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Physio 123

160 Questions  I  By Sharville1
Physio 123
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
3. 
The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
4.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
5.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
6.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
7.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
10.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
12.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
13.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
14.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
19.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
22.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
23.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
24.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
25.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
26.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
28.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
29.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
36.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
37.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
39.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
40.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
41.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
42.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
43.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
44.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
45.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
47.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
48.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
49.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
51.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
53.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
54.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
55.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
56.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
57.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
58.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
59.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
60.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
61.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
64.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
65.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
69.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
70.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
72.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
74.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
75.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
78.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
79.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
81.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
83.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
86.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
87.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
90.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
91.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
92.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
95.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
98.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
99.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
101.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
102.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
103.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
105.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
108.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
109.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
110.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
111.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
112.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
113.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
114.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
116.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
117.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
119.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
120.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
121.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
123.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
125.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
128.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
130.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
132.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
133.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
134.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
136.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
137.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
138.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
139.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
140.  Normal diastolic pressure
141.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
143.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
144.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
147.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
148.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
152.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
154.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
155.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
156.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
157.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
158.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
159.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
160.  How many generation does the trachea have?
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