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Physio 123

160 Questions  I  By Sharville1
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Physio 123
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
2.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
7.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
13.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
14.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
15.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
16.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
17.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
18.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
19.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
20.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
21.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
23.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
25.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
26.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
27.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
28.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
29.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
32.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
34.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
35.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
36.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
40.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
41.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
42.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
43.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
44.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
45.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
47.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
49.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
50.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
52.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
53.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
54.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
55.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
57.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
60.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
61.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
62.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
63.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
65.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
66.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
68.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
71.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
72.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
73.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
75.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
76.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
77.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
79.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
80.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
82.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
84.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
88.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
89.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
91.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
93.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
96.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
100.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
101.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
103.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
104.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
105.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
108.  How many generation does the trachea have?
109.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
110.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
111.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
112.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
113.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
114.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
115.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
116.  Normal diastolic pressure
117.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
118.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
119.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
120.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
123.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
125.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
126.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
127.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
128.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
129. 
The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
130.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
131.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
134.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
135.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
136.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
140.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
141.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
142.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
143.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
144.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
146.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
149.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
151.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
152.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
153.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
155.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
156.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
157.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
160.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
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