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Physio 123

160 Questions  I  By Sharville1
Physio 123
Quiz for final physio 123. By salina. Over all chapters. Includes quiz questions, chapter review, and tests.

  
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1.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  How many ways can carbon dioxide be transported?
A.
B.
C.
3.  What is the normal bicarbonate to carbonic acid ratio in the blood plasma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the right?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
5.  What are the two main causes of circulatory hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  What 3 parts make up the pharynx?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Thickness of the alveolar capillary membrane, which a gas molecule must pass through
A.
B.
C.
8.  How many generations does the main stem bronchi have?
9.  Type 1 cells form about ___% of the alveolar substance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The fact that deoxygenated blood enhances the loading of CO2 is called the?
A.
B.
C.
11.  Which of the following disturbances can cause a metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following is not a primary function of the upper airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
13.  What is the normal I:E ratio?
14.  Which mainstem bronchus is more likely to aspirate?
A.
B.
C.
15.  Which of the following is used to describe, 10-30 seconds of apnea followed by a gradual increase in volume and frequency of breathing until another episode of apnea?
A.
B.
C.
16.  Solve this ABG pH 7.52 PaCO2 45 HCO3- 34
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
17.  The volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal exhale
A.
B.
C.
18.  Small holes in the walls of the nteralveolar septa are called..
A.
B.
C.
19.  The avg lung compliance  for each breath is about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Increase in myocardial contractility
A.
B.
21.  Where are the eustain tubes found?
A.
B.
C.
22.  In an upright lung, which part of the lung has the highest V/Q ratio?
A.
B.
C.
23.  Adenoids are also known as...
A.
B.
C.
24.  Which are the most numerous?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Under normal conditions the P50 is about?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  THe volume of air hat moves in and out of the lungs in one quiet breath
A.
B.
C.
27.  The horizontal fisure seperates the middle and upper lobes of the right lung?
A.
B.
28.  A patient's ventilatory rate commonly increases in response to a decreased lung compliance
A.
B.
29.  CO2 gas an affinity for hemoglobin that is about ____times greater than that of O2
A.
B.
C.
30.  How many generation does the trachea have?
31.  Which of the following are released when the parasympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Each individual has how many alveoli in their lungs as an adult?
A.
B.
C.
33.  Normal PaCO2 for ABG
34.  Double-layerd dac that encloses the heart
A.
B.
C.
35.  The DLCO (diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide) test evaulates the lung's ability  to diffuse gas
A.
B.
36.  The oblique fissure seperate what in the left lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The oblique fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  How fast is mucus moved up the mucociliary escalator?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The right side of the heart pumps unoxygenated blood to  ____. The left side pumps oxygenated blood to ____
A.
B.
40.  Which of the following are airway reflexes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the following is responsible for the production and/or release of histamine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Left atrium and left ventricle are seperated by
A.
B.
C.
43.  Which main stem bronchus is most likely to aspirate?
44.  Which of the following is used to describe short, rapid breathing episodes interrrupted by 10 to 30 second pauses?
A.
B.
C.
45.  Which are called resistance vessels?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Otits media is a potential hazard associated with nasotracheal intubation due to the opening of the eustachian tubes into which of the following structures?
A.
B.
C.
47.  Diameter of an adult trachea
A.
B.
C.
48.  Aspiration of food and liquid is prevented by which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
49.  How many alveoli are in the adult male lung?
A.
B.
C.
50.  What % of blood is in  pulmonary circulation
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Causes of wasred or dead space space ventilation
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Canals of lambert are though to function in what  part of the trachobronchial tree?
A.
B.
C.
53.  The left main stem bronchus branches off from the carina at about...
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  The amount the myocardial fiber stretches during diastole is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following supply the motor innervation of each hemidiaphram?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  WHat structure divides the upper from the lower airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  How is most carbon dioxide transported? about 63%
A.
B.
C.
58.  Length of the trachea
A.
B.
C.
59.  Normal tidal volume is 3-4...
A.
B.
C.
60.  What is normal oxygen consumption?
A.
B.
C.
61.  The pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration.
A.
B.
62.  The bony plates that increase the surface area to rapidly warm and humidify inspired air is....
A.
B.
C.
63.  Under normal resting conditions, the total transit time for blood to move through the alveolar-capillary membrane is about ____ second
64.  The normal anatomic shunting is about ___% of cardiac output
65.  Which describe the total alveloar surface area?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  THe cartilage that is shaped like a signet ring?
A.
B.
C.
67.  What is the Hendersin-Hasselbach equation is used to find?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Which of the following will shift the oxygen dissociation curve to the left?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Phagocytize antigen-antibody complexes during allergic reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  CO2 difuses ___times faster than oxygen
71.  Perfusion limited means that the transfer of gas acorss the alveolar wall is a function of the amount of blood that flows past the alveoli.
A.
B.
72.  There are how many cilia per cell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  What kind of hypoxia does this indicate? PaO2=40-60
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  95% of the alveolar surface is composed of which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  The tracheobronchial tree divides into how many generations?
A.
B.
C.
76.  Which of the following accelerate ciliary activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  IN an infant what point in the airway has the smallest diameter?
A.
B.
C.
78.  Poiseuille's Law states that flow is ____ proportinate to pressure and ____ proportional to the length and radius of the tube.
A.
B.
C.
79.  At rest, how much carbon dioxide does the tissues produce per minute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Normal pulmonary pressure systolic___ diastole____
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  The palatine and lingual tonsils help protect 2 major entrances to the body by mobilizing which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  What kind of hypoxia is described? inadequate oxygen at the tissue cells caused by low arterial oxygen tension. (PaO2)
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Function of the lymphatic vessels in the lung
A.
