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Physio 123

160 Questions  I  By Sharville1
Physio 123
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
2.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
3.  Normal diastolic pressure
4.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
5.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
6.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
7.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
12.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
14.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
16.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
17.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
18.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
19.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
21.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
22.  How many generation does the trachea have?
23.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
25.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
26. 
The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
27.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
28.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
29.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
30.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
32.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
34.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
35.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
36.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
38.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
41.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
43.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
44.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
46.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
47.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
49.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
50.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
51.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
52.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
55.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
56.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
58.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
59.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
64.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
65.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
66.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
70.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
71.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
72.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
73.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
75.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
76.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
79.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
80.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
82.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
83.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
88.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
91.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
92.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
94.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
95.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
99.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
100.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
101.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
103.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
104.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
105.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
106.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
107.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
110.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
111.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
112.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
113.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
116.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
117.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
118.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
121.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
122.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
123.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
124.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
125.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
126.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
128.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
131.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
133.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
134.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
136.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
137.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
138.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
139.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
140.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
142.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
143.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
144.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
145.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
147.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
150.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
151.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
152.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
155.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
156.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
157.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
159.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
160.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
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