Physio 123

160 Questions  I  By Sharville1
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
2.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
3.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
6.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
7.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
8.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
10.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
13.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
14.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
15.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
16.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
17.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
18.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
19.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
20.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
22.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
26.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
28.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
30.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
31.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
32.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
33.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
34.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
36.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
37.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
38.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
42.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Normal diastolic pressure
45.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
47.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
48.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
49.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
50.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
51.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
52.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
53.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
54.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
55.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
56.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
59.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
60.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
61.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
62.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
63.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
64.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
65.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
67.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
68.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
70.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
71.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
72.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
73.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
75.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
77.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
78.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
79.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
81.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
82.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
83.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
84.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
85.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
86.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
87.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
89.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
90.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
96.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
97.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
99.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
100.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
101.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
103.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
104.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
105.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
108.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
109.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
111.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
112.  How many generation does the trachea have?
113.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
115.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
116.  The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
117.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
118.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
120.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
124.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
127.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
128.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
129.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
130.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
131.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
133.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
134.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
136.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
137.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
139.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
141.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
143.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
149.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
153.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
155.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
157.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
159.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
160.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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