Pathology Of Inflammation!!!!!

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 Pathology Of Inflammation!!!!!
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  • 1. 
    What are the 5 cardinal signs of Inflammation?
    • A. 

      Caliente, rubarbo, tamar, dola, functioner

    • B. 

      Caliente, rubor, tumor, dola, functioner

    • C. 

      Calor, rubor, tumor, dolor, functio laesa

    • D. 

      Calor, rubarbo, tamar, dolor, functio laesa


  • 2. 
    True or False?  Inflammation can occur in dead tissue?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 3. 
    True or false?  Changes in blood flow represents the body's first response to injury.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 4. 
    What is the first response of arterioles to injury?
    • A. 

      Vasoconstriction

    • B. 

      Vasodilation

    • C. 

      Redness

    • D. 

      Edema

    • E. 

      Hyperemia


  • 5. 
    Stacking of erythrocytes (RBCs) are known as what?
    • A. 

      Margination

    • B. 

      Pavementing

    • C. 

      Forming Rolexes

    • D. 

      Rouleaux Formation


  • 6. 
    What is the name of the phenomenon where WBC's marginate and become attached to the edge of the endothelium?
    • A. 

      Cementing

    • B. 

      Pavementing

    • C. 

      Margination

    • D. 

      Adhesion


  • 7. 
    True or false?  On microscopic examination, finding of Rouleaux Formation of RBC's means that there is inflammation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 8. 
    True or False? Margination of neutrophils is the first cellular change of inflammation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 9. 
    Active movement of PMN's along a concentration gradient is known as what?
    • A. 

      Passive diffusion

    • B. 

      Chemotaxis

    • C. 

      Facilitated diffusion

    • D. 

      Chemotactic diffusion


  • 10. 
    What does the term opsonization mean?
    • A. 

      To make tasty

    • B. 

      To make optimal

    • C. 

      To make foreign

    • D. 

      To make attractive


  • 11. 
    True or false?  A PMN encounters and recongnizes a bacterium as foreign by the pseudopods extending from the surface of the PMN.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 12. 
    How does the PMN recognize and attach to the foreign bacteria?
    • A. 

      Hcg or complement (C3)

    • B. 

      Immunoglobulins (IgG-A4) or complement (C4)

    • C. 

      Immunoglobulins (IgG-Fc) or complement (C3)

    • D. 

      Hcg or complement (C4)


  • 13. 
    True or False?  Immunoglobulins (IgG-Fc) and complement (C3) both act as opsonins.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 14. 
    The process by which the cytoplasm of the PMN surrounds the bacteria and encloses it into an invagination of the cell membrane is known as what?
    • A. 

      Phagolysosome

    • B. 

      Phagolysis

    • C. 

      Phagolum

    • D. 

      Phagocytosis

    • E. 

      Phagophobia


  • 15. 
    True or false?  Inside the phagocytic vacuole, the bacteriu, is killed by bacteriocidal substances released from the nucleus of the PMN.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 16. 
    Dead and dying PMN's admixed with tissue debris form a viscous yellow fluid called what?
    • A. 

      Xanthochromia

    • B. 

      Pus

    • C. 

      Xanthelasma


  • 17. 
    What are the different types of inflammation?
    • A. 

      Serious, fiber, purulent, ulcerative, chronic and granulomatous

    • B. 

      Serous, fibrinous, purulent, ulcerative, pseudomembranous, chronic and granulomatous

    • C. 

      Serous, purulent, ulcerative, pseudomembranous and chronic

    • D. 

      Serious, fibrionous, pseudomembranous, chronic, and granulomatous


  • 18. 
    Select 2 examples of serous inflammation?
    • A. 

      The skin vesicles caused by Herpes virus

    • B. 

      Acute bacterial meningitis

    • C. 

      Bread and butter pericarditis

    • D. 

