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Mis Chapter 8

45 Questions  I  By Rvalatnational_edu
MIS Chapter 8
Information Systems Chapter 8

  
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1.  Systems investigation attempts to answer the question “What must the information system do to solve the problem?”
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2.  Systems design seeks to answer the question “How will the information system do what it must do to obtain the problem solution?”
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3.  Systems analysis details system outputs, inputs, and user interfaces; specifies hardware, software, database, telecommunications, personnel, and procedure components; and shows how these components are related.
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4.  Systems design results in an installed, operational information system that meets the business needs for which it was developed.
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5.  Agile development requires frequent face-to-face meetings with the systems developers and users as they modify, refine, and test how the system meets users’ needs and what its capabilities are.
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6.                   XP uses pairs of programmers who work together to design, test, and code parts of the systems they develop.
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7.  JAD often uses group support systems (GSSs) software to foster positive group interactions, while suppressing negative group behavior.
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8.  Legal feasibility can include logistical and motivational (acceptance of change) considerations.
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9.  Legal feasibility involves an analysis of existing and future laws to determine the likelihood of legal action against the systems development project and the possible consequences.
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10.  The object-oriented approach can be used during all phases of systems development, from investigation to maintenance and review.
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11.  DFDs work on the premise that every activity involves some communication, transference, or flow that can be described as a data element.
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12.  The primary result of the systems maintenance phase is a technical design that details system outputs, inputs, and user interfaces; specifies hardware, software, databases, telecommunications, personnel, and procedures; and shows how these components are related.
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13.  A sequence of events is often called an interface, and can be diagrammed in a sequence diagram.
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14.  Parallel start-up involves running the new system for one group of users rather than all users.
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15.  Pilot start-up involves running both the old and new systems for a period of time.
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16.  In systems development, the ____ is responsible for modifying or developing programs to satisfy user requirements.
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17.  In the ____ phase of the SDLC, potential problems and opportunities are identified and considered in light of the goals of the business.
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18.  The ____ phase of the SDLC involves studying existing systems and work processes to identify strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities for improvement.
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19.  ____ takes an iterative approach to the systems development process. During each iteration, requirements and alternative solutions to the problem are identified and analyzed, new solutions are designed, and a portion of the system is implemented.
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20.  ____ employs tools, techniques, and methodologies designed to speed application development.
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21.  ____ combine(s) the logic of the systems development life cycle with the power of object-oriented modeling and programming.
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22.  The ____ is a document that is filled out by someone who wants the IS department to initiate systems investigation.
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23.  ____ feasibility is concerned with whether the hardware, software, and other system components can be acquired or developed to solve the problem.
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24.  ____ feasibility determines whether the project makes financial sense and whether predicted benefits offset the cost and time needed to obtain them.
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25.                   ____ feasibility determines whether laws or regulations can prevent or limit a systems development project.
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26.                   ____ feasibility is a measure of whether the project can be put into action or operation.
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27.  The ____ report summarizes the results of systems investigation and the process of feasibility analysis and recommends a course of action: continue on into systems analysis, modify the project in some manner, or drop it.
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28.  ____ is the manipulation of the collected data so that the development team members who are participating in systems analysis can use the data.
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29.  ____ is a commonly accepted approach to modeling organizational objects and associations that employ both text and graphics.
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30.                   The purpose of ____ is to answer the question “How will the information system solve a problem?”
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31.  ____ is a description of the functional requirements of a system.
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32.  ____ is the specification of the characteristics of the system components necessary to put the logical design into action.
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33.  ____ includes hardware acquisition, programming and software acquisition or development, user preparation, hiring and training of personnel, site and data preparation, installation, testing, start-up, and user acceptance.
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34.                   The preparation of the location of a new system is called ____.
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35.  ____ involves making sure that all files and databases are ready to be used with new computer software and systems.
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36.  In the context of systems development, ____________________ are people who, either themselves or through the area of the organization they represent, ultimately benefit from the systems development project.
37.  ______________________________ tools automate many of the tasks required in a systems development effort and encourage adherence to the SDLC, thus instilling a high degree of rigor and standardization to the entire systems development process.
38.  ____________________ feasibility determines whether the project can be completed in a reasonable amount of time - a process that involves balancing the time and resource requirements of the project with other projects.
39.  The primary outcome of systems investigation is a(n) _________________________.
40.                   The systems investigation report is reviewed by senior management, often organized as a(n) ____________________ committee consisting of senior management and users from the IS department and other functional areas.
41.  In a(n) ____________________ interview, the questions are written in advance.
42.                   In a(n) ____________________ interview, the questions are not written in advance; the interviewer relies on experience in asking the best questions to uncover the inherent problems of the existing system.
43.  The overall purpose of ____________________ is to determine user, stakeholder, and organizational needs.
44.  ____________________ is an approach that asks users, stakeholders, and other managers about what they want and expect from the new or modified system.
45.  ____________________ involves stopping the old system and starting the new one on a given date.
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