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MIS Chapter 8

45 Questions
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Information Systems Chapter 8

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Systems investigation attempts to answer the question “What must the information system do to solve the problem?”
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Systems design seeks to answer the question “How will the information system do what it must do to obtain the problem solution?”
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Systems analysis details system outputs, inputs, and user interfaces; specifies hardware, software, database, telecommunications, personnel, and procedure components; and shows how these components are related.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Systems design results in an installed, operational information system that meets the business needs for which it was developed.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Agile development requires frequent face-to-face meetings with the systems developers and users as they modify, refine, and test how the system meets users’ needs and what its capabilities are.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
                     XP uses pairs of programmers who work together to design, test, and code parts of the systems they develop.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    JAD often uses group support systems (GSSs) software to foster positive group interactions, while suppressing negative group behavior.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Legal feasibility can include logistical and motivational (acceptance of change) considerations.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Legal feasibility involves an analysis of existing and future laws to determine the likelihood of legal action against the systems development project and the possible consequences.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    The object-oriented approach can be used during all phases of systems development, from investigation to maintenance and review.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    DFDs work on the premise that every activity involves some communication, transference, or flow that can be described as a data element.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    The primary result of the systems maintenance phase is a technical design that details system outputs, inputs, and user interfaces; specifies hardware, software, databases, telecommunications, personnel, and procedures; and shows how these components are related.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    A sequence of events is often called an interface, and can be diagrammed in a sequence diagram.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Parallel start-up involves running the new system for one group of users rather than all users.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Pilot start-up involves running both the old and new systems for a period of time.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    In systems development, the ____ is responsible for modifying or developing programs to satisfy user requirements.
    • A. 

      Programmer

    • B. 

      User

    • C. 

      Stakeholder

    • D. 

      Systems analyst

  • 17. 
    In the ____ phase of the SDLC, potential problems and opportunities are identified and considered in light of the goals of the business.
    • A. 

      Systems design

    • B. 

      Systems investigation

    • C. 

      Systems analysis

    • D. 

      Systems implementation

  • 18. 
    The ____ phase of the SDLC involves studying existing systems and work processes to identify strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities for improvement.
    • A. 

      Systems design

    • B. 

      Systems investigation

    • C. 

      Systems analysis

    • D. 

      Systems implementation

  • 19. 
    ____ takes an iterative approach to the systems development process. During each iteration, requirements and alternative solutions to the problem are identified and analyzed, new solutions are designed, and a portion of the system is implemented.
    • A. 

      Data modeling

    • B. 

      Prototyping

    • C. 

      Data conversion

    • D. 

      Requirements analysis

  • 20. 
    ____ employs tools, techniques, and methodologies designed to speed application development.
    • A. 

      End-user systems development

    • B. 

      Joint application development

    • C. 

      Rapid application development

    • D. 

      CASE

  • 21. 
    ____ combine(s) the logic of the systems development life cycle with the power of object-oriented modeling and programming.
    • A. 

      Object-oriented systems development

    • B. 

      CASE tools

    • C. 

      RFPs

    • D. 

      DFDs

  • 22. 
    The ____ is a document that is filled out by someone who wants the IS department to initiate systems investigation.
    • A. 

      System questionnaire

    • B. 

      IS plan

    • C. 

      Systems review form

    • D. 

      Systems request form

  • 23. 
    ____ feasibility is concerned with whether the hardware, software, and other system components can be acquired or developed to solve the problem.
    • A. 

      Technical

    • B. 

      Economic

    • C. 

      Legal

    • D. 

      Operational

  • 24. 
    ____ feasibility determines whether the project makes financial sense and whether predicted benefits offset the cost and time needed to obtain them.
    • A. 

      Technical

    • B. 

      Economic

    • C. 

      Legal

    • D. 

      Operational

  • 25. 
                     ____ feasibility determines whether laws or regulations can prevent or limit a systems development project.
    • A. 

      Technical

    • B. 

      Economic

    • C. 

      Legal

    • D. 

      Operational

  • 26. 
                     ____ feasibility is a measure of whether the project can be put into action or operation.
    • A. 

      Technical

    • B. 

      Economic

    • C. 

      Legal

    • D. 

      Operational

  • 27. 
    The ____ report summarizes the results of systems investigation and the process of feasibility analysis and recommends a course of action: continue on into systems analysis, modify the project in some manner, or drop it.
    • A. 

      Systems analysis

    • B. 

      Systems design

    • C. 

      Systems implementation

    • D. 

      Systems investigation

  • 28. 
    ____ is the manipulation of the collected data so that the development team members who are participating in systems analysis can use the data.
    • A. 

      Data modeling

    • B. 

      Data analysis

    • C. 

      Activity modeling

    • D. 

      Data collection

  • 29. 
    ____ is a commonly accepted approach to modeling organizational objects and associations that employ both text and graphics.
    • A. 

      Data modeling

    • B. 

      Data analysis

    • C. 

      Activity modeling

    • D. 

      Data collection

  • 30. 
                     The purpose of ____ is to answer the question “How will the information system solve a problem?”
    • A. 

      Systems analysis

    • B. 

      Systems implementation

    • C. 

      Systems maintenance

    • D. 

      Systems design

  • 31. 
    ____ is a description of the functional requirements of a system.
    • A. 

      Detailed design

    • B. 

      Logical design

    • C. 

      Object design

    • D. 

      Physical design

  • 32. 
    ____ is the specification of the characteristics of the system components necessary to put the logical design into action.
    • A. 

      Detailed design

    • B. 

      Logical design

    • C. 

      Object design

    • D. 

      Physical design

  • 33. 
    ____ includes hardware acquisition, programming and software acquisition or development, user preparation, hiring and training of personnel, site and data preparation, installation, testing, start-up, and user acceptance.
    • A. 

      Systems analysis

    • B. 

      Systems investigation

    • C. 

      Systems review

    • D. 

      Systems implementation

  • 34. 
                     The preparation of the location of a new system is called ____.
    • A. 

      Site preparation

    • B. 

      Site conversion

    • C. 

      Unit preparation

    • D. 

      Project preparation

  • 35. 
    ____ involves making sure that all files and databases are ready to be used with new computer software and systems.
    • A. 

      Site preparation

    • B. 

      Alpha testing

    • C. 

      Data conversion

    • D. 

      Beta testing

  • 36. 
    In the context of systems development, ____________________ are people who, either themselves or through the area of the organization they represent, ultimately benefit from the systems development project.
  • 37. 
    ______________________________ tools automate many of the tasks required in a systems development effort and encourage adherence to the SDLC, thus instilling a high degree of rigor and standardization to the entire systems development process.
  • 38. 
    ____________________ feasibility determines whether the project can be completed in a reasonable amount of time - a process that involves balancing the time and resource requirements of the project with other projects.
  • 39. 
    The primary outcome of systems investigation is a(n) _________________________.
  • 40. 
                     The systems investigation report is reviewed by senior management, often organized as a(n) ____________________ committee consisting of senior management and users from the IS department and other functional areas.
  • 41. 
    In a(n) ____________________ interview, the questions are written in advance.
  • 42. 
                     In a(n) ____________________ interview, the questions are not written in advance; the interviewer relies on experience in asking the best questions to uncover the inherent problems of the existing system.
  • 43. 
    The overall purpose of ____________________ is to determine user, stakeholder, and organizational needs.
  • 44. 
    ____________________ is an approach that asks users, stakeholders, and other managers about what they want and expect from the new or modified system.
  • 45. 
    ____________________ involves stopping the old system and starting the new one on a given date.