A.p. Biology Chapter 6 (cells)

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This quiz is for chapter 6 of AP Bio, on the same test as 5, 7, and 8.

  
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  • 1. 
    What kind of light microscope is used for thin sections?
    • A. 

      Compound light microscope

    • B. 

      Stereoscope

    • C. 

      TEM

    • D. 

      SEM


  • 2. 
    What kind of light microscope is used for thick sections?
    • A. 

      Compound light microscope

    • B. 

      Stereoscope

    • C. 

      TEM

    • D. 

      SEM


  • 3. 
    What kind of electron microscope is used for thick sections?
    • A. 

      Compound light microscope

    • B. 

      Stereoscope

    • C. 

      Transmission Electron Microscope

    • D. 

      Scanning Electron Microscope


  • 4. 
    What kind of electron microscope is used for thin sections?
    • A. 

      Compound light microscope

    • B. 

      Stereoscope

    • C. 

      Transmission Electron Microscope

    • D. 

      Scanning Electron Microscope


  • 5. 
    What is the maximum magnification of a compound light microscope?
    • A. 

      400x

    • B. 

      1500x

    • C. 

      1,000,000x

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 6. 
    What is the maximum magniciation of a TEM?
    • A. 

      400x

    • B. 

      1500x

    • C. 

      1,000,000x

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 7. 
    What is resolution?
    • A. 

      Ability to see small objects clearly

    • B. 

      Smallest distance between 2 objects that can still be distinguished as separate

    • C. 

      Ability to see large object clearly

    • D. 

      A and B


  • 8. 
    What is the resolution of a compound light microscope?
    • A. 

      2 micrometers

    • B. 

      0.2 micrometers

    • C. 

      2 nanometers

    • D. 

      0.2 nanometers


  • 9. 
    What is the resolution of a TEM?
    • A. 

      2 micrometers

    • B. 

      0.2 micrometers

    • C. 

      2 nanometers

    • D. 

      0.2 nanometers


  • 10. 
    What is cell fractionation?
    • A. 

      Putting cells in a blender and centrifuge (spin fast to separate) for biochemical analysis

    • B. 

      Putting cells in a blender to combine them for biochemical analysis

    • C. 

      There is no such term, this is a trick question

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 11. 
    What are the smallest cells? (0.1-1 micrometer)
    • A. 

      Mycoplasms

    • B. 

      Regular bacteria

    • C. 

      Eukaryotes

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 12. 
    What cell is 1-10 micrometers?
    • A. 

      Mycoplasms

    • B. 

      Regular bacteria

    • C. 

      Eukaryotes

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 13. 
    What are the largest cells? (10-100 micrometers)
    • A. 

      Mycoplasms

    • B. 

      Regular bacteria

    • C. 

      Eukaryotes

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 14. 
    Why can cells not get bigger?
    • A. 

      SA to volume ratio gets smaller, meaning more membranes

    • B. 

      SA to volume ratio gets larger, meaning more membranes

    • C. 

      SA to volume ratio gets smaller, meaning less membranes

    • D. 

      SA to volume ratio gets larger, meaning less membranes


  • 15. 
    What is the nucleus?
    • A. 

      Organelle that contains chromatin or chromosomes

    • B. 

      Organelle that carries out cell respiration

    • C. 

      Organelle that carries out photosynthesis

    • D. 

      Part of the phospholipid bilayer


  • 16. 
    What does chromatin in the nucleus mean?
    • A. 

      DNA is condensed, not dividing

    • B. 

      DNA is spread out, not dividing

    • C. 

      DNA is condensed, dividing

    • D. 

      DNA is spread out, dividing


  • 17. 
    What does chromosomes in the nucleus mean?
    • A. 

      DNA is condensed, not dividing

    • B. 

      DNA is spread out, not dividing

    • C. 

      DNA is condensed, dividing

    • D. 

      DNA is spread out, dividing


  • 18. 
    What is another name for the nuclear membrane (membrane of the nucleus)
    • A. 

