Nursing Research 1

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NURSING RESEARCH 1
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1.  An example of inductive reasoning is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The dependent variable is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Research subjects in a study of quality of life (QOL) in liver transplant recipients were asked to complete a questionnaire about their experiences following transplantation. Which of the following would be a likely assumption the researcher made in relation to this study?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The statement "This study explores the experience of caregiving by adult daughters of parents with Alzheimer disease" is an example of which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  22. In Histogram the value of variables are presented in :
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The statement below is an example of which of the following?   "In this study, pain is reflected as a score between 0 and 10 on the Post-operative Pain Rating Scale."
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Problem identification in the research process would be equivalent to which step in the nursing process?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  23. How many scale are used for measurement :
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which of the following definitions best describes rigor in quantitative research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  8. In Reserch ,word "C" refers to :
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which of the following is true about theoretical frameworks used in research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following represents a primary source?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  At what point is the literature review conducted in a qualitative investigation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  A research hypothesis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The primary purpose for reviewing relevant literature is to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
16. 
What is the arrow pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Tipped method of sampling named on the basis of :
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  In which type of research is there high researcher control, random sampling, and laboratory setting?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  A researcher investigates the effect of frequency of position change on healing of decubitus ulcers. The study would be described as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  9. Role of hypothesis is very important before:
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which of the following historical events had a major impact on the funding for nursing research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  In the literature report of a study on quality of life, the researcher describes two previous investigations suggesting that spirituality is related to quality of life. This information suggests the current study is significant because it:
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  2. Under mean 10-15,15-20,20-25,25-30 is a ............... series
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  A researcher designs a study that uses a random sampling method to decrease the likelihood of bias in the study sample. This strategy was used to implement:
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Tipped method of sampling named on the basis of :
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  In the following APA formatted reference, what does the 21 refer to?  Harris, R. M., Bausell, R. B., Scott, D. E., Hetherington, S. E., & Kavanagh, K. H. (1998). An intervention for changing high-risk HIV behaviors of African American drug-dependent women. Research in Nursing and Health, 21(3), pp. 239-250.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Having worked in the emergency word for six months, you are convinced that crisis intervention is one of those services that a nurse can charge a professional fee. This knowledge is based on: (1)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  What category of research is suggested by the following research question? "Does telephone follow-up by nurses improve patients' compliance with their medication regimens?"
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Feasibility is determined by examining which of the following? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which of the following types of information is consistently covered in a quantitative literature review? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  In your OWN WORDS, describe the reasons why nurses do research.
32.  One important source for identification of a research problem would be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which of the following is true about the relationship between a study framework and the hypotheses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  20. Systematic sampling is also known as :
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Applied research seeks to solve a clinical problem in which setting?  
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Benner (1984) emphasizes the importance of acquiring clinical knowledge and expertise through:
A.
B.
C.
37.  19. A big difference between the mean and median is an indication that :
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Conceptual definitions are important because: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  A critical aspect of beginning a database search for relevant literature on a topic of interest involves identifying:
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The sentence "The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between health beliefs and breast self-examination" would most likely be found in which section of a research report?
41.  23. How many scale are used for measurement :
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  8. In Reserch ,word "C" refers to :
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which of the following types of research involve at least some control by the researcher to implement the study treatment?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  9. Role of hypothesis is very important before:
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  22. In Histogram the value of variables are presented in :
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which relationship diagram below best represents the following hypothesis? "Conventional gauze dressings cause fewer skin changes in wound sites than do hydrocolloid or hydroactive dressings."
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Hypotheses:  "Structured preoperative support is more effective in reducing surgical patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics than structured postoperative support."  Question: "Request for analgesics" is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  A crucial resource for researchers conducting a literature review would be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  3.Published report is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  19. A big difference between the mean and median is an indication that :
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  4. When the size of universe increses,then the percentage/ratio of samples ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Nurse Vilma is interested to conduct a mini research on responsible parenthood. How should Nurse Vilma start the process of research? (6)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which of the following indexes would provide the largest number of relevant nursing sources?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  In the research report, a theoretical statement:
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  "Abstract" is defined in research as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  In your OWN WORDS, describe the reasons why nurses do research.
57.  Which of the following responses best describes the relational statement that is diagrammed below?  Pain perception <------- (+) --------> Anxiety
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  13. In a questionnaire Open-Ended questions are :
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Nurse Vilma is interested to conduct a mini research on responsible parenthood. How should Nurse Vilma start the process of research? (6)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  6. Simple observations is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  The initial and one of the most significant steps in conducting the research process is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Having worked in the emergency word for six months, you are convinced that crisis intervention is one of those services that a nurse can charge a professional fee. This knowledge is based on: (1)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The purpose statement should identify the study variable(s) and what other key aspect of the study?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  One advantage of an integrative review of research is that: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  21. To studying ,panchayat system in country ,the best method of sampling is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Which of the following represents the most concrete term?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  13. In a questionnaire Open-Ended questions are :
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  In a research proposal, the investigator notes that written permission has been obtained from three local hospitals to access patients for the proposed study. This is an example of what aspect of a study?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Quantitative and qualitative research approaches are particularly useful in nursing because they:
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  6. Simple observations is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  4. When the size of universe increses,then the percentage/ratio of samples ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  A researcher theorizes that walking three times per week will minimize the likelihood of premature labor in at-risk pregnant women. The researcher initiates a research program to test this theory. This research study is attempting to validate what aspect of theory?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Hypotheses:  "Structured preoperative support is more effective in reducing surgical patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics than structured postoperative support."  Question: "Perception of pain" is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  10. Result of 30 items out of 60 is a .................  Statistics
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Hypotheses:  "Structured preoperative support is more effective in reducing surgical patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics than structured postoperative support."  Question: "Type of support" is
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Identify the independent variable in the following hypothesis: "Cancer patients who receive music therapy complain less frequently of pain and require less pain medication than cancer patients not receiving music therapy." 
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Which numbers are even
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  What type of hypothesis is the following? "Normal saline flush with heparin is more effective than normal saline flush alone in maintaining patency of an intermittent intravenous site."
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  The plan in the problem-solving process is equivalent to which step in the research process?
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  3.Published report is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  The literature review section of a research report might include a summary of which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  14. In a questionnaire close ended question are those where :
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  In which section of the research report might the problem statement be located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  Hypotheses:  "Structured preoperative support is more effective in reducing surgical patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics than structured postoperative support."  This hypothesis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  The researcher uses which portion of the research report to capture the reader's attention?
86.  A nurse who reads research articles and incorporates research findings into nursing practice would demonstrate which of the following research roles?
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  10. Result of 30 items out of 60 is a .................  Statistics
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  The research process differs from the nursing process on which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  A researcher is interested in studying stress and coping in caregivers of elderly stroke victims. The researcher designs a study where data collection takes place in the caregiver's home. This would be an example of which type of research setting?
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  The framework and conceptual map for a study: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  What type of hypothesis is the following?  "Low-fat diet is related to lower total cholesterol and higher HDL (high-density lipoprotein)." 
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  20. Systematic sampling is also known as :
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Florence Nightingale is most noted for which of the following contributions to nursing research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Which of the following would identify the specific aim or goal of the study based on the identified problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  14. In a questionnaire close ended question are those where :
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  What type of hypothesis is the following? "Cancer patients who receive music therapy complain less frequently of pain and require less pain medication than cancer patients not receiving music therapy." 
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  2. Under mean 10-15,15-20,20-25,25-30 is a ............... series
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  21. To studying ,panchayat system in country ,the best method of sampling is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  A study framework reflects the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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