Philosophy Exam Review 3

50 Questions  I  By Rcmrvn on April 25, 2013

  
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1.  Punishment to rehabilitate a criminal is a backward-looking reason.
A.
B.
2.  Utilitarians such as Bentham and Mill believe that punishment can be morally justified even if it causes pain to the person being punished.
A.
B.
3.  Punishing a criminal to keep him off the street is a backward-looking reason. 
A.
B.
4.  When a person lies to another person, the liar is treating the other person merely as a means to some other end, according to Rachels. 
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B.
5.  An empirical claim can be known without experience.
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B.
6.  Empirical claims can be known to be only probably true. 
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B.
7.  Empirical claims can be known with certainty. 
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B.
8.  Immanuel Kant believes punishment is justified if it rehabilitates the criminal.
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B.
9.  Retribution and vengeance are the same thing, according to Louis Pojman. 
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B.
10.  Retribution and revenge are the same thing, according to Louis Pojman. 
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B.
11.  The moral justification for punishment, according to Pojman, is vengeance. 
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B.
12.  The moral justification for punishment, according to Pojman, is desert.
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B.
13.  According to Kant, pleasure is intrinsically valuable. 
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B.
14.  Kant is an empiricist. 
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B.
15.  According to Kant, the goodwill is the will that does what reason demands and not what inclination or desire demand. 
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B.
16.  According to Kant, lying is wrong because the maxim, "always lie" would make society chaotic. 
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B.
17.  Moral rationalism is the view that all moral knowledge requires experience. 
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B.
18.  Which of the following is an empirical claim?
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B.
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19.  According to Kant, humans are intrinsically valuable.
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B.
20.  According to Kant, all moral knowledge comes through
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21.  Kant's theory is
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22.  Which of the following is a correct formulation of Kant's Categorical Imperative?
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23.  According to Kant, it is never permissible to treat a human as a means.
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B.
24.  According to Kant, since moral truths may be derived through reason, they may be known with certainty.
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B.
25.  Punishing someone for what he has done is a backward-looking reason.
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B.
26.  Which of the following is not a Utilitarian justification for punishment?
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B.
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D.
27.  According to Kant, the Utilitarian view of punishment is incompatible with human dignity. Why?
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28.  According to Kant's view, treating persons as intrinsically valuable requires punishment for wrong actions.
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B.
29.  The main difference between the Utilitarian view of punishment and Kant's is not whether a criminal is rightly punished, but the reason why punishment should be administered. 
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B.
30.  Pojman rejects the combined theory of punishment.
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B.
31.  A combined theory of punishment 
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D.
32.  According to Pojman, punishing a criminal to deter crime treats that person merely as a means.
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B.
33.  In its ideal, prompt performance, the death penalty would likely deter crime, according to Pojman.
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B.
34.  When a person lies to another person, the liar is treating the other person merely as a means to some other end, according to Kant.
A.
B.
35.  Kant's view is like Rule Utilitarianism in that both consider rules to be very important in moral deliberation.
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B.
36.  Kant's view is like Rule Utilitarianism in that the aim for both Kant and Rule Utilitarianism is to find the rules that promote human happiness. 
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B.
37.  Because humans are intrinsically valuable, according to Kant, the aim of morality is human happiness. 
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B.
38.  A deontological view is one that is consequence-based.
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B.
39.  According to Kant's view, treating persons as intrinsically valuable requires mercy for wrong actions. 
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B.
40.  According to Singer, it is always wrong to cause pain to a sentient being. 
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B.
41.  "People always act on that maxim they can will as a universal law" is 
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42.  According to Singer, human pain and pleasure is more significant than nonhuman pain and pleasure. 
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B.
43.  Speciesism is any prejudice in favor of one's own species and against other species. 
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B.
44.  According to Singer, the life of a human might in some cases have more value than the life of a nonhuman. 
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B.
45.  What is the difference between a hypothetical imperative and a categorical imperative?
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46.  One of the problems with Kant's view is that 
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47.  Which of the following arguments is valid?
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48.  Singer's reason for thinking that speciesism is wrong is
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49.  According to Singer, the Principle of Equality requires equal consideration of interests.
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50.  Which of the following is true?
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