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Physio 123

160 Questions  I  By Sharville1
Physio 123
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
3.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
4.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
5.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
6.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
12.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
13.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
17.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
19.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
20.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
21.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
22.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
23.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
24.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
25.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
26.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
28.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
30.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
31.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
32.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
33.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
35.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
36.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
40.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
42.  The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
43.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
46.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
48.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
49.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
50.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
51.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
52.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
56.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
57.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
58.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
62.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
63.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
64.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
65.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
69.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
70.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
71.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Normal diastolic pressure
73.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
74.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
75.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
77.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
80.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
82.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
84.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
85.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
86.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
88.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
89.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
91.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
92.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
93.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
97.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
98.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
99.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
100.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
101.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
103.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
107.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
108.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
109.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
110.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
115.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
116.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
117.  How many generation does the trachea have?
118.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
119.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
120.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
121.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
122.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
123.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
124.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
125.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
127.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
128.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
129.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
130.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
131.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
132.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
134.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
136.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
137.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
138.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
139.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
141.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
142.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
143.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
145.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
146.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
148.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
151.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
152.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
153.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
154.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
159.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
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