Political Science Chapter 1

15 Questions  I  By Tinaz
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Political Science Quizzes & Trivia
Review quiz of the first chapter of American Government and Politics Today 2009-2010 Edition

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    What is politics?
    • A. 

      The greatest freedom of individuals that is consistent with the freedom of other individuals in the society.

    • B. 

      A state of peace and security. Maintaining order by protecting members of society from violence and criminal activity is the oldest purpose of government.

    • C. 

      The struggle over power or influence within organizations or informal groups that can grant or withhold benefits.

    • D. 

      The principle that the powers of government should be limited, usually by institutional checks.


  • 2. 
    An ongoing organization that performs certain functions for the society is a:
    • A. 

      Limited Government

    • B. 

      Institution

    • C. 

      Legitimacy

    • D. 

      Representative Democracy


  • 3. 
    Government is:
    • A. 

      The institution in which decisions are made that resolve conflicts or allocate benefits and privileges. It is unique because it has ultimate authority within society.

    • B. 

      The concept that ultimate political authority is based on the will of the people

    • C. 

      Rule by the "best"; in reality, rule by an upper class

    • D. 

      As a political value, the idea that all people are of equal worth


  • 4. 
    Choose the selection that best describes the political meaning for order:
    • A. 

      A procedure allowing the people to vote to dismiss an elected official from state office before his or her term has expired.

    • B. 

      The collection of beliefs and attitudes toward government and the political process held by a community or nation.

    • C. 

      A form of government that controls all aspects of the political and social life of a nation.

    • D. 

      A state of peace and security. Maintaining order by protecting members of a society from violence and criminal activity is the oldest purpose of government.


  • 5. 
    What is liberty?
    • A. 

      Popular acceptance of the right and power of a government or other entity to exercise authority.

    • B. 

      The greatest freedom of individuals that is consistent with the freedom of other individuals in the society.

    • C. 

      The collection of beliefs and attitudes toward government and the political process held by a community or nation.

    • D. 

      A comprehensive set of beliefs about the nature of people and about the role of an institution or government


  • 6. 
    The right and power of a government or other entity to enforce it's decisions and compel obedience is:
    • A. 

      Legitimacy

    • B. 

      Universal Suffrage

    • C. 

      Authority

    • D. 

      Dominant Culture


  • 7. 
    Choose the best definition for legitimacy:
    • A. 

      Popular acceptance of the right and power of a government or other entity to exercise authority.

    • B. 

      Anything that is or may be subject to ownership. As conceived by the political philosopher John Locke, the right to property is a natural right superior to human laws (laws made by government).

    • C. 

      An ongoing organization that performs certain functions for society.

    • D. 

      A theory that views politics as a conflict among interest groups. Political decision making is characterized by bargaining and compromise.


  • 8. 
    A form of government that contains all aspects of the political and social life of a nation is:
    • A. 

      Totalitarian Regime

    • B. 

      Institution

    • C. 

      Elite Theory

    • D. 

      Authority


  • 9. 
    Authoritarianism is a:
    • A. 

      Rule by the few in their own interest.

    • B. 

      A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment.

    • C. 

      A comprehensive set of beliefs about the nature of people and about the role of an institution or government.

    • D. 

      A type or regime in which only the government if fully controlled by the ruler. Social and economic institutions exist that are not under the government's control.


  • 10. 
    What is an aristocracy?
    • A. 

      Rule by the "best"; in reality, rule by an upper class

    • B. 

      A theory that views politics as a conflict among interest groups. Political decision making is characterized by bargaining and compromise.

    • C. 

      A set of beliefs that includes a limited role for the national government in helping individuals, support for traditional values and lifestyles, and a cautious response to change.

    • D. 

      A type of regime in which only the government is fully controlled by the ruler. Social and economic institutions exist that are not under the government's control.


  • 11. 
    Rule by the few in their own interests is:
    • A. 

      Authority

    • B. 

      Dominant Culture

    • C. 

      Oligarchy

    • D. 

      Majority Rule


  • 12. 
    A system of government in which political authority is vested in the people. Derived from the greek words demos ("the people") and kratos ("authority").
    • A. 

      Totalitarian Regime

    • B. 

      Direct Democracy

    • C. 

      Democracy

    • D. 

      Authority


  • 13. 
    Anarchy is:
    • A. 

      The absence of any form of government or political authority.

    • B. 

      A political ideology based on skepticism or opposition toward almost all government activities.

    • C. 

      The concept that ultimate political authority is based on the will of the people.

    • D. 

      The right and power of a government or other entity to enforce its decisions and compel obedience.


  • 14. 
    Choose the selection that beside describes direct democracy:
    • A. 

      As a political value, the idea that all people are of equal worth

    • B. 

      A system of government in which political decisions are made by the people directly, rather then by their elected representatives; probably attained most easily in small political communities.

    • C. 

      A form of government that controls all aspects of the political and social life of a nation.

    • D. 

      A system of government in which political authority is vested in the people. Derived from the greek words demos ("the people") and kratos ("authority").


  • 15. 
    A governmental body primarily responsible for the making of laws is:
    • A. 

      Institution

    • B. 

      Politics

    • C. 

      Legislature

    • D. 

      Authority


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