Physio 123

160 Questions  I  By Sharville1
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
2.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
3.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
6.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
7.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
8.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
10.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
11.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
12.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
13.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
15.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
17.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
19.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
20.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
23.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
24.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
26.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
27.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
29.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
32.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
34.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
35.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
36.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
38.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  How many generation does the trachea have?
40.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
42.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
43.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
44.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
45.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
46.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
47.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
49.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
50.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
53.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
55.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
56.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
57.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
61.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
64.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
67.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
69.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
71.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
72.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
73.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
75.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
77.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
78.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
79.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Normal diastolic pressure
81.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
82.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
83.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
85.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
86.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
87.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
88.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
89.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
90.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
93.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
94.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
96.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
97.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
99.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
100.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
101.  The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
102.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
103.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
104.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
110.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
111.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
113.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
116.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
117.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
119.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
121.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
122.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
123.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
124.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
126.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
128.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
129.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
130.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
131.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
133.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
136.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
137.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
138.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
139.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
140.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
141.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
143.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
145.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
148.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
149.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
152.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
153.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
154.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
155.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
156.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
158.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
159.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
160.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
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