 

      Largely focused on Congress and its members.

    • D. 

      Typically focused on areas where there is consensus between the two institutions.

    • E. 

      Typically focused on areas where the House as opposed to the Senate is the leading chamber.


  • 84. 
    Most of the work on legislation in Congress is done
    • A. 

      By committees and their respective subcommittees.

    • B. 

      On the floor of the House and Senate.

    • C. 

      By conference committees.

    • D. 

      By the president.

    • E. 

      By bureaucratic agencies.


  • 85. 
    Most members of Congress are
    • A. 

      Concerned with national issues, but even more concerned with local ones.

    • B. 

      Controlled by special interest groups.

    • C. 

      Interested only in the work of the subcommittee on which they serve.

    • D. 

      Opposed to the seniority system.

    • E. 

      More interested in oversight than in making laws.


  • 86. 
    The highest point of public support for a president is likely to occur
    • A. 

      During the president's first year in office.

    • B. 

      After reelection to a second term.

    • C. 

      Immediately after Congress enacts a major presidential initiative.

    • D. 

      When international conditions are stable.

    • E. 

      During the president's last year in office.


  • 87. 
    A parliamentary system of government currently exists in
    • A. 

      Australia.

    • B. 

      Great Britain

    • C. 

      Japan.

    • D. 

      Israel.

    • E. 

      All these answers are correct.


  • 88. 
    The two presidencies thesis refers to
    • A. 

      Republican and Democratic presidents.

    • B. 

      Foreign and domestic policies.

    • C. 

      The first and second terms.

    • D. 

      Positive and negative presidents.

    • E. 

      Diplomacy and national security issues.


  • 89. 
    The most important factor influencing the level of a president's support is typically
    • A. 

      World conditions.

    • B. 

      The condition of the nation's economy.

    • C. 

      The national crime rate.

    • D. 

      The president's skill in the use of television.

    • E. 

      The condition of the nation's public schools.


  • 90. 
    A president's policy initiatives are significantly more successful when the president
    • A. 

      has the strong support of the American people.

    • B. 

      Is a former member of Congress.

    • C. 

      Is on good terms with other world leaders.

    • D. 

      Is in office when the economy goes bad, which creates a demand for stronger leadership.

    • E. 

      None of these answers is correct.


  • 91. 
    A president's accomplishments have largely depended on
    • A. 

      The margin of victory in the presidential campaign.

    • B. 

      Whether circumstances favor strong presidential leadership.

    • C. 

      The president's ability to come up with good ideas.

    • D. 

      The president's skill at balancing the demands of competing groups.

    • E. 

      Mid-term elections.


  • 92. 
    The presidency has been a consistently activist office since the administration of
    • A. 

      Andrew Jackson.

    • B. 

      Abraham Lincoln.

    • C. 

      U.S. Grant.

    • D. 

      Franklin Roosevelt.

    • E. 

      Richard Nixon.


  • 93. 
    At the start of the annual budget cycle, the OMB as signs each agency a budget limit based on
    • A. 

      The president's instructions.

    • B. 

      Its own projections of what is affordable.

    • C. 

      The Justice Department's instructions.

    • D. 

      Congressional guidelines.

    • E. 

      The guidelines of the Commerce Department.


  • 94. 
    Bureaucracy is best characterized in terms of
    • A. 

      Inefficiency, inflexibility, and red tape.

    • B. 

      Hierarchy, specialization, and rules.

    • C. 

      Honesty, efficiency, and patronage.

    • D. 

      Corruption, incompetence, and spoils.

    • E. 

      Waste, red tape, and lack of rules.


  • 95. 
    Street-level bureaucracy refers to the discretion used by lower level officials in the
    • A. 

      Initiation of policy.

    • B. 

      Development of policy.

    • C. 

      Carrying out of programs.

    • D. 

      Evaluation of programs.

    • E. 

      Responding to whistleblowers.


  • 96. 
    The Postal Service and AMTRAK are examples of
    • A. 

      Cabinet departments.

    • B. 

      Government corporations.

    • C. 

      Independent agencies.

    • D. 

      Regulatory agencies.

    • E. 

      Presidential commissions.


  • 97. 
    Federal judges are
    • A. 

      Nominated by the president.

    • B. 

      Confirmed by the U.S. Senate.

    • C. 

      Appointed for an indefinite period, providing they maintain "good behavior."

    • D. 

      All of these: nominated by the president; confirmed by the U.S. Senate; and appointed for an indefinite . period,providingtheymaintain"goodbehavior."

    • E. 

      None of these answers is correct.


  • 98. 
    Most cases heard by the Supreme Court reach it under
    • A. 

      Its original jurisdiction.

    • B. 

      A writ of certiorari.

    • C. 

      A per curiam decision.

    • D. 

      A writ of error.

    • E. 

      A writ of mandamus.


  • 99. 
    About_____ percent of the nation's legal cases are decided in state court systems.
    • A. 

      10

    • B. 

      25

    • C. 

      50

    • D. 

      75

    • E. 

      95


  • 100. 
    The Supreme Court is most likely to grant a hearing when a case involves 
    • A. 

      An issue of state law as opposed to an issue of federal law.

    • B. 

      An issue of private law as opposed to an issue of public law.

    • C. 

      An issue that is being decided inconsistently by the lower courts.

    • D. 

      The possibility that an innocent person has been wrongly convicted of a crime.

    • E. 

      An issue dealing with state constitutional law.


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