Philosophy Exam Review 3

50 Questions  I  By Rcmrvn
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Philosophy Quizzes & Trivia

  
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  • 1. 
    Punishment to rehabilitate a criminal is a backward-looking reason.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 2. 
    Utilitarians such as Bentham and Mill believe that punishment can be morally justified even if it causes pain to the person being punished.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 3. 
    Punishing a criminal to keep him off the street is a backward-looking reason. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 4. 
    When a person lies to another person, the liar is treating the other person merely as a means to some other end, according to Rachels. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 5. 
    An empirical claim can be known without experience.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 6. 
    Empirical claims can be known to be only probably true. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 7. 
    Empirical claims can be known with certainty. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 8. 
    Immanuel Kant believes punishment is justified if it rehabilitates the criminal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 9. 
    Retribution and vengeance are the same thing, according to Louis Pojman. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 10. 
    Retribution and revenge are the same thing, according to Louis Pojman. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 11. 
    The moral justification for punishment, according to Pojman, is vengeance. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 12. 
    The moral justification for punishment, according to Pojman, is desert.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 13. 
    According to Kant, pleasure is intrinsically valuable. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 14. 
    Kant is an empiricist. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 15. 
    According to Kant, the goodwill is the will that does what reason demands and not what inclination or desire demand. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    According to Kant, lying is wrong because the maxim, "always lie" would make society chaotic. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 17. 
    Moral rationalism is the view that all moral knowledge requires experience. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 18. 
    Which of the following is an empirical claim?
    • A. 

      All triangles are trilateral

    • B. 

      The maxim, "always lie" is logically contradictory

    • C. 

      Lying causes pain

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 19. 
    According to Kant, humans are intrinsically valuable.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    According to Kant, all moral knowledge comes through
    • A. 

      Reason alone

    • B. 

      Experience alone

    • C. 

      Feelings alone

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      Both a and b


  • 21. 
    Kant's theory is
    • A. 

      Consequentialist

    • B. 

      Hedonist

    • C. 

      Deontological

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 22. 
    Which of the following is a correct formulation of Kant's Categorical Imperative?
    • A. 

      Act only on that maxim you can want as a universal law

    • B. 

      Treat humanity, whether yourself or others, always as an end and never as a means

    • C. 

      People always act on that maxim they can will as a universal law

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 23. 
    According to Kant, it is never permissible to treat a human as a means.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 24. 
    According to Kant, since moral truths may be derived through reason, they may be known with certainty.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 25. 
    Punishing someone for what he has done is a backward-looking reason.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 26. 
    Which of the following is not a Utilitarian justification for punishment?
    • A. 

      Punishing to provide comfort and gratification to victims and families

    • B. 

      Punishing to deter crime

    • C. 

      Punishing to treat the criminal as an end in himself

    • D. 

      All of the above are utilitarian justifications for punishment


  • 27. 
    According to Kant, the Utilitarian view of punishment is incompatible with human dignity. Why?
    • A. 

      The consequences of punishing people are always bad

    • B. 

      Punishment is not a deterrent to crime

    • C. 

      By punishing a criminal, we increase the amount of suffering in the world

    • D. 

      Punishing a person to benefit society treats a person merely as a means


  • 28. 
    According to Kant's view, treating persons as intrinsically valuable requires punishment for wrong actions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 29. 
    The main difference between the Utilitarian view of punishment and Kant's is not whether a criminal is rightly punished, but the reason why punishment should be administered. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 30. 
    Pojman rejects the combined theory of punishment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 31. 
    A combined theory of punishment 
    • A. 

      Says we should combine our forces to make sure no criminal gets away

    • B. 

      Says we should combine church and state and obtain a blended view of punishment

    • C. 

      Combines Kant and Mill resulting in Kill, which is prima facie absurd

    • D. 

      Gives a forward-looking justification and a backward looking justification


  • 32. 
    According to Pojman, punishing a criminal to deter crime treats that person merely as a means.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 33. 
    In its ideal, prompt performance, the death penalty would likely deter crime, according to Pojman.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 34. 
    When a person lies to another person, the liar is treating the other person merely as a means to some other end, according to Kant.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 35. 
    Kant's view is like Rule Utilitarianism in that both consider rules to be very important in moral deliberation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 36. 
    Kant's view is like Rule Utilitarianism in that the aim for both Kant and Rule Utilitarianism is to find the rules that promote human happiness. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 37. 
    Because humans are intrinsically valuable, according to Kant, the aim of morality is human happiness. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 38. 
    A deontological view is one that is consequence-based.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 39. 
    According to Kant's view, treating persons as intrinsically valuable requires mercy for wrong actions. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 40. 
    According to Singer, it is always wrong to cause pain to a sentient being. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 41. 
    "People always act on that maxim they can will as a universal law" is 
    • A. 

      Descriptive

    • B. 

      Imperative


  • 42. 
    According to Singer, human pain and pleasure is more significant than nonhuman pain and pleasure. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 43. 
    Speciesism is any prejudice in favor of one's own species and against other species. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 44. 
    According to Singer, the life of a human might in some cases have more value than the life of a nonhuman. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 45. 
    What is the difference between a hypothetical imperative and a categorical imperative?
    • A. 

      Hypothetical imperatives are true and categorical imperatives are false

    • B. 

      Hypothetical imperatives are false while categorical imperatives tend to be true

    • C. 

      Both of the above

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 46. 
    One of the problems with Kant's view is that 
    • A. 

      There are no hypothetical imperatives

    • B. 

      Morals are absolutes and absolutes sometimes conflict

    • C. 

      It has very bad consequences

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 47. 
    Which of the following arguments is valid?
    • A. 

      If the case for women's rights is successful, then brutes--nonhuman animals--have rights as well. But brutes do not have rights. Therefore, the case for women's rights is not successful

    • B. 

      If the case for women's rights is successful, then brutes--nonhuman animals--have rights as well. The case for women's rights is successful. Therefore, brutes have rights

    • C. 

      Both of the above

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 48. 
    Singer's reason for thinking that speciesism is wrong is
    • A. 

      Singer is a deontologist

    • B. 

      Singer is a utilitarian

    • C. 

      All mammals are rational beings

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 49. 
    According to Singer, the Principle of Equality requires equal consideration of interests.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 50. 
    Which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      According to Singer, "all humans are equal" is descriptive

    • B. 

      If "all humans are equal" is descriptive, it is true

    • C. 

      Equal consideration does not demand equal treatment

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above


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