Nurs 200 - Exam 2 - Chapter 24: Vital Signs

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Vital Signs Quizzes & Trivia
Chapter 24, vital signs, from Fundamentals of Nursing by Taylor. For questions with more than one correct answer, select the best answer.

  
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1.  _____ is reflected in the vital signs by indicating the status of the body's function, which is regulated through homeostatis mechanisms and falling within certain normal ranges.
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2.  How often are vital signs assessed in patients who are taking medications that affect cardiovascular or respiratory function or who have had surgery? Every:
3.  True or false:A nurse can delegate to other healthcare personnel to do vital sign assessment of patients.
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B.
4.  Body temperature indicates the difference between the ____ of heat and the ____ of heat. (separate answers with a space)
5.  Core body temperature is normally maintained within the rage of ____ degrees F to _____ degrees F. (separate answers with a space)
6.  Core body temperature is highest at:
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7.  Core body temperature is ____ surface body temperature.
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8.  Core temperatures are not measured at:
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9.  Core body temperature is normally maintained within a rage of ____ degrees C and ____ degrees C. (separate answers with a space)
10.  A newborn's temperature should be
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11.  A normal temperature for a child between 1-3 years of age is:
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12.  The normal temperature for an adult is:
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13.  The average temperature of an adult older than 70 years of age is _____ degrees celcius orally.
14.  The average pulse for a teen is
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15.  The primary source of heat in the body is _____
16.  ____ is produced as a byproduct of metabolic activities that generate energy for cellular functions.
17.  When additional heat is required to maintain balance, epinephrine and norepinephrine (sympathetic neurotransmitters) are released and alter metabolism so that energy production ____ and heat production ____. (separate answers with a space)
18.  Which hormone increases metabolism and heat production, but over a much longer time period than epinephrine and norepinephrine.
19.  _____ is a response that increases the production of heat; it is initiated by the hypothalamus and results in muscle tremours.
20.  ______ occurs with shivering, causing "goose bumps" and reducing the size of the surface to minimize heat loss.
21.  Shivering and piloerection are forms of:
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22.  Connections in the skin that remain open to allow heat to dissipate to the skin or close to retain heat in the body are called
23.  Which of the following controls the opening and closing of the arteriovenous shunts in response to changes in core body temperature and in environmental temperature.
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24.  True or False:Heat production also occurs through warming and humidigying of inspired air and elimination of urine and feces.
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25.  Which group's body temperature changes more rapidly in response to both heat and cold air temperatures?
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26.  Which group lose some thermoregulatory control and are at risk for harm from extremes of temperature?
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27.  Which group tends to have more fluctuations in body temperature, probably due to the result of changes in hormones/ The increase in progesterone secretion increases body temperature as much as 0.5F to 1.0F.
28.  When one is exposed to extreme cold without adequate protective clothing, heat loss may be increased to the point of _____, which can lead to serious illness or death.
29.  When one is exposed to extreme heat for long periods of time _____ may result, which can lead to serious illness or death.
30.  When the body gives off waves of heat from uncovered surfaces, it is called
31.  ____ occurs when oscillating fan blows currents of cool air across the surfaces of a warm body.
32.  The conversion of a liquid to vapour is called
33.  The transfer of heat to another object during direct contact is called _____
34.  An example of ____ is when the body transfers heat to an ice pack, causing the ice to melt.
35.  When a person has a normal body temperature it is called
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36.  Two terms synonymous to "fever" are:(separate answers with a space)
37.  A mild elevation in temperature might indicate a serious infection in infants younger than _____ of age who do not have a well-developed temperture-control mechanism.
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38.  The difference between hyperthermia and pyrexia is: Fever occurs when the body temperature is raised without the consent of the heat control centers. A hyperthermia occurs when the body sets the core temperatures to a higher temperature, through the action of the pre-optic region of the hypothalamus.
A.
B.
39.  A temperature less than 95 degrees F is termed
40.  A temperature between 100.5 and 105 degrees F is termed
41.  A temperature above 105.8 is termed
42.  In older adults, fever may be an [early or later] sign of illness.
43.  When the set point is increased, as in fever, the hypothalamus inatiates
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44.  True or False:Most fevers are not self-limiting.
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45.  Hyperthermia differs from fever in that the hypothalamic set point is changed, and in situations of extreme heat exposure the mechanisms that control the body temperature are ineffective.
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46.  If the cause of any type of fever is difficult to determine, it is often diagnosed as
47.  Drugs, such as aspirin or acetaminophen, are believed to lower the elevated set point regulated by the hypothalamus are called _____. They do not affect body temperature when it is within normal range.
48.  Apart from administering antipyretic drugs, name one possible nursing intervention used to lower body temperature.
49.  Which type of fever is defined as: the body temperature alternates regularly between a period of fever and a period of normal or subnormal temperature.
50.  Which type of fever is defined as: The body temperature fluctuates several degrees more than 2 degrees C (3.6 F) above normal but does not reach normal betwenn fluctuations.
51.  Which type of fever is defined as: the body temperature remains consistently elevated and fluctuates less than 2 degrees C (3.6 F)
52.  What terms used to describe fever is defined as: The fever returns to normal suddenly
53.  What term that describes fever is defined as: The fever retruns to normal gradually.
54.  Non-mercury glass thermometers may be either spirit-filled (using a petroleum-based liquid) or alcohol-based; the bulb contains a liquid that _____ with heat and rises within the stem.
55.  Some disposable single-use thermometers, that are commonly applied to abdomen or forehead, often of young children and toddlers, have a temperature-senstive patch or tape what changes ______
56.  This type of thermometer is swiped across the skin over the respective artery, taking 1000 readings per second and selecting the most accurate.
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57.  Many enironmental and physiologic processes occur in repeated cycles of time, such as _____  _______ which is 24-hour intervals.
58.  A throbbing sensation that can be palpated over a peripheral artery or auscultated over the apex of the heart is called a
59.  The pulse is regulated by the autonomic nervous system through the cardiac sinoatrial (SA) node. ______ stimulation of the SA node via the vagus nerve decreases the heart rate, and _______ stimulation of the SA node increases the heart rate and force of contraction.
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60.  Parasympathetic stimulation of the SA node via the ______ nerve decreases the heart rate.
61.  _______ mechanisms attempt to maintain a sufficient supply of blood to the cells at all times.
62.  Normal pulse rate for adolescences and adults rangers from _____ to _____ beats per minute.
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63.  What is the term used to describe decreased cardiac filling time, which, in turn, decreases stroke volume and cardiac output, due to rapid rate.
64.  Tachycardia is a pulse rate between ____ and ___ bpm. (separate answers with a space)
65.  Which of the following does not contribute to tachycardia.
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66.  What is the term used to describe a pulse rate below 60 bpm
67.  WHich of the following doesn't contribute to bradycardia
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68.  Bradycardia is a pulse rate below ___ bpm
69.  Sinus bradycardia results from the ____  ____ creating a slower-than-normal impulse rate.
70.  Sinus bradycardia is not caused by which of the following:
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71.  Emergency treatment for severe bradycardia is the administration of _____ intravenously to block vagal stimulation and to restore normal heart rate.
72.  The pulse amplitude describes the quality of the pulse in terms of its fullness and reflects the strength of _____ contraction
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73.  An irregular pattern of heartbeats is called a _____
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