A&p Exam 2

50 Questions  I  By Karadawn09
Please take the quiz to rate it.

AP Quizzes & Trivia
Exam 2- ready for final?

  
or Create Online Test
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Questions and Answers

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
  • 1. 
    All of the following are functions of the skeletal system EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Blood formation

    • B. 

      Protection

    • C. 

      Movement

    • D. 

      Electrolyte balance

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 2. 
    The sternum is a type of _____ bone while the atlas is a type of ____ bone
    • A. 

      Flat, irregular

    • B. 

      Short, irregular

    • C. 

      Flat, short

    • D. 

      Long, short

    • E. 

      Short, flat


  • 3. 
    The ______ is a thin layer of reticular connective tissue licing the marrow cavity
    • A. 

      Periosteum

    • B. 

      Epiphysis

    • C. 

      Endosteum

    • D. 

      Diaphysis

    • E. 

      Articular cartilage


  • 4. 
    __________ are responsible for bone formation and the secretion of _____________
    • A. 

      Osteoclasts, calcitonin

    • B. 

      Osteoblasts, osteocalcin

    • C. 

      Osteoblasts, calcitrol

    • D. 

      Osteoclasts, osteocalcin

    • E. 

      Osteoblasts, osteon


  • 5. 
    Trapped cells called _____ reside in ______ which are connected by _____
    • A. 

      Osteocytes, cannaliculi, collagenous fibers

    • B. 

      Osteoblasts, lacunae, cannaliculi

    • C. 

      Osteoclasts, central canals, concentric lamellae

    • D. 

      Osteocytes, lacunae, cannaliculi

    • E. 

      Osteoblasts, lacunae, osteons


  • 6. 
    Which of the following is NOT a component of bone matrix
    • A. 

      Collagen

    • B. 

      Calcium phosphate

    • C. 

      Keratin

    • D. 

      Calcium carbonate

    • E. 

      Minerals (fluoride, sodium, potassium, and magnesium)


  • 7. 
    Both Haversian canals and Volkmann's canals contain:
    • A. 

      Blood vessels

    • B. 

      Cytoplasmic processes of osteocytes

    • C. 

      Nerves

    • D. 

      Osteoblasts

    • E. 

      Both A and C


  • 8. 
    Intramembranous ossification produces the ______ bones of the skull from embryonic ______ that eventually gives rise to a sandwich-like structuve of _____ and _______ bone
    • A. 

      Flat, ectoderm, compact, spongy

    • B. 

      Irregular, mesenchyme, compact, spongy

    • C. 

      Irregular, endoderm, spongy, short

    • D. 

      Flat, mesenchyme, compact, spongy

    • E. 

      Flat, mesenchyme, compact, long


  • 9. 
    An area of enlarging chondrocytes in the middle of the bone "model" during endochondral ossification is referred to as the:
    • A. 

      Secondary ossification center

    • B. 

      Epiphysis

    • C. 

      Trabeculae

    • D. 

      Metaphysis

    • E. 

      Primary ossification center


  • 10. 
    Interstitial growth occurs when bones grow in ______ resulting from growth within the ______ while appositional growth occurs when bones grow in _____ by producing layers called ______.
    • A. 

      Width, metaphysis, length, bone

    • B. 

      Length, ephiphyseal plate, width, circumferential lamellae

    • C. 

      Width, ephyphyseal plate, length, circumferential lamellae

    • D. 

      Length, ephyphyseal plate, width, ephyphyseal lines

    • E. 

      Length, central canal, width, circumferential lamellae


  • 11. 
    Which of the following cells is primarily responsible for bone/mineral deposition
    • A. 

      Osteoblast

    • B. 

      Osteoclast

    • C. 

      Chondrocyte

    • D. 

      Chondroblast

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 12. 
    All of following play a role in the process of mineral resorption EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Osteoclasts

    • B. 

      Acid

    • C. 

      Ruffled border

    • D. 

      Red marrow

    • E. 

      Both C and D


  • 13. 
    Hypocalcemia ______ is the result of ______ blood calcium and causes ______ of muscles leading to spasms or cramps
    • A. 

      Increased, excitation

    • B. 

      Decreased, inhibition

    • C. 

      Increased, destruction

    • D. 

      Decreased, excitation

    • E. 

      Decreased, weakening


  • 14. 
    Calcitriol acts as a hormone that raises blood calcium concentration by all of the following mechaniusms EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Inhibiting osteoclast activity

    • B. 

      Increasing calcium resorption from the skeleton

    • C. 

      Increasing calcium absorption from small intestine

    • D. 

      Promotes kidney reabsorption of calcium ions

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 15. 
    Which hormone reduces osteoclast activity leading to less bone resorption?
    • A. 

      Parathyroid hormone

    • B. 

      Calcitriol

    • C. 

      Calcitonin

    • D. 

      Follicle stimulating hormone

    • E. 

      Calcidiol


  • 16. 
    Which of the following DOES NOT result from parathyroid hormone secretion?
    • A. 

      Raising osteoclast population

    • B. 

      Reduced osteoclast activity

    • C. 

