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Occupational Therapy Terminology

50 Questions  I  By Chan931
Occupational Therapy Terminology
Quiz for terms for Chapters 1-7

  
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1.  What is the process of producing a radiographic (s-ray) study of blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium to make these blood vessels visible?
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2.  What is the surgical removal of the appendix?
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3.  What is the abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries?
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4.  What does it mean to have pain in a joint or joints?
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5.  What is any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impertigo?
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6.  This is also known as a clot-busting drug. It dissolves or causes a thrombus to break up (thromb/o means clot, and -lytic means to destroy).
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7.  This is more commonly known as a heart attack.  It is the blockage of one or more coronary arteries caused by plaque buildup. 
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8.  This is characterized by an inadequate number of circulating red blood cells due to the premature destruction of red blood cells by the spleen.  
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9.  This physician specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the respiratory system. 
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10.  This is also known as adult rickets, and is abnormal softening of bones in adults.  This condition is usually caused by a deficiency of Vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. 
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11.  This means total paralysis affecting only one side of the body.  It is usually associated with a stroke or brain damage.  Damage to one side of the brain causes paralysis on the opposite side of the body.
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12.  This is the herniation of muscle substance through a tear in the fascia surrounding it.  
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13.  This is the distortion or impairment of voluntary movement such as a tic or spasm.  
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14.  This syndrome occurs when inflamed and swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bones within the shoulder joint.  A common sign is discomfort when raising your arm above your head.
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15.  This term is used to describe the condition of someone who does not yet have osteoporosis, but is at risk for developing it.  It means thinner-than-average bone density.  
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16.  This is the lack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement.  These movements, which are often shaky and unsteady, are most frequently caused by abnormal activity in the cerebellum. 
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17.  This is the type of plaque that is found within the lumen of an artery.  It is a fatty deposit that is similar to the buildup of rust inside of a pipe. 
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18.  This is an abnormally slow resting heart rate.  The term is usually applied to a heartbeat rate of less than 60 beats per minute. 
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19.  This is the abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side.  This condition, also known as humpback or dowager's hump, is frequently associated with aging. 
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20.  This is the enlargement of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissues.  
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21.  This condition is a harmless fluid-filed swelling that occurs most commonly on the outer surface of the wrist.  It is caused by repeated minor injuries, and is usually painless.
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22.  This is the surgical suturing together of the divided ends of a tendon.
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23.  This is a type of cancer characterized by a progressive increase in the number of abnormal leukocytes (white blood cells) found in blood-forming tissues, other organs, and in the circulating blood. 
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24.  This is also known as chicken-pox, and is caused by the herpes virus.  It is highly contagious and characterized by a fever and a rash consisting of hundreds of itchy, fluid-filled blisters that burst and form crusts.
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25.  This is an excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi.  This is often caused by chronic bronchitis or asthma. 
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26.  This condition is a serious inflammation of the lungs in which the alveoli and air passages fill with pus and other fluids.  It is most commonly caused by an infection and often follows a cold, flu, chronic illness, or other condition that weakens the immune system and its ability to stave off infection. 
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27.  This is commonly known as a nose-bleed. Bleeding from the nose may be caused by dry air, injury, medication to prevent blood clotting, or high blood pressure.  
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28.  This is also called a collapsed lung, and is the incomplete expansion of part or all of a lung due to a blockage of the air passages or pneumothorax.
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29.  This is an acute respiratory infection in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and swelling around the vocal cords resulting in a barking cough.
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30.  This is a life-threatening genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus.  This results in damage to the lungs, poor growth, and nutritional deficiencies. 
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31.  This is an example of a parasite that is most commonly transmitted from pets to humans by contact with contaminated animal feces.  A pregnant woman should avoid contact because it can transmit diseases in the developing child such as microcephalus or hydrocephalus. 
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32.  This is a malignant tumor that arises from connective tissues, including hard, soft, and liquid connective tissues.
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33.  These are a group of proteins such as interferons and interleukins released primarily by the T cells.  These cells act as intracellular signals to begin the immune response.
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34.  This consists of rapid, irregular, and useless contractions of the ventricles.  Instead of pumping strongly, the heart muscle quivers ineffectively.  This condition is the cause of many sudden cardiac deaths. 
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35.  This is characterized by an absence of all formed blood elements caused by the failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow. 
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36.  This is often associated with severe infections caused by the presence of bacteria in the blood.  This condition can begin with a sudden onset of symptoms that include a spiking fever, chills, rapid breathing, and rapid heart rate.  
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37.  This is a hard-tissue sarcoma that usually involves the upper shaft of the long bones, pelvis, or knee. 
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38.  This is also known as a yeast infection.  These infections occur on the skin or mucous membranes in warm, moist areas such as the vagina or mouth and are caused by a pathogenic yeast.
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39.  This is administered to the kidneys to increase the secretion of urine to rid the body of excess sodium and water.  These medications are administered to treat hypertension and heart failure by reducing the amount of fluid circulating in the blood.
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40.  This is the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues.  The most common causes are scarring or the lack of use due to immobilization or inactivity. 
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41.  This is a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord.
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42.  This is also known as a bunion, and is an abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe.
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43.  This is a chronic autoimmune disorder in which the joints and some organs of other body systems are attacked.  As it progressively attacks the synovial membranes, they become inflamed and thickened so that the joints are increasingly swollen, painful, and immobile. 
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44.  This is pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest.
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45.  This is a substance that prevents or reduces the body's normal immune response.  This medication is administered to prevent the rejection of donor tissue.
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46.  This is also known as German measles or 3-day measles.  It is a viral infection characterized by a low-grade fever, swollen glands, inflamed eyes, and a fine, pink rash.  
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47.  This is a collection of blood in the pleural cavity.  This condition often results from chest trauma, such as a stab wound, or it can be caused by disease or surgery.
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48.  This is the movement of a limb (arm or leg) away from the midline of the body.  
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49.  This is a group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart.  These diseases are usually associated with coronary artery disease.  
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50.  This is difficulty in speaking, which may include any impairment in vocal quality, including hoarseness, weakness, or the cracking of a boy's voice during puberty.  
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