Physio 123

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Physio 123
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
7.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
8.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
10.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
11.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
13.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
17.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
18.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
19.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
20.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
23.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
24.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
26.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
28.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
30.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
32.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
34.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
35.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
38.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
39.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
41.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
42.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
43.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
44.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
46.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
47.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
48.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
49.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
50.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
51.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
52.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
53.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
54.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
56.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
57.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
60.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
61.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
62.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
63.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
64.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
67.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
69.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
71.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
72.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
73.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
74.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
76.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
77.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
78.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
79.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
80.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
81.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
82.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
83.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
87.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
89.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
90.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
92.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
93.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
94.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
96.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
97.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
98.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
99.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
100.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  Normal diastolic pressure
102.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
103.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
104.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
106.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
107.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
109.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
110.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
111.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  How many generation does the trachea have?
114.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
115.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
116.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
117.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
118.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
119.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
121.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
123. 
The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
124.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
125.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
127.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
129.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
132.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
134.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
136.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
137.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
139.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
140.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
141.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
143.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
144.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
145.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
148.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
150.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
154.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
155.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
156.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
157.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
160.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
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