Physio 123

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Physio 123
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
2.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
3. 
The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
4.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
5.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
6.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
7.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
9.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
10.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
16.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
20.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
24.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
25.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
26.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
29.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
31.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
32.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
33.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
34.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
36.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
37.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
38.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
43.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
44.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
46.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
48.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
49.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
52.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
53.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
55.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
56.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
57.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
58.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
59.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
60.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
63.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  How many generation does the trachea have?
65.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
66.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
67.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
69.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
70.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
71.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
72.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
73.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
76.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
77.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
80.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
81.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
82.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
83.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
84.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
85.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
86.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
88.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Normal diastolic pressure
90.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
92.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
93.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
96.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
97.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
98.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
99.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
100.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
101.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
103.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
104.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
105.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
106.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
108.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
109.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
110.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
112.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
113.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
115.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
116.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
117.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
118.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
119.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
120.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
122.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
123.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
124.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
125.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
127.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
128.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
133.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
134.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
135.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
136.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
139.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
140.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
141.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
144.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
145.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
146.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
147.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
148.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
149.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
150.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
152.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
156.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
157.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
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