B.
C.
84.  The max amount of air that the lungs can hold
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Decreasing the radius of a tube by one-half reduces the gas flow by ____ of its original flow.
86.  Which of the following is used to describe, a increase in both  depth and rate of breathing
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  Clara cells are belived to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  Function of Canals of Lambert
A.
B.
C.
89.  Pseudostraitified ciliated columnar epithelium provides 2/3 of the lining for tha nasal cavity and the tracheobronchial tree
A.
B.
90.  Normal bicarbonate for ABG
91.  The adenoids are found in the:
A.
B.
C.
92.  A healthy adult man has about ____ RBC in each cubic mm of blood. A healthy woman has about ____RBC/mm3
A.
B.
C.
93.  Which is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Which is not a function of the nose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Types of absolute shunts
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  The horizontal fissure seperates what in the right lung?
A.
B.
C.
97.  The bifurcation of the trachea is known as the:
98.  Which represents the smallest diameter of the adult airway?
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  Alveolar gas is at absolute himidity at
A.
B.
C.
100.  Which of the following is the most effective in increasing an individual's alveolar ventilation
A.
B.
C.
101.  Where is thyriod cartilage located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  The barometric pressure ______ with an increase in altitude
A.
B.
103.  The bronchial arteries nourish the tracheobronchial tree down to and including....
A.
B.
C.
104.  How many lobes are in the right lung?
105.  Paired cartilages of the larynx helpful as landmarks for endotracheal intubation include....
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Which of the following is/are not a cause of pulmonary surfactant deficiency
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
107.  Alveolar gas is ____% himdified (saturated) at body temp.
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  When airway resistance increases, the patient commonly manifests a / an...
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  Normal diastolic pressure
110.  Which of the following are released when the sympathetic nerve fibers are stimulated?
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  What percentage of shunting is normal in a healthy lung?
A.
B.
112.  How much oxygen can dissolve in 100 mL of plasma at body temperature for every 1 mm Hg PO2
A.
B.
113.  Type 2 cells form 95% of total alveolar space
A.
B.
114.  In comparison to the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve, the overall shape of the CO2 dissociation curve is:
A.
B.
C.
115.  The globin portion of a hemoglobin molecule consist of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  The oral cavity is lined with
A.
B.
C.
117.  During normal patient ventilation, exhalation is considered a passive process?
A.
B.
118.  Mucus is composed of....
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
119.  Barometric pressure at sea level
A.
B.
C.
120.  Under normal conditions, what systems regulate the H+ and HCO3- ion concentrations in the blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  The right side of the heart pumps ____ blood to the lungs. The left side of the heart pups ____blood into systemic circulation
A.
B.
122.  How many lobules in the lung?
A.
B.
C.
123.  RBC have a ____ shape
A.
B.
124.  What is the preferred site for an emergency tracetomy?
A.
B.
C.
125.  A pulmonary shunt is the part of the cardiac output that moves from the right side of the heart to the left after being exposed to alveolar oxygen
A.
B.
126.  Where are the canals of Lambert found?
A.
B.
C.
127.  Which of the following is responsible for vocal cord movement?
A.
B.
C.
128.  THe chemical buffer system responds to change in ____. By inactivatig H+ions and liberating HCO3 ions in response to  acidosis.  or makes more H+ions to decrease HCO3 concentration in alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  Factors tha affect the DLCO test
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
130.  Which make antibodies?
A.
B.
131.  What point in the tracheobronchial tree reprsents the end of the conducting  zone?
A.
B.
C.
132.  Bronchioles can be described as...
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  Where is the inferior lingula lung segment found?
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  What is the gas exchange occurring between the pulmonary capillaries and the alveoli called?
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  Bronchial circulation or ateries carry  deoxygentaed  blood to the trachobronchial tree
A.
B.
136.  How many different ways is carbon dioxide transported from the tissue cells to the lungs?
A.
B.
C.
137.  The alveolar cells that are responsible for ingestion and removal of cellular debris...
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  Pulmonary arteries carry ____ blood to the ___ zones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  Which is lined with pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  The hemocrit level for an adult male is ____% adult female is_____%
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  Solve this ABG pH 7.48 PaCO2 29 HCO3 23
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
142.  Normal systemic pressure  systolic____ and diastole___
A.
B.
C.
143.  The motion provided to the bony thorax to increase anterior-posterior diameter is called...
A.
B.
C.
144.  The area between the base of the tongue and the epiglottis, which is an important anatomic landmark during the insertion of an endotracheal tube into the trachea?  
A.
B.
C.
145.  Normal stroke volume is ___-___mL
146.  AMount of nitrogen in the atmosphere
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  Under normal conditions the difusion of oxygen is....
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  The medistinum does NOT contain...
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  The horizontal fissure separates the...
150.  How many lobes are in the left lung?
151.  What occurs in the respiratory zone?
152.  What is normal (CaO2 - CvO2)?
A.
B.
C.
153.  Diffusion on CO2 and O2 across the AC membrane can happen as quickly as ____second
154.  When the oxygen dissociation curve shifts to the right, the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen increases
A.
B.
155.  Oxygen is carried in the blood in two forms.
A.
B.
156.  Each rib attaches to the verterbral column in 2 places
A.
B.
157.  Types of pulmonary shunting
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  The lung is divided into the 3 zones. Which is the most gravity dependent for blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
159.  The max volume of air that can be inhaled after a normal tidal volume  inhale
A.
B.
160.  The pleura covering the surface of the lungs is called...
A.
B.
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