Physio 123

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Physio 123
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
5.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
6.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
7.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
8.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Normal diastolic pressure
10.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
11.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
13.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
14.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
15.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
16.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
17.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
18.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
20.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
21.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
24.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
28.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
31.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
32.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
33.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
34.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
35.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
36.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
37.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
38.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
39.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
42.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
44.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
45.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
46.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
48.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
49.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
50.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
52.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
53.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
54.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
56.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
60.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
61.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
64.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
67.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
68.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
69.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
70.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
71.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
73.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
74.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
75.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
76.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
78.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
79.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
80.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
81.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
82.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
83.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
84.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
85.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
88.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
89.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
90.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
91.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
92.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
93.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
94.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
96. 
The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
97.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
100.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
102.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
104.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
106.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
107.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
108.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
110.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
112.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
114.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
115.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
116.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  How many generation does the trachea have?
119.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
122.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
123.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
126.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
128.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
129.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
130.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
131.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
132.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
133.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
137.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
138.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
139.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
140.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
141.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
142.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
143.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
147.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
148.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
150.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
153.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
155.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
156.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
158.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
159.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
160.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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