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Personality Test 3

39 Questions
Personality Test Quizzes & Trivia

PSY 370

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The patterns of emotional reactions that a person consistently experiences over time are called
    • A. 

      Emotions states.

    • B. 

      Emotion traits.

    • C. 

      Explanatory style.

    • D. 

      The cognitive triad.

  • 2. 
    Happiness can be thought of as an emotional
    • A. 

      State

    • B. 

      Trait

    • C. 

      State and as an emotional trait.

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 3. 
    The average person
    • A. 

      Is unhappy more often than happy

    • B. 

      Is happy more often than unhappy.

    • C. 

      Is happy and unhappy about equal amounts of time.

    • D. 

      Does not care about happiness.

  • 4. 
    Studies of happiness and age have found that
    • A. 

      Levels of happiness are not predicted well by age.

    • B. 

      Relationships and success at work are more important to young people.

    • C. 

      Financial security is more important to older people.

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 5. 
    Which of the following traits is strongly associated with increased happiness?
    • A. 

      High levels of extraversion

    • B. 

      High levels of neuroticism

    • C. 

      Type A personality

    • D. 

      High levels of extraversion and high levels of neuroticism

  • 6. 
    Pictures designed to create an emotional reaction would be used
    • A. 

      In the emotional Stroop task.

    • B. 

      In a mood induction.

    • C. 

      To assess Type A personality.

    • D. 

      All of these.

  • 7. 
    Studies that have used mood inductions havesupported the idea of an indirect effect of personality on happiness.
    • A. 

      Supported the idea of an indirect effect of personality on happiness.

    • B. 

      Supported the idea of a direct effect of personality on happiness.

    • C. 

      Shown that personality can influence the mood of a group.

    • D. 

      All of these.

  • 8. 
    People who score high (as compared to low) on neuroticism tend to
    • A. 

      Underestimate their physical symptoms.

    • B. 

      Reported fewer serious physical symptoms.

    • C. 

      Have exaggerated memories of the physical symptoms they experienced.

    • D. 

      Believe that others have physical symptoms even when they do not.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following words would cause emotional interference in a person who is high in neuroticism?
    • A. 

      Disease

    • B. 

      Fear

    • C. 

      Failure

    • D. 

      All of these.

  • 10. 
    According to Beck, which of the following is NOT a cognitive distortion among people with depression?
    • A. 

      Making arbitrary inferences

    • B. 

      Personalizing

    • C. 

      Catastrophizing

    • D. 

      Compartmentalizing

  • 11. 
    A person who experiences very high “highs” and very low “lows” scores high on the trait of
    • A. 

      Affect intensity.

    • B. 

      Neuroticism.

    • C. 

      Extraversion.

    • D. 

      Hostility.

  • 12. 
    Research on affect intensity suggests that most people _____ affect intensity
    • A. 

      Prefer to be high in

    • B. 

      Prefer to be low in

    • C. 

      Prefer to be low in

    • D. 

      Would not want to change their level of

  • 13. 
    The aspects of your self that you present to others is known as your
    • A. 

      Self-esteem.

    • B. 

      Self-concept.

    • C. 

      Social identity.

    • D. 

      Possible selves.

  • 14. 
    A person who fails an exam will
    • A. 

      Feel bad if doing well on the exam was important to his or her self-concept.

    • B. 

      Feel bad if he or she has low self-esteem.

    • C. 

      Feel bad if he or she has high self-esteem.

    • D. 

      Likely begin to self-handicap.

  • 15. 
    The self-concept begins to develop as early as
    • A. 

      Infancy

    • B. 

      Childhood

    • C. 

      Adolescence

    • D. 

      Adulthod

  • 16. 
    Around the age of 5 or 6 years of age, children develop
    • A. 

      The ability to engage in social comparison.

    • B. 

      A private self-concept.

    • C. 

      Objective self-awareness.

    • D. 

      The ability to engage in social comparison and a private self-concept.

  • 17. 
    Self-schema
    • A. 

      Guides attention

    • B. 

      Is stored in memory.

    • C. 

      Influences how we interpret the world.

    • D. 

      All of these.

  • 18. 
    Compared to people with high self-esteem, people with low self-esteem are more
    • A. 

      Prevention focused.

    • B. 

      Promotion focused.

    • C. 

      Promotion focused.

    • D. 

      Prevention focused and more concerned with not failing than with succeeding.

  • 19. 
    People who have low self-esteem
    • A. 

      Are interested only in positive feedback

    • B. 

      Are interested only in negative feedback.

    • C. 

      Are not interested in receiving feedback.

    • D. 

      Do not differ from those high in self-esteem in their interest in feedback.

  • 20. 
    The complimentary needs theory states that individuals select mates
    • A. 

      With personality characteristics that differ from theirs.

    • B. 

      Who fulfill their needs for being complimented and flattered

    • C. 

      With personality characteristics similar to their own.

    • D. 

