Operations Final Exam Prep

88 Questions  I  By Millerman180
operations final exam prep

  
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1.  A bottling process sometimes results in overfills or underfills. Overfills are especially damaging to the equipment. Which process capability index would this company most want to monitor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A company currently has no items in inventory. The demand for the next four months is 200, 400, 250 and 350 units. Assuming a level production rate of 250 units per month, determine the month in which a backorder will materialize.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  A manufacturer of printed circuit boards produces boards. To monitor the number of boards that do not pass a functional test, a(n) ____ is used.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  A moving average model works best when ____ in the time series.
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  A tool to help determine how a process works and what it is supposed to do is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  A tool to help focus on the most significant problem is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A withdrawal Kanban
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A(n) ____ is a statement of how many finished items are to be produced and when they are to be produced
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  According to Chapter 13, a candy manufacturer makes use of all of the following concepts and methods of resource management EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  According to the Theory of Constraints, ____ is the amount of money generated per time period through actual sales.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  According to the Toyota Motor Company, waiting time is a necessary evil in production and is not classified as waste.
A.
B.
12.  According to the Toyota Motor Company, which of the following is not one of the seven major waste categories?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  All of the following are important concepts in forecasting except
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  All of the following are important in choosing a forecasting method except
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  An inventory item can be
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  An R-square of 0.80 means
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Assigning people to tasks, setting priorities for jobs and scheduling equipment fits best with which level of the generic framework for resource planning?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  C-charts
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Chapter 10 describes how a clogged court system tried to solve the bottleneck problem regarding the processing of tens of thousands of foreclosures by
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Common cause variation is
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Exponential smoothing...
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  For a non-bottleneck activity
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  For single exponential smoothing
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Ford Motor Company has decided to switch to a pull system of manufacturing and distribution for its vehicles. Which one of the following is most likely to occur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Historically, the average proportion of defective bars has been 0.015. Samples will be of 100 bars each. Calculate the UCL and LCL for a p-chart using z = 3. Suppose a sample had 0.044 defectives. What would you do?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Honda wants to monitor the number of blemishes (scratches, blisters, etc.) on the fenders of its cars using a statistical process control chart. The most appropriate type of SPC chart is
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  If actual demand for a product is highly influenced by only random variation, the quantitative technique to use for forecasting demand is
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  If forecast demand exceeds the total factory or supply capacity, managers might simply decide not to meet forecast demand. This decision would most likely be made at which planning level?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  If no special causes affect the output of a process, we say that the process is ____; when special causes are present, the process is said to be ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  If single exponential smoothing is used and the time series has a negative trend, the forecast
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  In lean thinking, waste need not be classified as simply material waste such as scrap and defective parts.
A.
B.
32.  In the 5Ss, items identified as unnecessary and thus removed from a workplace would be included with which S?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  In the SERVQUAL instrument for measuring service quality, the concept of assurance is associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Long lead-times and higher work-in-process is most closely related to which of Toyota's "Seven Major Waste Categories"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Machine down time and downgrading costs are examples of which type of quality cost?  
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  P-charts
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Principles of lean operating systems include all of the following except  
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Promotion of weekly discount airfares by an airline would be an example of ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Quality at the source means that quality is controlled by
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Quality at the source requires
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Quick setup or changeover of tooling and fixtures is associated with ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Regression analysis
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Regular patterns in a data series that take place over long periods of time are called ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Repeatable periods of ups and downs over short periods of time are called ____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Setting order sizes and schedules for individual subassemblies and resources by week or day fits best with which level of the generic framework for resource planning?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Testing whether a computer boots up the first time is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The forecasting error measurement that is different in that the measurement scale factor is eliminated is
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The inputs required for material requirements planning are defined by the _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  The Lot-for-Lot (LFL) Rule
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The number of Kanban cards is dependent on all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  The purpose of aggregate planning is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The recognized benchmark for Six Sigma implementation is General Electric (GE). GE's Six Sigma problem solving approach employs five phases. Which is not one of the phases?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  The words "product family", "budget allocation" and "long-term" fit best with which level of the generic framework for resource planning?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Toyota classified waste into seven major categories. Those categories include all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Using Table 16.2, for the R-chart, what is the value of the Lower Control Limit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Using Table 16.2, the sample values represent service times in minutes. For the R-chart, what is the value of the Upper Control Limit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Which aggregare planning strategy generally would result in the least amount of inventory?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Which is not related to a discrete metric?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Which is not true regarding periodic order quantity (POQ)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Which is not true regarding simple exponential smoothing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Which is the most comprehensive solution for a firm if a load report shows not enough capacity is available
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Which lot sizing rule is best when inventory carrying costs are high and setup/order costs are low?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Which lot sizing rule might use the EOQ calculation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Which lot sizing rule minimizes costs associated with ordering and setup?
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Which of the following "lean" ideas is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Which of the following does not belong in Philip Crosby's philosophy of quality?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Which of the following does not fit with the Delphi method?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Which of the following emphasizes defects per million opportunities as a key measure of quality?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Which of the following is <u>not</u> a primary output from a time-phased MRP report?
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Which of the following is least related to a pull system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Which of the following is least related to a push system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Which of the following is most closely related to Statistical Process Control (SPC)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Which of the following is not a basic principle of a lean operating system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  Which of the following is NOT a characteristic or best practice of JIT?
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Which of the following is not a statistical method?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Which of the following is not an aggregate planning decision option?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Which of the following is not correct regarding aggregate planning?
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Which of the following is not one of the 5Ss?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Which of the following is not one of the five characteristics of a time series?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Which of the following is NOT one of the ten principles of forecasting published by a group of international experts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Which of the following is not one of W. Edwards Deming's 14 points?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Which of the following is not related to a continuous metric?
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Which one of the following statements is true concerning Lean Six Sigma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  Which one of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  ___ is/are the total demand for an item derived from all of its parents.
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  ____ forecasts are needed for planning production schedules and to assign workers to jobs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  ____ forecasts are needed to plan for facility expansion.
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.   -------- forecasts are needed to plan work-force levels, allocate budgets among divisions and schedule jobs and resources.
A.
B.
C.
D.
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