      Nuclear lumen

    • B. 

      Nuclear letter

    • C. 

      Nuclear container

    • D. 

      Nuclear envelope


  • 19. 
    What are the nucleolous used for?
    • A. 

      Make DNA

    • B. 

      Make RNA

    • C. 

      Make peroxisomes

    • D. 

      Make ribosomes


  • 20. 
    What do ribosomes do?
    • A. 

      Make ATP

    • B. 

      Detoxify

    • C. 

      Help create proteins

    • D. 

      Carry out cell division


  • 21. 
    Describe the RER (Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum)
    • A. 

      Closest to nucleus, covered with ribosomes

    • B. 

      Closest to nucleus, has no ribosomes

    • C. 

      Farthest from nucleus, covered with ribosomes

    • D. 

      Farthest from nucleus, has no ribosomes


  • 22. 
    Describe the SER (Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum)
    • A. 

      Closest to nucleus, covered with ribosomes

    • B. 

      Closest to nucleus, has no ribosomes

    • C. 

      Farthest from nucleus, covered with ribosomes

    • D. 

      Farthest from nucleus, has no ribosomes


  • 23. 
    What is a lumen?
    • A. 

      Filled in space

    • B. 

      Free space

    • C. 

      A type of membrane

    • D. 

      A type of protein


  • 24. 
    What do ribosomes do?
    • A. 

      Help push substances through the ER

    • B. 

      Create DNA

    • C. 

      Put primary proteins into nucleus to become quarternary

    • D. 

      Put primary proteins into lumen of ER to become quarternary


  • 25. 
    What is the difference between bound ribosome and free ribosome?
    • A. 

      Bound are attached to ER, free float in cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Bound float in cytoplasm, free are attached to ER

    • C. 

      Neither of these

    • D. 

      Both of these


  • 26. 
    What does the SER do?
    • A. 

      Make proteins, detoxify poison

    • B. 

      Make carbohydrates, detoxify poison

    • C. 

      Make lipids, detoxify poison

    • D. 

      Make nucleic acids, detoxify poison


  • 27. 
    What will drug use do to SER?
    • A. 

      Increase it

    • B. 

      Decrease it

    • C. 

      Nothing

    • D. 

      This is not the answer


  • 28. 
    What is the first step in the endomembrane system?
    • A. 

      Ribosomes inject protein into lumen of ER

    • B. 

      Ribsomes travel down and form vacuole, then break off of ER

    • C. 

      Vacuole fuses with Golgi where carbs or lipids or added

    • D. 

      The vacuole leaves the Golgi, where it fuses with other vacuoles or leaves cell


  • 29. 
    What is the second step in the endomembrane system?
    • A. 

      Ribosomes inject protein into lumen of ER

    • B. 

      Ribsomes travel down and form vacuole, then break off of ER

    • C. 

      Vacuole fuses with Golgi where carbs or lipids or added

    • D. 

      The vacuole leaves the Golgi, where it fuses with other vacuoles or leaves cell


  • 30. 
    What is the third step in the endomembrane system?
    • A. 

      Ribosomes inject protein into lumen of ER

    • B. 

      Ribsomes travel down and form vacuole, then break off of ER

    • C. 

      Vacuole fuses with Golgi where carbs or lipids or added

    • D. 

      The vacuole leaves the Golgi, where it fuses with other vacuoles or leaves cell


  • 31. 
    What is the fourth and final step in the endomembrane system?
    • A. 

      Ribosomes inject protein into lumen of ER

    • B. 

      Ribsomes travel down and form vacuole, then break off of ER

    • C. 

      Vacuole fuses with Golgi where carbs or lipids or added

    • D. 

      The vacuole leaves the Golgi, where it fuses with other vacuoles or leaves cell


  • 32. 
    What is the incoming part of the Golgi?
    • A. 

      Cisforming part

    • B. 

      Transmaturing part

    • C. 

      Neither of these

    • D. 

      Blah


  • 33. 
    What is the outgoing part of the Golgi?
    • A. 