      Kidneys reabsorb more calcium

    • D. 

      Collagen synthesis by osteoblasts is inhibited

    • E. 

      Blood calcium is subsequently increased


  • 17. 
    A ________ is an abnormal curvature of the vertebral column often seen in the common bone disease of ______ where severe loss of bone density is seen
    • A. 

      Scoliosis, osteomyelitis

    • B. 

      Kyphosis, osteosarcoma

    • C. 

      Lordosis, osteoporosis

    • D. 

      Kyphosis, osteoporosis

    • E. 

      Lordosis, osteomyelitis


  • 18. 
    This structure holds or supports the temporal lobes of the brain
    • A. 

      Anterior cranial fossa

    • B. 

      Posterior cranial fossa

    • C. 

      Lacrimal fossa

    • D. 

      Mandibular fossa

    • E. 

      Middle cranial fossa


  • 19. 
    This suture separates the parietal bones
    • A. 

      Coronal

    • B. 

      Lambdoidal

    • C. 

      Squamous

    • D. 

      Sagittal

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 20. 
    This bone forms the lambdoid suture with the parietal bone
    • A. 

      Occipital bone

    • B. 

      Frontal bone

    • C. 

      Sphenoid bone

    • D. 

      Ethmoid bone

    • E. 

      Mandible


  • 21. 
    Which component is NOT part of the temporal bone?
    • A. 

      Zygomatic process

    • B. 

      Foramen magnum

    • C. 

      External auditory meatus

    • D. 

      Mastoid process

    • E. 

      Syloid process


  • 22. 
    All of these bones contain sinuses EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Sphenoid

    • C. 

      Zygomatic

    • D. 

      Maxilla

    • E. 

      Ethmoid


  • 23. 
    This bone creates parts of both the orbital and oral cavities
    • A. 

      Lacrimal bone

    • B. 

      Zygomatic bone

    • C. 

      Mandible

    • D. 

      Palatine

    • E. 

      Maxilla


  • 24. 
    A herniated disc might extend into this structure damaging the spinal cord
    • A. 

      Vertebral foramen

    • B. 

      Mastoid foramen

    • C. 

      Optin foramen

    • D. 

      Forman ovale

    • E. 

      Mental foramen


  • 25. 
    The ___________ is a peg-shaped bone structure that acts as a pivot for the atlantoaxial joint and is held in place by the _______
    • A. 

      Axis, diarthrosis

    • B. 

      Dens, interosseous membrane

    • C. 

      Mandibular condyle, palatine process

    • D. 

      Styloid process, stylohyoid muscle

    • E. 

      Dens, transverse ligament


  • 26. 
    The vertebral column of an adult has ______ separate bones and ______ fused bones.
    • A. 

      27, 6

    • B. 

      22, 11

    • C. 

      33, 5

    • D. 

      24, 9

    • E. 

      9, 24


  • 27. 
    The superiormost region of the sternum is referred to the :
    • A. 

      Xiphoid process

    • B. 

      Manubrium

    • C. 

      Body (gladiolus)

    • D. 

      Alae

    • E. 

      Costal margin


  • 28. 
    The clavicle articulates with the
    • A. 

      Humerus and manubrium

    • B. 

      Scapula and humerus

    • C. 

      Manubrium and scapula

    • D. 

      Manubrium, scapula, and humerus

    • E. 

      Scapula, and body (gladiolus)


  • 29. 
    A patient has a broken bone located in the brachium region.  this bone is most likely the:
    • A. 

      Humerus

    • B. 

      Radius

    • C. 

      Ulna

    • D. 

      Tibia

    • E. 

      Femur


  • 30. 
    The ______ articulates with the radius, but the ______ articulates with the ulna
    • A. 

      Trochlea, capitulum

    • B. 

      Capitulum, fovea

    • C. 

      Glenoid cavity, trochlea

    • D. 

      Trochlea, glenoid cavity

    • E. 

      Capitulum, trochlea


  • 31. 
    All of these structures are associated with the pelvis EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Ilium

    • B. 

      Olecranon

    • C. 

      Acetabulum

    • D. 

      Obturator foramen

    • E. 

      Both A and D


  • 32. 
    The _________ is a non-weight bearing bone found in the _____________ region that helps stabilize the _____________
    • A. 

      Femur, femoral, patella

    • B. 

      Tibia, crural, ankle

    • C. 

      Fibula, crural, ankle

    • D. 

      Tibia, crural, foot

    • E. 

      Fibula, tarsal, ankle


  • 33. 
    The trochanters and tuberosities of the femur likely play a role in ?
    • A. 

      Nerve entry into the femur

    • B. 

      Muscle attachment

    • C. 

      Blood vessel entry

    • D. 

      Articulation with the ankle

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 34. 
    The ______ is the largest ______ bone and forms the heel of the foot
    • A. 

      Talus, metatarsal

    • B. 

      Calcaneus, metatarsal

    • C. 

      Talus, tarsal

    • D. 

      Patella, earpal

    • E. 

      Calcaneus, tarsal


  • 35. 
    Which of the following choices is/are matched INCORRECTLY?
    • A. 