      Blisters from second degree skin burns


  • 19. 
    True or false? Serous inflammation is considered to be the most severe from of inflammation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    True or false?  the serous fluid is readily resorbed without consequences if the cause is eliminated.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 21. 
    What is an example of fibrinous inflammation?
    • A. 

      Serous pleural effusion

    • B. 

      Bread and butter pericarditis

    • C. 

      Acute bacterial meningitis

    • D. 

      Tuberculoma


  • 22. 
    True or false?  Fibrinous Inflammation is seen in many bacterial infections, such as Strep throat or pneumonia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 23. 
    Inflammation is typically caused by pus-forming bacteria such as ________ and __________.
    • A. 

      Psuedomonas Aeruginosa and Staph

    • B. 

      E. Coli and Streptococcus

    • C. 

      Staph and Stenotrophomonas

    • D. 

      Staph and Streptococcus


  • 24. 
    True or false?  A localized collection of pus within an organ or tissue is called an Abscess.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 25. 
    True or false?  Tuberculoma (TB Abscess) is a type of purulent inflammation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 26. 
    True or false?  Abscesses heal on their own and do not need to be taken out.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 27. 
    Inflammation of body surfaces or the mucosa of hollow organs may result in a loss of epithelial linings is known as what type of inflammation?
    • A. 

      Ulcerative inflammation

    • B. 

      Purulent inflammation

    • C. 

      Fibrinous inflammation

    • D. 

      Pseudomembranous inflammation


  • 28. 
    True or false?  An ulcer is defined as a defect involving the epithelium, but may extend into the deeper connective tissues as well (ie peptic ulcer).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 29. 
    A form of ulcerative inflammation that is combined with fibrinopurulent exudation is known as what?
    • A. 

      Fibrinous inflammation

    • B. 

      Purulent inflammation

    • C. 

      Ulcerative inflammation

    • D. 

      Pseudomembranous inflammation


  • 30. 
    Inflammation that lasts a long time and produces extensive tissue destruction and has a tendency to heal less readily is known as what?
    • A. 

      Acute inflammtion

    • B. 

      Ulcerative inflammation

    • C. 

      Chronic inflammation

    • D. 

      Long lasting inflammation


  • 31. 
    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is an example of chronic inflammation. True or false?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 32. 
    PMNs are present in __________ infections whereas mononuclear cells are present in____________ infections. 2 answers are correct.
    • A. 

      Chronic, acute

    • B. 

      Bacterial, viral

    • C. 

      Acute, chronic

    • D. 

      Viral, bacterial


  • 33. 
    What is a special form of chronic inflammation that typically is not preceded by an acute, PMN-mediated inflammation?
    • A. 

      Purulent inflammation

    • B. 

      Ulcerative inflammation

    • C. 

      Psuedomembranous inflammation

    • D. 

      Granulomatous inflammation


  • 34. 
    True or false?  Tuberculosis is the prototype granulomatous disease, as are certain fungal diseases.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 35. 
    True or false?  Granulomatous reactions are mediated by macrophages and T-lymphocytes that accumulate at the site of injury, forming nodules.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 36. 
    True or false?  Epithelioid cells are motile and phagocytic.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 37. 
    In what type of inflammation of epithelioid cells fuse to form multi-nucleated giant cells found on the rim of the granulomas?
    • A. 

      Purulent inflammation

    • B. 

      Ulcerative inflammation

    • C. 

      Caseating inflammation

    • D. 

      Granulomatous inflammation

    • E. 

      Casserole inflammation


  • 38. 
    True or false?  Granulomas destroy tissue and tend to persist for a long time.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 39. 
    Give examples of granulomatous inflammation.
    • A. 

      TB, chonic cervicitis, and colitis

    • B. 

      Duodenal ulcer and histoplasma

    • C. 

      Pericarditis, TB, and peritonitis

    • D. 

      TB, histoplasma, and coccidiodes

    • E. 

      Tuna noodle casserole and tuberculosis


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