Patho Chapter 6

36 Questions  I  By Caitlinnorthcutt
Patho Chapter 6
Patho. Chapter. 6.

  
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1.  Choose the correct proportion of water to body weight to be expected in a healthy male adult’s body:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Choose the correct proportion of blood (to body weight) in an adult male’s body:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Insensible fluid loss refers to water lost through:
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  When the osmotic pressure of the blood is elevated above normal, water would shift from the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  What would a deficit of plasma proteins likely cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  What would cause edema?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  What would be related to an elevated hematocrit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  What is a typical sign of dehydration?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  What is the term for a combination of decreased circulating blood volume and excess fluid in a body cavity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the following is a characteristic of sodium ion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  What is a common causes of hyponatremia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  What do both hypokalemia and hyperkalemia cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  What does increased parathyroid hormone cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  What does hypocalcemia lead to? 1. low serum phosphate levels 2. nausea and constipation 3. skeletal muscle twitch and spasms 4. weak cardiac contractions
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  What causes tetany?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  In which of the following is phosphate ion not a major component?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Which of the following would be considered normal serum pH?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  When many excess hydrogen ions accumulate in the blood, what happens to serum pH? It:
A.
B.
C.
19.  What is the slowest but most effective control for acid-base balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which of the following is essential in order to maintain serum pH within normal range?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which is the correct effect on the body of abnormally slow respirations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  What is likely to cause metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  What would a serum pH of 7.33 in a patient with kidney disease indicate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Which serum value indicates decompensated metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  When excessive lactic acid accumulates in the body, serum:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  What does acidosis cause?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Compensation in the body for dehydration would include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Emphysema impairs expiration causing the acid-base imbalance:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  In patients with emphysema and impaired expiration, effective compensation for the acid-base imbalance, would be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  An anxiety attack often causes hyperventilation leading to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Young infants are more vulnerable to serious dehydration because
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Compensation for respiratory system depression due to anesthesia and sedation would be: 1. increased reabsorption of bicarbonate ions in the kidneys 2. increased secretion of hydrogen ions into the filtrate 3. increased respiratory rate and depth 4. increased renin secretion
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Metabolic acidosis leads to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Strenuous physical exercise on a hot day is likely to result in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Place the following events in the correct sequence that occurs when ketoacids increase in the blood of a diabetic. Not all options are used in the answers. 1. serum pH decreases 2. serum bicarbonate decreases 3. pCO2 decreases 4. respiration decreases 5. respiration increases 6. serum pH increases 7. urine pH decreases
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Which of the following is a manifestation of respiratory alkalosis
A.
B.
C.
D.
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