      Cisforming part

    • B. 

      Transmaturing part

    • C. 

      Neither of these

    • D. 

      Blah


  • 34. 
    What do we call it when the golgi adds a carb to a protein?
    • A. 

      Glycoprotein

    • B. 

      Lipoprotein

    • C. 

      Nucleoprotein

    • D. 

      Animo-Protein


  • 35. 
    What do we call it when the golgi adds a lipid to a protein?
    • A. 

      Glycoprotein

    • B. 

      Lipoprotein

    • C. 

      Nucleoprotein

    • D. 

      Animo-Protein


  • 36. 
    What is the central vacuole located in?
    • A. 

      Plants

    • B. 

      Animals

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Fresh water Protists


  • 37. 
    What is the contractile vacuole located in?
    • A. 

      Plants

    • B. 

      Animals

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Fresh water Protists


  • 38. 
    What are mitochondria used for?
    • A. 

      Transport

    • B. 

      Detoxification

    • C. 

      Photosynthesis

    • D. 

      Cellular respiration


  • 39. 
    What are in the folds on the inside of a mitochondria?
    • A. 

      Chitins

    • B. 

      Cristae

    • C. 

      Matrices

    • D. 

      Foldulins


  • 40. 
    What is the inner, most important part of a mitochondria called?
    • A. 

      Cristae

    • B. 

      Thylakoid

    • C. 

      Stroma

    • D. 

      Matrix


  • 41. 
    What are chloroplasts used for?
    • A. 

      Transportation

    • B. 

      Detoxification

    • C. 

      Photosynthesis

    • D. 

      Cellular Respiration


  • 42. 
    What is the inner, most important part of a choloroplast called?
    • A. 

      Stroma

    • B. 

      Thylakoid

    • C. 

      Cristae

    • D. 

      Matrix


  • 43. 
    What are the folds in the stroma of a chloroplast called?
    • A. 

      Stroma

    • B. 

      Thylakoid

    • C. 

      Cristae

    • D. 

      Matrix


  • 44. 
    What is a granum?
    • A. 

      Stack of matricies

    • B. 

      Stack of stroma

    • C. 

      Stack of cristae

    • D. 

      Stack of thylakoids


  • 45. 
    What does the peroxisome do?
    • A. 

      Detoxify

    • B. 

      Cellular respiration

    • C. 

      Photosynthesis

    • D. 

      Transport proteins


  • 46. 
    Describe microtubules.
    • A. 

      Hollow, used in cellular division and cilia/flagella

    • B. 

      Hollow, used in muscle contraction

    • C. 

      Solid, used in cellular division and cilia/flagella

    • D. 

      Solid, used in muscle contraction


  • 47. 
    Describe microfilaments
    • A. 

      Hollow, used in cellular division and cilia/flagella

    • B. 

      Hollow, used in muscle contraction

    • C. 

      Solid, used in cellular division and cilia/flagella

    • D. 

      Solid, used in muscle contraction


  • 48. 
    Describe intermediate filaments.
    • A. 

      Hollow, used in cellular division and cilia/flagella

    • B. 

      Solid, used in muscle contraction

    • C. 

      Used to maintain cell shape and anchor organelles

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 49. 
    What is the protein of microtubules?
    • A. 

      Tubulin

    • B. 

      Globular

    • C. 

      Actin

    • D. 

      Myosin

    • E. 

      Keratin

    • F. 

      A and B

    • G. 

      C and D


  • 50. 
    What is the protein of microfilaments?
    • A. 

      Tubulin

    • B. 

      Globular

    • C. 

      Actin

    • D. 

      Myosin

    • E. 

      Keratin

    • F. 

      A and B

    • G. 

      C and D


  • 51. 
    What is the protein of intermediate filaments?
    • A. 

      Tubulin

    • B. 

      Globular

    • C. 

      Actin

    • D. 

      Myosin

    • E. 

      Keratin

    • F. 

      A and B

    • G. 

