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Police Discretion And Dilemmas

30 Questions
Police Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements is false
    • A. 

      Most studies indicate that black express more distrust of police than white or hispanics

    • B. 

      Blacks are more likely than hispanics to believe police will use excessive force

    • C. 

      More blacks report disrespectful language or swearing by police officers

    • D. 

      Hispanics are less likely than blacks to report feeling that the police would treat them fairly

  • 2. 
    in May 2010, Arizona passed a controversial law requiring police officers in the state to
    • A. 

      Ask for proof of citizenship or residency from everyone they stopped

    • B. 

      Ask for proof of citizenship or residency from all motorists

    • C. 

      Ask for proof of citizenship or residency if there was reasonable suspicion that the person was an illegal immigrant

    • D. 

      Ask for proof of citizenship or residency if the person looks hispanic

  • 3. 
    "the 'end' of drug interdiction justifies the 'means' of harassing and inconveniencing a racial or ethnica minority group." this statement is most likely to be supported by
    • A. 

      An ethical formalist system

    • B. 

      A utilitarian system

    • C. 

      A relativist system

    • D. 

      A rational system

  • 4. 
    In Barker and Carter's typology of lies, accepted lies are
    • A. 

      Those that are "necessary evils"

    • B. 

      Used to control the person

    • C. 

      Those used during undercover investigations

    • D. 

      Never acceptable in police work

  • 5. 
    Barker and carter proposed a typology of lies that included
    • A. 

      Accepted lies

    • B. 

      Blue lies

    • C. 

      Necessary lies

    • D. 

      Placebo lies

  • 6. 
    In Barker and Carter's propose typology of lies, tolerated lies are
    • A. 

      Those that are "necessary evils"

    • B. 

      Used to control the person

    • C. 

      Those used during undercover investigations

    • D. 

      Never acceptable in police work

  • 7. 
    According to Barker and Carter, accepted lies must meet all of the following standards except
    • A. 

      They must be in furtherance of legitimate organizational purpose

    • B. 

      There must be a clear relationship between the need to deceive and the accomplishment of an organizational purpose

    • C. 

      The nature of the deception must be one wherein officers and the management structure acknowledge the deception will better serve the public interest than the truth

    • D. 

      Those involved in the lie must readily admit lying if promoted by a superior officer or legal authority

  • 8. 
    Lies that are used to control the person or to make the job easier in situations where force could be used are called
    • A. 

      Deviant lies

    • B. 

      Blue lies

    • C. 

      Tolerated lies

    • D. 

      Accpeted lies

  • 9. 
    According to Klockars, lying to a mentally ill person by telling him/her that the police will take care of the laser beams from Mars is an example of
    • A. 

      Blue lies

    • B. 

      Deviant lies

    • C. 

      Police placebos

    • D. 

      Tolerated lies

  • 10. 
    Which of the following in not included in Barker and Carter's typology of lies
    • A. 

      Accepted lies

    • B. 

      Deviant lies

    • C. 

      Normative lies

    • D. 

      Tolerated lies

  • 11. 
    In Barker and Carter's proposed typology of lies, deviant lies are
    • A. 

      Those that are "necessary evils"

    • B. 

      Used to control the person

    • C. 

      Those used during undercover investigations

    • D. 

      Those used in the courtroom to make a case or cover up a wrongdoing

  • 12. 
    civilians who are used to obtain information about criminal activity and/or participate in it so evidence can be obtained for an arrest are called
    • A. 

      Snitch

    • B. 

      Informants

    • C. 

      Tattlers

    • D. 

      Witness

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements is true
    • A. 

      One of the biggest problems with informants is that their reliability is highly questionable

    • B. 

      In most cases, officere have manufactured informants

    • C. 

      Generally speaking, informants tend to be cost-prohibitive

    • D. 

      "confidential informants" are usually more trustworthy than witnesses

  • 14. 
    The strongest ethical argument against undercover officers having intimate relationships with suspects comes from
    • A. 

      Utilitarianism

    • B. 

      Ethical formalism

    • C. 

      Ethica of care

    • D. 

      Religion

  • 15. 
    According to South, some of the ethical problems with informants include all except
    • A. 

      Engaging in love affairs with informants

    • B. 

      Overestimates of veracity

    • C. 

      Being used by informants

    • D. 

      Informant being killed

  • 16. 
    The term entrapment refers to
    • A. 

