Physio 123

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Physio 123
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
2.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
3.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
4.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
5.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
8.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
10.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
11.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
13.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
14.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
15.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
16.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
17.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
18.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
19.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
20.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
21.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
23.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
25.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
26.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
27.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
28.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
29.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
36.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
38.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
39.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
40.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
45.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
47.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
48.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
49.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
52.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
53.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
54.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
56.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
57.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
58.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
64.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
65.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
66.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
67.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
68.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
69.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
70.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
75. 
The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
76.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
77.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
80.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
81.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
82.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
83.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
84.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
85.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
86.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
89.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
90.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
92.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
95.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
96.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
97.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
98.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
99.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
100.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
101.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
103.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
105.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
108.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
109.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
110.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
111.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
112.  Normal diastolic pressure
113.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
114.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
115.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
116.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
117.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
118.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
120.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
121.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
122.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
123.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
124.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
125.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
126.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
127.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
132.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
133.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
136.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
140.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
141.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
142.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
144.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
146.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
147.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
148.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
150.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
152.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
153.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
154.  How many generation does the trachea have?
155.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
157.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
159.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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