Physical Science Quiz 1

16 Questions  I  By Michellee
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Physical Science Quizzes & Trivia
Physical science quiz 1

  
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    Thermal energy is the __________ of the particles in a material.
    • A. 

      Potential energy

    • B. 

      Total energy

    • C. 

      Temperature

    • D. 

      Average kinetic energy


  • 2. 
    Refrigerators use the process of __________ to remove heat from the interiors.
    • A. 

      Combustion

    • B. 

      Compression

    • C. 

      Sublimation

    • D. 

      Evaporation


  • 3. 
    The moving particles in an object have __________ energy.
    • A. 

      Decreasing

    • B. 

      Increasing

    • C. 

      Kinetic

    • D. 

      Potential


  • 4. 
    If the particles in an object begin to move more quickly, their average kinetic energy __________ and the object's temperature __________.
    • A. 

      Decreases, rises

    • B. 

      Increases, falls

    • C. 

      Increases, rises

    • D. 

      Decreases, falls


  • 5. 
    The opposite of evaporation is __________.
    • A. 

      Condensation

    • B. 

      Convection

    • C. 

      Radiation

    • D. 

      Conduction


  • 6. 
    __________ is the thermal energy that flows from a material with a higher temperature to one with a lower temperature.
    • A. 

      Kinetic energy

    • B. 

      Work

    • C. 

      Heat

    • D. 

      Potential energy


  • 7. 
    According to Charles's law, at a constant pressure, if the temperature of a gas __________, the volume __________ .
    • A. 

      Increases; increases

    • B. 

      Decreases; decreases

    • C. 

      Increases; decreases

    • D. 

      Decreases; increases


  • 8. 
    What causes a balloon to remain inflated?
    • A. 

      The temperature of the air inside the balloon gradually decreases.

    • B. 

      Air particles collide with the walls of the balloon.

    • C. 

      The walls of the balloon gradually compress the gas inside.

    • D. 

      Air particles continue to enter through the balloon's walls.


  • 9. 
    Which of the following best describes particles in a solid?
    • A. 

      Molecules slide past each other; sample takes shape of container

    • B. 

      No attractive forces between particles

    • C. 

      Fills whatever container it is in

    • D. 

      Particles tightly packed together


  • 10. 
    The supporting force exerted by a fluid on an object immersed in it is called __________.
    • A. 

      Lift

    • B. 

      Denisty

    • C. 

      Buoyant force

    • D. 

      Viscosity


  • 11. 
    According to the kinetic theory, all matter is composed of __________.
    • A. 

      Solid material

    • B. 

      Waves

    • C. 

      Plasma

    • D. 

      Particles


  • 12. 
    According to Pascal, pressure applied to a fluid __________ .
    • A. 

      Increases as it moves through the fluid

    • B. 

      Fluctuates as it is transmitted throughout the fluid

    • C. 

      Is transmitted unchanged throughout the fluid

    • D. 

      Decreases as it moves through the fluid


  • 13. 
    According to Boyle's law, at a constant temperature, if the volume of a container of gas is __________, then pressure of the gas will __________ .
    • A. 

      Increased; increase

    • B. 

      Increased; decrease

    • C. 

      Decreased; decrease

    • D. 

      Decreased; increase


  • 14. 
    When the temperature of a substance is lowered, its particles __________ .
    • A. 

      Vibrate more slowly

    • B. 

      Escape the attractive forces of the other particles

    • C. 

      Stop vibrating completely

    • D. 

      Vibrate more quickly


  • 15. 
    __________ is the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object immersed in it.
    • A. 

      Viscosity

    • B. 

      Thermal expansion

    • C. 

      Buoyancy

    • D. 

      Vaporization


  • 16. 
    Pressure is defined as __________ .
    • A. 

      force/area

    • B. 

      P1 = P2

    • C. 

      area/force

    • D. 

      Mass/acceleration


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