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Nutrition Specialist Lesson 3

20 Questions
Lesson Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The breaking apart of foods into smaller and smaller units is called ________ .
    • A. 

      Digestion

    • B. 

      Absorption

    • C. 

      Metabolism

    • D. 

      Molecular function

  • 2. 
    The passage of nutrients and other substances into the walls of gastrointestinal tract, and then into the bloodstream is called _________ .
    • A. 

      Digestion

    • B. 

      Absorption

    • C. 

      Metabolism

    • D. 

      Molecular function

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is not a function of the GI track?
    • A. 

      Transport of indigested food

    • B. 

      Secretion of digestive enzymes

    • C. 

      Movement of undigested material

    • D. 

      Exchange of oxygen within the blood vessels

  • 4. 
    A series of muscular contractions that divides and mixes chyme within the small intestine is called _________ .
    • A. 

      Peristalsis

    • B. 

      Hydrolyses

    • C. 

      Segmentation

    • D. 

      Catabolism

  • 5. 
    Individuals have ________ pair(s) of salivary glands located in or near the mouth.
    • A. 

      One

    • B. 

      Three

    • C. 

      Five

    • D. 

      Seven

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is not one of the main processes that allow nutrients to be absorbed from the GI track into circulation?
    • A. 

      Passive diffusion

    • B. 

      Active diffusion

    • C. 

      Facilatated diffusion

    • D. 

      Active transport

  • 7. 
    Bile is considered to taste ________ .
    • A. 

      Sweet

    • B. 

      Sour

    • C. 

      Salty

    • D. 

      Bitter

  • 8. 
    When protein compounds are catalyzed, they _________ chemical reactions during digestion.
    • A. 

      Slow down

    • B. 

      Speed up

    • C. 

      Neutralize

    • D. 

      Hinder

  • 9. 
    The primary function of the _______ is to store and concentrate bile from the liver.
    • A. 

      Kidneys

    • B. 

      Small intestines

    • C. 

      Gallbladder

    • D. 

      Pancrease

  • 10. 
    Failure of the _______________ shincter will cause food to slide from the stomach back into the esophagus.
    • A. 

      Esophageal

    • B. 

      Bolus

    • C. 

      Tracheal

    • D. 

      Salivary

  • 11. 
    __________________ kills many disease-causing bacteria that may have been ingested.
    • A. 

      Pepsin

    • B. 

      Bile

    • C. 

      Gastrin

    • D. 

      Hydrochloric acid

  • 12. 
    Most fat-soluble nutrients are absorbed in the _____________ .
    • A. 

      Vascular system

    • B. 

      Lymhatic system

    • C. 

      Neurological system

    • D. 

      Adrenal system

  • 13. 
    The primary organs of excretion are the ___________ .
    • A. 

      Heart and lungs

    • B. 

      Lungs and kidneys

    • C. 

      Kidneys and liver

    • D. 

      Liver and pancreas

  • 14. 
    The majority of digestion occurs in the ___________ .
    • A. 

      Duodenum

    • B. 

      Macrodenum

    • C. 

      Jejunum

    • D. 

      Ileum

  • 15. 
    Which of the following plays an essential role in controlling movement, blood flow, water and electrolyte transport, and acid secretion in the GI track?
    • A. 

      Autonomic nervous system

    • B. 

      Central nervous system

    • C. 

      Enteric nervous system

    • D. 

      Peripheral nervous system

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is not one of the three parts of the small intestine?
    • A. 

      Duodenum

    • B. 

      Macrodenum

    • C. 

      Jejunum

    • D. 

      Ileum

  • 17. 
    ____________ take up stations in tissues and act as scavengers, devouring pathogens and worn-out cells.
    • A. 

      Natural killer cells

    • B. 

      Amino acid cells

    • C. 

      Ecentric cells

    • D. 

      Macrophages

  • 18. 
    The taste, smell and presentation of food have a ____________ influence on food digestion.
    • A. 

      Psycological

    • B. 

      Chemical

    • C. 

      Bacterial

    • D. 

      Social

  • 19. 
    The third most common form of cancer is __________ .
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Kidney

    • C. 

      Colocteral

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 20. 
    Chronic pain in the upper abdomen that has no obvious physical cause is referred to as ____________ .
    • A. 

      Peptic ulcer

    • B. 

      Gastroesophageal reflux

    • C. 

      Irritable bowel syndrom

    • D. 

      Functional dyspepsia