Physio 123

160 Questions  I  By Sharville1
Physio 123
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
2.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
4.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
5.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
6.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
9.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
10.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
11.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
13.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
14.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
15.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
16.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
17.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
20.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
22.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
24.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
25.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
26.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
27.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
32.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
33.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
34.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
36.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
39.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
40.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
43.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
44.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
46.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
48.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
50.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
53.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
54.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
57.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
58.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
59.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
60.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
61.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
62.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
63.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
65.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
66.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
67.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
68.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
70.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
72.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
74.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
76.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
77.  The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
78.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
79.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
80.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
81.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
83.  How many generation does the trachea have?
84.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
86.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
87.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
89.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
90.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
92.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
96.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
97.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
98.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  Normal diastolic pressure
100.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
101.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
102.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
103.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
104.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
106.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
108.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
109.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
110.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
113.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
114.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
115.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
118.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
122.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
125.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
127.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
128.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
129.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
131.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
132.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
133.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
134.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
136.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
137.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
141.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
142.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
145.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
146.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
148.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
149.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
151.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
152.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
153.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
154.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
155.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
157.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
159.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
160.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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