Midterm #1

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1.  The "greenhouse efffect"
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B.
C.
D.
2.  The lithosphere is the living portion of the earth.
A.
B.
3.  Soil-forming processes are called pedogenic processes
A.
B.
4.  A low pressure system:1. has air converging at the surface2. has air diverging at the surface3. spins clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counter clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.4. spins counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.5. is also known as a cyclone
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B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  If a surface absorbs incolation,
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B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  On the vernal equinox the subsolar point is located at:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  When the pore space in soil are mainly filled with water, the soils are said to be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  As seen from the North pole, an air mass moving towards the equator will appear to veer to the right
A.
B.
9.  A              system is connected to the surrounding environment by flows of energy and/or mass.
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B.
C.
D.
10.  The soil layer that has abundant humus and is the most fertile is the:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Air pressure in the atmosphere          as elevation increases, meaning that gas molecules become            .
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Water vapor is one of the greenhouse gases
A.
B.
13.  This layer of the atmosphere has an enironmental lapse rate of 6.4*C per 1000 m.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the options below is a river of highspeed air in the upper atmosphere that flows along the polar front?
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B.
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E.
15.  During the day along the coast, the winds tends to blow towards the             because              .
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B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following is not true of the wind?
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B.
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E.
17.  The tropopause is located...
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B.
C.
D.
18.  The process of losing water from the soil to the air from both the ground and from plants is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Charlotte's approximate location is best described as
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  A satellite imaging system that beams electromagnetic energy to the surface and then records the energy that is reflected is classified as a(n)                  system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Your latitude will always increase as you
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B.
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D.
E.
22.  Monsoon winds are
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E.
23.  Which best describes map scale?
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B.
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D.
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24.  Atmospheric pressure is most closely associated with the               and             of air.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The zone of illuviation is the layer called:
A.
B.
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D.
E.
26.  In general, the surface winds underneath a ferrel cell are:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Net radiation refers to
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B.
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D.
28.  Which of the following is true?
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B.
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D.
E.
29.  A conformal projection is a map that maintains the correct shape of features but distorts their relative size to one another.
A.
B.
30.  Soil-forming factors include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The point in the earth's orbit where it is closest to the sun is called:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The albedo od a surface is a measure of which of the following processes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  On the earth, the sun passes directly overhead at 35* North latitude        times a year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  If you are in Windigo (N 48* W84*) on isle royale in lake superior and you want to visit thunder bay, ontario (N 48* W 89*), in what direction do you need to travel?
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B.
C.
D.
35.  The most important variable gases are
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B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Longitude runs from 0* to 90*
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B.
37.                 is energy in the form of heat released or absorbed by a substance during a change of phase.
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B.
C.
D.
38.  Soil does Not contain:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  A vertical cut into the soil to show the soil layers is called a:
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B.
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D.
E.
40.  Choose that latitude with the greatest sun angle.
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B.
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E.
41.  Which of the following is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere?
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B.
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D.
E.
42.  Where is the subsolar point when all latitudes above 66.5*N experience 24 hours of darkness?
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B.
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E.
43.  The solid, non-living part of the earth is the:
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B.
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E.
44.  Which of the following is not a reason that maritime climates have smaller annual temperature ranges than continental climates?
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B.
C.
D.
45.  Which of the following is a large-scale convection loop in the tropical latitude that connects the ITCZ and the STH?
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B.
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D.
E.
46.  The uneven distribution of insolation by latitude is primarily a result of
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B.
C.
D.
47.  There are            constant gasses in the atmosphere.
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B.
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E.
48.  If the surface of the earth suddenly turned white, the temperature of the planet would             because                insolation would be absorbed.
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B.
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E.
49.  This is the layer of the atmosphere where the ozone layer occurs.
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B.
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E.
50.  Air flows            a surface high pressure area because the density of the air in the high pressure zone is              than that of the surrounding air.
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B.
C.
D.
51.  This would explain the uneven amount of incoming solar radiation striking the earth at a given time along a meridian.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  One of the reasons             environments tend to be warmer than               is that              surfaces tend to be darker, leading to a greater net radiation.
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B.
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E.
53.  The earth revolves around the sun (relative to a view above the north pole)
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B.
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D.
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54.  The four pedogenic processes do not include:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  In general, as distance from the subsolar point increases, the average annual insolation             and the average annual temperature                .
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B.
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D.
56.  If the subsolar point is moving from the equator towards the tropic of cancer, what season of the year is it in the northern hemisphere?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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