      When an otherwise innocet person commits an illegal act because of police encouragement or enticement

    • B. 

      When an otherwise innocent person commits an illegal act after being told by police that it was not against the law

    • C. 

      When a person with a criminal record commits an illegal act because he or she was forced to do so by a police officer

    • D. 

      When a person with a criminal record commits an illegal act and become trapped in the location

  • 17. 
    there are two approaches used to determine whether entraptment has occurred
    • A. 

      The primary and the secondary approaches

    • B. 

      The objective and subjective approaches

    • C. 

      The before- and after- the- fact approaches

    • D. 

      Whether entrapment has occueed cannot be determined

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      Secondary

    • B. 

      Objective

    • C. 

      Subjective

    • D. 

      Primary

  • 19. 
    The (blank) approach looks at the defendant's background, character, and predisposition toward crime to determine if entrapment occured
    • A. 

      Secondary

    • B. 

      Objective

    • C. 

      Subjective

    • D. 

      Primary

  • 20. 
    Which approach to determine entrapment has the U.S. Supreme Court endorsed
    • A. 

      The objective approach

    • B. 

      The subjective approach

    • C. 

      The combined approach

    • D. 

      The U.S. Supreme Court has not endorsed an approach as of yet

  • 21. 
    According to the objective approach, if the state provided an "essential element" that made the crime possible, or if there was extensive and coercive pressure on the defendant to engage is the actions, a court might rule that
    • A. 

      The defendant was guilty

    • B. 

      The case can move to the trial stage

    • C. 

      Entrapment had occurred

    • D. 

      Entrapment had not occurred

  • 22. 
    The objective test for entrapment
    • A. 

      Focuses on the criminal record of the defendant

    • B. 

      Focuses on law enforcement involvement in the crim committed

    • C. 

      Focuses on the "moral character" of the defendant

    • D. 

      Focuses on the "more character" of the police officer

  • 23. 
    In terms of undercover operations, ethical formalism would most likely
    • A. 

      Condem undercover operations where innocent people are deceived because the actions could not be justified under the categorical imperative

    • B. 

      Support undercover operations even if innocent people are deceived or involved ub any other way

    • C. 

      Support undercover operations under any circumstances

    • D. 

      Justify the idea that the ends justify the means

  • 24. 
    Which of the following statements about interrogations is true
    • A. 

      The "third degree" approach involves a sympathetic paternal figure for the defendant to confide to

    • B. 

      The "third degree" is only used in extreme cases

    • C. 

      The "third degree" is no longer used

    • D. 

      The father confessor approach typically involves physical force

  • 25. 
    The classic father confessor approach to interrogations involves
    • A. 

      Physical force in the form of beatings to get a confession

    • B. 

      A sympathetic paternal figure for the defendant to confide to

    • C. 

      A nice guy and a seemingly brutal, threatening officer

    • D. 

      A nice guy and a seemingly uncaring, withdrawn officer

  • 26. 
    The use of physical force to obtain a conviction became illegal with
    • A. 

      Diaz v. Texas

    • B. 

      Bartley v. Montana

    • C. 

      Brown v. Mississippi

    • D. 

      Miranda v. Connecticut

  • 27. 
    The question of whether police should use immoral means to reach a desired moral end is addressed by the term
    • A. 

      Clint dilemma

    • B. 

      Dirty harry problem

    • C. 

      Abu ghraib curse

    • D. 

      The robocop problem

  • 28. 
    Which of the following statements about use-of-force statistics is false
    • A. 

      It is difficult to determine the true number of incidents of excessive force because they often do not find their way into offical statistics

    • B. 

      Researcher use civil rights complaints to ask people what their experiences with police have been

    • C. 

      Researchers use offical documents, such as police incident reports, to guide them

    • D. 

      The vast majority of people believe that excessive force happens fairly frequently

  • 29. 
    Which one of the following incidents is an example of deadly force
    • A. 

      The rodney king incident

    • B. 

      The amadou diallo case of mistaken identity

    • C. 

      The abner louima's beating

    • D. 

      The michael mineo incident after being arrested in the subway in NY city

  • 30. 
    Despite some high profile cases involving deadly force, which police department actually has a realtively low shooting rate when compared with the size of their force
    • A. 

      The New York police department

    • B. 

      The Washington D.C. police department

    • C. 

      The Los Angeles police department

    • D. 

      The San Francisco police department

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