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A&p Exam 2

50 Questions  I  By Karadawn09
A&P exam 2
Exam 2- ready for final?

  
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1.  All of the following are functions of the skeletal system EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The sternum is a type of _____ bone while the atlas is a type of ____ bone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The ______ is a thin layer of reticular connective tissue licing the marrow cavity
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  __________ are responsible for bone formation and the secretion of _____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Trapped cells called _____ reside in ______ which are connected by _____
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following is NOT a component of bone matrix
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Both Haversian canals and Volkmann's canals contain:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Intramembranous ossification produces the ______ bones of the skull from embryonic ______ that eventually gives rise to a sandwich-like structuve of _____ and _______ bone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  An area of enlarging chondrocytes in the middle of the bone "model" during endochondral ossification is referred to as the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Interstitial growth occurs when bones grow in ______ resulting from growth within the ______ while appositional growth occurs when bones grow in _____ by producing layers called ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of the following cells is primarily responsible for bone/mineral deposition
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  All of following play a role in the process of mineral resorption EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Hypocalcemia ______ is the result of ______ blood calcium and causes ______ of muscles leading to spasms or cramps
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Calcitriol acts as a hormone that raises blood calcium concentration by all of the following mechaniusms EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which hormone reduces osteoclast activity leading to less bone resorption?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following DOES NOT result from parathyroid hormone secretion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  A ________ is an abnormal curvature of the vertebral column often seen in the common bone disease of ______ where severe loss of bone density is seen
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  This structure holds or supports the temporal lobes of the brain
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  This suture separates the parietal bones
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  This bone forms the lambdoid suture with the parietal bone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which component is NOT part of the temporal bone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  All of these bones contain sinuses EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This bone creates parts of both the orbital and oral cavities
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  A herniated disc might extend into this structure damaging the spinal cord
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The ___________ is a peg-shaped bone structure that acts as a pivot for the atlantoaxial joint and is held in place by the _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The vertebral column of an adult has ______ separate bones and ______ fused bones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The superiormost region of the sternum is referred to the :
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The clavicle articulates with the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  A patient has a broken bone located in the brachium region.  this bone is most likely the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The ______ articulates with the radius, but the ______ articulates with the ulna
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  All of these structures are associated with the pelvis EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The _________ is a non-weight bearing bone found in the _____________ region that helps stabilize the _____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The trochanters and tuberosities of the femur likely play a role in ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The ______ is the largest ______ bone and forms the heel of the foot
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of the following choices is/are matched INCORRECTLY?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  All of the following are a MAJOR category of joints EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The ______ is a ______ and unites the radius and ulna in the ______ region
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The first rib attachment is type of ______ made of ______ cartilage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Which of the following is NOT considered an accessory structure of diarthroses
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The mechanical advantage of a hypothetical joint with a 50 mm effort arm and a 400 mm resistance arm would be ______ giving this joint more ______ than ______?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The correct order (from left to right) of the components of a third class lever is ______.  an an example of this type of lever that would be found in the body is the ______ joint system
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The humeroulnar joint is a type of ______ joint that has a ______ axis of rotation
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  This type of joint allows the brachium region to be abducted or adducted
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  When the palm faces rearward or downward, the arm is said to be ______.  this occurs when the radius and ulna are ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The patella is a good example of a special type of short bone called ...
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which of these structures DOES NOT help create the temporomandibular joint?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which of these principal ligaments DO NOT support the glenohumeral joint
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The ______ ligament is often damaged in baseball pitchers requiring Tommy John reconstruction surgery to correct
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  All of these might be affected by a severe knee injury EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  The ______ are bony processes of the tibia and fibular that overhang the ______ preventing side-side/lateral movement
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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