Midterm #1

56 Questions  I  By Adecker6
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Midterm Quizzes & Trivia
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  • 1. 
    There are            constant gasses in the atmosphere.
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      6

    • C. 

      9

    • D. 

      12

    • E. 

      15


  • 2. 
    This is the layer of the atmosphere where the ozone layer occurs.
    • A. 

      Stratopause

    • B. 

      Mesosphere

    • C. 

      Troposphere

    • D. 

      Thermosphere

    • E. 

      Stratosphere


  • 3. 
    Soil does Not contain:
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Air

    • C. 

      Inorganic Material

    • D. 

      Organic Material

    • E. 

      Magma


  • 4. 
    The soil layer that has abundant humus and is the most fertile is the:
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      R

    • E. 

      E


  • 5. 
    Longitude runs from 0* to 90*
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 6. 
    A low pressure system:1. has air converging at the surface2. has air diverging at the surface3. spins clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counter clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.4. spins counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.5. is also known as a cyclone
    • A. 

      1. and 3.

    • B. 

      2 and 4

    • C. 

      1, 4, and 5

    • D. 

      2, 3, and 5

    • E. 

      1 and 4


  • 7. 
    A              system is connected to the surrounding environment by flows of energy and/or mass.
    • A. 

      Closed

    • B. 

      Open

    • C. 

      Feedback

    • D. 

      Stationary


  • 8. 
    On the earth, the sun passes directly overhead at 35* North latitude        times a year.
    • A. 

      0

    • B. 

      1

    • C. 

      2

    • D. 

      4


  • 9. 
    The uneven distribution of insolation by latitude is primarily a result of
    • A. 

      Variability in the Sun's output

    • B. 

      The changing distance of earth from the sun

    • C. 

      Variation in the value of a watt

    • D. 

      Earth's sphericity, which presents varied angles to parallel solar rays.


  • 10. 
    Which of the options below is a river of highspeed air in the upper atmosphere that flows along the polar front?
    • A. 

      Rossby Wave

    • B. 

      Polar front jet stream

    • C. 

      Zonal front

    • D. 

      Meridional Flow

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 11. 
    Which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      The earth absorbs shortwave radiation from the sun and emits energy as shortwave radiation,

    • B. 

      The earth absorbs shortwave radiation from the sun and emits energy as longwave radiation,

    • C. 

      The earth absorbs longwave radiation from the sun and emits energy as shortwave radiation,

    • D. 

      The earth absorbs longwave radiation from the sun and emits energy as longwave radiation,

    • E. 

      The earth does not emit energy


  • 12. 
    The tropopause is located...
    • A. 

      Between the troposphere and the stratosphere

    • B. 

      Between the troposphere and the mesosphere

    • C. 

      At the top of the atmosphere, about 480 km above the earth's surface

    • D. 

      At the level where temperatures are approximately equal to those at the earth's surface


  • 13. 
    Where is the subsolar point when all latitudes above 66.5*N experience 24 hours of darkness?
    • A. 

      The arctic cirlce

    • B. 

      The tropic of Cancer

    • C. 

      The equator

    • D. 

      The tropic of capricorn

    • E. 

      The antarctic circle


  • 14. 
    As seen from the North pole, an air mass moving towards the equator will appear to veer to the right
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 15. 
    Air pressure in the atmosphere          as elevation increases, meaning that gas molecules become            .
    • A. 

      Increasing; closer together

    • B. 

      Decreases; closer together

    • C. 

      Increases; farther apart

    • D. 

      Decreases; farther apart


  • 16. 
    The most important variable gases are
    • A. 

      Oxygen, carbon, dioxide, and water vapor

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide, water vapor, and ozone

    • C. 

      Argon, carbon dioxide, and methane

    • D. 

      Carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor

    • E. 

      Nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide


  • 17. 
    Which of the following is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Water vapor

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Argon

    • D. 

      Nitrogen

    • E. 

      Carbon dioxide


  • 18. 
    The "greenhouse efffect"
    • A. 

      Is primarily due to CFCs destroying ozone in the upper atmosphere, allowing more sunlight to reach the surface of earth.

    • B. 

      Is the warming of the atmosphere due to radiatively active gases absorbing infrared light.

    • C. 

      Is the relationship between humidity and temperature that occurs in the southeastern US, and is also common in greenhouses.

    • D. 

      Is associated with the bending of light caused by its change in speed when entering the atmosphere.


  • 19. 
    The point in the earth's orbit where it is closest to the sun is called:
    • A. 

      Perihelion

    • B. 

      Aphelion

    • C. 