      Bony joint -- cranial sutures in elderly

    • B. 

      Cartilaginous joint -- pubic symphysis

    • C. 

      Fibrous joint -- temporomandibular joint

    • D. 

      Synovial joint -- gomphoses

    • E. 

      Both C and D


  • 36. 
    All of the following are a MAJOR category of joints EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Synostoses

    • B. 

      Syndesmoses

    • C. 

      Synarthroses

    • D. 

      Amphiarthroses

    • E. 

      Diarthroses


  • 37. 
    The ______ is a ______ and unites the radius and ulna in the ______ region
    • A. 

      Serrate suture, syndesmosis, crural

    • B. 

      Interosseus membrane, synostosis, antebrachium

    • C. 

      Interpubic disc, symphysis, femoral

    • D. 

      Interosseus membrane, syndesmosis, antebrachium

    • E. 

      Meniscus, syndesmosis, antebrachium


  • 38. 
    The first rib attachment is type of ______ made of ______ cartilage.
    • A. 

      Synchondrosis, hyaline

    • B. 

      Syndesmosis, elastic

    • C. 

      Synchondrosis, fibro

    • D. 

      Symphysis, fibro

    • E. 

      Symphysis, hyaline


  • 39. 
    Which of the following is NOT considered an accessory structure of diarthroses
    • A. 

      Tendon

    • B. 

      Bursa

    • C. 

      Synovial fluid

    • D. 

      Ligament

    • E. 

      Tendon sheath


  • 40. 
    The mechanical advantage of a hypothetical joint with a 50 mm effort arm and a 400 mm resistance arm would be ______ giving this joint more ______ than ______?
    • A. 

      0.225, speed, force

    • B. 

      .0125, force, speed

    • C. 

      1.755, speed, force

    • D. 

      1.5, force, speed

    • E. 

      0.125, speed, force


  • 41. 
    The correct order (from left to right) of the components of a third class lever is ______.  an an example of this type of lever that would be found in the body is the ______ joint system
    • A. 

      Resistance-effort-fulcrum; atlantooccipital

    • B. 

      Fulcrum-resistance-effort; temporomandibular

    • C. 

      Fulcrum-resistance-effort; humeroulnar

    • D. 

      Resistance-effort-fulcrum; humeroulnar

    • E. 

      Resistance-fulcrum-effort; temporomandibular


  • 42. 
    The humeroulnar joint is a type of ______ joint that has a ______ axis of rotation
    • A. 

      Hinge, biaxial

    • B. 

      Pivot, multiaxial

    • C. 

      Saddle, biaxial

    • D. 

      Saddle, monoaxial

    • E. 

      Hinge, monoaxial


  • 43. 
    This type of joint allows the brachium region to be abducted or adducted
    • A. 

      Pivot

    • B. 

      Hinge

    • C. 

      Ball and socket

    • D. 

      Saddle

    • E. 

      Condylar


  • 44. 
    When the palm faces rearward or downward, the arm is said to be ______.  this occurs when the radius and ulna are ______.
    • A. 

      Adducted, perpendicular

    • B. 

      Pronated, parallel

    • C. 

      Supinated, crossed

    • D. 

      Pronated, crossed

    • E. 

      Supinated, parallel


  • 45. 
    The patella is a good example of a special type of short bone called ...
    • A. 

      Squamosal

    • B. 

      Sesamoid

    • C. 

      Spongy

    • D. 

      Irregular

    • E. 

      Mesenchymal


  • 46. 
    Which of these structures DOES NOT help create the temporomandibular joint?
    • A. 

      Sphenomandibular ligament

    • B. 

      Coracoid process

    • C. 

      Mandibular fossa

    • D. 

      Mandibular condyle

    • E. 

      Stylomandibular ligament


  • 47. 
    Which of these principal ligaments DO NOT support the glenohumeral joint
    • A. 

      Middle glenohumeral ligament

    • B. 

      Coracohumeral ligament

    • C. 

      Transverse humeral ligament

    • D. 

      Inferior glenohumeral ligament

    • E. 

      None of these


  • 48. 
    The ______ ligament is often damaged in baseball pitchers requiring Tommy John reconstruction surgery to correct
    • A. 

      Ulnar collateral ligament

    • B. 

      Radial collateral ligament

    • C. 

      Anular ligament

    • D. 

      Anterior cruciate ligament

    • E. 

      Posterior cruciate ligament


  • 49. 
    All of these might be affected by a severe knee injury EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Tibial collateral ligament

    • B. 

      Anular ligament

    • C. 

      Anterior cruciate ligament

    • D. 

      Posterior cruciate ligament

    • E. 

      Both A and B


  • 50. 
    The ______ are bony processes of the tibia and fibular that overhang the ______ preventing side-side/lateral movement
    • A. 

      Malleoli, tarsus

    • B. 

      Trochanters, talus

    • C. 

      Malleoli, talus

    • D. 

      Tuberosities, tarsus

    • E. 

      Alveoli, calcaneus


Back to top

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz
We have sent an email with your new password.