Physio 123

160 Questions  I  By Sharville1
Quiz for final physio 123. by salina. over all chapters . includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
2.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
3.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
5.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
6.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
7.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
8.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
9.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
10.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
11.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
12.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
13.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
15.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
16.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
17.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
21.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
22.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
23.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
26.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
27.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
31.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
33.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
34.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
35.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
37.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
38.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
40.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
45.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
48.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
51.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
57.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
58.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
59.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
60.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
61.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
62.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
64.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
67.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
68.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
70.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
72.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
73.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
75.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
77.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
79.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
81.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
82.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
86.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
88.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
89.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
90.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
94.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
98.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
100.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
102.  How many generation does the trachea have?
103.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
104.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
105.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.