      D. who have characteristics that are related to marital satisfaction.

  • 21. 
    Correlations between a person’s preference ratings for personality characteristics in a mate and ratings of the mate’s personality characteristics measured across different sources of data are
    • A. 

      Weakly positive.

    • B. 

      Moderately positive.

    • C. 

      Weakly negative

    • D. 

      Close to zero

  • 22. 
    Aggressive people tend to evoke _____ from others
    • A. 

      Hostility

    • B. 

      Submission

    • C. 

      Understanding

    • D. 

      Praise

  • 23. 
    Evocation is NOT demonstrated in which of the following situations?
    • A. 

      When a person acts in a way that causes an emotional response in another person

    • B. 

      When a husband’s actions cause a wife to behave in ways that anger her husband.

    • C. 

      When a wife nags her husband to get something accomplished.

    • D. 

      When a charismatic person walks into a room and a dull party becomes enjoyable.

  • 24. 
    Individuals who are highly agreeable tend to evoke _____ than individuals with lower agreeableness scores.
    • A. 

      Much more love from their spouses

    • B. 

      Far less interpersonal conflict

    • C. 

      Longer conversations with peers

    • D. 

      More upper limit control

  • 25. 
    You have heard that Dean X has a reputation for being very arrogant and condescending to students. One day your professor sends you to see the Dean to discuss an important educational issue. You are quite apprehensive when you enter the Dean’s office and act very nervous and anxious. Since Dean X does not suffer fools, he snaps at you, thus confirming the _____ that you evoked
    • A. 

      Self-fulfilling corroborations

    • B. 

      Expectancy confirmations

    • C. 

      Behavioral confirmations

    • D. 

      Likliehood confirmations

  • 26. 
    The manipulation tactic of _____ might involve yelling at someone.
    • A. 

      Coercion

    • B. 

      Reason

    • C. 

      Charm

    • D. 

      Resnsibility invocation

  • 27. 
    Telling someone that “everyone else is doing it” is an example of the _____ manipulation tactic.
    • A. 

      Hardball

    • B. 

      Social comparison

    • C. 

      Charm

    • D. 

      Self-abasement

  • 28. 
    Beliefs about the ways men and women differ, in contrast to actual differences, are called
    • A. 

      Sex differences.

    • B. 

      Gender differences

    • C. 

      Adaptive problems

    • D. 

      Gender stereotypes

  • 29. 
    An effect size of .51 would be considered _____ between two groups.
    • A. 

      Small

    • B. 

      Moderate

    • C. 

      Large

    • D. 

      No difference

  • 30. 
    Overall, sex differences in self-esteem have been found to be
    • A. 

      Small

    • B. 

      Moderate

    • C. 

      Large

    • D. 

      No difference

  • 31. 
    The cognitive orientations that lead people to process information on the basis of sex-linked associations are known as
    • A. 

      Gender stereotypes

    • B. 

      Gender schemata

    • C. 

      Sex differences

    • D. 

      Masculity-feininity

  • 32. 
    The theory that most emphasizes the expectations about the jobs men and women are “supposed” to have is the _____ theory.
    • A. 

      Social role

    • B. 

      Evolutionary

    • C. 

      Socialization

    • D. 

      Social learning

  • 33. 
    Almost all members of the Bleeminese tribe go bowling. However, it is rare for a member of the Bloopine tribe to bowl at all. This difference in behavior between the two tribes represents a cultural
    • A. 

      Variation

    • B. 

      Stratification

    • C. 

      Deviation

    • D. 

      Norm

  • 34. 
    The bulky clothes that people in far northern cultures often wear is an example of
    • A. 

      Transmitted culture.

    • B. 

      Cultural universals.

    • C. 

      Evoked culture.

    • D. 

      Culture of honor.

  • 35. 
    Jay Belsky and his colleagues believe that an early environment with harsh, rejecting, and inconsistent child rearing practices, and erratic parental investment will foster
    • A. 

      In children the desire to constantly evoke cooperation across all environmental conditions.

    • B. 

      In children an impulsive personality and a mating strategy marked by earlier reproduction.

    • C. 

      Unconscientious children that have lower levels of formal education.

    • D. 

      Highly cooperative children with mating strategies marked by delayed reproduction.

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      Transmitted culture.

    • B. 

      False politeness

    • C. 

      Greater need to protect resources that could easily be stolen.

    • D. 

      Warmer southern climate.

  • 37. 
    Western cultures tend to emphasize the cultural task of _____ more than non-Western cultures.
    • A. 

      Cultural transmission

    • B. 

      Evoking culture

    • C. 

      Independence

    • D. 

      Interdependence

  • 38. 
    Compared to Americans, Japanese individuals tend to explain events _____ with attention to relationships, contacts, and links to the object as a whole.
    • A. 

      Holistically

    • B. 

      Analytically

    • C. 

      Statistically

    • D. 

      Mechanically

  • 39. 
    People _____ are able to identify facial expressions of basic emotions made by Americans.
    • A. 

      In New Guinea

    • B. 

      In Germany

    • C. 

      In Japan

    • D. 

      Universally