      C and D


  • 52. 
    What is the difference between cilia and flagella?
    • A. 

      Cilia are long and plentiful, flagella are short and sparse

    • B. 

      Cilia and short and plentiful, flagella are long and sparse

    • C. 

      Cilia are long and sparse, flagella are short and plentiful

    • D. 

      Cilia are short and sparse, flagella are long and plentiful


  • 53. 
    What is the basal body of a cilia or flagella?
    • A. 

      Centrifuge

    • B. 

      Filament

    • C. 

      Microtubule

    • D. 

      Centriole


  • 54. 
    What is the microtubule arrangement of a centriole?
    • A. 

      9+0

    • B. 

      9+1

    • C. 

      9+2

    • D. 

      9+3


  • 55. 
    What is the microtubule arrangement of a cross section of a cilia/flagella?
    • A. 

      9+0

    • B. 

      9+1

    • C. 

      9+2

    • D. 

      9+3


  • 56. 
    What are the half circles that appear in the cross section of a cilia/flagella?
    • A. 

      Circulactin arms

    • B. 

      Dynein arms

    • C. 

      Dynein anchors

    • D. 

      Organellic anchors


  • 57. 
    What is a cell wall made of?
    • A. 

      Middle lamella in the middle, secondary cell wall on both sides of it, primary on both sides of secondary

    • B. 

      Primary cell wall in middle, middle lamella on outside of it, secondary on outside of m.l.

    • C. 

      Middle lamella in the middle, primary cell wall on both sides of it, secondary on both sides of primary

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 58. 
    What is the extracellular matrix?
    • A. 

      The animal equivalent of a cell wall

    • B. 

      What is used to recognize cells

    • C. 

      What is used to attach cells to one another

    • D. 

      A and B


  • 59. 
    What are the oblong structures that come off of proteins in the cell membrane?
    • A. 

      Fibronectin

    • B. 

      Collagin fibers

    • C. 

      Protoglycin (protein+carb)

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 60. 
    What are the long strands that connect the oblong structures that come off of proteins in a cell membrane
    • A. 

      Fibronectin

    • B. 

      Collagin fibers

    • C. 

      Protoglycin (protein+carb)

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 61. 
    What is the dark line that looms over the oblong structures that come off of a protein in a cell membrane and the long strands that connect them?
    • A. 

      Fibronectin

    • B. 

      Collagin fibers

    • C. 

      Protoglycin (protein+carb)

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 62. 
    What is plasmodesmata?
    • A. 

      A type of cellular junction only in plant cells

    • B. 

      The connecting of the cytoplasm of 2 cells across a cell wall

    • C. 

      A type of cellular junction only in animal cells

    • D. 

      Connecting of proteins of a cell's membrane that do not stick out

    • E. 

      A and B

    • F. 

      C and D


  • 63. 
    What is a tight junction?
    • A. 

      A type of cellular junction only in plant cells

    • B. 

      The connecting of the cytoplasm of 2 cells across a cell wall

    • C. 

      A type of cellular junction only in animal cells

    • D. 

      Connecting of proteins of a cell's membrane that do not stick out

    • E. 

      Connecting of proteins of a cell's membrane that stick out and separate the cells

    • F. 

      A and B

    • G. 

      C and D

    • H. 

      C and E


  • 64. 
    What is a gap junction?
    • A. 

      A type of cellular junction only in plant cells

    • B. 

      The connecting of the cytoplasm of 2 cells across a cell wall

    • C. 

      A type of cellular junction only in animal cells

    • D. 

      Connecting of proteins of a cell's membrane that do not stick out

    • E. 

      Connecting of proteins of a cell's membrane that stick out and separate the cells

    • F. 

      A and B

    • G. 

      C and D

    • H. 

      C and E


  • 65. 
    How do cells connect by desosome?
    • A. 

      Dense material connects with collagin fibers

    • B. 

      Dense material connects with intermediate filaments

    • C. 

      Dense material connects with microfilaments

    • D. 

      Dense material connects with microtubules


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