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Midterm 4,5

39 Questions
Midterm Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The point at which a muscle begins is known as the ___
    • A. 

      Insertion

    • B. 

      Origin

    • C. 

      Pronation

  • 2. 
    The term____ means to bend the foot upward at the ankle
    • A. 

      Dorsiextension

    • B. 

      Dorsiflexion

    • C. 

      Plantar flexion

  • 3. 
    Which type of muscle tissue forms the muscular wall of the heart
    • A. 

      Involuntary

    • B. 

      Myocardial

    • C. 

      Visceral

  • 4. 
    The term____ means to move away from the midline
    • A. 

      Abduction

    • B. 

      Adduction

    • C. 

      Extension

  • 5. 
    The term ___ describes a neuromuscular chararterized by the slow relaxation of the muscles after a voluntary contraction
    • A. 

      Atonic

    • B. 

      Dystaxia

    • C. 

      Myotonia

  • 6. 
    The specialized soft-tissue manipulation technique used to ease the pain of conditions such as fibromyalgia is known as ___ release
  • 7. 
    Testing and recording neuromuscular activity by the electric stimulation of nerves is known as ______
  • 8. 
    Achilies____ is a painful inflmmation of the achilies tendon cause by excessive stress placed on that tendon
  • 9. 
    A/an ____ is band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally
  • 10. 
    The condition of extreme slowness in movement is known as ____. this is one of the symptoms of parkinsons disease
  • 11. 
    Impingement syndrome occurs when inflamed and swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bones within the shoulder joint
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    A physiatrist is a specialist who works under a physicans supervision to develop,implement, and coordinate exercise programs and administer medical tests to promote physical fitness
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Insertion is the place where the muscle ends
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Muscular dystrophy is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the neuromuscular junction and produces serious weakness of voluntary muscles
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Paralysis is the loss of sensation and voluntary movements through disease or injury to its neve supply
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Extension
    • A. 

      Straightens a joint

    • B. 

      Bends a joint

    • C. 

      Turns the palm downward

  • 17. 
    Depression
    • A. 

      Raises a body part

    • B. 

      Lowers a body part

    • C. 

      Turns the palm upward

  • 18. 
    Lateralis
    • A. 

      Toward the side

    • B. 

      Striaght

    • C. 

      At an angle

  • 19. 
    Insertion
    • A. 

      Formed from four muscle divisions

    • B. 

      Where a muscle ends

    • C. 

      Where a muscle begins

  • 20. 
    The pulmonary arteries carry ___ blood
    • A. 

      Carbon-dioxide-free

    • B. 

      Carbon-dioxide-rich

    • C. 

      Oxgen poor

  • 21. 
    Which cancerous blood condition was previously known as preleukemia
    • A. 

      Myelodysplasia syndrome

    • B. 

      Myelodysplastic syndrome

    • C. 

      Myodysplasia syndrome

  • 22. 
    The term ____ decribes any situation in which the total number of leukocytes in the circulating blood is less than normal
    • A. 

      Leukopenia

    • B. 

      Polycythemia

    • C. 

      Thrombocytosis

  • 23. 
    ____ is a systemic condition caused by the spread of microorganisms and their toxins via the circulating blood
    • A. 

      Dyscrasia

    • B. 

      Septicemia

    • C. 

      Hemolytic reaction

  • 24. 
    A/an ___ is a foreign object such as blood clot that is circulating in the blood
    • A. 

      Embolism

    • B. 

      Embolus

    • C. 

      Thrombosis

  • 25. 
    A/an ______ is also known as a clot-busting drug
  • 26. 
    An abnormal increases in the number of red blood cells in the blood due to excess production of these cell by the bone marrow is known as ____
  • 27. 
    Severe episodes of severe chest pain caused by inadequate blood flow to the myocardium are known as ____. these epidsodes are due to ischemia of the heart muslce
  • 28. 
    The main trunk of the arterial system that begins from the left ventircle of the heart is the ___
  • 29. 
    The term_______ means to stop or control bleeding
  • 30. 
    The mitral valve is located between the left atrium and left ventricle
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    An embolism is the blockage of a vessel by an embolus
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    Blood gases include oxgen, carbon dioxide and nitrogen
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Coumadin is a medication that is administered to reduce undesirable blood cholesterol levels
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    Bradycardia is an abnormally rapid heartbeat
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    Endarterectomy
    • A. 

      Surgical removal of the lining of an artery

    • B. 

      Surgical remvoal of plaque from an artery

    • C. 

      Surgical removal of an aneurysm

  • 36. 
    Pernicious anemia
    • A. 

      Larger than normal red blood cells

    • B. 

      Inability to absorb vitamin b12 normally

    • C. 

      And absence of all formed blood elements

  • 37. 
    Diuretics
    • A. 

      Increase urine secretion

    • B. 

      Slow he heartbeat

    • C. 

      Reduce the contraction of the muscles that squeeze blood vessels tight

  • 38. 
    Angiitis
    • A. 

      Inflammation of a vein

    • B. 

      Inflammation of a blood vessel

    • C. 

      Narrowing of a blood vessel

  • 39. 
    Carditis
    • A. 

      Inflammation of the heart muscle

    • B. 

      Inflammation of the heart

    • C. 

      Inflammation of the linning of the heart