# Physical Science Quiz 1

16 Questions

Physical science quiz 1

• 1.
Thermal energy is the __________ of the particles in a material.
• A.

Potential energy

• B.

Total energy

• C.

Temperature

• D.

Average kinetic energy

• 2.
Refrigerators use the process of __________ to remove heat from the interiors.
• A.

Combustion

• B.

Compression

• C.

Sublimation

• D.

Evaporation

• 3.
The moving particles in an object have __________ energy.
• A.

Decreasing

• B.

Increasing

• C.

Kinetic

• D.

Potential

• 4.
If the particles in an object begin to move more quickly, their average kinetic energy __________ and the object's temperature __________.
• A.

Decreases, rises

• B.

Increases, falls

• C.

Increases, rises

• D.

Decreases, falls

• 5.
The opposite of evaporation is __________.
• A.

Condensation

• B.

Convection

• C.

• D.

Conduction

• 6.
__________ is the thermal energy that flows from a material with a higher temperature to one with a lower temperature.
• A.

Kinetic energy

• B.

Work

• C.

Heat

• D.

Potential energy

• 7.
According to Charles's law, at a constant pressure, if the temperature of a gas __________, the volume __________ .
• A.

Increases; increases

• B.

Decreases; decreases

• C.

Increases; decreases

• D.

Decreases; increases

• 8.
What causes a balloon to remain inflated?
• A.

The temperature of the air inside the balloon gradually decreases.

• B.

Air particles collide with the walls of the balloon.

• C.

The walls of the balloon gradually compress the gas inside.

• D.

Air particles continue to enter through the balloon's walls.

• 9.
Which of the following best describes particles in a solid?
• A.

Molecules slide past each other; sample takes shape of container

• B.

No attractive forces between particles

• C.

Fills whatever container it is in

• D.

Particles tightly packed together

• 10.
The supporting force exerted by a fluid on an object immersed in it is called __________.
• A.

Lift

• B.

Denisty

• C.

Buoyant force

• D.

Viscosity

• 11.
According to the kinetic theory, all matter is composed of __________.
• A.

Solid material

• B.

Waves

• C.

Plasma

• D.

Particles

• 12.
According to Pascal, pressure applied to a fluid __________ .
• A.

Increases as it moves through the fluid

• B.

Fluctuates as it is transmitted throughout the fluid

• C.

Is transmitted unchanged throughout the fluid

• D.

Decreases as it moves through the fluid

• 13.
According to Boyle's law, at a constant temperature, if the volume of a container of gas is __________, then pressure of the gas will __________ .
• A.

Increased; increase

• B.

Increased; decrease

• C.

Decreased; decrease

• D.

Decreased; increase

• 14.
When the temperature of a substance is lowered, its particles __________ .
• A.

Vibrate more slowly

• B.

Escape the attractive forces of the other particles

• C.

Stop vibrating completely

• D.

Vibrate more quickly

• 15.
__________ is the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object immersed in it.
• A.

Viscosity

• B.

Thermal expansion

• C.

Buoyancy

• D.

Vaporization

• 16.
Pressure is defined as __________ .
• A.

force/area

• B.

P1 = P2

• C.

area/force

• D.

Mass/acceleration

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