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Personality

12 Questions
Personality Quizzes & Trivia

Personality chapter

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to Freud, understanding how the id, ego and superego interact is essential to grasping the nature of:
    • A. 

      Self-actualization

    • B. 

      An external locus of control

    • C. 

      Reciprocal determinism

    • D. 

      Motivational conflict

    • E. 

      An inferiority complex

  • 2. 
    The pleasure principle is to the ________ as the reality principle is to the _________.
    • A. 

      Oral stage, anal stage

    • B. 

      Id, superego

    • C. 

      Id, ego

    • D. 

      Life instict, death instict

    • E. 

      Conscious, unconscious

  • 3. 
    According to Freud, children develop inconscous sexual desires for the parent of the opposite sex during the ________ stage.
    • A. 

      Oral

    • B. 

      Genital

    • C. 

      Phallic

    • D. 

      Anal

    • E. 

      Latency

  • 4. 
    The defense mechanism that underlies all others is:
    • A. 

      Regression

    • B. 

      Reaction formation

    • C. 

      Projection

    • D. 

      Displacement

    • E. 

      Repression

  • 5. 
    Which neo-Freudian theorist emphasized that personality development is strongly influenced by feelings of inferiority?
    • A. 

      Jung

    • B. 

      Allport

    • C. 

      Horney

    • D. 

      Maslow

    • E. 

      Adler

  • 6. 
    In order to identify a relatively small number of the most basic personality traits, trait theorists have used:
    • A. 

      Projective tests

    • B. 

      Free association

    • C. 

      The MMPI-2`

    • D. 

      Factor analysis

  • 7. 
    As personality descriptions become mroe positive, the Barnum effect becomes stronger.  This best illustrates:
    • A. 

      Reciprocal determinism.

    • B. 

      Unconditional positive regard

    • C. 

      Self-serving bias

    • D. 

      An external locus of control

    • E. 

      Attributional style

  • 8. 
    Carl Rogers emphasized the importance of:
    • A. 

      The collective unconscious

    • B. 

      Unconditional positive regard

    • C. 

      Personality inventories

    • D. 

      Reciprocal determinism

    • E. 

      Free association

  • 9. 
    In a collectivist culture, individuals are likely to avoid:
    • A. 

      Embarrassing other people

    • B. 

      Expressing personal humility

    • C. 

      Extended conversations

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    Which presonality theorists have been criticized the most for encouraging individual selfishness and self indulgence?
    • A. 

      Trait theorists

    • B. 

      Social cognitive theorists

    • C. 

      Psychoanalyitical theorists

    • D. 

      Humanistic theorists

  • 11. 
    Compared to those with an external locus of control, people who perceive an internal locus of control are:
    • A. 

      Likely to experience low self-esteem

    • B. 

      Extremely introvered personality

    • C. 

      Likely to be academically successful

    • D. 

      Not easily able to delay gratification of thier personal desires

  • 12. 
    Martin Seligman has advocated a positive psychology which focuses on topics such as:
    • A. 

      Optimism

    • B. 

      Extraversion

    • C. 

      The Barnum effect

    • D. 

      External locus of control

    • E. 

      Free associations

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