Personality

18 Questions  I  By Rachellhayden
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Personality Quizzes & Trivia
Looking at personality within Psychology. Chapter 13

  
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  • 1. 
    Cattell proposed 16 basic personality traits (timid-venturesome, relaxed-tense), which he called
    • A. 

      Source Traits

    • B. 

      Cardinal Traits

    • C. 

      Central Traits

    • D. 

      Secondary Traits


  • 2. 
    In Eysenck's trait approach, a person strong in neuroticism is likely to be 
    • A. 

      Irritable and moody

    • B. 

      Cooperative with others

    • C. 

      Sociable and outgoing

    • D. 

      Rude to other people


  • 3. 
    Currently, the most popular trait theory is
    • A. 

      The Big Five traits

    • B. 

      Eysenck's three superfactors

    • C. 

      Allport's trait theory

    • D. 

      Cattell's 16 factor theory


  • 4. 
    "Occasional" traits in Allport's theory are called
    • A. 

      Secondary traits

    • B. 

      Source traits

    • C. 

      Central traits

    • D. 

      Cardinal traits


  • 5. 
    Allport's trait theory was developed based on
    • A. 

      The factor analysis of tests from large groups of people

    • B. 

      Cross-cultural testing of groups of people with many languages

    • C. 

      Comparing the Rorchach test results of normal and disturbed groups

    • D. 

      Detailed studies of particular individuals


  • 6. 
    All of the following are self-reporting questionnaires except 
    • A. 

      The MMPI

    • B. 

      The NEO-PI-R

    • C. 

      The Rorschach test

    • D. 

      The 16 personality factor test


  • 7. 
    Self-reporting personality questionnaires 
    • A. 

      Allow complete freedom in how the person responds

    • B. 

      Use a true-false or rating scale format in most cases

    • C. 

      Use an unstructured or ambiguous stimulus in most cases

    • D. 

      Use a subjective scoring technique


  • 8. 
    According to Freud, the part of the mind that contains inactive, but accessible, thoughts is the
    • A. 

      Preconscious mind

    • B. 

      Conscious mind

    • C. 

      Unconscious mind

    • D. 

      Collective unconscious mind


  • 9. 
    According to Freud, the ego
    • A. 

      Operates according to the reality principle

    • B. 

      Is located entirely in the unconscious mind

    • C. 

      Contains society's rules about right and wrong

    • D. 

      Desires immediate, total satisfaction of needs


  • 10. 
    The defense mechanism of repression
    • A. 

      Transforms an anxiety-producing desire into a behaviour that expresses the opposite desire

    • B. 

      Channels an inappropriate behaviour into a more socially appropriate one

    • C. 

      Attributes an unacceptable thought or desire to someone else

    • D. 

      Submerges troubling thoughts deep into the unconscious mind


  • 11. 
    The correct order of Freud's psychosexual stages is 
    • A. 

      Oral, Phallic, anal, latency, genital

    • B. 

      Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital

    • C. 

      Oral, genital, anal, phallic, latency

    • D. 

      Oral, anal, latency, genital, phallic


  • 12. 
    Each of Freud's stages of development is based on the 
    • A. 

      Body region that provides pleasure or sexual gratification

    • B. 

      Defense mechanism that the ego tends to employ the most

    • C. 

      Part of the personality that is dominant at that time (ego, id, superego)

    • D. 

      Level of congruence that has been achieved for the self-concept at that time


  • 13. 
    According to Freud, when the needs of a particular psychosexual stage are frustrated
    • A. 

      Incongruence is likely to develop

    • B. 

      The Oedipal complex will occur

    • C. 

      A fixation will occur

    • D. 

      The id will be overwhelmed by the superego


  • 14. 
    After watching the baseball team win the game on a double play, B.J. said, "I don't think i'd even want to be a professional athlete. Whether you win or lose is a matter of luck. You can practice all you want and be the best player, but if the other guy is luckier, he wins the game.: B.J. would be described as having 
    • A. 

      External locus control

    • B. 

      High self-efficacy

    • C. 

      Internal conditions of worth

    • D. 

      Unmet conditions of worth


  • 15. 
    Which of the following is false?
    • A. 

      Many of the important and unique concepts in Freud's theory lack scientific rigor

    • B. 

      Despite some criticism, Freud's theory gained influence during the past several decades

    • C. 

      Many of the important and unique concepts in Freud's theory are almost impossible to test

    • D. 

      Freud's theory is very male-oriented and views women as weaker psychologically.


  • 16. 
    The theory that stresses humans' capacity for self-awareness, choice, responsibility, and growth is
    • A. 

      The cognitive-behavioral theory of personality

    • B. 

      The social learning theory of personality

    • C. 

      The humanistic theory of personality

    • D. 

      The psychodynamic theory of personality


  • 17. 
    Humanistic theorist Carl Rogers suggested that for a healthy personality to develop
    • A. 

      The self-concept must be congruent

    • B. 

      The Electra of Oedipal complex must be resolved

    • C. 

      Love should be given only when the person is acting appropriately

    • D. 

      Conditions of worth must be present


  • 18. 
    The cognitive-behavioral approach to personality emphasizes
    • A. 

      Biological urges that drive behaviour

    • B. 

      The importance of a congruent self-concept

    • C. 

      Learning and expectations

    • D. 

      The innate goodness of human nature


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