Nur 101 - Test 3 - Chapter 5 - Physical Assessment, Part I, 50 Questions

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Foundations of Nursing by Christensen Kockrow, 6th edition, pages 93-120

  
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1.  The difference between signs and symptoms: 
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Select everything that are considered SIGNS
A.
B.
C.
D.
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3.  Passive or active removal of fluids from a body cavity, wound or other source of discharge. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Fluids, cells or other substances that are slowly discharged from cells or blood vessels through small pores or breaks in the cell membrane, usually as a result of inflammation or injury.   
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  For a nurse, what is the clinical correlation between erythema (redness) and pruritus (itching)?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Match the origin of the disease on the left with its description or example on the right
A. Degenerative
A.
B. Infectious
B.
C. Hereditary
C.
D. Congenital
D.
E. Inflammatory
E.
7.  Match the origin of the disease on the left with its description or example on the right  
A. Deficiency
A.
B. Metabolic
B.
C. Neoplastic
C.
D. Traumatic
D.
E. Environmental
E.
8.  What are the four major categories of risk factors
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Match the terms used to describe diseases on the left with its description on the right
A. Chronic
A.
B. Remission
B.
C. Acute
C.
D. Organic
D.
E. Functional
E.
10.  Early, late or terminal refers to what kind of disease?  
A.
B.
C.
D.
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11.  Caused by an invasion of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites that produces tissue damage. 
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  A protective response of body tissues to irritation, injury, or invasion by disease-producing organisms
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Cardinal signs of infection and inflammation. Select all that apply:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
14.  _________  ___________ (two words) seep from the earth into the basement which increases risks for cancer development
15.  Smoking, overeating and sunbathing are examples of what kind of risk factor for disease?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Match the sign or symptom on the left with a definition on the right
A. Vomit
A.
B. Tachypnea
B.
C. Scleral Icterus
C.
D. Asthenia
D.
E. Anorexia
E.
17.  Match the sign or symptom on the left with a definition on the right
A. Bradycardia
A.
B. Tachycardia
B.
C. Constipation
C.
D. Sallow
D.
E. Coughing
E.
18.  Match the sign or symptom on the left with a definition on the right
A. Cyanosis
A.
B. Purulent drainage (Pus)
B.
C. Diaphoresis
C.
D. Pruritus
D.
E. Diarrhea
E.
19.  Match the sign or symptom on the left with a definition on the right
A. Dyspnea
A.
B. Ecchymosis
B.
C. Edema
C.
D. Orthopnea
D.
E. Pallor
E.
20.  Match the sign or symptom on the left with a definition on the right
A. Pain
A.
B. Nausea
B.
C. Lethargy
C.
D. Jaundice
D.
E. Fetid
E.
21.  In an inflammatory response, the damaged tissues release chemical substances that cause the capillary walls to become more permeable. What happens next?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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22.  In an inflammatory process, white blood cells or ____________ digest microorganisms and cellular debris.  
23.  In an inflammatory process, the movement of while blood cells and plasma causes an accumulation of fluids in the tissue. This is called?   
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  What kind of exudate is the accumulation of neutrophils, dead cells, bacteria, and other debris from the infectious process
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  An evaluation or appraisal of a patient's condition
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Comprised ot gathering, verifying, and communicating of data about the patient, the purpose of which is to establish a baseline database about the patient's level of wellness, health practices, past illnesses, related experiences and health care goals.  
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Match the position for physical examination on the left with the area assessed on the right 
A. Sitting
A.
B. Supine
B.
C. Dorsal recumbent
C.
D. Lithotomy
D.
28.  Match the position for physical examination on the left with the area assessed on the right
A. Sims
A.
B. Prone
B.
C. Lateral recumbent
C.
D. Knee-chest
D.
29.  Match the position for examination on the left to its rationale on the right
A. Sitting
A.
B. Supine
B.
C. Dorsal recumbent
C.
D. Lithotomy
D.
30.  Match the position for examination on the left to its rationale on the right
A. Sims
A.
B. Prone
B.
C. Lateral recumbent
C.
D. Knee-chest
D.
31.  During the nursing assessment, the information contained in the database will be used for what? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  What does the data collected during the nursing assessment include? Select all that apply 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
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33.  Once you have completed the interview, the next step would be? 
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Sources of data that validate findings from the history and physical examination of the patient
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Physical Assessment Techniques. Select all that apply
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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36.  In percussion, we feel certain sounds. Match the terminology on the left with the sound description on the right:
A. Tympany
A.
B. Dullness
B.
C. Flatness
C.
37.  The first step in initiating the nurse-patient relationship
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  After initiating the nurse-patient relationship, what are the next steps to initiate and establish a nurse-patient relationship. Select all that apply:
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Initial step in the assessment process 
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  In most facilities, the gathering of biographical data is usually obtained by who or where?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Components of Biographic Data: Select all that apply
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Reasons for seeking health care
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  When a patient discusses that his stomach ache starts when the weather becomes becomes cold and when he laughs too much, what is he discussing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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44.  O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V are mnemonics of what?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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45.  When doing a thorough nursing health history, what other interventions should be considered?  
A.
B.
C.
D.
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