Nursing Research 1

99 Questions  I  By Abangjoseph
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1.  "Abstract" is defined in research as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  22. In Histogram the value of variables are presented in :
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  13. In a questionnaire Open-Ended questions are :
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which relationship diagram below best represents the following hypothesis? "Conventional gauze dressings cause fewer skin changes in wound sites than do hydrocolloid or hydroactive dressings."
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Identify the independent variable in the following hypothesis: "Cancer patients who receive music therapy complain less frequently of pain and require less pain medication than cancer patients not receiving music therapy." 
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which of the following types of research involve at least some control by the researcher to implement the study treatment?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which of the following is true about the relationship between a study framework and the hypotheses?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The initial and one of the most significant steps in conducting the research process is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Tipped method of sampling named on the basis of :
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Hypotheses:  "Structured preoperative support is more effective in reducing surgical patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics than structured postoperative support."  Question: "Request for analgesics" is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which of the following represents a primary source?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Which of the following represents the most concrete term?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  What type of hypothesis is the following? "Normal saline flush with heparin is more effective than normal saline flush alone in maintaining patency of an intermittent intravenous site."
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Which of the following indexes would provide the largest number of relevant nursing sources?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  One advantage of an integrative review of research is that: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  23. How many scale are used for measurement :
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  What type of hypothesis is the following? "Cancer patients who receive music therapy complain less frequently of pain and require less pain medication than cancer patients not receiving music therapy." 
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following would identify the specific aim or goal of the study based on the identified problem?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Applied research seeks to solve a clinical problem in which setting?  
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  22. In Histogram the value of variables are presented in :
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  What category of research is suggested by the following research question? "Does telephone follow-up by nurses improve patients' compliance with their medication regimens?"
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Conceptual definitions are important because: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  2. Under mean 10-15,15-20,20-25,25-30 is a ............... series
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  19. A big difference between the mean and median is an indication that :
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  In which section of the research report might the problem statement be located?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which of the following definitions best describes rigor in quantitative research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  4. When the size of universe increses,then the percentage/ratio of samples ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following is true about theoretical frameworks used in research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  A researcher is interested in studying stress and coping in caregivers of elderly stroke victims. The researcher designs a study where data collection takes place in the caregiver's home. This would be an example of which type of research setting?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  In the literature report of a study on quality of life, the researcher describes two previous investigations suggesting that spirituality is related to quality of life. This information suggests the current study is significant because it:
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  21. To studying ,panchayat system in country ,the best method of sampling is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  8. In Reserch ,word "C" refers to :
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Research subjects in a study of quality of life (QOL) in liver transplant recipients were asked to complete a questionnaire about their experiences following transplantation. Which of the following would be a likely assumption the researcher made in relation to this study?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  4. When the size of universe increses,then the percentage/ratio of samples ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  6. Simple observations is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  13. In a questionnaire Open-Ended questions are :
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Florence Nightingale is most noted for which of the following contributions to nursing research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  A crucial resource for researchers conducting a literature review would be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  14. In a questionnaire close ended question are those where :
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  8. In Reserch ,word "C" refers to :
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The literature review section of a research report might include a summary of which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  One important source for identification of a research problem would be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Tipped method of sampling named on the basis of :
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Nurse Vilma is interested to conduct a mini research on responsible parenthood. How should Nurse Vilma start the process of research? (6)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Feasibility is determined by examining which of the following? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which of the following types of information is consistently covered in a quantitative literature review? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  14. In a questionnaire close ended question are those where :
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The dependent variable is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  10. Result of 30 items out of 60 is a .................  Statistics
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The statement "This study explores the experience of caregiving by adult daughters of parents with Alzheimer disease" is an example of which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Problem identification in the research process would be equivalent to which step in the nursing process?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  6. Simple observations is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  The research process differs from the nursing process on which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Nurse Vilma is interested to conduct a mini research on responsible parenthood. How should Nurse Vilma start the process of research? (6)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Hypotheses:  "Structured preoperative support is more effective in reducing surgical patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics than structured postoperative support."  This hypothesis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  3.Published report is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  In a research proposal, the investigator notes that written permission has been obtained from three local hospitals to access patients for the proposed study. This is an example of what aspect of a study?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  What is the arrow pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  23. How many scale are used for measurement :
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  An example of inductive reasoning is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  In the following APA formatted reference, what does the 21 refer to?  Harris, R. M., Bausell, R. B., Scott, D. E., Hetherington, S. E., & Kavanagh, K. H. (1998). An intervention for changing high-risk HIV behaviors of African American drug-dependent women. Research in Nursing and Health, 21(3), pp. 239-250.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Which of the following historical events had a major impact on the funding for nursing research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  A study framework reflects the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The purpose statement should identify the study variable(s) and what other key aspect of the study?
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Which numbers are even
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Which of the following responses best describes the relational statement that is diagrammed below?  Pain perception <------- (+) --------> Anxiety
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Benner (1984) emphasizes the importance of acquiring clinical knowledge and expertise through:
A.
B.
C.
68.  Hypotheses:  "Structured preoperative support is more effective in reducing surgical patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics than structured postoperative support."  Question: "Perception of pain" is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  The framework and conceptual map for a study: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  The statement below is an example of which of the following?   "In this study, pain is reflected as a score between 0 and 10 on the Post-operative Pain Rating Scale."
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  In which type of research is there high researcher control, random sampling, and laboratory setting?
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  A researcher theorizes that walking three times per week will minimize the likelihood of premature labor in at-risk pregnant women. The researcher initiates a research program to test this theory. This research study is attempting to validate what aspect of theory?
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  20. Systematic sampling is also known as :
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  20. Systematic sampling is also known as :
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  In your OWN WORDS, describe the reasons why nurses do research.
76.  Hypotheses:  "Structured preoperative support is more effective in reducing surgical patients' perception of pain and request for analgesics than structured postoperative support."  Question: "Type of support" is
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  19. A big difference between the mean and median is an indication that :
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  At what point is the literature review conducted in a qualitative investigation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  A research hypothesis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  What type of hypothesis is the following?  "Low-fat diet is related to lower total cholesterol and higher HDL (high-density lipoprotein)." 
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  9. Role of hypothesis is very important before:
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  In your OWN WORDS, describe the reasons why nurses do research.
83.  A critical aspect of beginning a database search for relevant literature on a topic of interest involves identifying:
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  The plan in the problem-solving process is equivalent to which step in the research process?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  3.Published report is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  21. To studying ,panchayat system in country ,the best method of sampling is :
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  9. Role of hypothesis is very important before:
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  10. Result of 30 items out of 60 is a .................  Statistics
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Quantitative and qualitative research approaches are particularly useful in nursing because they:
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Having worked in the emergency word for six months, you are convinced that crisis intervention is one of those services that a nurse can charge a professional fee. This knowledge is based on: (1)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  The primary purpose for reviewing relevant literature is to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  The researcher uses which portion of the research report to capture the reader's attention?
93.  2. Under mean 10-15,15-20,20-25,25-30 is a ............... series
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  In the research report, a theoretical statement:
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  A nurse who reads research articles and incorporates research findings into nursing practice would demonstrate which of the following research roles?
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  A researcher designs a study that uses a random sampling method to decrease the likelihood of bias in the study sample. This strategy was used to implement:
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  The sentence "The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between health beliefs and breast self-examination" would most likely be found in which section of a research report?
98.  Having worked in the emergency word for six months, you are convinced that crisis intervention is one of those services that a nurse can charge a professional fee. This knowledge is based on: (1)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  A researcher investigates the effect of frequency of position change on healing of decubitus ulcers. The study would be described as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
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