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Midterm #1

56 Questions  I  By Adecker6
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1.  The process of losing water from the soil to the air from both the ground and from plants is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The point in the earth's orbit where it is closest to the sun is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of the following is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The tropopause is located...
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  In general, as distance from the subsolar point increases, the average annual insolation             and the average annual temperature                .
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The four pedogenic processes do not include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Soil-forming processes are called pedogenic processes
A.
B.
8.  The solid, non-living part of the earth is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The zone of illuviation is the layer called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  A vertical cut into the soil to show the soil layers is called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  There are            constant gasses in the atmosphere.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Your latitude will always increase as you
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The soil layer that has abundant humus and is the most fertile is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Soil-forming factors include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The lithosphere is the living portion of the earth.
A.
B.
16.  Which best describes map scale?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  On the vernal equinox the subsolar point is located at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following is not true of the wind?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The uneven distribution of insolation by latitude is primarily a result of
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.                 is energy in the form of heat released or absorbed by a substance during a change of phase.
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  During the day along the coast, the winds tends to blow towards the             because              .
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  A satellite imaging system that beams electromagnetic energy to the surface and then records the energy that is reflected is classified as a(n)                  system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Charlotte's approximate location is best described as
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The most important variable gases are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Net radiation refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  In general, the surface winds underneath a ferrel cell are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  If the subsolar point is moving from the equator towards the tropic of cancer, what season of the year is it in the northern hemisphere?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Which of the options below is a river of highspeed air in the upper atmosphere that flows along the polar front?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  If a surface absorbs incolation,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  One of the reasons             environments tend to be warmer than               is that              surfaces tend to be darker, leading to a greater net radiation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  If the surface of the earth suddenly turned white, the temperature of the planet would             because                insolation would be absorbed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  When the pore space in soil are mainly filled with water, the soils are said to be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following is a large-scale convection loop in the tropical latitude that connects the ITCZ and the STH?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  On the earth, the sun passes directly overhead at 35* North latitude        times a year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Longitude runs from 0* to 90*
A.
B.
36.  Water vapor is one of the greenhouse gases
A.
B.
37.  Air pressure in the atmosphere          as elevation increases, meaning that gas molecules become            .
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  A              system is connected to the surrounding environment by flows of energy and/or mass.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  As seen from the North pole, an air mass moving towards the equator will appear to veer to the right
A.
B.
40.  Which of the following is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Choose that latitude with the greatest sun angle.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Soil does Not contain:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The "greenhouse efffect"
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  This would explain the uneven amount of incoming solar radiation striking the earth at a given time along a meridian.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The albedo od a surface is a measure of which of the following processes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  This is the layer of the atmosphere where the ozone layer occurs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  This layer of the atmosphere has an enironmental lapse rate of 6.4*C per 1000 m.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Atmospheric pressure is most closely associated with the               and             of air.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  If you are in Windigo (N 48* W84*) on isle royale in lake superior and you want to visit thunder bay, ontario (N 48* W 89*), in what direction do you need to travel?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Monsoon winds are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Air flows            a surface high pressure area because the density of the air in the high pressure zone is              than that of the surrounding air.
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Which of the following is not a reason that maritime climates have smaller annual temperature ranges than continental climates?
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Where is the subsolar point when all latitudes above 66.5*N experience 24 hours of darkness?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  A low pressure system:1. has air converging at the surface2. has air diverging at the surface3. spins clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counter clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.4. spins counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.5. is also known as a cyclone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  A conformal projection is a map that maintains the correct shape of features but distorts their relative size to one another.
A.
B.
56.  The earth revolves around the sun (relative to a view above the north pole)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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