Physio 123

160 Questions  I  By Sharville1
Physio 123
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
2.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
3.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
6.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
7.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
8.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
9.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
10.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
11.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
15.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
17.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
18.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
21.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
22.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
23.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
24.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
25.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
27.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
31.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
32.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
35.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
36.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
37.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
38.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39. 
The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
40.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
43.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
44.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
45.  How many generation does the trachea have?
46.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
48.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
50.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
51.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
52.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
55.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
57.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
59.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
62.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
63.  Normal diastolic pressure
64.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
65.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
68.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
69.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
70.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
73.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
74.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
77.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
80.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
81.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
82.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
83.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
84.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
88.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
90.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
91.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
92.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
93.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
94.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
95.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
96.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
99.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
101.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
102.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
104.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
105.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
106.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
112.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
113.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
114.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
115.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
117.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
119.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
120.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
121.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
122.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
124.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
125.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
126.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
127.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
128.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
129.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
131.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
132.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
133.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
134.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
135.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
136.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
138.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
141.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
142.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
144.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
146.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
147.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
149.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
151.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
153.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
154.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
155.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
156.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
157.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
158.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
160.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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