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Physio 123

160 Questions  I  By Sharville1
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Physio 123
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
2.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
3.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
4.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
5.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
6.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
7.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
8.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
9.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
10.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
11.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
13.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
14.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
15.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
16.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
17. 
The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
18.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
19.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
21.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
23.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
25.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
26.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
28.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
30.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
36.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
37.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
40.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
41.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
42.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
43.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
48.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
52.  Normal diastolic pressure
53.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
54.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
56.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
57.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
59.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
60.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
61.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
63.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
64.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
65.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
66.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
68.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
71.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
72.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
73.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
74.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
76.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
77.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
78.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
79.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
80.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
81.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
83.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
84.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
86.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
87.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
88.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
90.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
92.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
94.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
97.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
98.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
100.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
101.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
103.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
106.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
107.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
108.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
110.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
111.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
113.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
115.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
117.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
120.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
121.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
123.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
126.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
129.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
130.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
131.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
133.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
134.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
135.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
136.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
137.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
138.  How many generation does the trachea have?
139.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
141.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
145.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
147.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
150.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
151.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
152.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
153.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
154.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
155.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
157.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
159.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
160.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
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