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Midterm #1

56 Questions  I  By Adecker6
Midterm #1
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1.  Which of the following is a large-scale convection loop in the tropical latitude that connects the ITCZ and the STH?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Atmospheric pressure is most closely associated with the               and             of air.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The uneven distribution of insolation by latitude is primarily a result of
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which best describes map scale?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The tropopause is located...
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Soil-forming factors include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The point in the earth's orbit where it is closest to the sun is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  A              system is connected to the surrounding environment by flows of energy and/or mass.
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  If you are in Windigo (N 48* W84*) on isle royale in lake superior and you want to visit thunder bay, ontario (N 48* W 89*), in what direction do you need to travel?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Choose that latitude with the greatest sun angle.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The process of losing water from the soil to the air from both the ground and from plants is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the following is not a reason that maritime climates have smaller annual temperature ranges than continental climates?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The zone of illuviation is the layer called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  This is the layer of the atmosphere where the ozone layer occurs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  As seen from the North pole, an air mass moving towards the equator will appear to veer to the right
A.
B.
16.  Where is the subsolar point when all latitudes above 66.5*N experience 24 hours of darkness?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Air pressure in the atmosphere          as elevation increases, meaning that gas molecules become            .
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  The soil layer that has abundant humus and is the most fertile is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Air flows            a surface high pressure area because the density of the air in the high pressure zone is              than that of the surrounding air.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  A low pressure system:1. has air converging at the surface2. has air diverging at the surface3. spins clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counter clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.4. spins counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.5. is also known as a cyclone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  During the day along the coast, the winds tends to blow towards the             because              .
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Monsoon winds are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  If the subsolar point is moving from the equator towards the tropic of cancer, what season of the year is it in the northern hemisphere?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  On the earth, the sun passes directly overhead at 35* North latitude        times a year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  When the pore space in soil are mainly filled with water, the soils are said to be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  In general, the surface winds underneath a ferrel cell are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  A conformal projection is a map that maintains the correct shape of features but distorts their relative size to one another.
A.
B.
29.                 is energy in the form of heat released or absorbed by a substance during a change of phase.
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  This layer of the atmosphere has an enironmental lapse rate of 6.4*C per 1000 m.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Soil does Not contain:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Soil-forming processes are called pedogenic processes
A.
B.
33.  One of the reasons             environments tend to be warmer than               is that              surfaces tend to be darker, leading to a greater net radiation.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The "greenhouse efffect"
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Charlotte's approximate location is best described as
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  If a surface absorbs incolation,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following is not true of the wind?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  This would explain the uneven amount of incoming solar radiation striking the earth at a given time along a meridian.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  On the vernal equinox the subsolar point is located at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The solid, non-living part of the earth is the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Your latitude will always increase as you
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The lithosphere is the living portion of the earth.
A.
B.
43.  A satellite imaging system that beams electromagnetic energy to the surface and then records the energy that is reflected is classified as a(n)                  system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  The most important variable gases are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  There are            constant gasses in the atmosphere.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Longitude runs from 0* to 90*
A.
B.
47.  The albedo od a surface is a measure of which of the following processes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  If the surface of the earth suddenly turned white, the temperature of the planet would             because                insolation would be absorbed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which of the options below is a river of highspeed air in the upper atmosphere that flows along the polar front?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Net radiation refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Water vapor is one of the greenhouse gases
A.
B.
52.  In general, as distance from the subsolar point increases, the average annual insolation             and the average annual temperature                .
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  A vertical cut into the soil to show the soil layers is called a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The four pedogenic processes do not include:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Which of the following is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  The earth revolves around the sun (relative to a view above the north pole)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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