A.p. Biology Chapter 3 (water)

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This quiz is to test your knowledge on Chapter 3 of A. P. Biology. Chapter 3 will be on Test #1, which fill feature Chapters 1-4. As such, it is suggested that you also take the quizzes for Chapters 1, 2, and 4 if you are using this to study. To begin, type your name in the box below and click the green button.

  
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  • 1. 
    What kind of bonds hold water molecules together?
    • A. 

      Covalent

    • B. 

      Ionic

    • C. 

      Hydrogen

    • D. 

      Metallic


  • 2. 
    What does cohesion state?
    • A. 

      Water sticks to other substances

    • B. 

      Water sticks to water

    • C. 

      Hydrogen sticks to hydrogen

    • D. 

      Hydrogen sticks to other substances


  • 3. 
    What does adhesion state?
    • A. 

      Water sticks to other substances

    • B. 

      Water sticks to water

    • C. 

      Hydrogen sticks to hydrogen

    • D. 

      Hydrogen sticks to other substances


  • 4. 
    What is surface tension?
    • A. 

      When pressure in water is higher towards the surface

    • B. 

      When the air meets the surface of the water and pushes it downward

    • C. 

      When the surface of a body of water spontaneously sinks into itself

    • D. 

      When water forms a "skin" on its surface


  • 5. 
    What is specific heat?
    • A. 

      The temperature it takes to raise 1g of a substance by 1 degree C

    • B. 

      The temperature it takes to raise 1g of a substance by 1 degree F

    • C. 

      The temperature in Celcius to boil 1g of a substance at boiling point

    • D. 

      The temperature in Fahrenheit to boil 1g of a substance at boiling point


  • 6. 
    Describe the specific heat of water.
    • A. 

      Low

    • B. 

      Moderate

    • C. 

      High

    • D. 

      It has none


  • 7. 
    What is the specific heat of water?
    • A. 

      0.5 Joules

    • B. 

      1.0 Joules

    • C. 

      1.5 Joules

    • D. 

      2.0 Joules


  • 8. 
    How does the water on Earth regulate the Earth's temperature?
    • A. 

      It lets heat pass through it, but only increases a few degrees in temp.

    • B. 

      It absorbs heat, but only increases a few degrees in temp.

    • C. 

      It lets heat pass through it, decreasing in temp.

    • D. 

      It absorbs heat, decreasing in temp.


  • 9. 
    What is a substance's heat of vaporization?
    • A. 

      The temperature it takes to raise 1g of a substance by 1 degree C

    • B. 

      The temperature it takes to raise 1g of a substance by 1 degree F

    • C. 

      The temperature in Celcius to boil 1g of a substance at boiling point

    • D. 

      The temperature in Fahrenheit to boil 1g of a substance at boiling point


  • 10. 
    Describe water's heat of vaporization.
    • A. 

      High

    • B. 

      Moderate

    • C. 

      Low

    • D. 

      It has none


  • 11. 
    What is water's heat of vaporization?
    • A. 

      80 Joules

    • B. 

      90 Joules

    • C. 

      2260 Joules

    • D. 

      22 Joules


  • 12. 
    What does perspiration state?
    • A. 

      Evaporation/boiling is a cooling process

    • B. 

      Evaporation/boiling is a heating process

    • C. 

      Evaporation/boiling creates moisture

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 13. 
    Why does ice float?
    • A. 

      When water cools, molecules get further away, form more H bonds, thus pushing molecules apart, making water less dense, which makes ice float

    • B. 

      When water cools, molecules get closer, form more H bonds, thus pushing molecules apart, making water less dense, which makes ice float

    • C. 

      When water cools, molecules get further away, form more H bonds, thus pushing molecules together, making water less dense, which makes ice float

    • D. 

      When water cools, molecules get closer, form more H bonds, thus pushing molecules together, making water less dense, which makes ice float


  • 14. 
    How does water act in most solutions?
    • A. 

      It is a universal solute, dissolving mostly ionic or polar covalent substances

    • B. 

      It is a universal solvent, dissolving mostly ionic or polar covalent substances

    • C. 

      It is a universal solute, dissolving mostly non-polar covalent substances

    • D. 

      It is a universal solvent, dissolving mostly non-polar covalent substances


  • 15. 
    Name the 7 properties of water
    • A. 

      Cohesion, Adhesion, Surface Tension, Low Specific Heat, Low Heat of Vaporization, Ice Floats, Universal Solvent

    • B. 

      Cohesion, Adhesion, Surface Tension, Low Specific Heat, Low Heat of Vaporization, Ice Floats, Universal Solute

    • C. 

      Cohesion, Adhesion, Surface Tension, High Specific Heat, High Heat of Vaporization, Ice Floats, Universal Solvent

    • D. 

      Cohesion, Adhesion, Surface Tension, High Specific Heat, High Heat of Vaporization, Ice Floats, Universal Solute


  • 16. 
    What is water made of?
    • A. 

      Negative H ions and positive OH ions

    • B. 

      Positive H ions and negative OH ions

    • C. 

      Both of these

    • D. 

      Neither of these


  • 17. 
    What can supplement for H+ ions?
    • A. 

      Hydronium Ions (H3O+)

    • B. 

      Hydronium Ions (H4O+)

    • C. 

      Hydroxide Ions (OH-)

    • D. 

      Hydroxide Ions (HO-)


  • 18. 
    What is one defining freature of acids?
    • A. 

      They give off OH- ions

    • B. 

      They give off H+ ions

    • C. 

      They give off H2O ions

    • D. 

      They give off H30+ ions


  • 19. 
    How can one measure H+ concentration
    • A. 

      PH scale

    • B. 

      POH scale

    • C. 

      Both of these

    • D. 

      This is choice D


  • 20. 
    How can one measure OH- concentration?
    • A. 

      PH scale

    • B. 

      POH scale

    • C. 

      Both of these

    • D. 

      This is choice D


  • 21. 
    Which of these is true?
    • A. 

      As pH increases, [H+] decreases

    • B. 

      As pH increases, [H+] increases

    • C. 

      As pH decreases, [H+] increases

    • D. 

      Both A and C


  • 22. 
    If a substance has a pH of 3, what is its OH- concentration?
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      11

    • C. 

      10^-3

    • D. 

      10^-11


  • 23. 
    What is a buffer?
    • A. 

      A substance that encourages change in pH

    • B. 

      A substance that resists change in pH

    • C. 

      A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction

    • D. 

      A substance that stops a chemical reaction


  • 24. 
    What is the normal pH of blood?
    • A. 

      3.2 - 3.4

    • B. 

      5.2 - 5.4

    • C. 

      7.2 - 7.4

    • D. 

      9.2 - 9.4


  • 25. 
    What is the pH of normal rain?
    • A. 

      Less than 5.2

    • B. 

      5.4

    • C. 

      5.6

    • D. 

      Greater than 5.8


  • 26. 
    What is normal rain made of?
    • A. 

      Water and Carbon Dioxide (Carbonic Acid)

    • B. 

      Water and Sulfate (Sulfuric Acid)

    • C. 

      Water and Nitrate (Nitric Acid)

    • D. 

      Either B or C


  • 27. 
    What is the pH of acid rain?
    • A. 

      Less than 5.2

    • B. 

      5.4

    • C. 

      5.6

    • D. 

      Greater than 5.8


  • 28. 
    What is acid rain made of?
    • A. 

      Water and Carbon Dioxide (Carbonic Acid)

    • B. 

      Water and Sulfate (Sulfuric Acid)

    • C. 

      Water and Nitrate (Nitric Acid)

    • D. 

      Either B or C


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