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Physio 123

160 Questions  I  By Sharville1
Physio 123
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
3.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
5.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
6.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
7.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
9.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
12.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
13.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
20.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
22.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
23.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
24.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
25.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
26.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
30.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
33.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
34.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
35.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
36.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
37.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
38.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
40.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
42.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
45.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
46.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
47.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
48.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
49.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
50.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
51.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
52.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
54.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
56.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
57.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
58.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
59.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
60.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
61.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
62.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
64.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
65.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
67.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
70.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
71.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
72.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
73.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
74.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
76.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
77.  Normal diastolic pressure
78.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
82.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
83.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
84.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
85.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
86.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
87.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
88.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
89.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
90.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  How many generation does the trachea have?
93.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
97.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
98.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
99.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
101.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
102.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
103.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
104.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
105.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
106.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
107.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
110.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
111.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
113.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
115.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
116.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
118.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
121.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
122.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
124.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
125.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
126.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
128.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
129.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
130.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
132.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
134.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
136.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
140.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
141.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
142.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
144.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
145.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
146.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
148.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
150.  The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
151.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
154.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
156.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
158.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
159.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
160.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
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