      The rotation axis

    • D. 

      The plane of the ecliptic

    • E. 

      Semi-major axis


  • 20. 
    If a surface absorbs incolation,
    • A. 

      Its temperature increases

    • B. 

      Its temperature decrease

    • C. 

      Its temperature is unaffected

    • D. 

      Refraction occurs

    • E. 

      Reflection occurs


  • 21. 
    The albedo od a surface is a measure of which of the following processes?
    • A. 

      Transmission

    • B. 

      Reflection

    • C. 

      Scattering

    • D. 

      Solar radiation receipt


  • 22. 
    If the subsolar point is moving from the equator towards the tropic of cancer, what season of the year is it in the northern hemisphere?
    • A. 

      Winter moving into spring

    • B. 

      Spring moving into summer

    • C. 

      Summer moving into fall

    • D. 

      Fall moving into winter

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 23. 
    The solid, non-living part of the earth is the:
    • A. 

      Atmosphere

    • B. 

      Biosphere

    • C. 

      Hydrosphere

    • D. 

      Lithosphere

    • E. 

      Exosphere


  • 24. 
    The process of losing water from the soil to the air from both the ground and from plants is called:
    • A. 

      Albedo

    • B. 

      Wilting

    • C. 

      Capillary action

    • D. 

      Discharde

    • E. 

      Evapotranspiration


  • 25. 
    When the pore space in soil are mainly filled with water, the soils are said to be:
    • A. 

      Fertile

    • B. 

      Muck

    • C. 

      Saturated

    • D. 

      Dry

    • E. 

      Eroded


  • 26. 
    Soil-forming factors include:
    • A. 

      Relief and time

    • B. 

      Organisms

    • C. 

      Climate

    • D. 

      Parent material

    • E. 

      All of these


  • 27. 
    A vertical cut into the soil to show the soil layers is called a:
    • A. 

      Profile

    • B. 

      Relief

    • C. 

      Gradient

    • D. 

      Field capacity

    • E. 

      Order


  • 28. 
    Soil-forming processes are called pedogenic processes
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 29. 
    The four pedogenic processes do not include:
    • A. 

      Additions

    • B. 

      Translocations

    • C. 

      Metamorphism

    • D. 

      Deletions

    • E. 

      Transformations


  • 30. 
    The zone of illuviation is the layer called:
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      O

    • E. 

      E


  • 31. 
    Net radiation refers to
    • A. 

      The net energy expended for ground heating and cooling.

    • B. 

      The balance of all radiation incoming and outgoing at Earth's surface.

    • C. 

      The amount of insolation coming into the surface.

    • D. 

      The amount of insolation not absorbed at the surface.


  • 32. 
    Atmospheric pressure is most closely associated with the               and             of air.
    • A. 

      Temperature; density

    • B. 

      Density; composition

    • C. 

      Constant%; variable %

    • D. 

      Composition; temperature

    • E. 

      Speed; humidity


  • 33. 
    A conformal projection is a map that maintains the correct shape of features but distorts their relative size to one another.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 34. 
                   is energy in the form of heat released or absorbed by a substance during a change of phase.
    • A. 

      Ground heating

    • B. 

      Latent heat

    • C. 

      Sensible heat

    • D. 

      Shortwave radiation


  • 35. 
    Choose that latitude with the greatest sun angle.
    • A. 

      50*

    • B. 

      45*

    • C. 

      40*

    • D. 

      35*

    • E. 

      30*


  • 36. 
    If the surface of the earth suddenly turned white, the temperature of the planet would             because                insolation would be absorbed.
    • A. 

      Decrease; less

    • B. 

      Decrease; more

    • C. 

      Increase; less

    • D. 

      Increase; more

    • E. 

      Remain constant; the same amount


  • 37. 
    Which of the following is not a reason that maritime climates have smaller annual temperature ranges than continental climates?
    • A. 

      Water is transparent, so insolation is distributed over a larger voume of material

    • B. 

      Water has a low specific heat, so it is heated very quickly

    • C. 

      The process of evaporation cools the surrounding environment

    • D. 

      Ocean currents can redistribute heat from the tropics towards the poles.


  • 38. 
    If you are in Windigo (N 48* W84*) on isle royale in lake superior and you want to visit thunder bay, ontario (N 48* W 89*), in what direction do you need to travel?
    • A. 

      North

    • B. 

      South

    • C. 

      East

    • D. 

      West


  • 39. 
    Which of the following is a large-scale convection loop in the tropical latitude that connects the ITCZ and the STH?
    • A. 

      Intertropical convergence zone

    • B. 

      Subtropical high pressure system

    • C. 

      Hadley cell

    • D. 

      Polar front

    • E. 

      Polar high


  • 40. 
    Water vapor is one of the greenhouse gases
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 41. 
    In general, the surface winds underneath a ferrel cell are:
    • A. 

      Northerlies

    • B. 

      Easterlies

    • C. 

      Westerlies

    • D. 

      Northeasterlies

    • E. 

      Southeasterlies


  • 42. 
    On the vernal equinox the subsolar point is located at:
    • A. 

      The arctic circle

    • B. 

      The tropic of cancer

    • C. 

      The equator

    • D. 

      The tropic of capricorn

    • E. 

      The antarctic circle


  • 43. 
    In general, as distance from the subsolar point increases, the average annual insolation             and the average annual temperature                .
    • A. 

      Increases; increases

    • B. 

      Increases; decreases

    • C. 

      Decreases; increases

    • D. 

      Decreases; decreases


  • 44. 
    Charlotte's approximate location is best described as
    • A. 

      North of the equator and west of the prime meridian

    • B. 

      North of the equator and east of the prime meridian

    • C. 

      South of the equator and east of the prime meridian

    • D. 

      South of the equator and west of the prime meridian


  • 45. 
    Air flows            a surface high pressure area because the density of the air in the high pressure zone is              than that of the surrounding air.
    • A. 

      Out of; less

    • B. 

      Out of; greater

    • C. 

      Into; greater

    • D. 

      Into; less


  • 46. 
    A satellite imaging system that beams electromagnetic energy to the surface and then records the energy that is reflected is classified as a(n)                  system.
    • A. 

      Active

    • B. 

      Photographic

    • C. 

      Passive

    • D. 

      Holographic


  • 47. 
    Which of the following is not true of the wind?
    • A. 

      It is the horizontal motion of air relative to the earth's surface.

    • B. 

      It blows from regions of high pressure to regions of low pressure.

    • C. 

      The direction of flow can be affected by the rotation of the earth

    • D. 

      Air blows from regions of hotter air to regions of colder air.

    • E. 

      Winds are named based on the direction from which they blow


  • 48. 
    Which best describes map scale?
    • A. 

      The distance ratio that exists between features on a map and the real world.

    • B. 

      Where you look to see what different symbols on the map mean

    • C. 

      Where you are told in which direction north is

    • D. 

      Where you can look up a city name and get vertical and horizontal points on the map to reference the location of that city on the map

    • E. 

      The section where you can look up how far apart cities are.


  • 49. 
    During the day along the coast, the winds tends to blow towards the             because              .
    • A. 

      Land; land heats more rapidly than water

    • B. 

      Land; land heats more slowly than water

    • C. 

      Water; water heats more slowly than water

    • D. 

      Water; water heats more rapidly than water


  • 50. 
    The lithosphere is the living portion of the earth.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 51. 
    Monsoon winds are
    • A. 

      Intense, seasonally shifting winds systems in the tropics

    • B. 

      Associated with the seasonal shifting of the intertropical convergence zone

    • C. 

      Characterized by intense rain during the summer and drought during the winter

    • D. 

      Associated with a high pressure zone over the continent in the winter and a low pressure zone over the continent in the summer

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 52. 
    The earth revolves around the sun (relative to a view above the north pole)
    • A. 

      Clockwise

    • B. 

      Counterclockwise

    • C. 

      Oblately

    • D. 

      Perpendicularly

    • E. 

      Spherically


  • 53. 
    Your latitude will always increase as you
    • A. 

      Move north

    • B. 

      Move south

    • C. 

      Move away from the equator

    • D. 

      Move towards the equator

    • E. 

      Move towards the north pole


  • 54. 
    This layer of the atmosphere has an enironmental lapse rate of 6.4*C per 1000 m.
    • A. 

      Stratopause

    • B. 

      Mesosphere

    • C. 

      Troposphere

    • D. 

      Thermosphere

    • E. 

      Stratosphere


  • 55. 
    This would explain the uneven amount of incoming solar radiation striking the earth at a given time along a meridian.
    • A. 

      Latitude

    • B. 

      Seasons and length of day

    • C. 

      Time of day

    • D. 

      Temporal lag

    • E. 

      Maritime vs. continental effect


  • 56. 
    One of the reasons             environments tend to be warmer than               is that              surfaces tend to be darker, leading to a greater net radiation.
    • A. 

      Urban, rural, rural

    • B. 

      Maritime, urban, rural

    • C. 

      Urban, rural, urban

    • D. 

      Continental, rural, continental

    • E. 

      Rural, continental, rural


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